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September, 1817.] Eternal Life the Gift of God in his Sun.' 267 out unto us only the name of Jesus strictest morality, the most diligent Christ, whereby men must be saved.” perseverance in « good works ?" If we reject that name, whither shall 66 We are saved not by works, but by we turn? on what foundation shall grace :" what then ? shall we neglect we rest our hopes? what powerful good works ? “shall we continue in plea have we prepared to present at sin that grace may abound? God forthe judgment seat of God what of- bid !” Morality, distinguished from, fering, to conciliate his affection? and independent of Christian faith, is what atonement, to propitiate his an- nothing: but Christian morality is of ger? Shall we present ourselves the very essence, it is the true fruit, boldly at his throne with a pretence, the sure testimony, the faithful comthat we have perfectly conformed to panion, the glory and perfection, yea his will, whether revealed by his holy the very life and soul, of true Chrisword, or more dimly disclosed by the tian faith. Let us beware, that we light of natural reason ? Alas for do not confound things so different as that miserable weakness and corrup. worldly and Christian morality; as tion of our nature, which renders us the works of the natural man, and incapable of duly serving a holy God! those of the disciple of Christ ! Let Shall we plead in our justification, us beware how we suppose, that bethat although by nature incapable of cause a man cannot be saved by moperfection, we have served him to the rality of one sort, therefore he can be full extent of our power? Who then saved without morality of the other will dare to say, that he hath not been sort; that because one wlio rejects a wilful sinner; that he hath not sub- the Gospel, will not be saved for bemitted to temptation, when he mighting a moral man, therefore there is a have resisted it; that he hath not done hope of salvation for an immoral pro-' evil, when he might have avoided it? fessor of the Gospel! Christian mo-Shall we rest our claim to pardon rality assumes to itself no merit: it for former sin, on subsequent repent- sets up no arrogant claim to God's faance and amendment ? a repentance vour: it pretends not to


the and an amendment themselves abound- gates of heaven;" it is only the handing in manifold imperfections; them- maid in conducting the Christian beselves requiring a like indulgence as liever in his road towards them. the sins, for which they are offered as Without it no man shall enter in: but an atonement! Look whithersoever they who disesteem and reject it, are you will for justification ; try the sub- well apprized by God's word of the ject in all its parts, survey it in all its evil which they shall incur; when bearings; no hope remains for him, Christ shall command “the workers who obstinately refuses the hope of of iniquity," “ the slothful and the unthe Gospel: wherever the Gospel is profitable servant to depart from preached," he that believeth not, shall him ;** and when "vengeance shall

" be damned.”

be taken in flaming fire on them that 2. Again : shall we be told, that it know not God, and that obey not the is enough for us to believe in Christ, Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.”+ and that it is not necessary to obey 3. Further; are there those who him?-Where then is that license for would persuade us, that we may

be sin, which some men would fain dis- partakers of the grace of God without cover in the true evangelical doctrine practising the appointed means of of salvation by the grace of God grace? Why, then, were they apthrough faith in the blood of the Re- pointed, and that with a promise of deemer? Where is that “ cloak of especial blessings annexed to some of maliciousness," which they would fain them, if we are at our own will to negdiscover in the Gospel doctrine of lect or despise the means; and still

liberty to the servants of God ?” may be persuaded that we are in posWhere is that dispensation, which they would fain perceive in the gra- * Mat. vii. 23. xxy. 26, 30, 41. cious promises of Christ, from the

+ 2 Thess. i. 8.



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session of the grace, which they were blessings, that spiritual communion, appointed to convey? Thus in par- which they were appointed, and ticular, with regard to the sacraments; are continually designed to convey, why did Christ appoint baptism to be through the operation of the Spirit of the “ laver of regeneration,'* the grace. Will it be said, that this spiroad to “salvation,"4 and “the en- ritual intercourse with Christ, that trance into the kingdom of heaven;"! this internal operation of the Spirit, if we can be regenerated, and saved, is not necessary to salvation? Whereand admitted into heaven without it? fore then did Christ promise to “send and why did he appoint the holy com- his Holy Spirit,'* to hold fellowship munion of his body and blood, as the with his faithful followers, to “ abide way whereby we are to “ dwell in with”4 and " dwell in them as his him and he in us”-whereby we are temples," and to bear witness with to “ have life in us, and to be raised their spirits, that they are the children up at the last day;"$ if we can hold of God ?"Ş Surely it was not to no communion with him, and derive life purpose that he told his disciples, and from him, and be raised up by him in them all future Christians, that he without it? It is a rule in the eco- would " be with them always unto nomy of Providence, that he always the end of the world :"}|| and that he worketh by means. In the works of promised “the Comforter, the Spirit creation we see it every where about of truth, to abide in them for ever !" us : in the work of redemption we As long as the world shall last, and read the same truth unequivocally " the prince of the power of the air, revealed to us by his written word. the spirit of falsehood, “ shall work He covenanteth to bestow the bles- in the children of disobedience," so sings, which Christ hath purchased, long shall the Spirit of truth and hoon those who practise the appointed liness dwell in the 6 children of

6 He that believeth, and is light." I speak not of those visionary baptized, shall be saved;"_" he that raptures, which are sometimes de eateth my flesh and drinketh my scribed by enthusiasts as the in-dwell. blood, hath eternal life;"-faith com- ing of the Spirit. But I speak of that eth by hearing;"_" whosoever shall “ righteousness, and peace, and joy call on the name of the Lord shall be in the Holy Ghost," which he himself saved." Thus do the sacraments, the describes by the mouth of his inspired ministry of the word, and prayer, ap- messengers, as “ the kingdom of God pear to be covenanted means, where that is within us ;"1--of that “ goodby God dispenses his benefits to man. ness, and holiness, and truth ;"**-of We presume not to limit his mercies: that “ love, joy, peace, long-suffering, God forbid. Yet thus much may be gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, said with safety, (nor is there any temperance, which are the fruit of the thing uncharitable in saying it,) not Spirit," and the end of which is only that they who despise or neglect everlasting life. I speak of that the means, do thereby seem to betray“ peace of God, which passeth all a want of earnestness for the gift that understanding, and which keepeth the is to be conferred, and a want of re- heart and mind through Christ Jeverence for the almighty and all-wise sus.” I speak of that “ joy and

#1 Giver ; but also, that the Giver him- peace in believing, wherewith the God self

appears to have limited the bles- of hope filleth the humble Christian, sings to those who will conscienti- that he may abound in hope through ously practise the means.

the power of the Holy Ghost." 4. But then, lastly, there is danger It was “through the Eternal Spirit lest we be contented with the means; that Christ offered himself without spot instead of practising them with diligence for the sake of those spiritual John xv. 26. Rom. xiv. 17.

means :

† John xiv. 16.

** Eph. v. 9.

# 1 Cor. iii. 16. tt Gal. v. 23. * Tit. iii. 5. # John iii. 5.

Rom. viii. 16. ## Phil. iv. 7. Mark xvi. 16. $ John vi. 53-56. Matt. xxyiX. 29. SS Rom. xv. 19.


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September, 1817.] The Benefits of the Sacrifice of Christ. 209 to God;"* and it is through the same 2. This is the former benefit; and Spirit, “ dwelling in us as his tem- it is introductory and preparatory to ples," that “ the blood of Christ must the latter, that of our purge our conscience from dead works living God.” For God, being a holy to serve the living God;" must endue God, can enter into covenant with us with holiness here, and so lead us none, nor admit them into his service, to glory hereafter.

whilst they lie under the guilt of unMay it be our constant endeavour, pardoned sin, and so have not found with the aid of this Holy Spirit, so to grace in his sight. “ Noah found cleave unto Christ, by faith, and by grace in the sight of God,” and with obedience; in outward ordinances, him God established his covenant.* and by inward holiness; that having Abraham believed in God, and this the Son of God for our Saviour and counted unto him for righteousour Lord, our Prophet and our High ness ;"and then the Lord made a coPriest, we may finally attain to that venant with him with sacrifice.t So eternal life, which God hath given to again, the Jews offered burnt-offerthe disciples of his Son! Grant this ings, and sacrificed peace-offerings to we beseech thee, O merciful Father, the Lord, and the blood was sprinkled for the sake of Jesus Christ, our Lord! upon all the people, and then he en, to whom with thee, O Father, and tered into covenant with them. $ And thee, O Eternal Spirit, three Persons in the same manner, forgiveness and in one Godhead, be honour and glory remission of sins being extended to us for ever! Amen.

Christians by virtue of the meritorious

sacrifice of Christ, we are, on our bem The Benefits of the SACRIFICE of lieving in that atunement, admitted BENEFITS God,

merits, not of ourselves, but of Christ, An Extract from Mant's Sermons.) The benefits of the sacrifice of his service. Hence the Apostle saith,

thought worthy of being taken into Christ are twofold; the former, the

? Let us draw near to God in full asremoval of an evil; the latter, the be

surance of faith, having our hearts: stowing of a good.

1. And first, the sacrifice of Christ sprinkled from an evil,that is a conis said to be effectual to

demning,“ conscience." purge our

And so we gaio an insight into the conscience from dead works."

especial blessings, which Christ shed Now, by the fall of Adam our nature became essentially corrupt; and, blond he purged our conscience from

his blood to purchase for us. By his in consequence of this corruption, dead works, and made atonement and whilst we continued under the law, propitiation for our sins, for he gave whether it were the law of nature, or

himself for us, that he might redeem that prescribed for the people of Israel, we were all sinners, had all fallen himself a peculiar people, zealous of

us from all iniquity, and purify unto short of the glory of God, and were all exposed to death, the wages of sin, us from the guilt of our sins, for “ he

good works. By his blood he washed due to those sinful works, which his own self bare our sins in his own through the original corruption of our body on the tree, and was made sin for nature we were all prone to commit.

us, This appears to be what the Apostle teousness of God in him.”|| By his

that we might be made the righintended by “ dead works ;” works blood he relieved us from the misery sinful, and consequently deserving of sin, for he died to bring us into a death; and to purge our conscience

state of righteousness and peace, and from these works,” is to make atone- joy in the Holy Ghost. By his blood ment for them, to wash us from their he absolved us from the punishment guilt, to relieve us from their misery, of sin; for “ he was wounded for our and to absolve us from their punishRent.

* Gen. vi. 8, 18. ☆ Heb. x. 22.

+ Gen. xv. 6. li 1 Pet. ii. 24. * Heb. ix. 14:

* Exod. xxiv. 8. T Rom. xiy. 17°

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transgressions, he was bruised for our for the offering of our blessed Saviour iniquities; the chastisement of our on the cross, must have led to the peace was upon him, and with his everlasting punishment of us miserstripes we are healed."* By his blood able sinners? And how can we fail be became the mediator of a new co- of perceiving, that to trust to our own venant, into which he thus procured works or deservings, instead of relyus admission, a covenant, both better ing upon the merits of Christ, is to than that of works which God made trust in the staff of a broken reed; on with the Jews, and established upon which if a man lean, it will go into his better promises. By his blood he hand and pierce it? But then, on the hath restored us to our allegiance to contrary, how can we avoid feeling God; and hath “ suffered for us in and cherishing the most delightful

1 the flesh, that we should no longer confidence, when we reflect upon the live in the flesh, to the lusts of men, voluntary shedding of the blood of but to the glory of God.''! By his Christ, who offered himself without blood he hath opened to us the gates spot for our redemption ? And how of heaven, that they, who faithfully can we fail of placing our sure trust serve the living God in his Church and confidence in him; believing that here, may be admitted to serve him God the Father, who spared not bis in his sanctuary hereafter: For," for own Son, but gave him for us, will this cause, says the Apostle, pointing with him also freely give us all things in the following sentence to the great necessary for our salvation ; that God and ultimate object of Christ's sacri- the Son, who hath redeemed us by fice, “ he is the mediator of the new his cross, will never leave nor forsake covenant, that by means of death, for his faithful followers, but raise them the redemption of the transgressions, up and justify them at the last day; that were under the first covenant, and that God the Holy Ghost, through they which are called might receive whom Christ offered himself to the the promise of eternal inheritance." Father, will continue to sanctify those

Such are among the principal bles- whom he hath regenerated at their sings which Christ shed his blood to baptism, and constantly strengthen purchase; blessings, which he has them with his assisting grace, provided purchased for all mankind, and which they grieve him not by their sins, nor to offers alike freely to all; but resist him through the hardness of which will eventually be enjoyed by their hearts, until they be finally ad. none but those who embrace him by mitted into glory? faith in his blood, and follow him in Holiness of living. Be it our care, niy Account of the Syrian CHRISTIANS, in brethren, so to hold fast the profes

a Letter from u Gentleman who latesion of our faith," and so to follow precepts and his example, that we may

ly visited them, to his Friend in

London. not fall short of his salvation. And, if thus we do, while we regard the

Columbo, October 28, 1816. blood of Christ as the price of our re

« I will now leave Goa, to say somedemption, let us at the same time con- thing of the Syrian Christians whom vert it into a source of humility and we visited, and of whom I will hereconfidence: of humility on our own after send you a more complete acparts; and of confidence in him. For count. You will be surprised to hear how can we be otherwise than humble, that these Syrian Christians are at when we reflect upon the necessity of present neither Nestorians nor EutyChrist's blood being shed; a necessity chians. They disclaim the errors of occasioned by that corruption of our both, and profess to believe Christ to nature, and by those manifold sins be very God and very man.

They, which we all commit, and which, but however, acknowledge seven sacra

ments. In baptism they use water # Isa. lii. 5. # 1 Peter iv. 1, 2:

only, and sign with a cross the eyes, Heb, viii. 6

Ireb. Ix; 15: nose, mouth, and ears; to signify, as September, 1817.] Doctrine and Discipline of the Syrian Christians. 271 they say, that these senses of the car- the Syriac language, which is undernal man are to be obedient to the cross. stood only by the priests; they have In the Lord's supper they use leavened heavever, of late years, used in many bread, and stamp the wafer with a of their churches the Malayalim transcross dipped in oil; but in neither of lation of the Gospels, which was made these sacraments do they use salt. chiefly by their present bishop, Mar They have two bishops, both residing Dionysius, (then Ramban Joseph,) at the same place; but only one of under the superintendance of Mar them appears to have any charge of Dionysius, who was the bishop in Dr. the clergy Their priests are or

Buchanan's time. I was present at dained by the imposition of hands; their performance of divine service on and though they have but three or- a Sunday, and which, I am sorry to ders, bishops, priests, and deacons, yet say, partakes in some measure of the they have many different degrees in superstitious mummeries of the Paeach order. I understand there are pists. They use frankincense, chaunt three among the priests, and four the whole service, cross themselves among the deacons. They formerly often, elevate the Host. On the Sun. had archdeacons, but have none at day, they have a very useful custom present. They have many customs of reading a portion of the Gospels, among them which mark them as an in Malayalim, from the altar, and then Oriental Church; but both their cere- briefly expounding to the congregamonies and their doctrines have been tion. They do not preach as Euromuch corrupted hy the Church of peans do, nor use pulpits : they have Rome. They administer both bread no schools, and little means of teachand wine to the laity; but the ele- ing the poor; but this arises rather ments are then mixed together. They from their extreme poverty than from do not believe in transubstantiation; any unwillingness to teach and be though they say the body and blood of taught. Indeed, considering the perChrist are verily; and indeed taken by secutions they have suffered from the the-faithful communicant. They do Papists, and the proselyting ravages of not believe in purgatory, but they Tippoo Saib, I am thankful and surbelieve that there is a common re- prized that they still retain so much ceptacle for the souls of men after of genuine Christianity. death, into which Christ descend- “ The dress of the priests consists of ed, in the interval between his cruci- loose white trowsers, with a white fexion and resurrection, and to which surplice and a red silk cap. The pros they think he alluded when speaking per dress is of a dark colour; bat they to the thief on the cross; and that told us, that they were too poor te Christ, at his descension, relieved the purchase it: each priest has a pastoral souls of all then there, and that the staff, generally tipped with gold. At souls who have died since, will remain ordination, the priests profess to sign there till the general resurrection, the Canons of the Council of Nice, when they will be judged according which are read to them by the bishop; to their deeds. In the mean time, the but they could not show us any copy good are supposed to feel a pleasing of them. They, at the same time, hope of happiness, and the wicked a swear to shave the crown of the head, fearful looking for of judgment. They and not to shave their beards; to fast believe that certain saints and martyrs on the fourth and the sixth days of the are in a heaven above this receptacle, week: but they do not engage to lead and yet not admitted into the presence a life of celibacy: this custom has of God. They pray through the in- crept in among them from the Ro. tercession of saints; but strenuously mans. The bislop, Mar Dionysius, deny that they worship saints, and will has lately sent a circular letter to his not allow any images of them in their clergy, expressly stating that they are churches, professing that salvation is at liberty to marry: some have actuthrough Christ alone. Their liturgy ally availed themselves of this perniisand the whole service is performed in sion, and forty more have declareil

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