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bourers into the vineyard;" and must of the Protestant Episcopal Church, to we, longer, continue inactive! attached be holden in New York on the third to that Church whose“ clothing is of Tuesday of May next ensuing A short wrought gold,” can we still remain blind extract from each of these interesting to her interest, and feel no concern for documents, will alone be sufficient to her members who are thus “ scattered show you the necessity of an immediate abroad as sheep having no shepherd ?” concurrence with the views of the Board. The time has arrived when pious Mis. sionaries must be sent to guide and di.

Extract from the Circular. rect them to the fold of Christ. Convinced “ In the next place, we recommend it of this important truth, and deeply im. to you to form congregations wherever pressed with the sacred and indispensable you can, and that as soon as possible ; duty of carrying the strong hope and con.

and elect lay-readers to perform service, solation of the Gospel to our western bre. and read such sermons as shall be thought thren-of spreading the table in the wil. proper, on every Sunday. derness and reconciling the sinner to his “ Lastly, in the hope that the good God, the Episcopal Missionary Society Shepherd and Bishop of souls will short. of Philadelphiahas been formed. Alrea. ly send forth labourers into the vineyard, dy, from the liberality of her members, we entreat you to be diligent public, the Board have been enabled to send the private, and family prayers, in reading Rev. Jacob M. Douglass as a missionary the holy Scriptures, and in the instrucbeyond the state, who is now manifesting tion of your children, that they may be (among the long deserted members of our brought up in the nurture and admonition Church) the utmost zeal in the promotion of the Lord.” of Christianity and the salvation of man. Extract from the Petition. Letters have been received from liim, ac

“ We go farther and say, on behalf of companying information of so interesting a naturé, tinat we cannot but indulge the Episcopalians in this country, " Come

a numerous but widely-scattered flock of most sanguine hope of results highly fa.

over into Macedonia and help us," send vourable to the furtherance of religious

lls your pious Missionaries. The list of truth, as professed by the Protestant

the names and places of residence of our Episcopal Church. In one of his com

people, which we have sent you for the munications, alluding to the practicabi; present, will inform these Missionaries lity of supporting a clergyman in several

where their services are required." fourishing towns through which he pass. ed, he says,

“ Piltsburgli, Frankfort, From the mass of information received Zanesville, Chillicothe, Cincinnati, Louis- with respect to the truly astonishing emi. ville, and Nashville, ought to have Epis- gration to the west, it will be unnecessary copal ministers, and the Church would to make any extracts. To you these inblossom and flourish as the rose.” In a teresting facts must be familiar: they second letter he speaks of the numbers greet the eye of philanthropy from the who are attached to the Episcopal Church, columns of almost every daily paper. and expresses an earnest wish that ano- The trackless wilderness is fast falling ther Missionary might be sent out. A beneath the hand of cultivation, and the inoinent's reflection, Sir, will convince peasant's cot rises amid the “ deepest you of the necessity of accomplishing recesses of the wilds of the Missouri.“ this desirable object, and the incalculable A letter has just been received, anbenefit that would arise from increasing nouncing the formation of a Missionary the number of Missionaries. But to effect Society at Wilmington, for the State of this your aid is necessary. The present Delaware. The spirit of the Church Society with the will to act, is destitute which had long slept in this State, has at of the means to perform; and the Board length awakeneu to her true interest, have thought it expedient in this circum- and set an example worthy of imitation. stance, to solicit your active exertions in Agreeably to a resolution of the Board, I establishing an association in your neigh. send you the copy of a proposed Constitubourhood to co-operate with the Society. tion, which you can adopt, or make such To make the importance of this step ap- modifications as you may deem necessary. parent, it may not be unnecessary to state,

Yours, &c. that a meeting has lately been convened

THOMAS BREINTNALL, at Worthington in the state of Obio, com

Corresponding Secretary. posed of the most respectable and lead. ing members of the Episcopal Church. These gentlemen, impressed with the so- Subscribers are informed, that the first lemn and imperious duty of providing for three numbers of this Journal are now reherscattered and deserted members, have printed, and ready for delivery Those who issued a circular letter to the Episcopali- have been supplied with the first number in ans of the western country, and address the folio form, can receive it in the octavo cd a peticion to the General Convention size, at twelve and a half cents per copy

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ed. Bilney, one of the martyrs of the LIFE OF HUGH LATIMER, Reformation, was made the happy inBishop of Worcester.

strument of enlightening Latimer's

mind. They held many conversations There are few names so dear to a and arguments together, upon the Protestant as that of Huga LATIMER, points of difference between Roman Bishop of Worcester. He stood fore- Catholics and Protestants, the end of most in the ranks of those great and which was, that Latimer abjured the good men, who at the period of the Roman Catholic faith, and became a Reformation were found willing to pious and enlightened Protestant. give up their honours, their worldly Ever after this event he was exsubstance, nay, their very lives, for ceedingly zealous in promoting the the cause of God, and for the glory great work of a Reformation of Reliof his Gospel.

gion. He no longer preached up the Hugh Latimer was the son of a far- formal cereinonies and absurd 'rites mer in Leicestershire, and was born of the Romish Church as the means in the year fourteen hundred and of attaining to the kingdom of heaven, seventy. In his fourteenth year he but directed sinners to seek for salentered the University of Cambridge, vation through the merits of Jesus and passed through the usual degrees Christ, and called on them to live a with honour. At this time, and in- life of universal holiness. He dwelt deed for a great part of his life, he very much in his sermons on the newas a zealous Papist, and did all in cessity of translating the Bible into his power to oppose the progress of the English tongue, that poor people the Protestant faith, which had begun might be able to read it; and even to spread itself on all sides. These wrote a letter to King Henry the things rendered him such a favourite Eighth on this point, which had its with the Popish party, that he was weight. elected cross-bearer to the University The anger of the Popish clergy in all their processions.

was soon kindled against Latimer, Though Mr. Latimer was so warm and they did all in their power to a defender of the Roman Catholic crush him. At their request the BiReligion, he acted from a sincere de- shop of Ely, in whose diocess he lived, sire to do what was right. He had was prevailed on to silence him; but been taught from his childhood to Dr. Barnes, who was Prior of á movenerate it, and being well versed in nastery in Cambridge, which was not learned divinity, was always ready under the Bishop's government, imwith arguments in its defence. His mediately offered him his chapel... conduct however was moral, and Here Latimer preached boldly the therefore

very different from that of doctrines of the Reformation, and the greater part of the Popish clergy. great crowds came to hear him.

It was not till he had attained the Soon after, the heads of houses in fifty-third year of his age, that Lati- Cambridge

addressed the Court, and mer began to see his error, and to accused Latimer, Bilney, and others, feel the force of the scriptural reasons on account of their proceedings. on which the Protestant faith is found They were ordered to appear before


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the Council in London, but were dis- their power to crush the Reformers, missed without any punishment.- but were again defeated; so much so Hereupon he returned to Cambridge, indeed, that in a convocation which and went on in the same zealous way was called to consider the ceremonies

of the Romish Church, four out of When Lord Cromwell, who was the seven sacraments which it holds, favourable to the Reformed Religion, were rejected. became Minister, he presented Mr. Latimer was a very kind friend to Latimer with the living of West- the poor. In the diocess of WorcesKingston, in Wiltshire. He preach- ter there lived a wealthy man, who ed a great deal in various parts of :- was a justice of the peace, and exerthis county, and in the neighbouring cised his power and influence so tydistricts. He was treated very re- rannically, that he was the dread of spectfully by the Magistrates of Bris- the neighbourhood. In those days, tol, and was requested by the Mayor England did not enjoy the sweets of to preach before the Corporation on liberty and impartial justice, which is Easter-day. This invitation, however, now our happy lot. A poor man was recalled through the arts of the who had been cruelly treated by this Romish clergy, who procured an or- justice, applied to Latimer for help. der for him to appear in London The good Bishop, finding that the before the Archbishop's court, and right was on his side, interfered in answer to the charges which they his favour very zealously; and though made against him. Here he was or- the justice did all in his power to redered to sign several articles, sig. sist the Bishop, he was at last forced, nifying his attachment to the Popish by the spirit and vigour with which Creed. But he positively refused.- Latimer acted, to give the poor man Several meetings took place, but no- satisfaction. thing could shake Latimer's constan- It was the custom in these times

Lord Cromwell came forward for eminent men to present the King, in his behalf; Queen Ann Bullen on the first day of the new year, with too, who was a great friend of the some present. Latimer's gift was a Reformation, did all she could in New Testament; and in order to Latimer's favour. By her and Lord reprove the debauched conduct of Cromwell's entreaties, Henry the Henry the Eighth, he marked that Eighth was soon after persuaded to passage in it,“ Whoremongers and appoint him to the bishopric of Wor adulterers God will judge." Heb. cester. Regarding this as a call of xiii. 4. Providence, he accepted the impor- It often fell to Latimer's lot to tant trust.

preach before the Court. On these This event lifted him above the occasions, far from seeking to flatter power of his enemies, and enabled those in power, or to hide the truth, him to promote in a much higher de- he opened his mouth boldly; he regree, the progress of the Protestant proved the vices of the age, and callReligion. His character and conducted upon all men to serve Christ in a as a Bishop, were truly marked by life of holiness. These sermons gave the spirit of an Apostle. Old and in- very great offence to the Papists.firm as he was, he nevertheless parti. Some of the Bishops accused him to cularly attended to all the duties of the King of preaching sedition, behis station. He preached frequently. cause he preached in this plain way. He kept a watchful eye on the con- Latimer in reply, asked his accuser duct of his clergy, and was very de- what kind of sermons he would have sirous to ordain none but pious men him preach before a King? Then to the work of the ministry. Such a turning to his Majesty, with an honest line of conduct ensured him the affec- simplicity, and which clearly expresstion and esteem of all good men. ed his innocence, he said, " I never

Upon the death of Queen Ann conceived myself worthy, neither did Bullen, the Popish party did all in I ever seek the honour of preaching


before your Grace, but was invited to and forty-seven, King Edward of blessit; and would be willing, if I have ed memory came to the crown, Latiincurred your displeasure, to give way mer was set free from prison, and was to my superiors. I grant there are very warmly pressed to accept the bimany more worthy of the room than shopric of Worcester again. His age myself; and if it be your Grace's and infirmities were however such, pleasure to appoint them preachers, I that he begged leave to decline the should be happy to bear their books honour, and persevered in his refusal. after them. But if your Grace con- At the express invitation of good Archtinues me, I must beg leave to dis- bishop Cranmer, he was now persuadcharge my conscience, and suit my ed to reside with him at Lambethsubject to the audience.” Though palace. Here he employed his time the King had looked very stern be- in acts of piety. He assisted in com. fore Latimer thus expressed himself, piling the Book of Homilies, which he appeared quite satisfied with this contains throughout his sentiments on answer, and even smiled upon the. all the great doctrines and duties of good Bishop.

religion. The Popish party, however, soon He was now often called upon to after triumphed, by bringing their preach before the King. His sermons malicious intentions to bear. Six ar- were delivered in a public garden at ticles of faith were drawn up by the Court, which had hitherto been used immediate direction of Henry the for the purpose of revelry or sinful Eighth, which all persons were di- mirth. He also preached very often rected to subscribe on pain of impri- in and about London. His preaching sonment, and even, in many cases, of was marked by all its former simplideath. These articles were full of city, faithfulness, and energy. In the Popish errors, which Latimer detest- latter part of King Edward's reign, he ed he therefore voted against them obtained leave to preach in any part in parliament, preferring a good con- of the kingdom. Accordingly he went science to the favour of his Prince. about with the zeal of an Apostle, Herein he imitated the faith of Moses, from place to place, calling upon men who accounted the reproach of Christ every where to repent, and to seek greater riches than the treasures of the salvation of Christ. It was a faEgypt. This conduct obliged him to vourite sentiment with him, that he resign his bishopric; and it is said, should one day or other be called upthat on coming home from the house on to lay down his life for the sake of of parliament, he threw off his robes, his great Master; but none of these and jumping for joy, declared he felt things moved him, neither did he lighter than for many years past.

count his life dear unto himself, so Latimer now retired into the coun- that he might finish his course with try, where he kept out of the way of joy, by a faithful discharge of his micontroversy, and spent his time in do- nisterial duties. What an example ing good." But he was soon after even to young ministers, is the zeal obliged to go up to London, to seek and courage of this aged and infirm for medical aid, on account of a vio- old man ! Oh! may many Latimers lent bruise which he received through be raised up, by the divine blessing, the fall of a tree. His enemies took in the Church which he loved, and of this opportunity of laying hold of him, which he ranks among the brightest and determined to wreak their ven- ornaments. geance, cast him into the Tower, at When Queen Mary best known by the advanced age of seventy-one. the name of bloody Mary) came to the Here he was treated as a criminal, crown, on the lamented death of good left destitute, and confined for six King Edward, the Popish party again years. Death was continually staring triumphed. Mary was a furious bigot, him in the face, and it is a wonder and thought she could not do God that he escaped at this time.

greater service than by ridding the When, in the year fifteen hundred world of such men as Latimer and his friends. He might, however, have London, his friends and fellow-sufescaped the fury of the Popish party, ferers. had he chosen to fly. But, like a va- At Oxford, Mr. Latimer and his liant soldier of Christ, he rather chose friends were called upon to dispute to go on preaching as before, and before the University, upon certain spreading every where the great doc- articles of faith sent down there by trines of the Reformation. This con- Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester. duct soon procured him an order to These wereappear before the Council at London. 1. Whether the real body of Christ He chose to obey the summons, though be corporally present in the sacramenan opportunity was still left him to tal bread, after the words spoken by dscape. “My friend,” said he to the the priest. man who came for him,

you are a 2. Whether, after the words of conwelcome messenger to me. And be secration, there is any

other substance it known to you, and to the whole in the bread and wine of the sacraworld, that I go as willingly to Lon- ment, than the real body and blood don at this present time, to render an of Christ. account of


doctrine, as ever I did 3. Whether the Catholic mass be a to any place in the world.” Latimer propitiatory sacrifice for the sins of immediately set off on his journey, the quick and the dead. and as he passed through Smithfield, Several learned men were sent by the place where so many holy mar- the University of Cambridge to Oxtyrs perished in the flames for Christ's ford, to maintain these points against sake, he observed, that “ Smithfield Latimer and his friends. The day of had long groaned for him.” He was the disputation at length came. There treated by the Council with much was a sermon and mass performed eruelty, and sent to the Tower. His before the University, at St. Mary's great age and increasing infirmities Church, in the morning. After this, rendered this second imprisonment they went in procession to Christworse than the first. The cold was Church. First went the quire in their very pinching to his body; death ap- surplices, following the cross; then peared also to be nigh at hand; yet the first year regents and proctors; he continued cheerful and happy. then the doctors of law, and a beadlo One day, when it was a hard frost, before them; then the doctors of diand he was suffering all the severity vinity of both universities, the viceof the cold without a bit of fire, he chancellor, and the prolocutors, pretold the lieutenant of the Tower, in ceded by many beadles. After them a smiling way, that if he were not came the bachelors of divinity, the taken better care of, he should cer- regents and non-regents. The bachetainly escape by death out of his ene- lors of law and of arts followed. A mies hands. Many men would have great company of scholars and underpoured forth a torrent of reproach at graduates closed the procession. After such savage treatment, but the good service, the commissioners, doctors, Bishop bore it with this christian and many others, proceeded to dinner meekness. That gracious Saviour with the mayor and aldermen. They whose salvation he preached, and returned again to St. Mary's in the whose glory was his first object, sup- afternoon, when the disputation beported him in the hour of trial. This gan. Archbishop Cranmer and Bishop light affliction, which was but for a Ridley were brought in one after anmoment, worked for him a far more other. Both denied the truth of the exceeding and eternal weight of glory. aforementioned articles, and argued

After being confined for a long time most forcibly against them, showing in the Tower, Latimer was at length how contrary they were to the testiremoved, on the tenth of April, fifteen mony of the word of God. Last of hundred and fifty-four, to Oxford, to- all, Latimer was bronght forward. gether with Cranmer, Archbishop of He appeared before the court with a Canterbury, and Ridley, Bishop of handkerchief and two or three caps


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