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ism exists ; Antichrist is active, even and express. Who is there that would
. in a three-fold state of warfare ;- abridge the happiness of Heaven, by therefore, “ the times of the Gentiles limiting it even to millions of years ? are not fulfilled.”
Who is there that dare say, that the The annihilation of the earth by torturing flames of Tophet shall last fire is positively asserted by our Sa- no longer? And, on the other hand, viour, St. Paul, St. Peter, and St. who can assert, that Heaven is beyond John. Its former partial destruction the reach of God's power, or Hell not by a deluge, of which geology affords within the limits of his mercy ?
? ocular demonstration, renders the But anxious man wishes for what event probable. That was an awa- no man can assure, a positive repeal kening judgment; but many of the of the sentence of perpetual misery purposes
of its creation' were then un- and asks, if a good and righteous God fulfilled; this will be deferred till all will continue to panish, when the reare accomplished. In its present de- formation of the offender is by his own ranged state, the earth could not be sentence impracticable ? We might adapted to holy and happy inhabit- reply, that the divine government exants. Whether from its ashes a tends over thousands of worlds, and new and beautiful world will arise; that every part of its economy is inwhether the wretched exiles from volved in reciprocal relations. We Heaven will be doomed to inhabit its' know, that angels of the highest orruins; whether it will resolve tochaos, der sinned in Heaven ; and that the and be a blank in creation, we are for blood-shedding of the Son of God was bidden to inquire.
necessary to procure for sinners of But a scene infinitely more inter- mankind a state of probation, and a esting to the inhabitants of the earth, promise of grace. The eternal enthan the exhaustation of her boiling mity of God to sin, illustrated by terdeeps, or the disappearance of her rible examples of punishment, may molten mountains, will succeed; be salutary, nay, even necessary, to namely, the eternal determination of keep sin and sorrow from the new their individual fates. How the Jerusalem. Of this we may be asthoughts of
every heart will be dis- sured, that the terrors of the Lord are closed, every word repeated, every not denounced against infirmity, but action investigated, we know not. obduracy. They are meant to The objection concerning the length preserve the innocent from guilt, and of time which this scrutiny will take to convince those who have transis invalid, because the great audit will gressed of the immediate necessity of not begin till the angel has declared repentance. It is not by one act of “ that there shall be time no longer.” wickedness that the beneficent Father Of the result we are fully informed; of the universe will be for ever alienfor the justice of God in his dealings ated from his creatures, or infinite with man will be made apparent; mercy kindled to everlasting anger; the secret good works of his faithful but by crimes deliberately committed servants will be proclaimed aloud ; against the adınonitions of and the pretended virtues of those who the convictions of conscience; by a defied his authority, or disobeyed his life spent in guilt, and concluded laws, will be divested of their false without repentance." They who so lustre; they will even be compelled far meditate on the threatenings of to admit the justice of the sentence God, as to make them influential on which condemns them, “and these their conduct, may depend upon his shall go away into everlasting punish- graçe, to preserve them from experiment, but the righteous into life eter- encing their tremendous results. nal."
of the nature and intenseness of On the definiteness of these terms future punishments, our present orwe dare not argue. The learned gans can form no conception ;
for agree, that the original word, imply they are only adapted to the present îng duration, is in either case positive life, they must be equally inadequate
December, 1817.) Rishop af Calcutta's Sermon.
363 to determine low in future they may tions. His frequent lapses will prove become susceptible of Almighty mer- his natural insufficiency; and that cy, or of Almighty wrath. A body discovery, firmly impressed upon his capable of suffering intense and end- mind, will soon familiarize him with less torment, without being destroyed the energy of prayer. He will find or a mind gnawed with the anguish that he wants assistance; that he reof eternal despair, yet without bequires a Spiritual Friend, a Redeemcoming obtuse in its feelings, -are er, a Mediator, and a Sanctifier. Let equally to 'us inconceivable. Yet we him but persevero in strictly prohishould not discard the material ima biting the intrusion of worldly thoughts ges which Scripture applies to the on this day hallowed by his Creator's future residence of sinners, as figura- rest, the resurrection of Christ, and tive and metaphorical. Are not the the descent of the sanctifying Spirit; impenitent threatened with the wrath and he will go on from strength to of God; and can any thing be too strength, till he determines, that“ terrible to be included in that tre- day spent in the courts of the Lord is mendous denunciation, applied to a better than a thousand.” 6 All ideas body and a soul alike susceptible and influence our conduct with more or eternal ?
less force, as they are more or less The moral design of these revela- strongly impressed on the mind; and tions concerning the future world is they are more or less strongly imobvious; and, unhappily, their too' pressed on the mind, as they are more frequent inefficacy is equally apparent. frequently recollectod and renewed.” Beset by objects of sight, we forget Unquestionably, supernatural supthe things that are unseen. We bar- plies of grace are conveyed in holy, ter the safety of our souls, for what ordinances; but we should always reour secret convictions, and the expe- member, that if we omit the exercise rience of others, tell us is transient, and intenses application of our faculdelusive, and worthless. How shall ties, our souls are compared to that we emancipate our minds from the barren vineyard which divine forbearseductions of amusement, and the ance long spared, and mercy cultislavery of business? By frequent-re, vated; but which only a miracle that tirement from the hustle of life, and would annihilate free will could make by a regular use of those appointed productive. “ Almighty and mercimeans of grace, which teach us to re- ful God, guide us by thy gracious famember, that we are here pilgrims your, and
further us by thy continual hastening to an unseen world. Among help; and in the hour of death and these, let us especially attend to a day of judgment good Lord deliver constant and serious observance of the Lord's Day; that weekly division of time, which perpetually reminds us that it will end in eternity.
Extract from a Sermon preached at Let us consider the events of the
St. John's Cathedral, in Calcutta, last week on this day of leisure; and
on the 13th April, 1815, &c. &c. the recollection will lead to the most
By T. F. Middleton, D. D. Bishop useful species of knowledge, self-ac- of Calcutta. quaintance. But to acquire this, a But in another view of the disinan must not meditate on his gains, pensations of Providencce, I am to lossess, and expectations; nor on bis urge you to seek the Lord.' It was adroitness, his deserts, or the injuries, foretold by Noah, that "God should real and supposed, which have irri- enlarge Japhath, and he should dwelt tated and roused his feelings. His in the tents of Shem.* How amply eyes must be fixed on his temptations, and how clearly has this prophecy trials, and offences; and his attention been fulfilled! How hath Japhath, directed to ascertain how far he has the ancestor of Europeans, been enfallen short of that moral standard by which he metes his neighbour's ac
* Gen. viii. 27.
larged by their establishment at dif- sion of sins; and they would worship ferent periods among the descendants their Maker in the spirit of truth. of Shem, the father of the nations For this glorious consummation we of Asia! bat most signally in that must patiently and humbly wait; in widely extended dominion, which the mean time, recollecting the part hath been given by Providence to a which in the scheme of Povidence is distant island in the West. But the assigned to ourselves. It was said, gifts of God, whether national or per by an early apologist of our religion, sonal, carry with them corresponding that the Christian is the same every obligations. We greatly err, if we where ;'** meaning, that wherever. imagine that empire is conferred upon his lot may be cast, he professes the . inations merely to gratify their ava. same faith, and acts upon the same rice or their ambition ; we should ra. conviction. In the second century, ther apprehend, that if the tree bear no doubt, this praise was well-merited not fruit, it will be cut down, as cum- and just : we might even conceive bering the ground. But we hope that Christians, living among Gentile that the period may yet arrive, when nations, wero, if possible, more cira the nations which surround us shall cumspect in their behaviour on that have derived from our intercourse, very account; they would feel that benefits, which the vicissitudes of the they had to support the character of world, and the revolutions of empires, Christ's religion, and to establish its shall not be able to efface. Our le efficacy in retorming the morals and gislature has humanely declared, that the hearts of men. It were too much it is the daty of our country to pro. to affirm, that Christianity, even mote the interest and the happiness of where it is most free from corruption its subjects in useful knowledge, and and decay, still retains all the marks in moral and religious improvement;'t of its early vigour; and still less preserving, however, a strict regard ground is there to believe, that Christo those principles of toleration, which tians, in their intercouse with the unare inseparable from the spirit of the converted, regard themselves as living Gospel." Under these restrictions, under a heavier responsibility. It is what a field is open to benevolence, however, most awfully important, and how powerful are the motives by circumstanced as we are here, that which it is impelled! Who of us has we should exceed that measure of not been struck with horror at the Christian righteousness, which, in the exhibition of the last few days ?! laxity, of the times, 'is frequently What Christian has not praised the thought sufficient: a degenerate ChrisDisposer of events, that he is blessed tianity will make but few converts with a knowledge of the Gospel ? from an inveterate and strongly forti- . • How deeply has he felt the truth of fied superstition. Let iminoral habits, that declaration of his Saviour, my however common, and in whatever yoke is easy, and my burden is light !' form they subsist among us, be reWith what gratitude does he reflect, nounced let the day of rest be
:that 'a full, perfect, and sufficient generally, not partiality, dedicated to satisfaction hath been once made for God: - let the public worship be rethe sins of the whole world! and gularly, not occasionally, attended, how ardently does he wish, that to all when there is no reasonable impedithe world this saving truth were ment;---let it be seen, that we have known! Then would pilgrimages and a religion and a Church :-let its penances, and self-inflicted tortures, ministers, of whatever rank, where and all the modes of individual expia- they act worthily of their sacred caltion, fall into disuse, and men would ling, be had in reverence and esteem: adopt a reasonable service. They let charitable institutions be multiwould repent, and be baptized in the plied, and, where they are applicable, name of Jesus Christ for the remise extended beyond our owu pale :--let • Luke siii. 7. † 53 Geo. III. c. 155. Actsii. 38.
St. John iv. 24 The rites of Seeva. § St. Matt. xi. 30. *t Tertullian de Corons.
December, 1817.] Hindoo College of Calcutta.
365 it be manifest, that the Gospel regards until the Academy be established, as far as 66 of one blood all the nations of as shall be found convenient. the earth :-let us cultivate a friendly of such languages as cannot be so con
5. In the Academy, besides the study and instructive intercourse with those reniently taught in the School, instruction who acknowledge our superior advant- shall be given in History, Geography, ages :let useful arts be introduced Chronology, Astronomy, Mathematics, and encouraged:- and let the eviden- Chemistry, and other Sciences. ces of our religion, the only religion what age Students shall be admitted to
6. The Managers will determine at which has evidences to produce, be the School and Academy. The English exhibited in their simplest form :- Languages shall not be taught to Boys individual duty does not extend be- under eight years of age, without the peryond these limits; but having dis. mission of the Managers in each particular
instance. charged it thus far, we may, without
7. Public Examination shall be held presumption, commit the issue unto
at stated times, to be fixed by the Mana God.
gers; and Students who particularly dis
tinguish themselves, shall receive honoINDIA.
8. Boys who are distinguished in the The VIDYALAYA, OE AINDOO COLLEGE OF
School for proficiency and good conduct, stall, at the discretion of the Managers,
receive further instruction in the AcadeThis Institution is remarkable, as being my, free of charge. If the Funds of the the first which has been formed for Eng- Institution should not be sufficient to de. lish Instruction, projected, superintended, fray the expense, benevolent individuals and supported, by the Natives themselves. shall be invited to contribute the amount. MANAGING COMMITTEE.
9. When a Student is about to leave
either the School or the Academy, a cerHeritable Governors;
tificate shall be given him, ander the sig. Dhee Raj Portal Chund Buhadoor, nature of the Superintendents; stating Zemindar of Burdwan
the period during which be has studied, Gopee Mohun Thakoor
the subjects of his studies, aud the profi-, Directors for the current year, 1816-17. ciency made by him ; with such particuBaboo Gunganarein Doss.
lars of his name, age, parentage, and place Baboo Radhamadub Bonerjee. of residence, as may be requisite to idenBaboo Joykishun Sing.
Funds and Privileges.
10. There shall be two distinct Funds; European Secretary:
to be denominated the "College Fund," Lieutenant F. Irvine.
and the “ Education Fund;" for wbich Native Secretary:
separate subscription-books shall be openBaboo Buddeenath Mookerjee.
ed: and all persons who have already subscribed to this Institution, shall be at
liberty to direct an appropriation of their These Rules were approved by the Sub- contributions to either fund, or partly to scribers, at a Meeting held August 27, both. 1816.
11. The object of the College Fund is, Tuitions.
to form a charitable foundation for thie 1. The primary object of this Institu- advancement of learning, and in aid of tion is, the tuition of the sons of respect- the Education Fund. Its ultimate pur able Hindoos, in the English and Indian pose will be, the purchase of ground, and Languages, and in the Literature and construction of snitable buildings thereScience of Europe and Asia.
upon, for the permanent use of the Col, 2. The admission of Pupils shall be left lege ; as well as to provide all necessary to the discretion of the Managers of the articles of furniture, books, a philosophical Institution.
apparatus, and whatever else may be re.. 3. The College shall include a School quisite for the full accomplishment of the (Pathal) and an Academy (Maha Páthe objects of the Institution. In the mean sälä.) The former to be established im- time, until a gufficient sum be raised for mediately; the latter as soon as may be erecting a College, the contributions to practicable.
this fund may be applied, as far as requi4. In the School shall be taught English site, to the payment of house-rent, and and Bengalee, Reading Writing Gram. any other current expenditures on account mar, and Arithmetic, by the improved of the College. method of instruction. The l'ersian Lan. 12. The amount subscribed to the Eduguage may also be taught in the School, cation Fund shall be appropriated to the
RULES OF THE COLLEGE.
education of pupils, and the expense of be included in it, for the purpose of showtuition.
ing their title to make the election, 13. All subscribers will be expected to 17. The persons so elected, after the re. pay the amount of their contributions to gularity of their election has been verified the Treasurer, either at the time of sub- by the Committee of Managers, shall be scription, or, at the latest, within a month considered Directors till the 21st day of from that time; the payment to be made May next; on or before which date a in cash ; or what the Treasurer may con- similar election and notification to the sider equivalent to cash.
Secretary shall be made for the ensuing 14. AU subscribers to the College year, and so on successively from year to Fund, before the 21st day of May, 1817, year. Provided, however, that, on the being the Anniversary of the day on whicla death of any joint or separate Subscriber, it was agreed to establish this Institution, the privilege of election shall be consishall be considered Founders of the Col. dered extinct with respect to his proporlege; and their names shall be recorded as tion of a joint subscription, or the amount such, with the amount of their respective of any separate subscription made by him, contributions. The highest single con- and included in the aggregate sum of tributor at the close of the period above 5000 rupees, which must consequently be mentioned, viz. on the 20th day of May, supplied by an additional contribution, or 1817, shall be recorded Chief Founder of the union of an additional Subscriber, in the College : and all persons contributing order to maintain the privilege of electing separately the sum of 5000 rupees, and a Director for the ensuing year. upward, shall be classed next, and distin. 18. An individual contribution of 5000 guished as Principal Founders. Under rupees, and upwards, to the College Fund, their subscriptions shall be registered, made subsequent to the aggregate subthose of the other Subscribers to the Col. scription of a Jack and a half of siccalege Fund, arranged according to the rupees to that fund, shall not entitle the amount contributed by each individual, contributor to become an Heritable Goand the dates of subscription.
vernor; but he shall be a Governor for 15. Every single contributor of 5000 life; and be entitled, on payment of his rupees, and upwards, to the College Fund, subscription, to act in person, or by an before the aggregate sum of a lack and a appointed deputy, as a Member of the half of sicca-rupees may have been sub- Committee of Managers, during his life. scribed to that Fund, shall be an Herita. 19. The Managers will determine what ble Governor of the College. He shall be shall be the privileges, with regard to the entitled, on payment of his subscription, election of Annual Directors, to be ento act in person, or by an appointed joyed by the contributors to the College Deputy, as a Member of the Committee Fund, of further sums of money subscribed of Managers. He may leave his office of after the completion of a lack and a half Heritable Governor, with all its privileges, of sicca-rupees. by a written will or other document, to 20. The subscription to the Education any of his sons or other individual of his Fund shall be restricted, for the present, family, whom he may wish to succeed to the admission of One Hundred Scholars thereto on his demise. Should he fail into the School of the Institution ; that thus to appoint a successor, his legal being calculated to be the greatest numheirs shall be at liberty to nominate any her which can be admitted during the one of his family to succeed him. Should first year, without detriment to the good a question arise among them concerning order of the School and the progress of the right of succession, it shall be deter. the Scholars. The subscription will, howmined by the Managers.
ever, be extended, as soon as a greater 16. Subscribers to the College Fund, number can be admitted. who are not Governors, and whose joint 21. A Subscriber of 400 sicca-rupees or separate subscriptions to it, (made be- to the Education Fund shall be entitled to fore à lack and a half of sicca-rupees shall send a Pupil to receive instruction in the have been contributed to it,) shall col- School, free of any expense, for the term lectively amount to 5000 rupees, shall be of four years. The subscription, with a entitled to elect any one of their number corresponding privilege, may also be to be a Director of the College. After made for any shorter period, not being paying their subscriptions, amounting to less than one year, at the rate of 120 ru5000 rupees, they shall transmit a writ. pees per annum. ten notification to the Secretary of the 22. If the Pupil, for whose tuition a Committee of Managers, bearing their subscription shall have been made, be respective scals or signatures, and specie found, on examination, qualified to leave fying the name and designation of the the School before the expiration of the person elected by them to be a Director period subscribed for, he shall be entitled for the current year. A statement of their to receive a proportion of the sum paid by overal contributions to the College Fund his patron, corresponding with the term
ll also accompany the notification, or unexpired.