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December, 1817.] Memoir of Mowhee, a New Zealand Youth. 35% Hazard to give me a written testi- covered no desire or interest as to mony of his general improvement. any of the public sights which attract

From this paper I have learned, the populace. When informedog that, besides the usual hours spent in the 9th of November, that the Lord the school, he generally occupied two Mayor of London would pass through hours in the evening in religious in- the streets in grand procession, atstruction, drawing, &c. He

was,

fended with men in armour, music, while thus engaged, all attention and flags, &c. and that it was such a sight obedience; frequently expressing his as he might never see but at this anxiety to improve, that he might be time, he could not be prevailed on to able to instruct his countrymen, and walk to Westminster to witness it. that especially in the knowledge of a

But if invited to go and see a new Saviour. He often declared his as- school--an examination of children tonishment at the goodness of God, a meeting of a Society for Christian in bringing him from a state of dark- benevolence, the distribution of Biness into the marvellous light of the bles, or the support of a mission to Gospel. He spoke with great grati- the Heathen he was all life and attude of the instruction which he had tention. received ; and often intimated his Mr. Hazard informs me, that he hopes that he should be able to assist was very regular and constant in his Mr. Kendall when he returned. seasons for devotion. When asked, one day, whether he

Another friend, whom I requested would like to continue in England, to take notice of him, who brought he instantly replied, with much feel him with him to chapel, and often acing, “no! I can do no good here; commodated him in his pew (Mr. but I may do some good in my own Short,) has informed me, that he country.”

never heard him use an improper One day, after having been at my word, that not a symptom of the ora house, where I had shown him a col dinary profane language of sailors Election of Indian idols, he said to Mr. ever escaped his lips, and that he Hazard, on his return, “O what a

never mentioned the name of God 1 blessing it is to be delivered from but with awe and reverence. He

these vanities, to serve the living and seemed also very cautious in his I true God!"

words, to speak plain truth with great In the months of October and No. simplicity. i vember he was frequently unwell. One Sunday, as they were walking

Mr. Hazard said to him, “Mowheo, home from chapel, when the subject you had better stay at home a day or

of the discourse had been the sufferiwo, till you are better.” His reply ings and death of the Saviour, Mr. ? was, “ No, Sir; I am never so happy Short asked him if he understood as when at School."

what he had heard. Mowhee replied, Mr. Hazard assures me, that he “Yes, indeed, I did understand it;

“ e never saw him out of temper; and and I hope I shall ever remember it. I that on all occasions he manifested a My poor country is in a dark state ;

spirit of humility, patience, and meek- but, at the day of judgment, this ness, which would be an acquisition country will have most to answer for : to many who bear the name of Chris- for this country has the light shining tian.

before them; and it certainly must be Though, in general, very silent and their own fault, if they walk in darkreserved, he was always very commu- ness."

After a while, he added, nicative with his teacher : he seemed 6 Alas! my poor country knows no to have formed a great regard for better ; but I hope, liefore long, hin.; and several times said to him, they will have these glorious truths with joy sparkling in his eyes, "o, revealed to them; and how happy

Sir, I shall often think of you, when shall I be, if I should be able to re. 1.I am thousands of miles off." turn and assist in teaching thema!"

It was very remarkable that he diş- At another time, on Advent Sup

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day, Mr. Short having asked him and the sultan Katergerry, who is what was the design of the Redeemer's lately come from Tartary to acquire coming into the world, Mowhee im- information, that he may hereafter mediately replied, “He came into berrefit his countrymen. Here he the world to save sinners. Had he

was greatly delighted. The first not come and suffered, you and I principles of geography were excould never have reached heaven. plained to him in a new and simple Had he not died for our sins, we method. The longitude and latitude must have perished for ever.” of his own country, and the probable

I cannot here pass over the great employments of its inhabitants at the kindness of another esteemed friend, different hours of the day, were Mr. Coates. On my leaving Lon- pointed out to him. With all this don, I requested him also occasion. he seemed much gratified. ally to visit Mowhee, and to explain to The damp and foggy weather of his capacity the doctrines and duties November greatly tried his constituof our most holy religion. I thought tion. He contracted a very bad that the instructions of persons of dif- cough; and, for a time, contended ferent attainments and education with the usual symptoms of rapid imight contribute, by its variety, to consumption. I instantly put him render divine truth more easy to be under the care of a medical relative, understood by our young friend. Mr. Charles Woodd; and, in a short With my request Mr. Coates very time, was happy to find that, under kindly complied, frequently inviting his kind attention, all the alarming Mowhee to spend the evening at his symptoms were completely removed. house. On these occasions he stu: As it was evident, however, that this died to excite him to diligence and damp and cold atmospbere did not application, in obtaining all that agree with him, it was judged expeknowledge which might render him dient to recommend to the Society, a fit instrument for promoting the that, as soon as an opportunity ofcivilization, and moral and religious fered, he should return to his native instruction of his countrymen. His country. constant method of spending the even- At this period I was indulging the ing was to desire Nowhee to read a pleasing hope that Mowhee would, in chapter in the New Testament; on a short time, return to New Zealand. which he himself made such observa- moderately qualified to instruct and tions as the subject naturally sug: assist bis countrymen in building their gested, and in this manner endea- small houses, to improve them in civoured to engage Mowhee in a fami- vilization and the duties of justice Tiar conversation. On one of these and mercy, and to assist in teaching occasions, when Mr. Coates pointed the sublime and holy truths of the out the extensive blessings which he Gospel of our God and Saviour. might be the means of conveying to Such was our delightful contemNew-Zealand, by religious instruc- plation, when a mysterious Provifion, civilization, and various branches dence, by an unexpected event, said, of useful knowledge, for which dis- on a sudden, Dust thou art, and unto tant generations might have cause to dust shalt thou return ! render thanks to God, his countenance On Christmas Day, Mowhee con'assumed great animation, and he plained of a great pain in his head seemed to realize the prospects which and back, and was so unwell, that he had been opened to his view ;-but, in was advised to keep at home. On a moment, it passed away; and he Thursday morning, I was informed observed, with a dejected air, " But that his face was considerably swelmy countrymen will not attend to led, and that symptoms of dysentery

, what I tell them."

appeared. After my return to London, I de- I was engaged that morning to atsired him, one morning, to accompany tend the funeral of a respected friend, to the Philological School, myself, and proposed calling to see him on

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December, 1817.] The two last Sundays in Advent.

359 my return; but the afterpart of the your heavenly Father ; and I hope, day brought on a heavy rain ; and not that in your present situation, you

li being very well, I did not venture out. feel the support and consolation of I had previously desired thatmedical the Gospel of Christ.” He replied, aid might be immediately called in. "O, Sir, I cannot express what I feel.

On Friday morning, immediately I have not words ; but it is in my after breakfast, I repaired to the house imagination-it is in my thoughts.” where he lodged. The account given Perceiving that he was greatly exme was very alarming. I went up hausted, and from the blood which stairs, and the scene was the most dis- collected in his mouth, spoke with tressing and dreadful that I have difficulty, I then said, “ Mowhee, ever witnessed.

would you wish me to pray with The fact was that the whole sys- you ” He instantly said, “yes! I tem, if I express it rightly, was, as it should be very glad.” were, decomposing. His blood was

Accordingly, I kneeled down by his oozing from every pore--the mouth, bed-side, and offered a short prayer. nose, ears, and eyes, exhibited this

After prayer he thanked me very awful spectacle.

affectionately. I had been told that he probably Soon after, as his disorder advanced, would not survive the ensuing night. he became delerious; but at: interNo time, therefore, was to be lost, vals he was intelligent, and seemed at especially as delirium was appre- those periods engaged in lifting up hended.

his heart in prayer to God. I said, “ Mowhee, you seem very The next morning he appeared, ill. Life is always uncertain. If it for a time, a little revived ; änd lay be the will of God, I pray that you very tranquil, resigned, and happy. may recover ; but if not, I trust you About five in the morning, one of have got good by coming to England." his attendants read by him the prayers

He lifted up his bleeding eyes, and of the service for the visitation of said, “ I trust, Sir, I got good to my the sick. He seemed to hear with soul before I came to England, when attention, and to be wholly occupied I was at Norfolk Island, and in New- in prayer ; but nature was nearly exHolland.” After a pause, he added, hausted. He lay in this state till « Also, since I have attended the about half past seven, when death school, Mr. Hazard has been very closed his eyes, on the 28th day of Dekind, and has taken great pains. He cember, 1816, and we humbly trust, often read the Scriptures with me, that mortality was swallowed up of and explained them.”

life, even life everlasting! I said, “I trust, my good friend, you are sensible of your state as a The two last Sundays in Advent, sinner before God.”—He shook his (From Mrs. West's Scriptural Essays.) head, and replied, in his usual man- THE nearer we approach to the ner of assent, “ O yes !-0 yes! very feast of the Nativity of Christ, the sensible of that."

more does our liturgy admit light and I then said, “ I hope all your de- comfort into the offices. pendance for pardon and mercy at The collect, epistle, and gospel, dithe hand of God is wholly and en- rect our attention to the stewards of tirely built on the death and merit of the mysteries of God. These, in the your blessed Saviour.”

He again scriptural sense, are our regularly shook his head, which was his ordi- appointed ministers; from whom it is nary custom when any thing inter- now, unhappily, so frequently the ested him, and replied, “yes 1- practice of those who claim the praise 0 yes !-on Him alone. He that of being more active labourers in believeth on Him shall have everlast- Christ's vineyard, to alienate our ing salvation.

minds. Far different were the views I again observed, "I trust you en- of the framers of our liturgy, who, Teavour to submit to the will of God, by frequent ejaculations and prescrih: ed prayers, were anxious to bind then they that deny the pleasantness of a pastor and his flock together in the religious life, combine piety with reciprocal bond of intercessive súp- gloom and moroseness, and describe plication to their common Father. the Christian as a constant, instead We must, however, admit, that if á of an occasional inmate of the house elerical incumbent labours not “to of mourning? St, Paul invites him turn the hearts of the disobedient to to rejoice, to rejoice always ; and only the wisdom of the just :" does not in cautions him not to let his exultation his deportment appear as a minister overleap the bounds of moderation. of Christ, and, on account of his sa- Why is prayer described as a tedious cerdotal function, à doubly responsi- and unpleasant occupation ? An Aposble steward of his intrusted tempo. tle, who was eminently familiar with ralities,--he not being the minister holy exercises, speakis of it as an an. here described, is not included in this tidote to worldly anxities and painful prayer. Nor is he. entitled to the cares; and promises those who acaffectionate respect which St. Paul custom themselves to a practical de. claims in his Epistle, wherein he ap- pendance upon Him who seeth what peals to God to witness the sincerity, is best for us, a "peace which passsimplicity, independence, purity, and eth all understanding." It is not holiness of his deportment among his here meant that prayer should superconverts.

sede industry. St. Paul did not dicThe gospel for the day contains tate one system of ethics at Philippi our Lord's reference to the works and another at Thessalonica, where which he performed in attestation of he commanded “that if any would his Messiahship, in answer to the in- not work, neither should he eat;" quiries which the Baptist despatched and at Corinth enforced his precept from prison. We cannot suppose by labouring with his hands night that he who had seen the promised and day," rather than submit to have sign point out the Saviour of the his necessities supplied by others. It world, should doubt its verity. Ho is not diligence and prudent precauasked, to remove the incredulity of tion, but absorbing anxiety and restive others; and Jesus, after he had satis- resistance to God's appointment of fied the messengers, bore testimony our due portion of worldly prosperity, to the divine mission of John before from which St. Paul dissuades us, in the multitude. These mutual attes- a text primarily intended to regulate tations will be more properly consi- the religious feelings of his amiable dered when we meditate on the nati- and beloved converts, the Philippian vity of that saint.

church. Being now advanced to nearly the On the gospel for this day (which vigil of her Lord's nativity, the Church is also connected with the history of becomes importunate in her addresses, the Baptist), we shall in this place and tromulous in her hope. Judg- only remark, that it is applicable to ment to come, has reminded her of the season. Do we inquire, like the her provocations; the Scriptures have anġels in the twenty-fourth psalm, directed her to a Mediator and Re- who is this expected stranger, for deemer, for whose speedy appearance whose appearance the church soin the spirit, as well as in the flesh, lemnly prepares us? An awful inhashe eagerly supplicates; and with a bitant of the wilderness of Judea reference to that awful day to which comes forward to tell us that he is this season so peculiarly directs our His forerunner ;-and though in him. views, she implores deliverance from self so much superior to the common sin, that sore hinderance to the Chrige race of men as to have had his birth tian canditate, who has started to run predicted, yet was he unworthy to perthe race whose prize is a crown of form the most servile offices to Him immortality,

whom he had heard proclaimed the The epistle is a brief but correct well-beloved Son of God. definition of religious joy. Who are We have meditated, in successiun,

December, 1817.] The two last Sunday in Advent.

361 on the Christian mysteries as con- But with respect to the intimations nected with our Saviour's life, and which were given by Christ, it is eviseen him re-conducted to the Heaven dent that his apostles misconceived of heavens, to the glory which Ho him, as they did his predictions of his had with the Father before the world own death and resurrection, by supwas.” Past miracles and wonders posing that the destruction of the prepare us to expect future, if they world would immediately follow the depend upon the promises of " Him ruin of their own nation. They miswho hath done these great things for took the meaning of the phrase," this us already." If we are convinced, by generation," by supposing it limited irrefragable evidence, that the Son of to an existing race of men; instead God was incarnatey died and rose of implying what is in other places from the dead, we must also believe called the latter days,” “the days the testimony which himself has given of the Son of Man," or " these times;" us; which the angels, who certified referring to the Christian era. In his ascension, confirmed ; and which St. Matthew, Christ plainly told them the apostles, who were imbued with that the end would not be at present; his spirit, continually asserted, that and in St. Luke, that the times of the He will again return from heaven to Gentiles must first be fulfilled. Člearer judge the quick and the dead; and views were afforded them by that that the time of His second advent Spirit who gave them a right underwill be that at which the material standing in all things; though the world will be destroyed, like a ma- Thessalonians misunderstood St. Paul, chine whose utility has terminated. who, in writing to them, fell into a

In the prophetical parts of the New habit which is common to a raised Testament, the coming of the Lord imagination; and painted that scene has various meanings, and often ap- as inpending, which he beheld in sure plies to the impending destruction of expectation ; but in his second letthe Jewish state. But when stripped ter he corrected their mistake, show, of all figurative or allusive images, it ing that various events must first is in the most express and literal take place. The oracle is not falsiwords applied to the day of judgment. fied by the erroneous guesses of the Our faith is somewhat startled, at interpreter. The last day of the perceiving that even in the commence- world will come--the Lord Jesus will ment of the Christian era it was some- descend from Heaven-the books will times spoken of as immediate, or fast be opened-the judgment will sitapproaching. The moral use of this the irreversible doom of mankind will uncertainty respecting its time is evi- be executed. Though nearly two dent; mankind want every stimulant thousand years have elapsed since to divert their attention from this too those purposes were declared, they tenderly beloved world; and nothing are delayed by Him in whose sight a could have kept up the expectation of thousand years are but as ono day ; its destruction, in those ages which and whose promise of a Redeemer, were distant from the event, but igno- though delayed for seventy generarance of its remoteness. On the tions, was fully realized. Let us preother hand, so stupendously awful is serve this conviction, unclouded by the certainty,--that the necessary bu- the mist of sensuality, or sordid siness of life would be suspended in worldly care; unshaken by perceivthe times immediately preceding it, ing that the menacing guesses of comdid the inhabitants of the earth know mentators, and the calculations of exthat the hour was nigh, when all the positors, have successively proved fallabours of wisdom, policy, genius, iacious. Can the declarations of God and skill, would perish with the the- be affected by the presumption of man? atre on which they were exhibited. “Of that day and that hour knoweth Like the hour of our individual sum- no man; no, not the angels which are mons, the death of the world is ren- in Heaven. This only we know : dered to as indefinite.

Israel is still in tribulation ; Pagan

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