Obrazy na stronie

their readiness to do so when their and home to every one's bosom who has circumstances will adinit. Their in- good will to Zion.

Early on Tuesday morning there was comes are wretchedly small, mertly

left at the house of the Rev. Mr. BALDWIN, fees and gratuities. They all, both in a place where it would be readily disbishop and clergy, earnestly besought covered, a paper enclosing a small sum of us to give them copies of the Scrip. money, and written within as follows: tures, both in Syriac and Malayalim.

“ DEAR SIR, " The form and architecture of their into the treasury, from one that was neg

“ Please to accept this small mite, cast churches is simple, and may be Syrian; lected to be called on yesterday. O that the windows long and narrow, not the young and old, rich and poor ; yes, pointed, as Dr. Buchanan implies. every one, were sought out in every good They possess very few books; I under- cause-Zion would not have to lament stood no printed ones but the Gospels

so much dryness.” in Malayalim; and besides the Scrip- ments accompanying it, produced in the

This secret donation, and the fine sentitures in manuscript, they have some

mind of Mr. Baldwin an instant determisacred hymns and their liturgy, which nation to give every person in his congreare often obliged to be carried from gation an opportunity of casting their ofone church to another for service. ferings into the sacred treasury; and he “ They were very much pleased

was happy to find that the good feelings with the Bishop of Calcutta’s * visit

, ened very generally those kindred sensi

expressed by the unknown donor, awak. and expressed a very earnest desire to bilities, which it is equally the honour put themselves under the protection and the delight of the human mind to of the English. Colonel Munro, the cherish. The person making the donaBritish Resident at Travancore, is do- tion, is doubtless one whose pecuniary

circumstances forbade the gentlemen soing a great deal for them: he has es

liciting donations to call on him. But tablished a college for the better edu- this "neglect” did not hinder him from cation of their priests, and employs communicating what he had previously many of them in his public office. I determined was proper for him to give must not omit to mention one interest

toward promoting an object which coning and truly pious custom of these of godly young men for the sacred minis

templates the educating of a succession Christians. The father of a family try. This act of beneficence, and the collects his children around him in the sentiments expressed by the donor, should evening; and sitting on a sod on the be told whenever contributions for the outside of his cottage, he reads or re

above object may be solicited. peats portions of Scripture to them. wherever Episcopalians dwell, there the peats portions of Scripture to them. principal

, or secondary agents should pe. These, of course, consist chiefly of netrate. Every Episcopalian should be such passages as are most easily un- “ sought out" in this “ good cause," derstood and retained in the memory and should come forward and gladly con. --the parables, the passion and death tribute to the Theological School Fund of Christ, &c.which

he explains, and according to his ability, for not one is un. dilates on the doctrines and duties of be anxious to have his name enrolled

Every Episcopalian should Christianity as he is able.”

among the list of subscribers; and he should feel that to neglect this, is to de.

prive himself of an imperishable honour. For the Christian Journal. Utica, August 28th, 1817.

In the last number of the Christian The Rev. Dr. Bower arrived in this village on Friday last, to s solicit sub. Journal, an obituary notice of Bishop

DEION was inserted. Some of the senti. scriptions for the founding and endowing

ments expressed in it, being justly deemof the Theological Seminary of the Pro

ed erroneous and censurable, the Publishtestant Episcopal Church in the United

ers think it their duty to state, that it States of America.” Considerable soli

was hastily extracted from a newspaper, citude was felt and expressed, to aid him

without much attention to the precise im. in the attainment of an object of such

port of every part of it; and that it was vital and lasting importance to the well

inserted during the absence of the person being of the church. Dr. B. preached who prepares the matter for the Journal. on Sunday, when he brought the object of his mission before the congregation,

Printed and published by T. & J. SWORDS, * Dr. Middleton,

No. 160 Pearl-street, New-York.

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LIFE of SIMEON, the first Bishop of According to Hegesippus, when Jerusalem.

our Lord entered upon his public mi{Abridged from Cox's Lives of the Primitive Fathers.) nistry, Simeon became his constant

Every pious Christian will readily disciple and regular attendant. He is acknowledge, that the subject of the also supposed to have been one of present memoir derives additional in those seventy who were commissioned terest from the circumstance of his by our Lord to go before him through relation, by both his parents, to our the different parts of Judea, and preblessed Saviour. His father, Cleopas, pare the people for the reception of was the brother of Joseph, and his his doctrine. They are mentioned mother the sister of the Holy Virgin. in the Scriptures only in one place, * Great, however, as may be esteemed where their first mission appears to the honour of being thus personally have been restricted to the Jewish related to the Lord Jesus Christ, it nation. We have, however, no reawas an infinitely greater one, that he son to suppose that their authority was a partaker of a similar spirit, and was withdrawn after they had fulfilled interested in bis great salvation; a this charge, but may rather conclude, privilege, indeed, of which every ge- that they were in general employed muine believer is equally a partaker. amongst the first evangelists, in deHence, when the woman in the Gos- claring through different countries the pel, struck with admiration of the au- glad tidings of salvation. Amongst thority and eloquence of our Lord's this company we may reasonably supteaching, exclaimed, " Blessed is the pose, that the venerable subject of the womb that bare thee, and the paps present memoir was engaged during which thou hast sucked,” fearing lest the most efficient years of his life. she should rest satisfied with a tran- But of the nature of his labours, or sient impression of his excellency, in- the success of his ministry, we have stead of seeking to derive from him no record.

There is, however, a real and permanent benefit, he an- book written, in which all the actions swered, with a wisdom and tenderness of the righteous are fully and faithpeculiarly his own, “ Yea, rather fully preserved; and a day is apblessed are they that hear the word proaching, " when they that be wise of God, and keep it.”

shall shine as the brightness of the Simeon, afterwards bishop of Jeru- firmament; and they that turn many salem, was probably a native of that to righteousness as the stars for ever city. He was born about thirteen and ever.” years before our Lord's incarnation. At length, in the year 62, we meet

It is generally supposed that he with Simeon at Jerusalem; but whewas of the order of the Rechabites, ther he regularly resided there, or that pious sect among the Jews, who, was in that city merely on a visit, is for the strict obedience they paid to not ascertained. He was called, how. the injunctions of their father Jona- ever, at that time to witness a scene dab, furnished so powerful a contrast truly affecting, which was the means to the base ingratitude and disobedi- of ultimately fixing him as a bishop

a ence of Israel to God. *

in that most important situation. * See Jeremiah, chap. xxxv.

* Luke x, 1. VOL. I.


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The malignity of the Jews against tious opportunity for executing their the Christians had long been pro- design. He therefore called a council, verbial. Eighteen years before this before which he summoned James, period, James, the son of Zebedee, and accused him of breaking the law the first of the apostles who suffered of Moses. But it was not an easy martyrdom, was slain by the order of matter to procure the condemnation Herod Agrippa, to gratify the mur- of this apostle. His holy character derous spirit of the people. A re- extorted reverence, where it failed to markable circumstance attending his generate affection; and numbers, who martyrdom is recorded by Eusebius. could not bear bis religious principles, The man, who had drawn him before

were constrained to admire the genthe tribunal, when he saw the readi- tleness of his manners, and the excelness with which he submitted to his lency of his life. fate, was struck with remorse; and At length the council persuaded by one of those sudden conversions, the apostle to mount one of the pinwhich have more frequently happened nacles of the temple, and declare to in times of persecution than of peace, the people, who were assembled to and are then more worthy of being celebrate the passover, his sentiments considered genuine, was himself turn- respecting Christianity; hoping that ed from the power of Satan to God. they should prevail upon him, under In a moment, from a persecutor he some plausible pretence, to renounce became a martyr, boldly owned Christ his principles. James standing where to be his Saviour, and, as they walked he was bid, was then desired by the on together to the place of execution, Jews to declare what was the gate of earnestly entreated the apostle's for- of salvation ;* or, in other words, the giveness. James readily granted this true means of obtaining eternal life. request, embraced him as a brother, The holy apostle, undaunted by the and pronounced on him his apostolic number and power of his enemies, benediction, “ Peace be unto thee.” immediately replied, that Jesus Christ They were then beheaded together. was the door of salvation; probably

This wonderful and interesting con- alluding to our Lord's own words, version of an opposer appears to have “ I am the door of the sheep." He produced little or no effect on the then enlarged upon the glory and minds of the Jewish people. Peter dignity of the Saviour, and declared was shortly after imprisoned, and res- his belief that He was then sitting at cued from martyrdom, only by a mi- the right hand of power, and that He racle; and Paul, whose death they would come in the clouds of heaven. had long been plotting, narrowly Several of the people, struck with avoided the fate they intended him by the holy fervour of the apostle, and, appealing to Cæsar.

we may add, with the force of truth Irritated by the defeat they had suddenly breaking in upon their minds, sustained, the Jews were now deter- glorified God, and exclaimed aloud, mined to wreak their vengeance upon

“ Hosanna to the Son of David." James, surnamed The Just, bishop of Ananias and the rulers, finding that Jerusalem, who is also frequently their attempts to ensnare him were called James the Less, to distinguish without success, suddenly changed him from James the son of Zebeded. their mode of attack, and crying out In this attempt they made no doubt with apparent horror, that Justus himof succeeding, as he was merely a self was seduced, threw the apostle Jew, and could therefore plead no down from the place where he stood. Roman privilege.

Though severely bruised by the fall, The interval between the death of he had strength to kneel down and to their old governor, Festus, and the arrival of his successor, was deemed Gate, among the Jews, signifies meby Ananias, the high priest, who was

taphorically, the entrance, introduction, invested with the supreme power un

or means of acquiring any thing. So they

talk of the gate of repentance, the gate of til Albinus should arrive, as a propie prayers, and the gate of tears.

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September, 1817.)
Life of Simeon.

275 pray, “ 1 besoech thee, Lord God and such miseries, or a race of men from Father, for them; for they know not the beginning of the world wno so what they do. In the mean time the abounded in wickedness. I verily infatuated Jews preparing to stone believe," he continues, " that if the hin, a Rechabite, whom Hegesippus Romans had delayed to destroy these declares to be the subject of this me- wicked wretches, the city would eimoir, cried out,“ Cease, what do you ther have been swallowed up by the mean? This just man is praying for earth, or overwhelmed by the waters,

At length a person, more or struck with fire from heaven as mercifully cruel than the rest, came another Sudom, for it produced a far behind, and striking him on the head more impious generation than those with a fuller's club, completed his who suffered such punishment." martyrdom.

This tremendous scene of carnage This apostle is supposed to have is very particularly described by this written his epistle but a very short historian, who was, during the greater time before his death. On acoount part of the time, an eye witness of all of his singular innocence and integrity its attendant horrors. The destruche was distinguished by the exalted tion of Jerusalem at once s remarkatitle of THE JUST: and the uni- bly displays the veracity of our Lord's Versally admitted excellence of his predictions respecting it, the hatred character made his execution to be of the Almighty against sin, and his abhorred, and his inurderers to be distinguishing care of his people, that censured, even by those who were far a brief account of it may here be profrom being favourable to the Chris- perly introduced, and may not prove tian name.

uninteresting. Upon the martyrdom of James, The tyranny of the Roman goverthose of the apostles who were still nors, and especailly the oppressive alive, and several of the most eminent and vexatious conduct of Gessius disciples of our Lord, are said to have Florus, occasioned in the first instance come to Jerusalem from all parts, to that opposition of the Jews to the consult together respecting a proper Romans which ended in the firal de. successor. It was their meneral opi- struction of that unhappy people, who, nion, that, if possible, a relative of without piety, still confided in their our Lord ought to be appointed to the claim to peculiarity. Goaded by situation, and at length they unani- insults and severities, of which they mously determined to confer the ho- had in vain solicited redress, this nour upon Simeon, as a man of emi. wretched people at last broke out in. nent piety, and a near relation of the to an open rebellion, which only tendSaviour. He was accordingly or- ed to accelerate their ruin. At the dained bishop of Jerusalem.

very commencement of the insurrecWe have little information of the tion, 20,000 Jews were cruelly masa manner in which Simeon fulfilled the sacred at Cæsarea ; and shortly after, important duties of his sacred office. a sedition arising in Alexandria, We may, however, be confident that 50,000 more were slain in one day his charge was a most trying one, by two Roman legions. In the mean both on account of the turbulent temtime the insurrection became univerper of the Jewish people, and because sal, and every place was full of blood his presidency fell in with that gloomy' and violence. For some time the war period, when their city and temple was conducted with apparently equal were overthrown, and their very name success hy Jews and Romans. At as a nation blotted out by the victori- length Vespasian was sent by Nero ous Romans. “To give a particular with a large body of veteran troops, account of all their iniquities,” ré- who immediately marched to Gadara, marks their own celebrated historian, took it on the first assault, and after“ would be endless: thus much in wards burnt it and the adjoining vilgeneral it may suffice to say, that lages to the ground. From thence he there never was a city which suffered advanced to Jotopata, a place strongly

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fortified by nature and art, to which a thee round, and keep thee in on every great number of Jews had fled for se- side, and shall lay thee even with the curity. This place also, after an ob- ground, and thy children within thee; stinate resistance, fell into his hands and they shall not leave in thee oné through the treachery of one of the stone upon another; because thou. inhabitants; and Josephus, the famous, knewest not the time of thy visita. Jewish general and historian, was taken prisoner. Vespasian now pur- And now is the whole vial of God's sued his conquests with unwearied di- anger about to be poured out upon ligence, victory every where attending this devoted people. Their rejection him. At length he determined to of Messiah, their Prince, is punished attack Jerusalem; but for the present by a senseless opposition to a human was prevented by the short tumultu- power too great for them to overcome, ous reigns of Galba, Otho, and Vitel- without the aid of that Prince whom lius, and afterwards by his being ac- they had renounced—their persecution tually compelled by his soldiers to of His faithful disciples by the most accept of the crown.

lamentable divisions, when unity was His son Titus, being now appointed most wanted-their infidelity by a

— to carry on the war, made every pre

false confidence in misinterpreted proparation for an attack upon the capital. phecies--and their contempt of that At this time Jerusalem was broken in-Bread which cometh down from hea. to factions ; one party raging against ven, hy a terrible famine of that comanother, and committing such cruel- mon bread, of which, as well as every ties under John, Simon, and Eleazar, temporal blessing, all must be at last the leaders of the opposite parties, as deprived, who refuse to feed surpassed all the miseries inflicted blessed word of God. For besides the upon them by their public enemy. At Roman army without, and the numelength Titus approached, and after rous factions within, the want of promuch difficulty battered down one of visions was so great in consequence of the three walls by which the city was the multitudes which had flocked to defended, and took possession of the the passover, that thousands were fanorthern quarter. At the same time mished, and died so fast as to render he showed great compassion to the it impossible to observe the common besieged, and assured them of pardon rites of sepulture. Some, who fled if they would submit

. But the Jews from the city to Titus, related that still obstinately rejecting all condi- the famine was so excessive as to comtions, Titus broke through the second pel the soldiers to eat girdles, shoes, wall, and prepared to attack the third. skins, and hay. A bushel of corn was Before, however, he commenced the sold for six hundred crowns. Sinks attack, he caused the whole city to be and holes were continually raked to surrounded by a strong entrenchment, find the vilest offals to satisfy hunger. the more effectually to prevent the in- Wives took the meat out of their habitants from departing from the husbands' mouths, children from their city, or receiving any relief from their parents', mothers from their infants'. friends. Thus began to be fulfilled Nay, a certain lady, descended from that very explicit prophecy of our noble and rich parentage, actually Lord, which in the subsequent over- boiled her own child, that, according throw of Jerusalem was so fully ac- to the language of ancient prophecy, complished : “ And when He was

And when He was she might "eat it secretly in the siege, come near, He beheld the city and and straitness, wherewith the enemy wept over it, aying, If thou hadst distressed them.”+ known, even thou, at least in this thy Titus was filled with horror at the day the things which belong unto thy relation of this enormity. He called peace! but now they are hid from' upon God to witness that he was not thine eyes. For the day shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall * Luke xix. 41, 42, 43. cast a trench about thee, and compass † Deut, xxviii. 53--57


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