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preacher; and how shall they preach, in the present not less than in any except they be sent?And there is Other, learned divines of her commua disallowance of those sacraments, nion have ranked among the foreone of which is the washing of rege- most in the defence and in the elucineration;" and the other is ordained dation of divine truth ; of which their to be “ á showing forth of the Lord's works, translated into different landeath till he coine.”

There are

guages of Europe, are imperishable named but few of the errors, which evidence. One reason of the glory of strip Christianity of some of its most the Church of England in this reendearing properties. For the sus- spect, are the endowments which she taining of them the stores of literature possesses, for divines who devote themare ransacked and abused; and they selves to sacred literature, as a field must therefore be met by learning of labour distinct from that of a paroproperly applied.

chial ministry. For while we consiIt would be an entire misunder- der the latter department, as too imstanding of what has been stated, if it portant to be superseded by any stuwere considered as holding up any dies of the closet; yet, wbere the one measure of theological learning, as may be pursued by a few of the clerwhat may dispense with the religion gy, for the better securing of the proof the heart." But it has been found, ficiency of the whole, it is an importhat where no just censure has lain tant gain to the Church of Christ ; for deficiency in this respect, persons and, in part, the ground on which have been seduced from our pale, Theological School is at this time an through the want of pastoral ability to object of desire. defend its doctrines and its institu- While we look

up

with filial revertions; while it has also had the effect, ence to the example of the Church

; through the medium of the lessening of England; we do not withhold the of the ministerial character, to detach tribute of praise from those religious many from an attendance on divine communions in the United States, ordinances, and from whatever con- which have been before us in their stitutes a visible profession of religion. exertions to secure the literary suffThis is the result, not only with men ciency of their future ministers. Wo of cultivated understandings, who are honour their conduct in this matter : Tikely to be the first to disesteem a we propose the liberality of their repastor far below them in the scale of

spective members, to the emulation of theological acquirement; but descends the members of our Church : and we to persons of the lowest grades in so- lament the lateness of similar indusciety; who insensibly receive their try and public spirit among ourselves. impressions of official ability from the For this, the only apology must be higher.

the destitute condition in which our The Bishops, in their anxiety for Churches were left by the war of the the encouragement of literature, do Revolution; the more immediate meabut endeavour to perpetuate the cha- sures, necessary for the organizing of racter of the venerable Church from our communion; and the demands for which their Episcopacy is derived; the supply of a ministry, accommoand of the institutions of which they dated in some instances rather to the are not ashamed to wish an imitation necessities of congregations, than to in this Church, as ability and other what it were wished to be considered circumstances may permit

. When, as a standard of sufficiency. What- . in the sixteenth century, the Church ever may be the weight of these conof England disengaged herself from siderations ; it is to be hoped that the the yoke of a foreign hierarchy; the time is come, when there may be sucgood would have been evanescent, if, cessfully attempted the long neglectwith the regaining of her integrity, ed provision; and when a claim may she had not cultivated the literary be made, on the ground of the excel. means of defending it in the times to lency of the institutions of this Church, follow. In every succeeding age, and of its respectability in the eye of the

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July, 1817.] Proceedings of the General Convention.

203 world, and of the wealth of a great own anxious desire, and testify to that proportion of its members.

of my brethren the other Bishops, for The preceding sentiments have not the success of an enterprize, in which been expressed without the being we fondly anticipate the supply of a aware, that independently on the es- learned and godly ministry to our tablishment of a Theological School, Church, when there shall be an end the learning called for by the minis- of all our cares and labours in her try may be the acquirement of pri- behalf. vate study; especially when encou- With my wishes and prayers for raged and aided by parochial clergy- your personal safety and satisfaction men of acknowledged talents and at- in the good work before you, I retainments. But, setting aside the main, Rev. and dear Sir, danger of being misdirected in the Your affectionate Friend and Brother, choice of a guide ; it must be obvious

WM. WHITE, in this, as in every line of literary Bishop of the Protest. Epis. Church in the pursuit, first, in regard to the teacher,

State of Pinnsylvania. that consummate ability is best acquired by the devoting of all his talents and all his time, to the specific Proceedings of the late General Conbranch for which he has been select- vention, extracted

from the Journal od; and further, in regard to the

of the House of Bishops. learner, that proficiency is much pro

Thursday, May 22. moted by an association of kindred minds, in the same honourable search

The following report, with docuof truth: it being the best mean of ments accompanying, was made by excitement of ardour and of the se

the presiding Bishop, upon the subcuring of diligence. Although these jects therein mentioned, which had are considerations which the reason

been submitted to him by the Con

vention. of the thing suggests, and which experience confirins; they ought not to

REPORT. be carried to the extent of shutting The subscriber, the presiding Bithe door to the ministry against a shop of this House, submits to his sufficiency of information, from what- brethren a report on two subjects ever source it may have been obtain- committed to him by the General ed. Nothing of this sort, is contem- Convention of 1811, and recognized plated, by the proposers of the present by that of 1814; and on another subdesign : who, while they advocate ject, which originated in the Convenwhat, in their opinion, and in that of tion the last referred to. the wisest men of various denomina- One of the subjects was an applitions, is the best expedient for the ob- cation from the Church in the state taining of a learned ministry, are de- of Vermont, to the Society (in Eng. sirous of resting resort to the school land) for Propagating the Gospel. on the talents and the zeal which they It was committed to the subscriber, expect to be conspicuous in its pro- to certify to that venerable body, cerfessors; and not on an exclusive pri- tain facts in favour of the application. vilege to be vested in them for eccle- At the time of the last General Consiastical education.

vention, he had not been furnished You will consider' me, Rev. and with the necessary documents; there dear Sir, not as undertaking to display having been an intended delay of the fully the advantages to be expected by design, owing to the circumstances our Church from a Theological Se- of the public concerns. The desire minary; but only as suggesting hints, of the Convention has been since which may be enlarged on by you in complied with; and the necessary conversation, as circumstances may communications were sent by the require. Even of going thus far, I Honourable and Reverend Mr. Stew. should doubt of there being any use; art, lately of the province of Quebec, were it not, that I hereby express my on his return to England.

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The next subject was the taking of Whereupon, Resolved, that the preparatory measures for the organ. General Convention cherish a lively izing of the Church in the states, and interest in the spiritual concerns of parts of states, westward of the Al- their brethren in the western country, leghany mountains. The subscriber and are exceedingly solicitous to exhas had some correspondence on the tend among them the ministrations subject; and has provided, so far as of our Church. is in his power, for a comprehension Resolved, that it is expedient to of the counties of Pennsylvania west- enact the following Canon: ward of said mountains, under the projected organization: although on

A Canon limiting the Operation of such terms as shall not destroy the

the 2d and 37th Canons. unity of the Church in that state. In the event of there being a BiRelatively to the contemplated mea- shop consecrated for any state or states. sure, there have been sent to the westward of the Alleghany mountains, subscriber sundry documents from the it shall be lawful for the Episcopal western states, herewith delivered. congregations in Pennsylvania and It is understood, that there is now in Virginia, westward of the said mounthis city, a lay gentleman, commis- tains, or for those of either of the sioned to confer with the Convention said states, to place themselves, with on their contents.

the consent of the Bishops of these The last subject referred to, is the states respectively, under the provirepublication of the Journals, with sionary superintendence of the Bishop the Constitution, the Canons, and the first referred to; the thirty-seventh the Pastoral Letters, under the su- Canon to the contrary notwithstandperintendence of the subscriber. This ing. Further; it shall be lawful for has been accomplished, in an octavo such congregations in Pennsylvania, volume, by Mr. John Bioren, book- and for those in Virginia, the majoseller, of Philadelphia. A consider- rity in each case concurring, to unite able number of the books is now for in Convention with the Church in any sale in this city, in the hands of Messrs. western state or states. These proSwords, booksellers. It is to be hop- visions are to cease whenever the ed, that the members of this con- consent for the continuance of them vention either have taken, or will on the part of the Bishop of the take such measures in the states to Church in Pennsylvania or in Virwhich they respectively belong, as ginia, as the case may be, with the may prevent Mr. Bioren from suffer- approbation of the General Convening loss, and even ensure to him a tion, shall be withdrawn. In the case gain, from this his exertion to serve above referred to, the number of the Church.

Clergymen specified in the second WILLIAM WHITE. Canon shall not be requisite.

Resolved, that it be recommended Whereupon, Resolved, that the to the Episcopal congregations in the thanks of the Convention be present states referred to in the above comed to the presiding Bishop, for his munications, where Conventions are attention to these subjects, and his not already organized, to organize communication now made concerning Conventions, which may be received them.

into union with this Convention, and, Among the documents accompany, when expedient, may unite, according the above communication, were ing to the Canons, in the choice of petitions from several congregations a Bishop, having jurisdiction over and Episcopalians inhabiting the west- those states; and that this Convention ern country, asking leave to form a have received with much satisfaction Convention, to include, for the pre- information of the measures which sent, all the western country, to be have been already adopted in the state placed, provisionally, under the care of Ohio, for the organization of the of the Bishop of Pennsylvania. Church in that state.

July, 1817.] Bishop Hobart's Address to the Episcopalians of Connecticut. 205

Resolved, that though the measure their Rector, the Rev. Mr. Péneveyre, of a Convention comprising sundry a native of Switzerland, and that this states in the western country, may clergyman officiates according to a be a measure of temporary expedi- French translation of the Liturgy of ency, it cannot be authorized by this this Church. Convention consistently with the ge- Whereupon, Resolved, that it be neral Constitution of the Church, recommended to the Right Rev. Biwhich recognizes only a-Convention shop Hobart to cause the said French of the Church in each state.

Liturgy to be examined, in order to Resolved, that it be earnestly re- ascertain how far the translation is commended to the authorities of this correct; and to confirm the use thereChurch, in each .state respectively, of, with such amendments and imto adopt measures for sending Mis- provements as the case may call for; sionaries to our destitute brethren in and to declare it to be the Liturgy the western states. Such Missiona- which may be used by any minister ries to be subject to the direction of of this Church who may officiate in the ecclesiastical authority of the state a congregation to whom the French or states in which they may officiate. language is familiar.

Resolved, that the presiding Bishop Resolved, that the above provision be requested to transmit the foregoing be extended to a translation in the resolutions to such person or persons · French language of the Book of Psalms as he may judge proper.

and Hymns in metre, and of any of [The above resolutions were concurred the offices comprehended in the worin by the House of Clerical and Lay Dee ship of this Church. puties.]

[The above resolutions were concurred Saturday, May 24.

in by the House of Clerical and Lay DeResolved, that the following be en

puties.]

(To be conued.) tered on the Journal of this House, and be communicated to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. ADDRESS delivered at the Convention

The House of Bishops, impressed of the Protestant Episcopal Church with the importance of informing the in the State of Connecticut, held youth and others in the Doctrines, at Guilford, Wednesday, the 4th, Constitution, and Liturgy of the and Thursday the 5th day of June, Church, deem it their duty to call 1817. By the Right Rey. Bishop the attention of the Clergy to the HOBART, of New-York. diligence in catechetical instruction My Brethren of the Clergy and Laity, and lectures. The Bishops consider

In my provisional charge of this these as among the most important Diocess, agreeably to the 2oth Canon duties of clergymen, and among the of the General Convention, it appears most effectual means of promoting re

to be my duty, according to the requiligious knowledge and practical piety. sitions of another Canon, to lay be

.

fore you an account of my proceedMonday, May 26.

ings, and, as far as my information The Right Res. Bishop Hobart extends, of the present situation of stated to the House, that there is in the Church in this state. You will the city of New-York the Church du bear in mind, that the discharge of St. Esprit, which was erected in an my duties in this Diocess must be early period of the province, by Pro- subservient to my paramount duty to testant emigrants from the kingdom the Church in the Diocess of Newof France. It appears that the Church York; and my connexion with you is now under the superintendence of will cease when a Bishop is elected Bishop Hobart--that there is still a and consecrated for this Diocess. portion of the congregation who wor- Immediately after the special Con. ship in the French language--that he vention, in October last, I made the has lately ordained, and instituted as following visitations :

2

906 Bishop Hobart's Address to the Episcopalians of Connecticut. (No. 13.

Wednesday, October 16th, New- worship was celebrated, have not been Haven, and admitted the Rev. Wil- exceeded by any congregations in liam Cranston, Deacon, to the holy which I ever officiated; and may, I. order of Priests. Friday, October trust, be considered as an evidence 18th, consecrated the Church at Me- that the affections of the people were riden, and confirmed 38 persons. Sa- engaged in the sacred exercises in tarday, 19th, Southington, and con- which, with so much impressive refirmed 27 persons. Sunday, 20th, verence and decorum, they united. Waterbury, and confirmed 226 per. The numbers confirmed in the resons. Monday, 21st, consecrated St. spective churches were unusually Peter's Chapel, Oxford, and confirm- great on these occasions. The highed 74 persons. Tuesday, 22d, visit- ly gratifying spectacle was exhibited ed the Church at Woodbury. Wed- of a collection of young people, prinnesday, 23d, in the morning, Wa- cipally between the ages of 15 and tertown, and confirmed 133 persons; 20, solemnly assuming their Christian in the afternoon, Plymouth, and con- obligations, and presenting themselves firmed 141 persons. Thursday, 24th, before God for his favour and blessLitchfield, and confirmed 94 persons. ing. On my return from visiting some con- I was happy to find also that this gregations in the state of New York, was not the impulse of the moment. on Friday, 1st November, in the The persons who were confirmed had morning, the Church at New-Milford, previously been visited by their Pasand confirmed 66 persons; in the af- tors, excited is take upon them their ternoon, Brookfield, and confirmed baptismal engagements, instructed in 40 persons. Saturday, 2d, Ripton, the nature of the obligations which in the morning, and confirmed 66 they were to assume, and prepared persons; in the afternoon, New-Strat- for receiving with an enlightened, ford, and confirmed 30 persons. Sun- fervent, yet sober faith and devotion, day, 3d, Newtown, and confirmed the apostolic laying on of hands. I 115 persons. Monday, 4th, Norwalk, could not resist the conviction which and confirmed 103 persons, and ad- I have since repeatedly expressed, exmitted the Rev. Reuben Sherwood to cited by this circumstance, and justified the holy order of Priests.

by all the information I have obtained, Total number of persons confirmed of the laborious and faithful zeal of the 1158.

Clergy, in their pastoral and parochiThe Rev. Philander Chase has re- al duties. There can be no doubt of signed the Rectorship of the Church my receiving additional evidence of at Hartford, and removed out of the this zeal, in the visitations of the Diocess; and the Rev. Jonathan M. other congregations which, God wilWainwright, Deacon, at present offi- ling, it is my intention shortly to make. ciates in that city.

The present state of the Church Mr. Charles Smith has been re- in this Diocess, as far as I am accently admitted to Deacon's orders, quainted with it, affords many causes and officiates in the Church at Willon. of congratulation. Obstacles to her

I feel it my duty to express the advancement from local circumstances high gratification which I received

are daily removing. Her evangelical in my visitation of the Diocess, not doctrines, unmixed with the varying only from the efforts of both the dogmas of metaphysical speculation ; Clergy and the Laity, to make my her apostolic ministry unimpaired by stay among them personally agree those innovations which, displacing able, but principally from the evi- her from the only sure foundation, dence which I received of the flourish- the “rock of ages," would rest her ing state of the churches which I on the sandy basis of human authori. visited. The services, though gene- ty; her primitive worship, free from rally on week days, were attended by the unmeaning frivolities of superstinumerous congregations. The order, tion, and the disgusting extravaganand the solemnity with which divine cies of enthusiasm, and exhibiting a

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