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ence and the superintending provi- but not to accept it at any rate, unless dence of God, we trace in some such he could first obtain ordination. The fortuitous disposition of events, the salary proved to be less than was at first intimations of the Divine purpose, first stated : this had no influence upwhich communicated to that insigni- on his determination, and awakened ficant casualty, the power of giving no regret; but on his meeting with birth to a chain of consequences the some obstacles to his ordination, he most beneficial to society. The stran- caught at them, as setting him at liger, struck with young Brown's in-berty to return to college and pursu. telligent inquiries, expressed his con- his former plans. Those obstacles viction that he was destined to a high- were however removed; the late bi. er and more important profession than shop of Landaff (Dr. Watson) conthat for which his unambitious parents sented to ordain him, and showed him, had designed him, and with their con- Mr. Brown states, “ a truly pastorał

, sent, liberally undertook to prepare regard." him for a grammar school, with the “ He knew my principles, my purposes, further view of his being fitted for and my views: he conducted a long exe college. After enjoying the private amination of me himself, and gave me tuition of this friend, he was accord much valuable advice, which has been & ingly removed to Hull, to attend the great comfort and support to me.

last words were,

• Go in peace, and may grammar

school under the care of the the blessings of God go with you. Do all Rev. Joseph Milner, between whom the good you can, and if it is no better and the scholar a lasting attachment for you in this world, it will be in the

world to came. was formed; and he subsequently en. tered upon his University studies at

Mr. Brown's Journal, during his Magdalen College, Cambridge. “From unexpected detention for some months these he was unexpectedly called off in England, was well worth preser. by a remarkable and unforeseen offer vation. It presents a most interest made him of going to India.'

ing transcript of his feelings in the A Major in the East-India Compa- prospect of his important adventure; ny's service, to whose very name he feelings partaking in some degree of was an entire stranger, in consequence the fluctuation of the spirits, yet chaof being informed by a mutual friend, racterized by an unusual steadiness of Mr. Brown's benevolent exertions of purpose and fortitude of mind. We while at College, applied to him to transcribe a few sentences. undertake the superintendence of an

My heart is broken off from relatives, institution recently formed at Bengal, ing is infinite ; be still my heart, suffer

friends, and country; but his understand for the protection and instruction of his great understanding to guide thee, the orphans of indigent officers. The and follow without reluctance or repining: inducement held out, was, the oppor- “ Life will soon be over: it signifies littunity of instilling into the minds of tle where I am, or whither ! go; what these young persons, many of whom dangers, perils, or comforts i meet with would probably spend their lives among my home. Much less than a hundred

on my way to a better country to heaven the heathen nations of India, the years will put an end to sin, the cause of knowledge of salvation by Jesus Christ. every pain: provided it shall be found I Ten days were allowed Mr. Brown have served the Lord Jesus, it will not

matter where; at London, or Calcutta.” to give his definitive answer, and in two months he was to be ready, in and faithful. I had better stay here, than

Lord, make me thankful, patient, case he accepted the offer, to sail for

go without the orders of thy Providence: India. Mr. Brown had just recover- I had better go, than resist them." ed from a long indisposition, and he

“ There is an aptness in us to misinter.

pret providential discouragements in our was strongly inclined to sit still and

duty, as if they amounted to a discharge enjoy the tranquillity of college life,

from our duty, when they are only intend. and the dear delights of pious and ed for the exercise of our courage and literary friendship there. He resolv- faith.” ed to leave the matter to the decision The following are too characteriaof three tried friends in the Church, tic to be passed over.

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August, 1817.) Memoirs of Brown and Buchanan.

243 « Behold the fowls of the air; consider

* Immediately on his arrival at Calcutthe lilies of the field.” I wish to walk ta, in 1786, writes his biographer, he before the Lord with simplicity of intention found himself in a most responsible situand simplicity of dependence : at present I ation, at the head of an extensive Orphan have but little in possession, and know establishment, which demanded and renot whence the next necessary supplyceived all his zeal, perseverance, and af. must come. I am comforted with, “ Your fection. Within a few days of his arrival, heavenly Father knoweth that ye have he was nominated chaplain to a brigade need of these things."

in Fort William. The following year, In the evening, after Mr. Brown which he voluntarily undertook, with the

superadded to these duties the charge, had vented his feelings in this pious approbation of his brother chaplains, of expression of his faith, a friend, who the Mission Church. Thus did he york had borrowed of him a small sum, in the full tide of his strength, officiating which Mr. Brown had entirely for

at euch of these distant points in succesgotten, returned it to him most unex

sion every Sunday. peetedly and most seasonably. “I am

" On separating from the Orphan Insti

tution he received private pupils into his now to reside in Chelsea,” he remarks

own house, the education of youth being, soon after, “ and have very little mo- next to the public ministry of the word ney and food to provide for my wife of God, that line of usefulness to whicle

His domestic and self: “ The Lord will provide.” he was most attached. For some time he

school was much in request; and besides appears to have

his own, he paid great attention, as incontinued under pecuniary difficulties, specting visitor, to one then supported and we find him noticing with grati- by the old churity fund, but now combintude the receipt of a ten pound note, ed with the free school of Calcutta. He soon after he had parted with his last likewise statedly attended the hospital

and goal, to impart religious instruction. two shillings to a poor soldier whose

At the latter place particularly, he was wife lay in with twins, which he had as he had been in England, remarkably just baptized. A spirit of calm and blessed to the awakening and unfeigned heavenly confidence pervades the brief repentance of hardened convicts, of whom notices in his Journal.

At length

he was accustomed to give touching and

instructive narratives. his pecuniary anxieties were terminated by the Court of Directors ad- Chaplaincy of the Presidency, his work

“On his appointment, in 1794, to the vancing him three hundred guineas; became still more increased. He contiand on the 19th of Nov. 1785, hé nued in charge of the garrison; and was sailed for India.

always unwilling to think that new ac.

cessions of duty exonerated him from It is delightful to contemplate, in

any former engagements. Accordingly, connexion with all this cheerfulness he continued to officiate on Sundays twice of dependence in poverty, that singu- to the Mission congregation, once at the lar disinterestedness and liberality Garrison, and once at the Presidency by which Mr. Brown was so honour. Church; beside establishing a weekly lecably distinguished through life. His dren; which

last he deemed an object of

ture, and catechetical instruction of chil. could indeed be no ordinary charac the greatest importance." ter, of which it formed one trait of excellence, that " he more dreaded We have now to trace the outlines riches than most do poverty." “ He of a different character; a man, in whom had known," remarks Mrs. Brown, there certainly were the elements

in his own person, what it was to of greatness ; who, if his powers of be under pecuniary difficulties, and achievement had been adequate to he had repeatedly experienced the his spirit of enterprise, had his phy, salutary benefit of timely succour.” sical energy been equal to his ambiThis prompted him generously to tion, and had occasion afforded full sympathize with all whom he could scope, and if there had been opposed relieve. He used to relate the anec- no limit to his native ardour and lof. dote of a person, who, when she had tiness of mind, would have rendered but little, gave cheerfully of that lit- the name of Claudius Buchanan still tle; but when rich, said, “ she had more illustrious than it is, in the Ano now something to take care of, and nals of British India. could afford to bestow no longer." Claudius Buchanan was born at

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Cambuslang, near Glasgow, in 1766. I believe, before I arrived on the borders At the age of seven years he was

of England, and in that time many sin

I once or sent to the grammar school at Invera- gular occurrences befel me.

twice met persons whom I had known, ry, and when he had but just com- and narrowly escaped discovery. Somepleted his fourteenth year, was ap- times I had nothing to eat, and had no pointed by a gentleman, tutor to his where to rest at night; but, notwithstandtwo sons. In the year 1782 he left

ing, I kept steady to my purpose, and this family, in order to pursue his

pursued my journey. Before, however,

I reached the borders of England, I would studies in the University of Glasgow, gladly have returned, but I could not; where, at the age of seventeen, he he die was cast; my pride would have conceived the romantic design of makó- impelled me to suffer death, I think, ra. ing the tour of Europe, like Gold

ther than to have exposed my folly; and smith, on foot. It was not, however,

I pressed forward.

“ When I arrived at Newcastle, I felt till nearly four years afterwards, that

tired of my long journey, and found that the unfavourable issue of an impru- it was indeed hard to live on the benevo. dent attachment to a lady superior to lence of others: I therefore resolved to himself in birth and fortune, deter

proceed to London by water; for I did mined him to prosecute his long che

not want to travel in my own country,

but on the continent. rished design. The following account

“I accordingly embarked in a collier was given by Mr. Buchanan himself, at North-Shields, and sailed for London. of the natural termination of this ill. On the third night of the voyage we were planned adventure.

in danger of being cast away, during a

gale of wind; and then, for the first time, “I had the example of the celebrated I began to reflect seriously on my situaDr. Goldsmith before me, who travelled tion." through Europe on foot, and supported “ During the violence of the storm, as himself by playing on his flute. I could he afterwards acknowledged to a friend, play a little on the violin, and on this I Mr. Buchanan felt as if the judgment of relied for occasional support during my God, as in the case of Jonah, was overlong and various travels.

taking him; but, unlike the repenting " In August, 1787, having put on plain Prophet, no sooner had the tempest of clothes, becoming my apparent situation, the elements subsided, than the agitation I left Edinburgh on foot, with the intention of his mind also passed away. He arrivof travelling to London, and thence to ed safely in London on the second of Septhe continent: that very violin which I tember, and by this time,' he continow have, and the case which contains it, nues, in one of the letters referred to, I had under my arm, and thus I travelled ' my spirits were nearly exhausted by onward. After I had proceeded some distress and poverty. I now relinquished days on my journey, and had arrived at every idea of going abroad. I saw such a part of the country wħere I thought I a visionary scheme in its true light, and could not be known, I called at gentle. resolved, if possible, to procure some men's houses, and farm houses, where I situation, as an usher, or clerk, or any emwas in general kindly lodged. They were ployment whereby I might derive a subvery well pleased with my playing reels sistenoe: but I was unsuccessful. I lived to them, (for I played them better than some time, in obscure lodgings, by sell. I can now,) and I sometimes received five ing my clothes and books; for I did not shillings, sometimes half a crown, and attempt to obtain any assistance by my sometimes nothing but niy dinner. Where- skill in music, lest I should be discover. ever I went, people seemed to be struck ed by some persons who might know me a little by my appearance, particularly if or my family. I was in a short time rethey entered into conversation with me. duced to the lowest extreme of wretchThey were often very inquisitive, and I edness and want. Alas ! I had not some. was sometimes at a loss what to say. r times bread to eat. Eittle did my mother professed to be a musician, travelling think, when she dreamt, that she saw through the country for his subsistence: her son fatigued with his wanderings, and but this appeared very strange to some, oppressed with a load of woe, glad to lie and they wished to know where I obtain- down, and sleep away his cares on a little ed my learning; for sometimes pride, and straw, that her dream was so near the sometimes accident would call forth ex- truth! What a reverse of fortune was this! pressions, in the course of conversation, A few months before, I lived in splendour which excited their surprise. I was often and happiness! But even in this extremi. invited to stay for some time at a particu- ty of misery my eyes were not opened. I lar place: but this I was afraid of, lest I. saw. indeed my folly, but I saw not my sin : might be discovered. It was near a month, my pride even then was, unsubdued, and


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August, 1817.] Memoirs of Brown and Buchanan.

245 I was constantly anticipating scenes of correspondence; they serve, however, future grandeur, and indulging myself in to evince the solid character and sinthe pleasures of the imagination.

"After I had worn out many months in cerity of his piety. In 1794, Mr. this misery, observing one day an adver

Newton made him the first direct protisement in a newspaper, for a

clerk to posal of a voyage to India; the manan attorney,' I offered myself, and was ner in which he received it, though accepted. I was much liked, and soon

it does great credit to his diffidence made friends. I then obtained a better and humility, shows that “ the arsituation with another gentleman in the law; and, lastly, engaged with a solicit- dour which he had formerly evinced or of respectable character and connec- to enter into the ministry, without tions in the city, with whom I remained much academical preparation," was nearly three years. During all this time indeed sensibly abated. He referred I had sufficient allowance to appear as a the decision implicitly to Mr. Newton, gentleman; my desire for going abroad gradually abated, and I began to think

Mr. Thornton, and Mr. Grant. Onthat I should make the law my profession ly, he thought it necessary to intifor life.”

mate his opinion, that “ as strict at It is not improbable that this pre- tention ought to be paid to human mature explosion of our hero's youth means in our endeavours to promote ful energies, exhausted in some de- the success of the Gospel, as if it gree the physical ardour of his cha- were merely a human dispensation.” racter, and intimidated, at least for " I once," he writes, “ thought myself the time, his sanguine disposition. prepared for the Church! shudder at my In the year 1790, Buchanan, whose temerity. A zeal, (if zeal it may be call. conduct had hitherto been lamentably dictated this unhallowed confidence. In

ed,) “ without knowledge," must have at variance with that sepse of reli

one sense, indeed, any one to whom God gion which he had imbibed from edu- has given his grace may enter the Church, cation, was first effectually impress. however ignorant or unfit in other mated, by means of conversation with a ters; inasmuch as all success in it comes friend, with a concern for salvation. from God.” By the recommendation of his pious Early in the year 1796, Mr. Bumother, he then went to hear, and chanan's friends recurred to the plan subsequently introduced himself to of obtaining for him the appointment the venerable John Newton, rector of a chaplaincy in the service of the of St. Mary Woolnoth, London. Mr. East-India Company, which appointNewton interested himself in the wel ment he received on the 30th of March fare of the young stranger, with his in that year, and on the 11th of Aucharacteristic warmth of benevolence; gust he embarked for Bengal, accre. and in him Buchanan found an en- dited by a letter of recommendation lightened and faithful counsellor, and to the Rev. David Brown, from the a steady friend. The total change Rev. Dr. Gaskin, Secretary to the thus superinduced in Buchanan's views Society for Promoting Christian and feelings, gave rise to a determi. Knowledge. He landed at Calcutta nation, which his venerable friend on the both of March following, two

, was forward to approve, to relinquish days before the completion of his the study of the law, and to devote thirty-first year. himself to the ministry of the Gospel, Here, however, he was doomed to for which his parents had once de- experience a disappointment, the resigned him. For the accomplishment sult of unforeseen arrangements, which of this newly awakened desire to en- seems to have palsied for the time all ter the Church, he was indebted to his energies, and overwhelmed hiin the munificent kindness of the late with despondency. He found himestimable Henry Thornton, Esq. who self consigned to a total seclusion determined to send him to the univer- from active duty, at a military station sity of Cambridge, at his own ex- at Barrackpore, sixteen miles above pense.

Calcutta. Mr. Pearson gravely reWe pass over the details of Mr. marks, that “this retirement afforded Buchanan's college employments and him a valuable opportunity for privat, study;" but this was not exactly the We find him speaking “ in terms of purpose for which Mr. Buchanan un- much commendation" of the Baptist dertook a voyage to the Indies; and missionaries, Messrs. Thomas and Cathe effect of this cruel exile, combin. rey; but his own expectations reed with the influence of an enervat- specting the conversion of the Hining climate, was most pernicious. doos, were at this period very faint “ This, Sir," writes Mr. Buchanan, indeed. Some of his remarks arey " is a climate which tries the mind however, highly judicious. like a furnace. Deterioration seems

" I wish not that any prudential consiinherent in Indian existence." To derations from what has been, or from Mr. Grant he writes,

what may probably be, should check the "I seem to have come out under rather missionary ardour of the day. Nothing unfavourable auspices. No feature of my

great since the beginning of the world mission is very agreeable. But I view the

has been done, it is said, without enthuwhole as the counsel of the Almighty; siasm. I am, therefore, well pleased to and I know that in his plan there is great

see multitudes of serious persons, big beauty, though I may not perceive it.

with hope, and apt to communicate; for “ I have passed this last year in milita.

I think it will further the Gospel. In. ry society, or in solitude. And as I shall

stead of thirty missionaries, I wish they sluortly be stationed up the country, I

could transport three hundred. They cannot expect any material change dır.

can do little harm, and may do some good. ing life. But if I rightly improve the op.

But let them send as many children as portunities I may have, I shall do well. possible, or those who may have children. What I lament most is, the effect this in. They will do more good' by and by than active life has on my mind. You will not

their parents. No man turned of thirty be surprised if both my moral and intel.

can learn to speak a new language well. lectual powers suffer by it. The climate

No Englishman turned of twenty, who is no doubt has its effect in this hebetation only acquainted with the labials and den. of the soul; and I hope I shall recover

tals of his mother tongue, can ever acfrom it in time.

quire an easy and natural use of the na"I suffered a long struggle before I

sals and gutturals of the Bengal language. could resign myself passively to my un

Send, therefore, old men to take care of expected destination. But the struggle the morals of the young; and send the is now over; and I view myself as one

young to convert the heathen." who has run his race; to whom little Of the Hindoos, Mr. Buchanan more is left to do. I have known some, gives the following opinion. who, in such a case, would have extricated themselves with violence, and sought “ Must I say something of the natives? a new fortune in the Gospel. But it will Their general character is imbecility of require a very evident interposition of body, and imbecility of mind. Their moGod indeed to bring me out of this Egypt, ral powers are and have been for ages in now that he has placed me in it; I shali a profound stupor ; and there is seldom esteem myself highly favoured, if I be an instance of their being awakened. A enabled to pass my days in it, with a pure partial attempt, or rather experiment, is conscience, endeavouring to do a little, now making on them by some Christian where much cannot be done."

teachers. 'The Hindoo mind seems at

present to be bound by a Satanic spell; Mr. Buchanan's conduct under these and it will require the co-operation of a circumstances, was influenced by a more than human power to break it. But determination « not to step beyond Divine co-operation implies human enthe prescribed limits of his duty as a

deavour. Many ages must then elapse

before the conversion of India is accom. military chaplain." His biographer plished. intimates his hope, that the narrative “ With respect to moral action, the may serve to check in any who may Hindoos pay as little attention to their be similarly situated, either abroad own religion as a rule of life, as the Engor at home, the too natural disposi

lish do to theirs. Your profession of the

Christian religion is a proverbial jest tion to despondency or haste." A

throughout the world.” serious illness, however, soon after “ A residence in this country adds much threatened to affect still more perma- to the personal dignity of the European. rently Mr. Buchanan's capacities of

Here the labour of a multitude is de.

manded for the comfort of one : and it is usefulness. From this he slowly re

not so much demanded as voluntarily covered, but the spring and tone of

given. In no other country can we so well his feelings seemed to be destroyed. see the homage which matter gives to

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