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be requisite to do this from the Pul- our Establishment, it is time that I pit: and I am persuaded that a tem- should proceed to topics more immediperate and discreet appeal to good ately of a practical character, as relatsense and good principle, will never ing to your ordinary Duties: and these be made in vain. In your Sermons I cannot place in any point of view the prevailing topics will be the grand more interesting or more useful, than truths of the Everlasting Gospel: the by bringing them into as near approxmethod and the terms of human Sal- imation as possible to the Duties of Pavation ;-the natural weakness and rochial Clergy. The model which I insufficiency of man, unassisted by would propose to you, is that of the the blessing of God ;-the alarming English Parish Priest; the guardian of consequences of Irreligion and Indif- morals--the instructor of youth,--the ference ;-the obligation to adorn and comforter of the afflicted,--the prorecommend the Doctrine of God our moter and director of works of Charity Saviour ;-and, in short, whatever has and Love,--and the guide of all, who a tendency to give not only to your are entrusted to liis charge, in the way hearers, but to those " who are with- of Peace : and I anticipate every obout,"'* « access through Christ by one jection arising from the different state Spirit unto the Father.”+ But while of Society and the circumstances of the you are advocates for the doctrines of country, in the reply, that this is still Christianity and for Holiness of Life, the standard to which you should enI should not think it expedient to in- deavour to make all difficulties graculcate them in such a manner as dually yield: as a general rule of indirectly to countenance the neglect conduct, I cannot offer you any which of any established Ordinance : at is so likely to carry you to the object home, such conduct would be highly which I must suppose you to have in prejudicial, and in this country it view, the religious and inoral imwould be fatal, to the interests of the provement of the people committed cause in which you have engaged. to your care. Without denying, that With respect to our own people, there there are difficulties, arising in some can be little danger, for the present,' measure from the fluctuating state of of their attributing too much to rites Society, in some instances from a long and forms in Religion, where many of disuse of religious habits and associathem for years together have never tions, and generally from your not seen a Clergyman:

and with reference possessing that prescriptive influence, to the surrounding nations, visible Or- which attaches to the Clergy, where dinances are the only proofs that we ever they are numerous and have entertain a reverence for God: nor been long regarded as an order of the can you require to be told, that it is Community; admitting these difficulto the too frequent absence of such or- ties, I am still of opinion, that you dinances, that we are to impute much will not want encouragement in your of the prejudice which subsists in this endeavours to establish a pastoral incountry against the Christian name. fluence, especially if it be attempted It appears to me, therefore, that you by your taking the lead in plans of

, will hut imperfectly discharge your Benevolence and Usefulness, which duty, if you do not occasionally insist cannot any where originate so proupon Externals ; not as superseding, perly as with yourselves. That they or at all interfering with, the sanctity should proceed from the Laity, while of the heart and the affections, and a Clergyman is actually on the spot, the Worship of God in spirit and in is scarcely to be expected, however truth, but as means conducing to an may be desired; and from every thing end, and without which in ordinary which I can learn, your lot can hardly cases that end would not be attained. be cast, where you will not find a con

From subjects connected with the siderable portion of Christian zeal to General Discipline and good Order of co-operate with you in any laudable

design. The habit of thinking, and Col. iv, 5. 7 Eph. ii. 18. still

more of acting according to your August, 1817.] Clergy of the Diocess of Calcutta.

233 views, may not, indeed, be already up in habits of profligacy; and still formed; but if the principle be in ex- more frequently, that whatever of istence, you will only have to appeal good they learnt in their childhood, to it, and to lead it to its proper ob-has been lost from long disuse. You ject. These remarks, however, sup- cannot, then, be engaged in a more pose you to be animated with a sin- Christian object, than in seeking to cere desire of doing good: they sup- reclaim them; in awakening them to pose you to be attentive to the spiritual a sense of their danger; in urging and temporal wants of your people; them to receive instruction ; in visitto be vigilant observers of every thing, ing them in their sickness; and in

;; which is amiss; and, in short, to have dispensing to them the consolations of your hearts in the work of your Holy our Holy Faith. And scarcely, if at Calling. And, in truth, I can hardly all, less valuable will be your labours imagine, in what manner Clergymen, in the conduct of Regimental Schools; especially in situations remote from in which, agreeably to the design of the Presidencies, can pass their time, His Royal Highness the Duke of except in pursuits relating to their York, the principles of the Church of appointment. In every part of the England are to be inculcated on the world, a kind Providence has con- plan of the NATIONAL SOCIETY. It nected our happiness with our duty: is not to be expected that the Masters but in no condition is the remark of such Schools should be always sufmore just, than with respect to Cler- ficiently acquainted with the system, gymen in India.

Here I cannot sup- to carry it on with the fullest effect; pose any medium between habitual and in no case can it be supposed, attention to duty, and habits of indo- that the superintendence of a resident lence and voluptuousness. In Eng- Clergyman, who interests himself in land the case is different: there the the good order and the religious imClergy are induced to employ their provement of the children, can be unleisure, and sometimes perhaps more availing or superfluous. In the furthan their leisure, from their proper therance of these objects, and I will duties, in various pursuits more or add, of almost every object, which I less honourable and useful, and wor- can imagine you to have at heart, I thy of active minds: they engage in rejoice that you will henceforward be the labours and cares of the Magis- furnished with most effectual assisttracy; or they cultivate their own ance. By the blessing of God, a glebe; or Literature has attractions Diocesan and two District Commitwhich are here unknown: and happily tees are already established, of The for the Country, the education of the SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN youth of the higher and middle classes KNOWLEDGE; a Society which has of the Community is almost exclusively been honourably known in India in in their hands. From all such en- one of its departments for more than gagements you are necessarily pre- a century, and will now, I trust, be cluded, and this circumstance justi- actively employed in disseminating fies the supposition, that here you can Christian Knowledge in the East, have no other pursuits, than the duties among our own countrymen. The and the studies of your profession. attention of the Committees will es

Among the objects, then, which fall pecially be turned to the condition of under the head of duties, I would re- the European Soldiery in Barracks commend to your particular attention, and Cantonments, and, in short, wherethe state of the Military; who, indeed, ever vice or ignorance is found to sub

, in some instances constitute nearly the sist among the British in India. I whole of your flocks. There cannot consider the want of such an Institube a class of persons more in need of tion to have been hitherto a great pastoral superintendence, and of in- impediment to the success of your lastruction in the truths of our Religion : bours. Of Bibles, notwithstanding too frequently, it is to be presumed, that the common soldiers were brought * General Orders, 1st Jan. 181%

the exertions of another Society, collection of facts respecting the early there is not, I believe, any redun- history of our Religion, and calculatdancy; Prayer Books are exceedingly ed, on many accounts, to afford you scarce; Elementary Tracts, such as valuable hints for the regulation of you could properly use, have but your conduct. rarely found their way to this coun. Another study, which I would par. try; approved books for the use of ticularly recommend to you, is that Schools appear to be in great demand; of the Evidences of Christianity. The Expositions of the Church Catechism flimsy Scepticism, which prevailed in are not commonly met with; and In- England, some years since, among structions for those, who are to be those who knew little of Religion, Confirmed, may be imagined to be except from cavils and objections, is little known : but these, and, in short, I have reason to apprehend, not wholly every thing which can be useful in unknown in India : and it is possible aid of pastoral instruction, will now that even a learned Divine, whose be easily procurable. Of these Com- studies have proceeded upon a conmittees, all the Clergy, I believe, who viction long since established, that the have heard of their formation, are al Gospel came from God, may not be ready members; and I should be neg. always prepared to convince the gainligent of my duty, if I did not suggest sayer, or to meet a fallacy with all to you the propriety of recommending the force of truth. But it is not, them to notice among all, who value perhaps, to the mischievoụs zeal of Christian Knowledge, and who would Deists in Europe, that we should promote it amongst their brethren in ascribe all the Scepticism, the sympa foreign land.

toms of which may be detected in To the subject of your Studies it India. There are circumstances atmight seem superfluous to advert: tending a long residence in this counand yet with reference even to this try, which without any extrinsic aid particular, I cannot forbear to offer must operate against a clear and deyou one or two suggestions. The cided belief of Revelation. The total Christian Clergy in the primitive ages disuse of public worship, not unfrewere placed in circumstances not es- quently occasioned by necessity, might sentially different from your own : of itself be thought sufficient to create they were often the Pastors of very Indifference : but when persons, who small flocks, surrounded by Pagans, see little or nothing of their own Rewith whom they were obliged to have ligion, are almost daily spectators of frequent intercourse, and towards the rites of Superstition ;- when they whom to observe the greatest circum- are told, that it has descended with all spection : and many of the earlier its usages from the most remote antiCanons and Constitutions were framed quity ;-when they observe, that milexpressly with a view to this state of lions appear to believe in it, and things. You cannot suppose me to rigidly adhere to its injunctions, and ascribe to them any authority, where that these are generally regular in they have not been adopted by our their lives, and peaceable in their deChurch; but as they were the dictates portment ;-when extravagant comof primitive piety and of practical ex. mendation is given to passages in perience in situations often analogous their Sacred Books, as conveying no to your own, I cannot but be of opi- unworthy notions of the Creator ;nion, that the study of them; as well and when the mind is called to witas of the manners and habits of the ness the various ways, in which men first Christians, and especially of the do homage to the Supreme Being ; Clergy, may be recommended as an in such circumstances, it certainly reappropriate employment of your lei- quires a deeper acquaintance with the

The Christian Antiquities of true state of the question than is BINGHAM will alone supersede a mul- usually to be expected, to be proof titude of volumes relating to the sub- against inferences which are formed ject in question ; as comprising a vast almost imperceptibly, and which, we


August, 1817.] Clergy of the Diocess of Calcutta.

235 know, have sometimes led to opinions most applicable to the circumstances; avowedly hostile to the exclusive and it is not impossible, that you may claims of the Gospel. : It is not con- sometimes be led by local considerasidered, that Antiquity is not even tions to pursue very profitably, and to presumptive evidence of Truth, be extend reflections, on which those sides that it is not peculiar to one great writers were not required to mode of Faith ;-that millions may dwell. These studies will be well be kept in error, where knowledge is rewarded, if they enable you to reproscribed and forbidden ;-that the claim one gainsayer, or in a single peace of human societies is by no instance to relieve the anxiety of inmeans the only, or the ultimate rbo genuous doubt; and this, you may ject of true Religion, and that Morals hope, with the blessing of God, will are not merely something negative, be the usual result. The Evidences but are a positive and active compli- of Christianity are so various in their ance with the authenticated will of kind, so peculiar in their character, God ;--that sublime conceptions of and so independent of each other, the Deity are attainable without In- that considering them merely as a spiration, and that when they are combination of moral probabilities, blended with the absurd fancies of a they lead to a conclusion little short disgusting Mythology, it may well be of mathematical certainty; and of suspected, that both

have not been de- which the parallel cannot be produced rived from a common source ;-and in behalf of any falsehood which has that after all, the Evidences of Chris- ever been imposed upon mankind. tianity are peculiarly its own; I allude, I have detained you at this our first not merely to Prophecies, nor to Mi- meeting somewhat longer, probably, racles, nor to the Character and Doc- than can ever be requisite hereafter ; trines of Christ, nor to the moral and yet I am aware that many imeffect produced on his Apostles by portant topics may still remain unhis Resurrection, and by the Descent touched. It is to be supposed, that in of the Holy Spirit: I mean, that it is so vast a charge I am yet only coman Historical Religion: the History mencing my inquiries; and in order of the whole Dispensation is before us to facilitate them, and to ascertain the from the Creation of the World to precise points which especially dethe present hour: and it is throughout mand my notice, I have directed that consistent with itself and with the at- a Circular Letter should be sent to all tributes of God; gradually developing of my Clergy,desiring distinct answers one vast design through a progression to the several questions proposed; as of

ages, which makes it impossible the only method of becoming at once, that our Faith can have been fabri- in some degree, acquainted with the cated by the collusion of many, or by condition of a Diocess, to the actual the artifice of a single impostor. Of Visitation of every part of which, its two competitors, the one has no within the compass of two or three History to produce, but in the place years, no ordinary strength is equal. of it refers us to Inscrutable Antiqui- The result of these our joint endeaty; while of the other, all that can be vours, I trust, will be the establishtold, lies within a narrow compass, ment of Christian order and piety and furnishes its best refutation. wherever the principles of our Faith

You will not, then, be surprised are professed through the British Emthat I recommend to your particular pire in the East. Your numbers, inattention the study of the Evidences deed, are at present inadequate to the of our Faith. The writings of Gro- spiritual wants of the people ; and I tius, of Stillingfleet, of Leslie, of regret that in a country, where the Lardner, and of Paley, contain, pro- professors of other modes of worship bably, the substance of all, which has offer a visible homage to their Maker been written on the subject : you will, in the proudest monuments of native of course, store your memory with art, our Christian edifices are rarely those reasonings especially which are such as to mark our zeal in the ser.



vice of God, and are much fewer than vice which is thus rendered to the the Clergy. Still, however, you are religion of the Cross, and they earrequired to make the best use of your nestly implore the divine favour for present ineans; and so soon as I shall the encouragement of their future be enabled, from a full acquaintance exertions. with the state of my Diocess, to repre- At an early period in the past sent its wants, it cannot be doubted, year, it was resolved by the Board that a Christian government will to make this Society auxiliary to the readily attend to the first of its Chris- “ Episcopal Society of New Jersey, tian duties.

for the Promotion of Christian I now, my Reverend Brethren, dis- Knowledge and Piety;"* thereby miss you with my fervent prayer, that rendering to that Society a consithe succours of the Holy Spirit may derable aid, while a proportion of be abundantly vouchsafed to all of us; the funds were retained for the use that we may be actuated by a patient of the Board, zeal for the glory of God and the sal-'From the Treasurer's Report, it vation of human souls; and that we appears that two hundred and thirty. may each of us, in his allotted station, three dollars and thirteen cents have hourly and habitually remember the been paid into the Treasury; of account which we must one day give which sum, the annual subscripat the Judgment-seat of Christ. In tions have amounted to one hundred the various allotments of human duty, and thirty-eight dollars- donations, by which Providence is pleased to seventy-eight dollars and seventeen make trial of man's obedience and dollars and thirteen cents have been love in this probationary state, I can received for addresses and books. hardly imagine any condition, in which One hundred and twenty dollars fidelity or neglect leads to conse- have been remitted to the Episcopal quences more momentous in Time Society, in return for which fifty-six and in Eternity. In that awful day, Bibles have been received. when these consequences shall attach One hundred and five Prayer to each of us, may we severally be in. Books have been purchased at thirvited to enter into the joy of our Lord. ty-eight cents per copy twenty-two

Bibles, large duodecimo, at eighty.

seven cents per copy ; and tracts to The First ANNUAL REPORT of the the amount of five dollars and Newark Female Bible and Com seventy-five cents.

. mon Prayer Book Society; pre- The whole number of Bibles and sented at the Anniversary Meet- Prayer Books purchased, have been ing, held in Trinity Church, on distributed, viz. Bibles, 78; Prayer Ascension Day, May 15, 1817. Books, 105. The Board of Managers of the

Twenty Bibles, and twenty-five NEWARK FEMALE BIBLE AND Prayer Books, were distributed in COMMON PRAYER Book SOCIETY, the county of Sussex, and received present the first Report of their pro- with many thanks. ceedings, with sentiments of lively The vacant parishes in this Diogratitude to the “ Author of every cess contain numbers whose circum. perfect gift," that he has permitted stances will not permit them to purthem to be instrumental in the great chase; but who would gratefully work of extending the benefits of receive Bibles and Prayer Books moral and religious knowledge to from this Society. those of their fellow creatures who are sitting in darkness and in the * This Society was established in the shadow of death.

year 1810, and recommends itself to every While the Christian world seems Episcopalian by the important purposes

of its Institution. It distributes Bibles, alive to these important concerns, Prayer Books, and Tracts; and when the the Females of Trinity Church re

funds admit, will assist in the education joice in being partakers in that sere of young men for the ministry.

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