Obrazy na stronie



the spiritual authority, which forms the which we have the happiness to be memultimate and the sacred sanction of our bers, was, as you too well know, from its own system. We are peculiarly gratified supposed political attachments, for many to see a man of Mr. M's talents and re. years an object of suspicion and jealousy spectability, educated and ordained among in this country; and I believe it is now geourselves, supporting, with such steady nerally acknowledged, that it was forced ability and such conciliating candour, the to undergo many severities from the dark same system, in circumstances so differ- character of the times, which it required ent. We have much satisfaction in seeing all its firmness and principle to bear with him honoured with the high distinction Christian magnanimity and patience. It of Domestic Chaplain to our young Prin- is, I believe, now as generally acknow

If he rise, as he deserves, and as ledged, that this poble part it performed he probably will rise, to high preferment that throughout every trial and severi. among us, his disinterested services in ty, its pastors stood firm to the religious the humble Church to which he is now principles which they maintained ; and attached, will be a source of great per- exhibited, amid persecution, and poverty, sonal satisfaction to himself, and will en- and neglect, somewhat of the faith and title us to hope that he will come among fortitude of the primitive martyrs. These us, actuated by the highest and purest disastrous days are past; the temporary principles of our sacred profession. Our wrath of man has ended in the praise of Establishment is interesting to ourselves, God;' and while we of this Church look and important to the constitution of our back with gratitude to those humble but country. It is best supported, however, intrepid men who have secured to us tho by those who, to a respect for the civil unbroken order of a spiritual descent, we sanctions by which it is guarded, add a look back with veneration upon those es. reverence for its spiritual authority, on amples of patience, of perseverance, and which we would ultimately rest its de- of piety, which they have so fully afforded fence. We are proud of our Establish. us, and by which alone we feel, that the ment; but we would rather claim the al. Church they have preserved and adorned, legiance and the devotion of her members can be, in our hands, either adorned or to the ordinance of God, than to the ar- preserved.

To be a member of such a rangements of man. On this account, we Church, carries with it, indeed, a more always hailour Scottish brethrenas friends, than common obligation to become sepaon whose purity of principle we can rely in rated unto the gospel of God,' without every extremity. They have been tried in any private or less holy view. In the days the school of adversity, and they show us which it has been our blessing to see, the the value of that principle, which, after faith and the purity so admirably displayall, is the greatest ornament and the best ed by this Church, during the times of support of our Church.

her persecution, have as bountifully been From Romans chap. i. ver. 1. Mr. M. rewarded. The political calamities in points out, first, the “ duties which fol. which she was involved have happily low from a separation unto the gospel." passed away, and the government of our He considers the divine authority of the country has wisely and generously felt, ministerial commission and the sacred im- that the opposition which principle alone port of the sacramental seals, the admini- occasioned, would be converted into as stration of which is exclusively committed strenuous support, when principle also to those who are regularly separated unto demanded it. In the same auspicious the gospel. In this view, as ministers of a hour, the Church of England stretched REVEALED RELIGION, and administrators of out the right hand of fellowship, upon rites which are of divine institution, he the first notice of the wishes of her holy, justly claims the right to magnify his though humble, sister, and with the true office, the source and intention of which feeling of apostolical times, acknowledged are equally sacred and salutary. After the equality of her spiritual claims, alconsidering " the dignity of the office of though unsupported by the outward digthe Christian priesthood,” he proceeds, in nity of temporal distinction. The sons of the second place, to point out and enforce that great and wise establishment now ss the duties which aitach to it." He con- join in communion, and in every reciprosiders, in the third place, with great and cal interchange of love and duty with affecting impartiality, the nature of their Episcopal brethren in this part of those dangers which lie in the way of the the island. Something of support, as well faithful discharge of the clerical office.” as of honour, has thus been conferred upMr. M. concludes his very able and inter- on this northern Church; while she, in esting discourse with a slight sketch of return, holds examples, nurtured in her the present circumstances of the commu- bosom, of a well tempered zeal, of modest, nity to which he now belongs. We select worth, and of professional learning, which the following, because the facts are very well deserve to be studied and copied by interesting

- the noblest and most prosperous establish** The Episcopal Church in Scotland, of ments. Thus, happy in her connexion from

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January, 1817.] Lines by Mason-Man's Demerit.

9 'without, she is now no less happy in berful, and unassuming in the other. We are situation at home. The jealousy of for, pleased to find the conclusion, which he mer times, let us thank God, is gone : had formed from other sources, confirmed the liberal and enlightened establishment by an autbority so respectable and unsusfrom which she dissents, looks upon her picious. We were led to suspect, from almost with a kindred eye ; and I am sure some things which we have heard an: re1 may say, that, of all who dissent from marked in occasional visits to Scotland, it, she would be the last to touch its pri. and from some publications which we vileges with a rude and sacrilegious hand. have perused, that the established clergy While she is sincere in believing that her did not entertain for their Episcopal bre. own constitution approaches nearer to the thren the candid and sympathetic feelings purity of primitive times, she yet acknow- which we are convinced that they have al. ledges, with gratitude and veneration, that ways merited. We are willing to believe, the established Church of Scotland has well on the testimony of Mr. M. that there is a performed its duty; that it has reared and salutary change. We heartily rejoice to fostered a thinking, a sober, and a religi- hear it, and earnestly trust it will be perous people; that its roots are interwoven, and deservedly interwoven, with their babity and with their hearts; and she is well

Lines written by the Poet Mason, ai the ware, that nothing short of its own internal corruption (happily, as little likely to

Age of 72. ensue, as it would be deeply to be de

“ The feeble eifort of a genius alınost er. plored,) erer can or ought to shake the hausted, of a light twinkling in the socket, but stability of a Church, the labours and fide.

the tribute of a humble and holy spirit prepared

to meet its God," lity of whose ministers Providence has so long and conspicuously blessed. In every

Again the year on casy wheels has roll d

To bear me to the term of seventy-two: path of light and of religion, their distiri- Yet still my eyes can seize the distant blue guished names, indeed, may well awaken

of yon wild peak,

and still my footsteps bold,

Unpropp'd by staff, support me to behold her emulation; but this is all the rivalry How Nature, to her Maker's mandate trne, which she can ever feel. It is, in truth, Calls Spring's impartial heralds to the view, her singular and characteristic glory, that

The snow.drop pale, the crocus spik'd with gold:

And still, (thank Heav'n!) if not falsely cleem, she is not established; and they, I am con- My lyre yet vocal freely can afford vinced, know little of the peculiar ho

Strains not discordant to each moral theme

Fair truth inspires, and aid me to record, nours to 'which she has it in her power to (Best of poetie palms!) my faith supreme -aspire, who, for a moment, would wish In thee, iwy God, my Savivur, and my Lord! her to be so. It is her lofty destiny (shall I say?) amidst the recollection of her for.

Mun's Demérit. mer faith and sufferings; amidst her present friendly ties and friendly dissensions; The following is from the forcible pen of the with the respect and protection of rulers, “ judicious Hooker.” on whom, at the same time, she has no Our very virtues may be snares unto us. political dependence; fostered in a coun- The enemy that waiteth for all occasions try conspicuous for the light of genius, of to work our ruin, hath found it harder to science, and of philosophy; it is more overthrow a humble sinner than a proud within her reach than perhaps has ever saint. There is no man's case so danger. fallen to the lot of any other Christian ous as his whom Satan hath persuaded body, to hold up to the eye of a civilized that his own righteousness shall present and inquisitive age, the truth, the simpli. him pure and blameless in the sight of city, and the independent dignity of the God.' if we could say, we were not guilty gospel; to unite the primitive model of of any thing at all in our consciences, (we apostolic faith and purity, with every thing know ourselves far from this innocency, enlightened, excellent, and wise, which we cannot say, we know nothing by our. has been evolved in the course of ages ; selves ; but if we could,) should we thereand while her sons are • separated unto fore plead not guilty before the presence the gospel of God, free from political of our Judge, that sees further into our and worldly avocations, at the same time hearts than we ourselves can do? If our to exhibit them free from the narrowness hands did never offer violence to our breof any partial sect, and wedded only to thren, a bloody thought did prove us mur. the boundless charities of their Master!" derers before him. If we had never open.

We have long been persuaded, on what ed our mouth to utter any scandaluus, we conceive to be sure and solid grounds, offensive, or hurtfuil word, the cry of our that the Episcopal Church in Scotland secret cogitations is heard in the ears of affords the most perfect model of what a God. If we did not commit the sins which Church, not established, ought to be. She daily and hourly, either in deed, word, or did so amidst contempt and persecution : thoughts, we do commit; yet in the good she has done so since she was admitted to things which we do, how many defects are the rights of toleration ; patient and peace. there intermingled! God, in that which is able in the one case, modest and respect- done, respecteth the mind and intention of

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the doer. Cut off then all those things though once filled with strange fire, ant wherein we have regarded our own glory, used by unworthy worshippers, yet rethose things which men do to please men, mained the same, hallowed as before, un. and to satisfy our own liking, - those perverted and unpolluted; so is our Litur. things which we do for any by-respect, gy unaffected by the weakness or the cor,

icerely and purely for the love of ruption, the false opinjons, or even the God, and a small score will serve for the evil motives, of those into whose hands it number of our righteous deeds ; let the may, possibly, at any time be intrusted. holiest and best things which we do, be it ever remains unchanged, ready to beconsidered. We are never better affected come the vehicle for the purest incense; unto God than when we pray; yet when for the most genuine and the liveliest de. we pray, how are cur affections many votion. But we must never forget, that, times distracted! how little reverence do after all, incomparable, unalterable as it we show unto the grand majesty of God, is, it is but a vehicle. The feelings of unto whom we speak! low little remorse our hearts must correspond with the senof our own miseries ! how little taste of timents expressed; the prayers must be the sweet infuence of liis tender mercies appropriated by each worshipper, and do we feel? Are we not as unwilling many made his own; the fair and exactly prow times to begin, and as glad to make an portionate image must be kindled into end, as if in saying, Caù upon me, he had life by the breath of the soul; the offering set us a very burdensome task? It may on the altar must be set on fire, and its seem somewhat extreme, which I will savour ascend, or it will never reach Heaspeak; therefore let every one judge of ven, and be acceptable to Him who is a it, even as his own heart shall tell him, Spirit, and must be worshipped with the and no otherwise; I will but only make a spirit and with the understanding. demand : If God should yield unto us, not als unto Abraham, if fifty, forty, thirty, twenty, yea, or if ten good persons could It is our design to make this publication in some be found in a city, for their sakes this degree a Literary Register; and occasionally to intro city should not be destroyed; but, and if duce literary articles friendly to piety and morals. he should make us an offer thus large, With this view, we insert the following article, abridged

from a late number of the British Review. While it search all the generations of man since the fall of our father Adam, find one man, criticises, it displays, we think, with great force and

does justice to the genius of the author whose work it that hath done one action, which hath interest, the licentious tendency of that popular propassed from him pure, without any stain duction, and contains many correct remarks on modern or blemish at all, and for that one man's

poetry in general. only action, neither man nor angel should feel the torments which are prepared for BERTRAM, or the CASTLE OF ST. ALDOBRAND:

a Tragedy, in Five Acts. By the Rev.. both. Do you think that this ransom, to

R. C. Maturin. deliver men and angels, could be found to

The epidemic among modern poets is the disa . be among the sons of men ? The best

ease of affectation, which is for ever carrying things which we do have somewhat in

them into quaint, absurd, and outrageous exthem to be pardoned; how then can we tremes. One is determined to say nothing in a do any thing meritorious, or worthy to natural way, another is for saying every thing be rewarded? Indeed, God doth liberally with infantine simplicity, while a third is perpromise whatsoever appertaineth to a suaded that there is but one language for the blessed life to as many as sincerely keep drawing-room, the Royal Exchange, the talk of his law, though they be not exactly able the table, and the temple of the muses. One to keep it. Wherefore we acknowledge a

consequence of this fatal propensity to affectadutiful necessity of doing well, but the mannerism in each of those who have been en

tion among our poets, is a terrible sameness or meritorious dignity of doing well we ut.

couraged to write much; and the worst of it is, terly renounce. We see how far we are

that each of these luminaries, while he moves in from the perfect righteousness of the his own orbit in perpetual parallelism with himLaw; the little fruit which we have in self, has a crowd of little moons attending him, holiness, it is, God knoweth, corrupt and that multiply the malignant influence, and prounsound: we put no confidence at all in pagate the deceptious glare. But the most init, we chalļenge nothing in the world for sufferable of all the different forms which moit'; we dare not call God to reckoning, the cant and gibberish of the German school,

dern affectation in composition has assumed, is as if we had him in our debt-books : our

which has filled all the provinces, as well as continual suit to bim is, and must be, to imagination as of science, with profound nonbear with our infirmities, and pardon our sense, unintelligible refinement, metaphysical offences.

morals, and mental distortion. Its perfection and its boast is, to be fairly franchised from all

the rules and restraints of common sense and The Liturgy.

common nature; and if domestic events and so(From a late Charge of the Bishop of Gloucester.) cial manners are the theme, all the natural

affections, ties, charities, and emotions of the The censers of Dathan and Abiram, heart, are displaced by a monstrous progeny of those sinners against their own souls, vice and sentiment, an Assemblage of ladicrous



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January, 1817.]
Bertran, a Tragedy.

11 borrors, or a rabble of undisciplined feelings. of desperate followers he continues to kecp the We shall hail the day, as a day of happy aus- shores and the state itself in alarm. His great pices for the moral muse, when our present enemy and fortunate rival, to whose ascendency fanatic race of poets shall have exhausted all he was forced to give way, is St. Aldobrand, a their “ monstrous shapes and sorceries," and valiant and a loyal subject, who, to complete the the abused understandings of our countrymen mortification of the discomfited rebel,. tains shall break these unhappy spells, forsake the the hand of Imagine in the absence of first society of demans, and be divorced from deforlover. The lady's excuse for this breach of conmity. To us especially whose duty con lenins stancy is the starving state of a parent, whose us to the horrible drudgery of reading whatever wants she is thus cnabled to relieve. Count men of a certain reputation may choose to write, Bertram, with his desperate band of followers, it will be a great refreshment, if it be only for is shipwrecked upon the coast near the monas. the novelty of the scene, to find ourselves once tery of St. Ansi-In, and within a little distance more, if not at the fount of Helicon, or on the of the castle of St. Ablobraml. They are re. summit of Parnassus, yet at least in a regio ceived at the monastery with the hospitality where fog and gloom are not perpetual, and usual in such places, and soon after a message poetry is so far mindful of its origin and ancient comes from the fair Imogine to invite the shipeharacter as to proceed in the path of intelligi, wrecked yoyagers to the castle of St. Aldobility, and to propose to itself some meaning and brand, as being capable of affording them better purpose, if not some moral end.

accommodatiou and refreshment than tho con Rotten principles and a bastard sort of senti- vent. In the meantime, in a conversation with ment, such, in short, as have been imported into the prior of the convent, Count Bertram rethis country from German nioralists and poets, veals himself, and makes a full declaration, with form the interest of this stormy and extravagant all the bitterness and rage of disappointed pascomposition. The piece is so much in the taste sion, of his deadly hate towards St. Allobrand, of Lord Byron, that the public have let that and determined purpose of destroying him. lle nobleman into a large share of the credit of the is made acquainted with the temporary absence performance. How that may be we dare not of his enemy, then with the Knights of St. Ansay, but we venture to advise the reverend dra- selm. Upon learning this he expresses a horrid matist, for the sake of the holy and immortal joy, considering the opportunity as now arrived interests connected with his profession, to with- of satiating his vengeance. He goes to the castle draw himself from all connexion with Lord of St. Aldobrand, where his followers are feast. Byron's tainted muse, and to the greatest dis- ed His interview with Imogine, :nd the dire tance he possibly can from the circle within impressions on his mind when the full disclosure which the demons of sentimental profligacy ex. of her situation is made to him, are exhibited in ert their pernicious incantations. The best a scene of great tragic pathos and terror. amulet we can recommend him to use by way At the next meeting of this luckless pair, of security against the influence of these spells which is at the convent of St. Anselm, after and sorceries, is the frequent, the perpetual per- much painful contliet, Bertram extorts a prousal of the word of God, of which it is his happy mise from Imogine to meet him under the castleprivilege to be the organ and expounder. Let walls, and yield him an hour's intercourse. The him bind it for a sign upon his hand, and let it appointment is kept, and in a wretched moment be as a frontlet between his eyes, and he may the stain of guilt is added to the sorrows of the set at nought all the fascinations of depraved unhappy wife. Immediately after the parting, poetical examples. In that source of sublimity, Bertram hears that Lord Aldobrand had rem simplicity, and beauty, will be found the forms ecived a commission from his sovereign to hunt and models which the poet, and especially the down the qutlawed Bertram. From this moclerical poet, may study with security, advant- ment he forms an inexorable determination to àge, and delight, there will be found a holy murder (for whatever gloss is given to the act, standard of moral perfection, a magnificent dis- in reference to the manner, place, and time of play of real grandeur, towards which the soul doing it, no other name could properly describe may erect itself in an attitude of correspondent it) his devoted enemy. His horrid purpose is elevation, and carry its views safely beyond the declared to the wretched wife, whose pitiable boundaries of material existence into regions of and mad despair, on being unable to move him intellectual splendour, and among those happy from his purpose, is certainly a most distressing inspiring objects which bear the poet alost on picture of female anguish. The murder is com seraph's wings,

mitted; and all that succeeds is the utter miAnd wake to ecstacy the living lyre."

sery, madness, and death of Imogine, and the

death of the count hy his own hands. The very dramatis persone of this perform. That there is much deep distress in the story ance sufficiently announced to us what we were of this tragedy, very considerable foree in the to expect, and particularly the ominous line at expression of feeling and passion, and both vithe bottom of the page, “Knights, monks, sol- gour and beauty in the imagery and diction, we clicrs, banditti, &c. &c. &c.” recalled to our are very ready to adnit; but in dignity, propriominds the alarm which we felt on reading Lord ty, consistency, and contrast, in the finer moveByron's motto to his last redoubtable perform- ments of virtuous tenderness, the delicacies of ance-"Guns, trumpets, blunderbusses, drums, female sensibility, the conflict of stinggling emoand thunder.The story of this piece is told tions, heroical elevation of sentiment, and moral in a very few lines. Count Bertram, a noble- sublimity of action, this play is extremely defi. man of Sicily bigh in the favour of his sovereign, cient. The hero is that mischievous compound was attached to Imogine, a young lady of com- of attractiveness and turpitude, of love and crime, paratively humble birth, who returned his love of chivalry and brutality, which in the poems of with an equal passion. By a sad reverse, the Lord Byron and his imitators have been too long consequence of bis ambition and rebellion, the successful in captivating weak fancies, and out. count is deprived of all his fortune and honours, raging moral truth. Let but your hero be welland banished from his native land. With a band favoured, wo-begone, mysterious, desperately

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brave, and, above all, desperately in love, and Never was a murderer of a man in power let off the iuterest of the female reader is too apt to be so well. He walks abroad a chartered ruffian; secured in his behalf, however bloody, dark, and and he who but a little before had been pio. revengeful, however hostile towards God and claimed as an outlaw, and his life declared to be man, he may display himself in his principles forfeited, is left, after the assassination of the and actions.

greatest and most lionourable man in the counThe cardinal crime on which the story turns, try, to hold a long parley with monks and friars, is the fatal act of infidelity committed under the and at last to die at his own leisure, and in his walls of the castle of St. Aldobrand : and this own manner. What occasioned the fall of Count crime is proposed and assented to by the con- Bertram and his banishment is not disclosed, but tracting parties, in a manner as little consistent we are at liberty to suppose it was rebellious and with common modesty in woman, and common treasonable conduct. The prior, who seems to generosity in man, ag can well be imagined. But have known him well, alludes to the similarity if that which ought most to soften a man to- of his case to that of the “star-bright apostate;' wards the sufferings of a woman, be the consci- and the main ground of his implacable hostility ousness that he himself has been the cause of it, to Lord Aldobrand, is the patriotic office with then is this Bertram one of the worst specimens which he is invested of preventing him, if posof a man and a soldier that we have yet encoun- sible, from infesting the coast as a marauder, tered in the course of our experience. After and chasing him out of the woods wherein he cropping this fair flower, he treads it under and his banditti were secreting themselves. It foot, and scatters in the dust its blasted beauty does not appear that Aldobrand had vowed hiš With ruthless delight and demoniac malice he destruction, but on the oontrary the prior thus spurns her soft and melting prayers in her hus- advises him : band's behalf, whom he resolves to murder in

• Flee to the castle of St. Aldobrand, his own mansion, in the presence or hearing of

His power may give thee safety." his wife and child, and, as it seems, while he rests on his couch after the fatigue of a journey, So that, upon the whole, there seems to be a All this he resolves, and the deed is done, with- want of a sufficient provocation to the horrid out any tender visitings of nature, and with less crime which Bertram committed, except a tencompunction or conflict in his bosom than Mi- dency by nature to acts of blood and cruelty be ton's devil expressed on the eve of destroying supposed to have pre-existed in his mind, and to the felicity of paradise.

have prepared the way to the villainy which folBut ill as the lady Imogine was used by her lowed. And when all this is properly weighed, sanguinary and brutal lover, we cannot say that the desperate love towards such a restless, ili ber own character is such as to entitle her to disposed person, in the mind of a gentle lady, much respect. The author has endeavoured in unsubdued by a union with a kind and noble a very lame manner to support the credit of her husband, distinguished by public fidelity and constancy by the pretext, not a very new one, private worth, the fruit uf which onion was a and in the present instance clumsily enough in child, the tender object of the love of both its serted, of a starving parent whose life was saved parents, stands pretty much without defence, by the sacrifice: and after this first sacrifice to aven at the bar of that tribunal where love holds convenience or exigency, not unlike those which, its partial sessions. in the coarse arrangernents of ordinary life, pa- On the stage, there should be no tampering rents are apt to require of their daughters, and with the majesty of Heaven. Neither appeals, daughters are apt very cheerfully to submit to, nor addresses, nor prayers, nor invocatious to she makes another voluntary sacrifice of her the King of Kings, nor images taken from his honour, her husband, and her child, to another revealed word, or from his providences, or his sort of convenience or exigency, which is created attributes, can be decorously or safely introby the urgency of nature or the stress of passion. duced on the stage, or adopted for the purThe events are of ordinary occurrence and of poses of mere poetical effect, or pretended situephemeral frequency in vicious society; and ations. Objeets of such tremendous reality are though the author has raised them to tragic not the proper appendages of fiction : they were. dignity by his manner of telling and describing intended only for hallowed uses, and not for enthem, and the vivacious touches of a very glow. tertainment or ornament, Upon these grounds ing pencil

, yet the real substratum of the tale is it seems to us to be a practice that cannot be one of those turbulent triumphs of passion over justified by any prescriptive usage of the drama, duty which mar the peace qi families, and make to blend the pure idea of heaven, and heaven's the practisers in Doctors' Commons.

King, with the corrupt dispay of human pasThat this murderous fellow of a count is sions, and representations of earthly turmoils meant to engage our admiration and interest and distractions. We do not mark the play beour sympathies, is but too apparent. After fore us as peculiarly deserving of censure in Bertram has revealed to the prior his bloody this respect; but the passage which follows, has trade as the leader of a banditti, and his yet given us the opportunity of boldly declaring our more horrible porposes, the holy man, as he is selves on this subject, whatever credit we may called, thus addresses him:

lose by it in the opinion of the more liberal cria Prior. High-hearted man, sublime even in thy

tics of these times. gui

Imo. Aye, heaven and earth do cry, impossible! And again, after the horrible murder, which The sbuddering angels round the eternal throne certainly had as little sublimity in it as the mur

Veiling themselves in glory, shriek, impossible!

But hell doth know it true." ders of Radcliffe Highway, the saintly prior meets the bloody Bertrain with this exclama- But the play of Bertram is a production of tion:

undoubted genius. T'he descriptive as well as

the pathetic force of many passages is admirable, " Prior. This majesty of guilt doth awe my spirit is it, the embodied fiend who tempted him,

and the rhythm and cadence of the verse is mu. Sublime in guilt?"

sical, lofty, and full of tragic pomp. As the

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