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But such has been the melancolly cir- to outrun those whom they cannot cumstances of affairs in Scotland for resist, some years past, that allmost all the The bad consequences of those robe considerable gentlemen who took up beries are not the only oppression arms for his Majesty in the time of which the people suffer in the loss of the late unnatural rebellion, have felt their cattle and other goods, but by the displeasure of those in power in the habitual praetices of violences and Scotland. But as this memorialist is illegal exactions. The Highlanders humbly of opinion, that it is the duty disuse all their country business, they of all good subjects to heal rather grow averse to all notions of peace and than widen breaches among the well tranquillity,—they constantly practise affected, to contend only in zeal for his their use of arms, they increase their Majestie's service, and in consequence numbers, by drawing many into their thereof, to look forward only in obser- gang who would otherwise be good vations of this nature, he will open subjects,--and they remain ready, and this scene no farther, than with all proper materials for disturbing the go humble gratitude to acknowledge the vernment upon the first occasion, great goodness of his Majestie towards These interuptions of the public him, in so often protecting and pre- peace in the Highlands were frequent: serving him from impending ruin, ly under the consideration of the Pare which the resentment of his enemies liament of Scotland, who, out of just had threatened. The
resentment of such intolerable abuses, It would, without doubt, be very did, during the course of several reigns, happy for the government, for the in- pass many laws, but without success, habitants of the low country, and, They were very severe, drawn with above all, for the Highlanders them more real than skill, and almost im selves, that all Scotland was equally practicable in the execution. In some civilized, and that the Highlanders few examples these extraordinary secould be governed with the same ease verities took place ; but that tended and quiet as the rest of Scotland. But more to prevent than establish the as that must be the work of great time, quiet of the country, being sufficient every remedy that can be suggested, to provok and exasperat, and too badle though but particular and incomplet, to subdue the disturbers of the public yet may be worthy of the consideration peace.. of those in the administration ; for. These evils thus remaining without whatever tends in any degree to the a remedy, and the protection of the civilizing those people, and enforcing law being too weak to defend the peothe authority of the law in those parts, ple against such powerful criminals, does in so far really strengthen the those who saw they must inevitably present government. The use of arms suffer by such robberies, found it ne in the Highlands will hardly ever be cessar to purchase their security by laid aside, till, by degrees, they begin paying ane annual tribute to the chief to find they have nothing to do with tains of those who plundered, This them. And it is no wonder, that the illegal exaction was called Black Meal), laws establishing the succession of the and was levied upon the several para crown, should be too little regarded ishes much in the same manner as the by those who have not hitherto been land-tax now is..
in used to a due compliance with any law The insolence of those lawlese pegwhatsoever.
ple became more intolerable than ever, One of the evils which furnishes the about the time of the late happy remost matter of complaint at present, volution, when many of the chiets. is the continual robberies and depre- the same families were then in arms dations in the Highlands, and the against our deliverer, King William country adjacent. The great difficulty who were lately, in rebellion against in this matter arises from the moun- his Majestie. Ane army of reguar tainous situation of those parts, the troops marched into the Highlands, remoteness from towns, and part there- but with little success, even meenias pof cofisisting of islands, dispersed up with a defeat by my Lord Dubage, - and down in the western seas, the cri- who commanded the rebells. Op Jiminals caninot arby any methods now methods were taken, which putt an practised, he pursued, much less seiz- end to the civil war. The well-attecto ed and brought to justice, being able ed Highlanders were made use of lo
assist the regular troops. Some of the ciès attending this measured 11 The rebell chiefs were privately gained men were cloathed in the best man. over to the Government, so that part- ner, after the fashion of the Highland ly by force, and partly by severall ers, both for the ansccountable march. other artfull manadgements, the quiet es these people perform, and for their of the country was restored, excepting covering at night in the open air, that many of the rebells, who had They spoke the same language, and ceased to oppose the government, be got intelligence of every thing that gan to plunder their neighbours, and was doing in the country. They car. sometimes one another,
ried the same sort of arms, convenient .. The continual feuds and animosi- for the Highlanders in their ways of ties that has always raged among the acting. Being picked out for this ser. chiefs of many Highland families, are vice, they were the most known, and skilfully and wisely made use of, both capable of following criminalls over to prevent their uniting in the dist the wild mountains a thing impracturbance of the public peace, or their ticable but for natives to perform. : taking any joint measures against the The captains procured their men, government. There is almost allways in all their proceedings, the assistance good service to be done this way; and of the inhabitants they had under their in time of the last rebellion, it retard, influence, and of all their friends in ed very much the proceeding of the the country ; and the inferior officers, rebells, and made their army much and even the private men, wherever less than otherways it would have they came, found always some of their been. A
tribe or family who were ready to asThe parliament of Scotland im- sist them in doeing their duty, when powered King William to establish any part of these companies were up. particular commissions to proceed a- on command, either upon pursuit of gainst criminalls in those parts, which criminalls, the getting intelligence, or were ishued with very extraordinary otherways acting in the service. It powers, and were executed in ane un- gave no allarm, nor discovered what limited arbitrary manner, without any they were doeing; for when it was effeet for the purposes they were esta necessary that they should not be blished, so as to creat in all people ane known, it was impossible to distin aversion against such courts and judi- guish them from other natives. cature, which, even in matters of life So that, by this scheme, the very and death, were confined by no rules barbarity, the uncivilised customs of of law whatsoever--they made mal, the Highlanders, and all the several! contents against the government, and causes of the want of peace, came in at last were prudently laid aside. aid to preserve it till time and more
After many fruitless experiments expedients should further civilise the for bringing the Highlands to a state country. of more quiet, it was at last accom- As the private men of the company plished by the establishing indepen- nies were chosen from among such of dent companies, composed of High- the Highlanders who were best ac landers, and commanded by gentlemen quainted with all parts of that counof good affection and of credit in that try,who knew those clans who were country. This took its rise from ane most guilty of plunder, with their address of the Parliament to the King. manner of thieving, and with their 1 The advantages that arose from this haunts, it was almost impossible for measure were many. These compa. the robbers to drive away the cattle, onies having officers at their head, who or hide them any where, without be were gentlemen of interest in the ing discovered ; nor could they conHighlands, and well affected, were a ceal themselves so, but that they were
great countenance and support, on all sooner or latter found out and seized ; * occasions, to the friends, and a terror and in a short time there was such ane
to the enemies, of the government. end putt to these illegal violences, that *3. The men being Highlanders, and all the gangs were taken the most well chosen for the purpose intended, notorious offenders were convicted and the whole difficulties which arose in executed and great numbers of othall former projects for preserving the ers, whose guilt was less, were sent peace of the Highlands, became even beyond sea into the service, as recruits So many advantages and convenien- during the wary! eting in
Thus it was that this remedy was resentment, for their distinguishing 80 Successful; in so mueh; that about themselves in his majesties service: sixteen years agoe those disturbances, and others are ruined who dare refuse even before and at this time so fre to comply with such"Illegal insolent quent and grievous to the people, did demands. inau' edit 0 0 intyrely cease. wil jonforma. The method by which the counter
After the late unnatural rebellion, is brought under this tax is this: the Highlanders, who had been in That when the people are almost ruin arms against the government, fell into ed by continual robberies and plunden their old unsettled way of liveing, lay- the leader of the band of thieves, or ing aside any little industry they had some friend of his, proposes, that for formerly followed, and returned to a sum of money to be annually paid, their usual violences and robberies. ' he will keep a number of men in arms
About this time it was thought ex to protect such a tract of ground, or as pedient to pass an act of parliament many parishes as submitt to pay the for dissarming the Highlanders, which contribution. When the terms are was, without doubt, in theory, a mea. agreed upon, be ceases to steal, an sure very useful and desireable; but thereby the contributors are saffe. If experience has shewed that it has pro. any refuse to pay he is immediately duced this bad consequence, that those plundered. To colour all this to who had appeared in arms, and fought lany, those concerned in the robberies for the government, finding it their pay the tax with the rest, and all the duty to obey the law, did accordingly neighbourhood must comply, or be deliver up their arms --but those law. undone. This is the "case(among less Highlanders who had been well others) of the whole low country of provided with arms for the service of the shyre of Ross. Dan w the Pretender, knowing but too well . After the disarming act was passed, the insuperable difficulty for the go- and those companies were broke, there vernment to putt that act into execu- were some other measures laid down tion, instead of really complying with for preserving the peace of the Highthe law, they retained all their arms lands. Barracks were built at a very that were useful, and delivered up great expence, and detachments were only such as were spoiled and unfitt made from the regiments in the neighfor service; iso that, while his Majes. bourhood to garrison them, and to take tie's enemies remained as well provid. post in those places which were thought ed and prepared for all sorts of mis most proper for the repressing these chief as they were before the rebellion, disorders; but all this had no effect.” his faithful subjects, who were welí The regular troops were never used affected and aventured their lives in to such marches, with their usual arms his service, by doing their duty and and accutrements; were not able to pur." submitting to the law, rendered them- sue the Highlanders; their very dress selves naked and defenceless, and at was a signal to the robbers to avoid the mercy of their own and the gov- them; and the troops, who were stransi ernment's avowed enemies.
gers to the language and often relieve Upon this the plunders and rob- ed by others, could never get any use beries increased ; but, upon the break ful intelligence, nor even be sufficient ing of the independent companies in ly acquainted with the situation of the the year 1717, these robberies went on several parts of the country, 80 as to without any manner of fear or res- take the necessary measures for pur traint, and have ever since continued suing the robbers when any violence to infest the country in a publick and was committed, and also tunga open manner. The regular troops not The effect of all which has been, being able to discover or follow them, that the government has been put to and and all the innocent people are with great expence, and the troops have out arms to defend themselves. Thus, been fatigued to no purpose. 18 9 1 then, violences are now more notori The officers of the law, for the ous and universal than ever, in so peace, are the Sheriffs and Justices of much, that a great part of the country the Peace; and, in time of any commo: has, by necessity, been brought under tions, the Lieutennants and their deputhe scandalous contributions before ties; which office, long disused, was, mentioned ; and the rogues have very revived and re-established at the times near undone many people, out of mere of the late rebellion. 1920
It would seem to be highly necessared with authority over them, and inow to the government, that the Sheriffs and acting in his Majestie's name, whom Lord Lieutennants should be persons they endeavoured to destroy, and to having credit and interest in the shyre whom alone they owe their lives. ve they are to govern,—they cannot other b The constituting one person Sheriff ways have the knowledge necessary, or Lord Lieutennant over many shyres, of the gentlemen and inhabitants, for has several bad consequences to his performing the duty of their office, Majestie's service. There is one in and making it useful for the advancing stance where eight lieutennancies are all of his Majestie's interest. On the con- joined in one person. The memoriala trary, such ignorance creats many mis- ist mentions this only as ane observami takes in the execution of their charge, tion in general, without in the least tending to the interruption of justice, detracting from the merit of any perand rendering the people under them son whatsoever. sm and Tabda discontented and unwilling to act in From some of those causes it like the service of the government. In ways happens, that when several perthese cases, it has happened that, sons are recommended by the Sheriffs throw misrepresentations of the char- or Lieutennants, to be made Justices of acters of the persons employed under the Peace, not all qualified for that of them, deputy-sheriffs have been made fice, without knowledge, mean, and of every way unfit for their office,-ig. no estate nor character in the counnorant, of bad reputation, and notori- try, or ill-affected to government, and ously ill-affected to his Majesty.inara when most or all the well-affected gen-b
There are two deputies of the shyretlemen are left out of the commission, of Inverness, both of which were ac- it naturally produces such confusion tually in the late rebellion, Robert and discontents as to frustrat the instiGordon of Haughs, and John Bailie, a tution and design of the office, to the late seryant to the Duke of Gordon disturbance of the peace of the count during the rebellion; and both these try to the lessening his Majestie's audeputies were prisoners in the hands thority, and particularly, in all mat of Lord Lovat upon that account, who ters of excise, and a surcease of just has now the mortification to see and tice, and a vast detriment to the real feel them triumphant over him, load- venue.bre hechovre ya de vino ing him with marks of their displeasure. The revival of the Justices of the
In the shyre of Ross, the deputy- Peace of Scotland, immediately after it sheriff is Colin Mackenzie of Kincraig, the union, was then esteemed a matter who was likewise in arms with the late of the greatest importance to the govalo Earl of Seaforth against the govern- .ernment and interest of the protestant ment. The memorialist would not succession. It is therefore the mores
mention the encouragement the gen- to be lamented, that throwout the • tlemen of the name of MfKenzie met whole north of Scotland, there is hard
with in prosecuting his Majestie's ly any regular acting Commission of faithful subjects, least it should have the Justices of the Peace; whereas, if the appearance of any personall resent the considerable gentlemen were aper9 ment, were it not the publick debate pointed who have estates in their own and judgement of the House of Lords county, and were all affected to his d this last session, have published to the Majesty, there is no doubt but that ni world, by relieving Mr George Munro office would be execute so as to be from the oppression he lay under. very useful to the government, and
It cannot but be a very melancholy possibly pave the way forrigreat im-11 scene for all the well affected gentle- provements in the political state of the of men and inhabitants in those parts, to country. The memorialist, with allco find the very criminalls whom, a few humility, submits these observations tood years ago, they saw in arms and open his Majestie's consideration i od lle bra rebellion in the Pretender's cause, vest-sd edT9 (Signed pasto LOVAT. 300
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THE CAPTIVE LARK.
Thy sleep is sound at last ; thy weary head
Á couch without a thorn at length has TAE Spring's abroad, the morn is high,
prest; The lambs are sporting on the brae,
The heart that Death has hushed nodreams And all my kinsfolk in the sky
molesti, Rejoicing o'er the infant May.
No thorns bestrew the couch that Death has Why does this quivering throat refuse
spread. To swell the song ? methinks you say - Sound is thy sleep-and when again it flies, Alas! my breast in heavenly dews , Thou shalt not fear to see the night de Hath not been steep'd for many a day. . part,
And to another morn unclose thine eyes; No zephyr in the rustling grass
For to the judgment then thou shalt not rise My home with gentle whisper cheers, . Of erring men—but One who knows the But comfortless, as winter, pass
.. . heart, The captive's hours--the captive's years. And tries its reins--and pities as he tries My wing is like a withered leaf,
W, P. That drops in autumn's early frost, My little heart is dry with grief, . And all the soul of song is lost.
STANZAS. The Power, by tuneful souls confest,
* A cloud came over my soul." Who fills with music every vein,
O WELCOME is the Cloud of Night Forsakes with Liberty the breast,
That makes the morrow's down more dear, And shuns the house of bonds and pain. Or Dewy Veil that falleth light
The Summer's fervid breast to cheer :
Doth in its folds a blessing bring,
And weeps in showers its wasteful shock:
Even Winter's rudest Storms but rock On seeing the Grave of an unfortunate Girl, whom the Author had known in the days
The cradle of the Spring. of her inhocenco.
But ah ! far other are the Clouds
That wrapt the sickening soul in gloom, A PASSING sigh is due to every bier ; That clothe the heaven in funeral shrouds, Yet he who came with mournful ditties And darken like a living tomb vain,
This beauteous Earth,whose breathing On every grave to murmur and complain, bloom Must drop on this a more peculiar tear. Might sooth the sullen heart of care Fly far from hence, ye righteous and severe! Where bounteous Nature pours around Who never knew the grief of honour's Her healing balm for every wound, stain ;
Unpoison's by Despair . For one, alas! whom sore remorse has
slain, And shame for erring love, lies sleeping here. o love lies Jeening here OTHót! whose everlasting arm
** Spread like a tent yon azure sky, O Agnes! I have wept on many a tomb of some that like the flowers in ripe de
And framed those glorious worlds to charm cline,
Th' adoring heart, the raptared eye. And some in bud had fallen, and some in
Who through the vale of misery bloom;
Canst guide, though doubt and danger press • And most o'er infantgraves would I repine:
Chase from my soul these shades of night, Yet thou hast taught me, by thy sadder doom. That shroud from my bewildered sight, To weep that such a grave has not hesin The Sox of RIGHTEOUSNESS.
AIR “ O tell me the way how to mpoo." SONNET II.
O FRESH is the breeze of my mountains, To the Same.
When Morn lifts her bright dewy eye; PEACE to thy dust !- The dove of peace And pleasant my birk-shaded fountains, that filed
When the fervours of noontide are high ; Its ruffled dwelling in thy living breast, And lovely the hour when the grey-mantled Has come again to be thy willing guest,
gloaming And sleep with thee in this untroubled bed. Adown the dim valley glides softly along,
op uiat such a grave has not been