Obrazy na stronie

April, 1817.]:

107. The office of Poet-laureat ranked pro- ture has confined within the circle of verbially high in this list, and we must humail possibilities. If we may be allowconfess, that the first effort of Mr. South. ed rather to exceed the bounds of our ey's muse, after he had accepted it, rapeculiar province, at the impulse of a ther damped the hopes of practical re- feeling tou pleasurable to be resisted, we form, which such an appointment had would cordially congratulate Mr. Southey encouraged, and led us to fear that the on the eminent proofs afforded by his last mantle of his predecessors must have poem, of his possessing a mind sufficient. descended to him, as an heirloom mostly humble and sufficiently strong to see unfortunately attached to his office. We and to correct his own deficiencies. In therefore hail with peculiar satisfaction former instances he has reminded us of the appearance of a poem well calculated the bold and graceful but irregular moveto dispel this alarm, and to convince ments of an untrained steed, starting with

us, that though the cloud.compelling unrivalled speed, but forfeiting the prize so; queen” succeeded for a moment in a by deviating from the course. Here we i struggle to maintain her “old empire," see him distancing most of his competi.

her dethronement and expulsion have at tors, and gaining ground upon the fore. leogth been fully accomplished.

most, by submitting to the rein, and doMr. Southey began his poetical career ing full justice to his powers hy a sober with rather an ominous disregard of the and well-disciplined use of them. In rule which Horace, knowing probably the

“ Thalaba” his skill in producing rhyth. extreme to which his brethren are most mical harmony has done much, in spite addicted, has certainly laid down rather of his contempt of all metrical rules.-broadly ; and we suspect that in several But surely the effect, though less striking other instances, besides that of the noted perhaps, is much more pleasing and satis-. six-wer's pic, the fruits of his genius factory, when, as in this instance, rhythm have wanted that rich flavour which en. and metre combine to gratify the ear. sures universal applause, in great mea

The wild and uncertain, but exquisitely sure because they have not been allowed touching notes of an Eolian harp, swept time to ripen. If we add to those volumes

“ leviore halitu sibilantis Euri,” will which bear his name all the works in either soothe or excite the mind, accordwhich his free and masterly hand may be ing as it is previously disposed, most traced, it will be found that his pen is pleasingly for a time; but soon pall upon both versatile and active in the extreme; the ear, and produce a sensation of weari. and the marvel will be, that one, who has ness. But give the same notes all the ad. written so much, should have written so vantage of skilful and harmonious modu. well. Still, in tenderness to his fame, lation, and we listen to them repeatedly which must ultimately depend, not on

with renovated delight. the quantity, but the quality of his lite- Nor is this the only instance in which rary productions, we have ofien wished we can trace the happy result of a combito trace in his works some increasing nation of two qualities, in one of which symptoms of elaboration, and are happy our author has formerly seemed deficient. to say that our wish has at length been The bold eccentricities of his truly ingratified. Indeed he has, in his poem of spired fancy are here chastened by a corRoderick, so far deviated from his usual rect taste; and his characteristic simplipractice, as to have kept the public for city, though by no means renounced, is some time in expectation; the poem of elevated and ennobled. But the improvewhich we are about to give some account ment which strikes us most forcibly is being, no doubt, the same which was this--that the high tone of moral feeling, more than once announced as forthcom- 'which always made a favourable, but yet ing in his publishers' prospective list,

a vague

and indeterminate impression on under the title of “ Pelayo, the. Restorer the mind, and which always seemed to of Spain ” Rapidly, however, as Mr. aim at some laudable and exalted end, Southey may have written in former in. but failed in the discovery of means adestances, his productions have uniformly quate to its attainment, now ti kes a pal. borne strong and decided marks of a rich pable form, and an honourabıe name. and vigorous imagination, an ear nicely "The shapeless though shining vapour of tuned to the harmony of eloquence, and an aspiring philosophy has bec condens· an elevated tone of moral sentiment.com ed into the sulstance of a dified and These, and other praiseworthy qualities, efficacious, though, as we sha wereafter have been counterbalanced in different show, in some raspects imperfect religion. instances, by a puerile affectation of sim: The consequence is, that the man who vaplicity, a boldness amounting to temerity lues eternity.tou highly to be willing to in the assumption of metrical licence, devote too much of his time many thing and a wild extravagance of fiction which that has not some bearingin in it, may has divested his leading characters of take up this poem with ti? ssurance of that power of exciting the interest of never reading many page tine without sympathy, which the magic wand of Na being reminded of his highe duties and

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most important interests, of the themes These Missionaries are supported by which most effectually elevate his mind, the Society for the Propagation of the and most deeply penetrate his heart. Gospel, and his Imperial Majesty has

The poem of Roderick, for sustained graciously conferred on them extraordidepth of interest, for strong and varied nary privileges, procured chiefly through character, and for exalted sentiment and the influence of the former Secretary of diction, may challenge a competition with State, Nikolai Nikolaewitsch Nowossilthe first of our day. It is founded on the zow. The main objects of their establishtraditionary account of the first introduc- ment here are, the translation of the Bible tion of the Moors into Spain by Count into Tartar, and the conversion of he Julian.

Caucasian nations, particularly the Tar_" A private wrong

tars, to Christianity, according to the Revised the remorseless Baron, Mad to wreak tenets of the Church of England. As all His vengeance for his violated child

these Missionaries apply themselves with On Roderick's head, in evil hour for Spain, For that unhappy daughter and himself,

peculiar zeal to the study of the Tartar Desperate apustate ! on the Moors he call'd."

language, most of them have already

made very great proficiency in it, espeBefore he departs, Urban, the Archbi cially as they have native Tartars for shop of Toledo, thus addresses him:

their attendants, and are thus kept in The rule which thou hast taken on thyself, constant practice. Their superior, Henry Toledo ratifies : 'tis meet for Spain,

Brunton, has chiefly directed his attenAnd as the will divine, to be received, Observel, and spread abroad. Come hither, thos,

tion to the language used in writing, and Who for thyself hast chosen the good part; has ably translated the four Evangelists, Let me lay hands on thee, and consecrate

besides several smaller religious books. 'Thy life unto the Lord.

Me! Roderick cried ; All these works are printed ; and, accord"Me? sinner that I am?' and while he spake ing to the account of several artars His wither'd check grew paler, and his limbs Shook. As thou goest among the infidels.

whom I questioned on the subject, they Pursued the Primate, many thou wilt find

are extremely well written. Pallen from the faith; hy weakness some betraya, Some led astray by baser hope of gain,

The Mission has a complete printingAnd haply too by ill example led

office with a fine press, which, together of those in whom they trusted. Yet have these Their lonely hours, when sorrow, or the touch with the paper for three thousand copies of sickness, and that awful Power divine

of the New Testament, was sent hither Which hath its dwelling in the heart of man, from London. The Arabic-Tartar types Life of his soul, his monitor and judge, Move them with silent impulse; but they look rival in beauty those of the first-rate esta. Por help, and finding none to succour them, blishments in Europe. Th

are two The irrevocable moment passeth by. Therefore, my brotber, in the name of Christ

foants; the larger was cast upon the Thus I lay hands on thee, that in His Dame

same matrices as were used for the OxThou with His gracious promises may'st raise

ford letters with which White's Institutes The fallen, and comfort those that are in need, And bring salvation to the penitent.

of Timur and several other works have Now, brother, go thy way: the peace of God

been printed in England. The smaller Be with thee, and his blessing prosper as !"

corresponds with the types employed in printing the Arabic New Testament and

Psalms, which appeared in London beMissionaries in Caucasus.

tween the years 1720 and 1730, and after

which the Arabic letters at Gottingen {From Klaproth's Travels in Caucasus, 1807 and 1808.)

vere cast. Our road now led in a south-west and As these Missionaries enjoy the right afterwards in a north-west direction to of purchasing slaves, they already possess the English missionary settlement, found several Tscherkessians and Tartars, whom ed about five years since, at the foot of they have instructed in the precepts of the highest of the Beschtau mountains, Christianity and baptized, with the intenand named Ckarass, after an adjacent tion of restoring them, at some future Abassian village, now burned down on time, to liberty. Excellent as the object account of the plague. Seventeen fami- and plan of this institution may be, it lies originally resided here; but, owing seems very doubtful whether it will ever to the unhealthiness of the climate, they accomplish the aim of the founders, since are now reduced to eight; and these, two it is extremely difficult to persuade Asie. years since, were so unfortunate as to atics to embrace a religion unaccompani. have several of their buildings burned by ed by external ceremonies, and the moral the neighbouring. Nogays and Abasses. part of all religions is almost invariably Their principal minister is Henry Brun- alike. The Missionaries have moreover ton, a worthy old man, who formerly re- excited the animosity of the neighbour. sided as a missionary in Africa, among ing Nogay Tartars, by the conversion of the nation of the Suni or Mandinga in a person belonging to one of the principal Sierra Leone ; and has published a gram- families of that nation; and it is to be mar with a vocabulary, and likewise seve- feared that on the very first opportunity ral religious books written in their lan. they will fall a prey to their rapácious guage.

rreighbours, against whom the six Cosm


April, 1817.] The Necessity of Human Learning, de

109 sacks stationed in the English colony say, that by merely reading his English would be an inadequate defence. Their Bible, he has, or could have, been qualihouses are small and very ill built; but fied for his pastoral office? Which of us they have commenced the erection of a would not have been deservedly rejected, more spacious edifice, where they mean who had founded his pretensions to holy to reside together, and where, according orders on such a preparation ? to the plan, they will have abundance of We must not, indeed, dispute the power

of God, nor the efficacy of his assisting Since my return from the Caucasus I grace. We confess, that the hearts of men have been informed that many Herrn. are at his disposal'; and that he can, if it huters from Ssarepta have removed to pleases him, endow the most illiterate Ckarass and made common cause with man with the highest degree of heavenly the English Missionaries, by which the wisdom. He could enlighten the under colony has been considerably increased. standing of the meanest individual while

reading the Holy Scriptures, and grant.

him a full comprehension of every thing TRE NECESSITY OF HUMAN LEARNING AND

that they contain. But, as it is not conAUMAN AIDS IN THE ILLUSTRATION AND

sistent with the established order of his DIFFusION OF Divine Tnurkan Ex. providence to employ extraordinary, where tract from a Sermon preached in All

he has already appointed ordinary means, Saints' Church, Northampton, June 27,

it is not to be expected that he should 1816; at the primary Visitation of the

now convey the information which he has Right Reverend John, Lord Bishop of already revealed through the Scriptures, Peterborough. By the Hon. and Rev.

to any one, in a more summary way; or Paul Anthony Irby, M.A.

should enable a common capacity to solve, The very nature of translation carries at pleasure, those difficulties in them, upwith it a necessity for note and comment; on which he has evidently intended that because in the Bible, as well as in other

the best faculties of the human mind books, there are many expressions, the

should be exercised and employed. meaning of which is so dependent upon While, then, we endeavour to fulfil the the peculiarities of the original language, duty imposed upon us by Almighty God, that they cannot be clearly understood, in promoting the knowledge of his revealwhen literally rendered into any other. ed word, let us not neglect the use of A circumlocutory explanation must often those natural assistances which are afford. be adopted, to make them intelligible; ed us for the illustration of passages, some otherwise, the mind of the unlearned of which even an apostle hath confessed reader will be bewildered in the literal to be “ hard to be understood.” When acceptation of phrases, which must be, we know that


false prophets are to his apprehension, obscure; or he will gone out into the world,” and that it is misconstrne some particular texts, in a of the utmost consequence that “ the sense directly opposite to the whole spi- spirit of truth” should be distinguished rit and design of the sacred volume. The from “ the spirit of error;" when some lofty figures of Eastern diction, so fre. who deny the divinity of Christ, and conquent in the inspired pages of the pro- sequently depreciate the merit of his saphets,--and the simple parables and ima. crifice, have gone so far as to publish , ges, under which doctrines of the highest translation of the New Testament, whereimportance were delivered by our blessed in texts conclusive against them are either Saviour,-it is necessary to interpret ac- altered or omitted; when such impious cording to their first idiom. The customs notions are openly proclaimed, shall we and manners of the different ages and per- impart to those whom we would instruct, sons to whom the revelations of God were the means of forming a right conclusion made, ought also to be taken into con- on the momentous points which are made sideration ; and here human learning is of subjects of dispute, by giving with the. great service. An acquaintance with the Scriptures such notes and comments as sects and heresies which sprang up in the may conduce. to a correct understanding christian world, while the apostles of our of them? Or shall we say, “ We give Lord were still upon the earth, is indis- you the Scriptures, in which all your pensable for the elucidation of those ad- hopes of salvation are contained. We mirable Epistles which were chiefly di. know that they are misinterpreted and rected against them; and, if these had misunderstood by many, to the great danalways met with the attention to which ger of their souls. Our principles of faith they are entitled, we should not have are right; but we will not obtrude them now to lament the open avowal and main

upon you-we are more liberal, and will tenance of the game errors which they leave you unbiassed, to decide for yourcondemn,

selves, even at the risk of your falling We, who have becin ordained to the into the most fatal heresies, into the sins ministry of the Church, must feel the ne- of those who “ wrest the Holy Scriptures cessity of these explanations. Who can to their own destruction

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By preferring the former method, we Samaritan extended timely aid-went to do not derogate from the divine origin him, bound up his wounds, and placed and paramount authority of the Scrip- him in safety. tures; we do not act upon a vain and impious presumption that we are able to Our Lord found us under the condemna. supply any imagined deficiency in the

tion of divine justice. We were told while sacred volume. But, with humble thank

innocent, that immortality and happiness fulness to the Giver of all good for the light which we enjoy, and a sincere de. should be continued, so long as we resire to communicate it to others, we en- tained our integrity. In case of disobe. deavour to assist the human mind in its dience, this state of bliss must experi. progress towards the attainment of know.

ence a sad reverse-death to the body and ledge, by laying open those stores of use. 'ful information which are the result of eternal misery to the soul. We were sub. God's blessing bestowed on his faithful dued by the enemy; he conquered, stripservants; who have exerted and improved ped us of the celestial raiment of truth the talents entrusted to them, in the study and holiness; and when the mortal wound of his holy word; to the glory of his name, the satisfaction of their own consciences,

was inflicted, he esulted in our ruin. and the general benefit of mankind.

The Son of God had compassion on usNor are we to be charged with any vio- no pity except his could avail-no power lation of christian charity, when we refuse to join with those who separate themselves except his could save. His love was equal from our communion, in prosecuting their

to the stupendous work. “He was wound. imperfect plans. That virtue is surely bet. ed for our transgressions, he was bruised ter exhibited in pointing out to others the for our iniquities: the chastisement of right way, than in suffering them to be misled into the wrong. We must admit

our peace was upon him; and with his no compromise for the truth. And unless stripes we are healed.” « The Lord laid we are prepared to relinquish not only the on him the iniquities of us all. He was guidance and authority of our Church, but oppressed and afflicted; he was put out the repeated admonitions of our Lord and his apostles, expressly warning us against of the land of the living: for the trans. false doctrine, and to consider heresy and gression of my people was he stricken." schism as idle words,—we must not, un

Impressive as this language must apder the specious pretext of liberality, bear a part with them, who, we have reason to

pear, no words can fully describe the life fear, are under the guilt of these sins; of sorrow and the death of shame endured nor virtually assist in propagating their by our great High Priest. Scorn and reopinions, by consenting to the exclusion proach, calumny and ingratitude, fatigue of our own.

and hunger, attended him. Tempted by

the instigator of our rebellion, and beAt the particular request of a Corre. spondent, we insert the following communi. trayed by one who professed to be his cation. Our limits have compelled us to

follower, by one who assumed the mask abridge it.

of friendship"He was perfected through CHRIST THE GOOD SAMARITAN.

suffering." " And, when he saw him, he had compassion on him,

The garden of Gethsemane first reand went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring

ceived the blood of atonement. Here was

our Lord agonized by the burden of our Contemplate this grand, this beautiful, sins: he was to suffer for all, but he this animated portrait of benevolence! knew that all to whom he offered salva. Here were exercised all the tender chari- tion would not accept the gracious boon. ties of the human heart. This kind Sama. In addition to the cruelties which were ritan went about, doing good. He found to be exercised by his relentless enemies,

poor sufferer, stripped of the raiment he was in our stead to endure the wrath with which he was clothed when he left of divine justice; for our sins he was to his home. The enemy had overtaken him sink under the displeasure of his Al. -he was despoiled of all, and exposed to mighty Father. Such was the extremity perish. The remembrance of the home of his grief, that he burst forth in the from which he was now separated, served exclamation—"My soul is exceeding sor. to highten his present distress. While rowful, even unto death." His disciples thus friendless and forsaken, this good could afford their Master no relief. He

in oil and wine."


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April, 1817.

Episcopal Missionary Society of Philadelphia. 111 supplicated the Almighty Creator" 0 of the Samaritan cannot be brought in my Father, if it be possible, let this cup comparison with the blood of a Saviour's pass from me." Here his divinity rose love. He has anointed us with the unc. superior to man; and he adds" Never- tion of the Holy Spirit, more comforting theless, not as I will, but as thou wilt. than the oil compressed from the richest

His trial was aggravated by every in- olives. All we now possess, and all we sult that ferocious malice could invent. hope to inherit as heirs of salvation, are Now was the fulfilment of Isaiah's pre procured for us by this Almighty Inter. diction—" Surely he bath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows : yet we A life devoted to his service, a heart did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, governed by love and obedience, are all and afflicted.” After suffering so much, that he demands. This requital consti. as those who were witnesses have reveal

tutes our present peace, and will ensure ed, he was derided, buffeted, and scourg- our future glory. “ Eye hath not seen, ed— The Holy One charged with guilt! nor ear heard, neither have entered into he who gave his life to redeem us from tlie heart of man, the things which God sin, condemned by sinners to death! He hath prepared for them that love him.” who had raised their dead, restored their Never-ending torments will overtake sick-who had received their children to the disobedient, while eternal felicity his arms, and pronounced a benediction will be the reward of those who love on their tender offspring, now hears the and OBEY. vociferations — “ Crucify him! crucify bim!" and the still more horrid impre

NEW-YORK, April 23, 1817. cation" His blood be on us and on our children.What commenced in Gethsemane, and

The following circular letter from the was continued in the hall of judgment, Episcopal Missionary Society of Philadelterminated on mount Calvary. Here did phia, has been addressed to the Episcopathe Lamb who taketh away the sin of the

lians of Pennsylvania. world, put away sin, by the sacrifice of

Sir, Philadelphia, Jan. 1817. himself: here our Advocate tasted the - While the attention of the Christian vinegar and gall--he was nailed to the

world is directed to the enlargement of

the Redeemer's kingdom, and the light The period was now arrived in

of gospel salvation is fast breaking on which he was to bear in his human na.

the remote shores of India; let us not ture, his Father's hatred to sin. This forget the millions of human beings that exceeded all the torments he had en.

inhabit our wide extended country, and

the mental darkness and error which yet dured, and caused the bitter exclama

reign in this favoured land. The path to tión" My God, my God, why hast thou usefulness lies directly before us, and we forsaken me?" The expiatory work was

need not look from home to find Heathens now perfected -CHRIST said, “ It is

unreclaimed, and the great truths of Chris.

tianity disregarded. We are surrounded finished.”

by thousands to whom the “glad tidings": Receiving the foregoing as an undeni- have not yet been proclaimed ; and the able fact, we must acknowledge ourselves

Western States present to us an ample

field for the exercise of all our philanfar more indebted to him who had com

thropic labours. To this we would call passion on us, than the wounded traveller

your immediate and serious attention. could possibly be to the Samaritan. He The tide of emigration is daily pouring was rescued from temporal suffering-we

into those states numbers which almost

exceed belief. The shores of the Ohio from eternal misery. No costly life was

and Missisippi, which but lately echoed given to ransom his; no pain and anguish to the yell of the wild beast, now resound was endured to restore ease and health with the hum of industry and teem with to him.

hardy emigrants. That this rapid inOur Redeemer bound up our wounds in

crease of population demands from us

some attention will not be doubtedbeing pierced for us : his arms were ex- “ The harvest truly is great.” Other tended to place us in safety. The wine Christian Societies have sent their “la


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