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bill was passed, the proposed remedy proportion to the extent of the works which had been solicited so eagerly, and while it was a lucrative concern, every so violently opposed, produced no per- man extended his works to the utmost; ceptible effect in either way. The dislo- the. possibility of producing more iran cation had taken place in the natural than might be required was not taken course of things, and in the natural course into the account; more therefore was prothings found their level; but while they duced than the country could consume, or were finding it, great inconvenience arose, than vent could be found for by exportaand widely extended distress. The agri- tion, and the trade was literally rained culturists received a severe shock; the by its prosperity, as over-feeding brings credit on which they used to rely was on disease in the animal body, and death. withdrawn, the markets fell, and ruin This, though the most striking instance stared them in the face.
which could be given, is not the only A set of miserable sciolists have main
one; there are many articles with which tained that selfishness is the foundation the market both at home and abroad has of all our virtues as well as of all our been overstocked. For it must not be vices, the ruling passion and prime im- dissembled that both America and the pulse of the best men as well as of the continental nations have learnt to manu. worst;-there is therefore no other dif- facture for themselves many things for ference, upon this philosophy, between which they had been accustomed to deEpictetus and Tiberius, or toward and pend upon England. It is vain to imaBuonaparte, than that the one was a bet. gine that improvements in machinery can ter calculator than the other. The opi- for any length of time be confined to the nion is not less execrable in morals than country in which they are invented, and the principle itself is prejudicial when attempts to prevent manufacturers from operating in ordinary life, whether as it emigrating by penal statutes, are not only regards individuals or communities.- oppressive, but inefficacious. Both men Heavy as the taxes were during the war, and machinery have found their way the rents of land were raised in more abroad; the manufacturing system has than an adequate proportion; a disposic struck root there; we may perhaps find tion too generally prevailed to exact from out new markets, (certainly neither enthe tenant the largest possible sum. terprize nor activity will be wanting in When the revulsion took place, the te. the search,) but very many of the old nant was equally disposed to make his ones are preoccupied, and must continue advantage of the landlord, and demanded to be closed against us. There is no ula reduction not less exorbitant than the timate evil in this; on the contrary, it former advance. Each party in its turn would be easy to show that great ultiendeavoured to profit to the uttermost by mate good must arise from it, both to the unfavourable situation of the other: ourselves, and to the general interests of the standard of equity was disregarded. mankind,- from which no nation can se. High rents, which were as much the con- parate its own with impunity. But the sequence of moral as of political causes, unavoidable temporary consequences are of error as of circumstances, have had disappointment and loss, with no incon. their share in producing the existing siderable degree of embarrassment and distress; and those landlords who had distress. While other countries have thus screwed them to the highest point, are been learning to manufacture for them. the persons who now experience the most selves, and this, it should be rememinconvenience; where the 'advance had bered, they would have done in peace as been mo erate, the tenants were able to well as in war, and probably sooner in withstand a temporary pressure. The peace,) improvements have continually manufacturing and commercial interests been made in our machinery at home, all owe much of their embarrassment, in like tending to diminish the necessity for hu. manner, to the avidity with which imme. man labour,--here also is a great pro. diate gain has been pursued. The iron spective good, and a great present evil; trade, for instance, is one which has suf.
the good permanent, the evil only for a fered most. Some years ago this was so season.. And still farther to lessen the lucrative a branch of business that great demand for labour, when sufficient emcapitalists, and even men of rank, crowd. ployment could not be found for adults, ed into it; men who were actually rich, children have been taken from their moand who in other times would have be- ther's side, from the sports which should lieved themselves so, could not be con- have invigorated their bodies, and the tented with the safe and regular returns schools which should have disciplined which their property would have yielded their mind and given them at least the in land or in the funds, but for the sake rudiments of morality and religion, to be of enormous profit risked it, making worked night and day amid the filth and themselves dependent upon chances and stench of manufactories, to the sacrifice of circumstances which they could neither enjoyment, health, morals-of all which foresee nor control. The gain being in distinguishes immortal man from brute
February, 1817.] Review of Moore's Poems.
89 animals, and all which renders life-mere emanations and surely the trembling animal life-desirable! These coinciding expectations that surround the soul of causes have thrown upon the public a vast number of persons, able and willing a self-convicted being, no one that to work, but unable to obtain occupation, knows himself to be naturally corrupt and this at a time when the landed inter and morally accountable can describe est, on whom they are thrown, are least without feeling, or assume as the able to support the burden.
mere subject of verse, in order that a fictitious pathos may be extracted
from such awful verities~if, we say, Review (abridged from the British these strains be sincere, Mr. Moore Review) of A Series of Sacred will cordially concur with as in proSongs, Duetts, and Trios.
nouncing a severe sentence upon Words by Thomas Moore, Esq. those of his productions which once
The writer of sacred poetry must classed him, even in the judgment of bring with him to the task, " a clean Lord Byron, among the “ melodious heart” and a right spirit." To sing advocates” of that to which we trust of heaven with rapture, he must think his genius will no more be degraded. of it with holy joy; and to pour forth Indeed we hear that undertakings the sorrows of repentance in tender worthy of his powers have now enand touching strains, he must feel its gaged the poet's pen; and as we think actual vibrations on the strings of his that pen, though it can never unwrite heart, and recognise its transforming the mischief it has done, is as well power throughout the whole interior able to make compensations to virtue
Now we have no right to say as any of the present day, we rejoice that this gentleman, hitherto known in the hope which we are thus allowby the significant appellation of Ana- ed to entertain, and of which the procreon Moore, has not this deep infu- duction before us is at least a favoursion of piety which we have pro- able omen, that Mr. Moore is resolved, nounced so requisite to the accom- in what he proposes in future to write, plishment of his new undertaking; to suffer no line to escape him which but we venture to say, that, in our “ dying he will wish to blot." judgment, the specimens of sacred One consequence very likely to poetry which we have now before us, result from this publication of Mr. are not marked by that integrity of Moore's we foresee with some unfeeling, that simplicity of manner, easiness. The style of the composiand that spiritual unction, which we tion, though professedly sacred, is look for in the honest effusions of a such that the transition will be very devout mind. No live coal from the easy from heaven to carth, from dealtar has yet touched the lips of the votion to passion, from the visions of poet. The feverish dreams of carnal spiritual beatitude to images that inlove still appear to cling to his ima- flame the senses and corrupt the gination; nor has the Jordan in which heart. Mr. Moore’s sacred and prohe has immersed his Muse, so washed fane songs will be very apt to comout the stains of her leprosy, as to qua- pose the promiscuous entertainment lify her to sing the glories of him who of the same evening. To a person of is a God of purity. In plain language, sound religious feelings such an inwe do not think the poet has suffi- termixture is very disgusting, and to ciently felt the total irreconcilable a mind of incipient piety and vacilopposition which separates the cha- lating zeal it is very dangerous.racter of the amatory poetry, in which Where the creature and the Creator he has so long and so perniciously in- are celebrated in terms nearly comdulged, from
that of the dialect and mensurate, and treated almost with imagery which is suitable to the ce- the same adoration, things are prolebration of the ineffable JEHOVAH. fanely approximated in idea, between
If some of the strains now offered which, in reality, the distance is infito the public, in which the tears of the nite ; and the ark and the idol stand penitent are the subject, be sincere side by side in the same temple. Be
fore the writer of the present work thought. But in the Sacred Songs"
“ will be able to rise to the height of which are now before us, we discover this great argunrent," it seems to us too much of jingle, too much of artithat a lustrum of purification will be fice, and too much of point, to be alnecessary, during which the volume together satisfied. A certain strain of inspiration must be studied for the after antithesis and refinement of exsake of itself, whatever pleasure the pression has lowered what it was dedevout niind may afterwards allow signed to elevate, and impoverished a ably receive from the beauty of the subject, the majesty of which raises poetry alone.
it almost above decoration. Yet there We do not always find religion in is a brilliancy in the failures of this the poetry of him who finds poetry in poet which dazzles criticism and arreligion. A sacred song is a poor rests its censures: and with the gething unless it is grounded in original nius that he evidently possesses, we piety; it is poor and paltry as an imi- do not despair, if he will attend to
? tation or a copy. To become religi- our sober hints, of his writing more ous poets, we must begin by being re- in correspondence with his subject, ligious men. It would be almost as and more in earnest with God and his absurd to talk of the art of feeling re- own soul. We do not charge him with ligionsly as of writing religiously. A writing what he does not feel, but we holy tact, a vital heat, a deep and are sure that the transition from the conscious principle, a central feeling themes in which he has been so long which diffuses round the soul the light engaged, is too sudden to be without of heavenly love, and happy trust, and embarrassment from habits so foreign devout gratitude, are the proper qua- to his present employment. We will lifications for composing hymns or now lay before our readers what we sacred songs worthy of acceptance esteem the best of these producwith him who himself is worthy to tions. receive glory, and honour, and power from the saints in bliss. We are not of opinion that a writer Thou art, oh God! the life and light
Of all this wondrous world we see; of sacred poetry chooses well in taking the Scriptures themselves for his Its glow by day, its smile by night,
Are but reflections caught from Thee. model. Neither art nor genius can Where'er we turn thy glories shine, copy the language of inspiration. As And all things fair and bright are Thine. well might the builders of the second temple have affected to represent the supernatural radiance which shone When Day, with farewell beam, delays between the cherubim in the first. Among the open clouds of Even,
And we can almost think we gaze, The harps of those holy ministrels
Through golden vistas into heaven ; that once sang the Messiah and his
Those hues, that make the Sun's decline kingdom, the sorrows of the earthly $o soft, so radiant, Lond! are Thine. and the triumphs of the heavenly Jerusalem, are mute and “hanged upon trees,” far out of the reach of our When Night, with wings of starry gloom, sacred songsters. But although we O'ershadows all the earth and skies, can no longer sing the songs of Sion, Like some dark, beauteous bird, whose though the timbrel of Miriam and the
Is sparkling with unnumber'd eyes ; harp of David sound no more, and That sacred gloom, those fires divine, the Bridegroom of the Church, and So grand, so countless, Lond! are Thine. the Captain of our salvation, can no longer be worthily celebrated, there is yet a simple, genuine style of sa- When youthful Spring around us breathes, cred poetry, which is very
attainable Thy Spirit warms her fragrant sigh; by mìnds in which good taste and And every flower the Summer wreathes
Is born beneath that kindling eye. scriptural knowledge are combined Where'er we turn, thy glories shine, with a humble and spiritual frame of And all things fair and bright are Thine.
February, 1817.] Christ's Compassion for Sinners.
41 Comparison between Byron and Scott: one, and he seeks till he finds it, and
when he finds it he lays it on his shoul. We turn with pleasure from a school
ders. The wandering sheep was wearied where no kindly plant is rooted, no
it seems with straying, and had tired itgood feeling flourishes, to the writings self with running trom its shepherd; but of one, whó, notwithstanding all his ot this too is provided for; he could not fences against our stricter taste, is master
come home, therefore he is carried. It is of every noble, every soft affection of the not now, Come unto ine all ye that labour heart; who in all the chequered scenes of and are heavy laden, I will not refuse you. life which he presents to our view, whe- Nay, when you are so lost in labyrinthis of ther of joy or sorrow, of vice or folly, is guilt out of which you can see no issue; still the friend of human kind. We are when you have so laboured in the paths of nauseated with the mawkishness of affect. error that you are not able to come home; ed sensibility, we are disgusted with the if you will but be found, I will seek you, barkings of proud and sensual misanthro- yea, and carry you home too. That no phy, Ancient Cynicism was ludicrous, one, how far soever he b::ve gone away, modern Cynicism is odious. The Dioge may yet despair of coming frome, this nes of the present day bas all the rag's, sheep had wandered to such a distance without the art of the ancient philoso. and to so much weariness, that he was pher. For ourselves, we prefer the home. fain to be borne back when he was found. ly plaid of our north country bard, to the And he lays it on his shoulders rejoicing: black velvet coat and the Daggerwood was glad such a burden. How willing tattlers of the noble Lord.
is our Saviour to find out a strayed sinner, when after such long errors he does seek
him till he finds him, and carries him, if It has generally been supposed that the he be weak and fainting; yea, and redivines of the Church of England, in the joices in that carriage; as if that rest he reign of Charles the Second, were defi- gives the sinner were such ease and re
freshment to himself, he joys in it! And cient in attention to the peculiar doc- that joy spreads itself to heaven, for there trines of the Gospel. Doubtless the ex., is joy in heaven at that sight; and there treme to which these doctrines were car. is joy in the presence of the angels of God
over one sinner that repents. ried by many of the Puritans, produced a
disconsolate sinner, that liest groveling strong counter tendency. But there were
under the sense of the burden of thy sins, certainly some divines of the Church of thy soul sinking under that heavy weight, England of that period, to whom the and sinking also in the waters of thy fears, charge of neglecting the distinguishing Dost thou not think there is some joy in
drowned in thy sorrow, be of good cheer. truths of Christianity will not apply. We this estate of thine, when it can make a know no where finer strains of evangeli- joy in heaven! Those tears, assure thycal sentiment expressed with greater self, have comfort in them; for God, and
Christ, snd all the angels do rejoice at force and pathos, than are contained in sight of them. And do not dread thy the sermons of ALLESTREE, one of the burden, if thou dost truly labour under Chaplains of Charles the Second, Regius it, and dost but faithfully desire and enProfessor of Divinity in Oxford, and Pro
deavour to throw it off thee. Dost thou yost of Eton. We select the following as
not see him that laid the lost sheep on
his shoulders as ready to take thee up? a specimen, particularly of tender evange. Ile that would not reject thy cross when lical eloquence.
it was loaden with thy guilt, will not reChrist's Compassion for Sinners.
ject thyself when thou art lighted from
that guilt. He that would receive thee The sinner who hath strayed into by. on his shoulders when thou wast fainting paths, gone away from the Shepherd of under the burden of thy sins, when that bis soul, is a lost sheep; but yet when he is cast away into the sea and buried in is gone his farthest, and is in his mazes, his grave, will certainly receive thee into knows not which way to betake himself, his bosom. He that would carry thee to then this good Shepherd does not invite give thee ease when thou wert wearied only to a return, or as the father in the with running from him, when thou dost parable, run to meet him in his coming come to him
and faint into his arms, will back; but he does go himself to seek give thee everlasting rest; a rest whose him, seems to mind the recovery of each blessedness to understand were to enjoy single one that is lost, and contributes as it, and to be able to conceive were to be carefully to his return, as if that one infinite as itself is; a blessedness which were all his charge, and the whole flock to behold is beatific. O cast away your is not dearer to him than that one. He burdens and make haste, and come and see. leaves the ninety and nine to seek that The first advance to Christ is by this soliciting co-operation, and recommend of the AUXILIAY NEW-YORK BIBLE AND
conviction of the burden and horror of is indeed in its infancy; but its infancy sin. The Church hath tạught us, when presages a vigorous and useful maturity. she invites us to come to him in sacra. It presented its claims to attention at a ment, to make the first step this confes- moment peculiarly inauspicious; when sion: We be heartily sorry for these our public opinion was eng ged in support of transgressions, the remembrance of them is à stupendous National Association, and grievous unto us, the burden of them is in public sympathy plighted to a host of tolerable. Account thy sins here thy tor- beneficent charities. It came, like the ments, hate them in time, perceive them religion it professes to recomniend, withto be burdens while they may be laid out the patronage of age inspiring venedown, and then come unto Christ, and he ration; of talent enlisting confidence; will give thee rest.
wealth imparting power. A system was And evermore, O Lord, give us of thy to be organized; information to be laborest, a rest from sin here, and a rest from riously acquired; and disciples ascertainmisery eternally Vca, O Lord, give us ed, who were at once inclined to seek, and to labour, and to find trouble under that competent to relieve religious penury. intolerable burden of our guilt, that we But the smile of Heaven has cheered may with eager haste fly to the refresh- our path, and inclined the hearts of our ment; that we, perverse, obdurate sinners, fellow-citizens to cherish our exertions. whom tlry mercies cannot invite, our own We have appealed to their pious patronmiseries may force to be happy; and age ; and, in despite of the general presthough our wickednesses are multiplied sure, the appeal has been munificently into an infinite mass and weight, yet de sanctioned. spise us not, when we fall under them; Our Treasury Report exhibits an aggre. for thou didst invite us to come, and gate in receipts and dues, during the year, bring all that load to thee: despise us of $ 2753 1. Of this sum, $ 330 50 were not, though heavy laden; for thou thyself derived from collections voluntarily made didst bear this weight, and didst die un- by ladies, members of the Church ; $ 20 der it. And O thou, who didst thyself from the Episcopal Society of New Jersey; thus suffer by reason of this load, pity us
and the residue partly from subscriptions, that labour with it, ease us of the burden but principally from gratuitous contribuof our former guilt, free us from the sla
tions. very of our iniquity, from bearing any Under the animating influence of so longer Satan's loads; then shall we at bountiful a patronage, it will not surprise lasť sit down with thee in the land of you that we have proceeded with confieverlasting rest, delivered from all weights dence. We have opened a correspondence but that eternal weight of glory, and rest
with almost every section of this and the ing from all labours save that of praising adjoining states, and, in general, throughthee, and ascribing all honour, power,
out the United States; and laid, we fond. praise, might, majesty, and dominion tó ly hope, the basis of much future usefulFather, Son, and Holy Ghost, for ever
Our communications to the British and Foreign Bible Society have been reciprocated with benedictions upon our
undertaking, and a donation of books. NEW-YORK, February 15, 1817. We have addressed circulars to most of
the Congregations in the United States, The first Annual Report of the wllanagers ing the establishment of similar Institu
tions. COMMON PRAYER BOOK SOCIETY, at their
We have been emboldened to purchase Anniversary Meeting, Jan. 1817.
a set of STEREOTYPE Plates for the BOOK Upon this, the first anniversary of our of COMMON PRAYER. The inducements Association, the Board of Managers can- were powerful, and, we hope, will meet not refrain from expressing their grati. your approbation. The quality has been tude to the Supreme Disposer of events improved, the price diminished, and our for affording the opportunity to tender ability to be useful enlarged. The Book their congratulations that PEACE conti- of COMMON PRAYER formerly cost us fortynues to shed its fragrance upon the Chrisa seven and a half cents; we can now furtian world. Its benignant smile is meli- nish it of superior quality at thirty-eight orating the human heart. DIVINE TRUTH cents. The type is durable, and the posbeams with brightened lustre, and idola session of it enables our Institution to try is crumbling before its effulgent and become the fountain of supply to every majestic march.
other in the Union. It was the first, and Amid the splendours of sp holy a tri. is, we believe, the only set now used in umph, it is cheering to reflect that we this country. We have taken measures. have not been idle; although difficulties to apply to the Legislature for an Act of have ob tructed our path, we feel justi. Incorporation, and anticipate many facilified in pious exultation. Our Institution ties from its attainment.