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The house itself has nothing remark-. through an actual forest. It looks able about it, and its gardens, which are like an endless arch through trees, public, are not laid out in good taste. " a boundless contiguity of shade," The road to it stretches through the and is perfectly straight; for in Holforest, the trees of which, though ex- land the line of beauty is a straight ceedingly high, are so thickly planted, line, as Euclid would define it. and so luxuriant, that the sky is not At Scheveling there lay just beyond once visible. The appearance, when the surge, which from the open you enter it, is picturesque and ro- coast is very heavy here, about a mantic; and after you are in, you can score of stout sloops and schooners, hardly imagine where you are, the with nets drying, and the place had view of the city is so completely ob- much the appearance of bustling inscured. This is a delightful walk, ordustry. Yet there, as in most of the ride, in warm weather, for the road is Dutch towns, though I had been of fine sand, to which the wind can taught to expect the contrary, you are get no access-quite smooth and firm ; infested with beggars of both sexes, and there seems to be through it and of all ages, some of them in a winding paths in all directions, and no state of apparent wretchedness in the sort of enclosure, division, or fence. article of apparel, such as I never saw On reaching the House of the Wood, I in Scotland or any part of Britain. was informed that the princess was As many of these mendicants were there, and that I could not gain ad- young and stout, there would seem to mittance till after five o'clock in the be some neglect somewhere, or “someevening ; this arrangement not suiting thing rotten in the state” of Holland. my convenience, I returned without Yet much allowance must be made visiting the interior. There are in it, for these last twenty years on the I understand, some tolerable paintings, Continent of Europe. and a cabinet of natural curiosities. Leaving the Hague early in the
The greater part of the latter was morning, I arrived at Leyden to breakmoved to Paris during the French ad fast, after a pleasant voyage, in the ministration, and the former would treckschuit, of three hours. have been so too had they been super
X. Y, Z, excellent.
(To be continued.). This House of the Wood stands embowered amid a grove of oaks, which are the finest in Holland. “ Trees of OBSERVATIONS ON THE REMARKS OF such ancient majesty towered not in A. M. ON THE DOCTRINES OF GALL Yemen's happy groves, or crowned the AND SPURZHEIM. stately brow of Lebanon ;" but it can- MR EDITOR, not be added, “ Fabric so vast, so I OBSERVE in your Notices to Correlavishly enriched, for idol or for ty- spondents, that you have rejected serant, never yet raised the slave race of veral communications on the subject men;" for the building itself is like of the system of Gall and Spurzheim, the habitation of a private person. on account of their containing personThe wood is about two miles long, and alities. I think you are perfectly corthree-fourths of a mile broad. It is rect in doing so. Yet, sir, you have remarkable, as being perhaps the only given a place, in your First Number, to production of the country which the a paper which contains what is worse Dutch have not endeavoured to turn than personality. Personality injures to account. On the contrary, it is the him who uses it more than him against object of the most superstitious vene- whom it is directed, but misrepresenration, and nothing will induce the tation inflicts a severe injury; and I natives to cut it down in any part, or am persuaded that, had you been injure it in any manner of way. aware of what I am now to point out,
About three miles from the Hague, you would not have inserted the comby the sea shore, there is a village cal munication of A. M. I will exhibit led Scheveling, which supplies the only one instance of A. M.'s want of town with fish. The road to it is by candour, as that will be sufficient to a magnificent avenue of majestic oaks, enable you to judge of the degree of limes, and beeches, which are so scien- credit which ought to be attached to tifically planted, that the same effect is what he has written, without occupyproduced as if one was travelling ing your pages with a longer detail,
which it would be very easy to draw which is of any importance to his docup. “This gentleman (Dr S.)” says trines. A. M.," and his colleague have as With respect to what took place serted, that no anatomist before them in the hospital on the occasion of selves believed that the brain was, opening a hydrocephalic head, A. M., throughout, of a fibrous texture. This, while he condemns the conduct of the therefore, they claim as a discovery dissector, would have you to believe peculiarly their own; and, considering that Dr Gordon had no concern in the it of high importance, they style it, dissection. Who then was the oper La premiere et la plus importante des ator? Instead of the appearances decouvertes, celle sans la quelle toutes which occurred on dissection, and les autres seroient imparfaites. Dr which amply confirmed the assertions Gordon proves very satisfactorily, that of Dr Spurzheim respecting the state from the time of Malpighi in 1664, of the brain in hydrocephalus) having downwards, such a fibrous structure been demonstrated to the students, for was believed to exist every where whose benefit the head was permitted throughout the cerebral mass. To to be opened, they were allowed to de such proofs Dr Spurzheim returns no part without either having seen the answer."
morbid appearances, or having heard Now, so far from its being true that them described. The contents of the Dr S. returns no answer, the seventh head disappeared, and no one could section of his pamphlet begins as fol- procure the smallest portion for exlows. Dr S. attacks Dr Gordon as amination. A. M. may probably know the author of the critique on his work who carried them away, or on whose in the Edinburgh Review,-as the account the students at the hospital author of a work on anatomy,—and were deprived of the benefit of a case, of the pamphlet, styling him con- interesting in proportion to the scarcity scientious reviewer, mechanical dissec- of opportunities of examining it, and tor, and historian.
more so on account of the disputed “The historian," says Dr Spurz- point between Gordon and Spurzheim,“ quotes Vieussens, Haller, heim. A. M. professes himself to be Mayer, Reil, Portal, and Cuvier, the champion of Dr Gordon, for whom to prove that the fibrous structure I entertain much personal regard, alof the brain was known. The read- though I entirely disapprove of the er would be mistaken, if he thought manner in which he has conducted that in our works we have not quot- himself with regard to Spurzheim. ed authors of this kind. We have A. M. would have you to believe that mentioned the same and others, such there is no other anatomist worthy of as Loewenhock, Stenon, Prochaska, So- credit ; but who is Barclay? Is that emmering, Sabatier, and others. In a name unknown to anatomists, and a passage of our memoir, p. 248, we to the philosophic world? It is uni. say, Bonnet ne trouve dans le cer- versally allowed that Lawrence and veau qui des fibres dont chacun auroit Barclay are the first anatomists in sa fonction particuliere. We have Britain. Barclay acknowledges and never thought of being the first who maintains the truth of Spurzheim's maintain that the brain is fibrous ; doctrines; and while he continues to though we know also that the most do so, we may surely be allowed to erroneous opinions have been enter- doubt the infallibility of any other tained with respect to its structure. anatomist. Our principal ideas are, the successive I have yet another paragraph of additions and the aggregations of va- A. M.'s communication to notice, bec rious parts, the two great sets of fibres, cause I consider that, at least while ne and the unfolding of the convolutions, is anonymous, any opinion of Spurs as I propose to detail in the sequel.” heim's principles is as good and trust
This is quite sufficient to invalidate worthy as that which he 'thus es the testimony of A. M., who has acted presses. as all Dr Spurzheim's enemies do. “Never was there a more evident at Whoever chooses to read the Edinburgh tempt to evade the overwhelming force Review, Dr Gordon's anatomy, and of unwelcome facts, than has his examination of Spurzheim's claims, made by Dr Spurzheim on this exams will find, on perusing Spurzheim's re- 'nation.' Instead of meeting faitly an ply, that he is not silent on any topic decisively the objections so strongly
urged against him ;-instead of a clear
STORY OF ARISTUS AND DEINUS. refutation, or a manly confession of mistake and error, there is little else In this lower world there are two in this pamphlet but a most general hostile energies constantly at work, and unconnected repetition of his for plotting and countermining each other, mer (why former?) theories and as- known among philosophers by the sertions. We see in it only the signs names of the Good and the Evil Prinof an imbecile irritability, evidently ciples. Previous to the fall of Adam, sensible to reproach ;-conscious that according to the most modern historiit is but too well founded,--but un- cal divines, the former was uniformly willing to confess its justice, and un- uppermost ; but in the memory of able to avoid its sting."
man, when the dispute has proceeded Now, Mr Editor, I maintain, con- on any thing like equal terms, the lattrary to this very arrogant assertion, that ter has now and then got the ascendthere never appeared a more complete ancy. You may, by an easy effort of triumph of truth over injustice, over abstraction, divide the body politic into the most illiberal, unfair, unphiloso- two halves, and by comparing the secphical modes of attack, than is con- tions, satisfy yourselves in regard to tained in Dr Spurzheim's pamphlet. the present state of the controversy; A. M. will find himself mistaken in meanwhile I shall tell my other readers supposing that Spurzheim's doctrine a short story. has “ lived its little hour.” If it dies, Under the reign of Abdalonimus, it will not probably fall by his hand, on whom Alexander had bestowed the whose head, I am persuaded, would, government of Sidon, flourished two if exhibited, confirm its existence. young noblemen of the highest rank The method which I took to satisfy and expectations. Having gone through myself whether Spurzheim was worth the same course of studies together at attending to (for I had at first very Athens, an intimacy subsisted between great doubts of the doctrine being them, as cordial as a radical difference any thing but quackery), was to ex- of character discernible from their earamine my own cranium. I am not liest years admitted of. Open, courashamed to confess to those who teous, and brave, Aristus had employed know me, that some evil propensi- talents of the first order to the best ties annoy me; and having found that purposes, enriching his mind with there appeared more brain in those useful and polite knowledge. He places which Spurzheim pointed out studied himself, however, more than in his lecture, as belonging to these the world, and fashioned his principles propensities, than in corresponding rather on the abstract excellence of places of heads of persons who, i virtue, than after the practice of the knew, had them not in so great a de- times. But of the latter he was by gree, I determined to listen with at- no means ignorant. He saw and contention and to read Spurzheim's work fessed the necessity of reserve and without prejudice. I would advise secret management in conducting huA. M. to follow the same course, for it man affairs, and was not unprepared is by observation alone that the doctrine to yield, as far as honour and good can be confirmed or destroyed. But to faith would permit, to the incurable be able to observe well requires much errors of society. Deinus, with an practice; and it is also necessary to understanding equally strong, had preobserve the conditions which are re- pared himself for the stations he was quisite for the action of any organ, as likely to fill in a manner somewhat they are laid down by Spurzheim. different. Sagacious, observant, and The doctrine may be confirmed with- selfish, he investigated the dispositions out any appeal to anatomy, but it is of men with the eye of an artist, and probable that anatomical observations marked their vices and virtues merely will yet be sufficiently multiplied in as the handles by means of which he support of it.
S. R. could render them obedient to his June 23d, 1817.
designs. Impartial in his choice of P.S. The word craniology is an in- good or bad men, the equal patron of vention of Spurzheim's enemies. It all who could serve him effectually, is not of the bone he treats, but of he acknowledged the distinction of the manifestations of the mind as de- utility alone. A true politician, he pendent on organization. Phrenology neither loved nor hated. Avarice and would be a more appropriate word. ambition being his sole pasgions, his ac
tions were generous or detestable, as cir- and to come: An imperious summons cumstances affected their gratification. was instantly despatehed, commanding Among their academical friends, Ariss him to appear at Babylon on a certain tus was universally beloved and cher- day, either in person or by deputy, to ished, while his countryman enjoyed state his defences, a hint being suba certain undefined respect and defer- joined by the secretary, that if the ence, rather bordering on suspicion latter method was adopted, Aristus, than veneration.
who, when in Greece, had been preIn their persons the distinction was sented to Alexander, and enjoyed equally striking. The one exhibited much of his esteem, was the likea tall and powerful structure, exquisite- liest person to succeed. Abdalonily proportioned, with a masculine cast mus, though conscious of innocence, of features, softened by an expression and of the impartiality of the triof bewitching sweetness and candour. bunal before which he had to plead, The other was of rather a dwarfish having once before escaped on a simistature. His legs, being limber and lar occasion, yet entertaining no very short, were but indifferently fitted to magnificent idea of his royal brother's a very thick trunk and deep chest. talent for deliberate investigation, His head was a good deal larger than judged it most prudent to remain at the proportion of his other parts war- home. He was accordingly attacked ranted. Dark penetrating eyes moved at once by a violent fit of gout and with inconceivable rapidity beneath a asthma, which rendered a personal inpair of bushy eyebrows, of a deep black terview impossible; and preparations colour, which, from the faculty of were ordered for the most splendid knitting his brows, having often ap- embassy which had ever left that city. proached each other, formed a junction The choice of an ambassador seemed in the middle. But the equability of a matter of no difficulty. Aristus was his temper, over which, though na- expressly pointed out, not more by turally impetuous, he had obtained a the secretary of Alexander than by perfect command, prevented any very the estimation and confidence of all harsh features from predominating in good men. His friends had solicited his countenance; and a constant flow the minister warmly in his behalf, and of something like wit and humour, had even obtained a promise, which, made him pass among the superficial however positive, was considered by for an agreeable companion.
those who knew that statesman to be Having left the Academy, and re- not exactly equivalent to his signature; turned to their native city at the same and as he had experienced a formitime, they entered, under auspices al- dable opposition from the interest and most equally favourable to each, on intrigues of Deinus, he continued to the great race of public life. At court prosecute his suit with unremitting their interest was so strong, that when assiduity to the last moment, that no either laid pretensions to any office or vacant time might be afforded for the employment, every other competitor intervention of cross accidents. The withdrew. When they happened to day was arrived on which the court be rivals, however, it was remarked, was to declare its determination, and that Deinus was uniformly successful; Aristus waited on the minister a a circumstance which excited some little earlier than the usual hour of indignation in the breasts of many, audience, to assist him in making since the recognised attributes of each up his mind. The gentleman in seemed averse to this preference. As waiting assured him, that his honour his method of solicitation is never could not be seen till an hour later, practised in modern times, I may give being deeply busied with the most an instance of it, to prevent its being important affairs; but on receiving utterly forgotten.
a handsome gratuity, he seemed conA malicious report, to the prejudice vinced that the intrusion of such a of his Sidonian Majesty's integrity, visitor was not so unreasonable as he having reached the court of Alexan- at first supposed, and Aristus was adder, that ardent monarch being, at the mitted. The great man was seated time he heard it, a little heated with before a small mirror, at which he was wine, swore some terrible oaths about polishing his beard and eyebrows; cutting off his head, and rendering him boxes of various paints, and pots of a terror to all royal peculators present ointment, were placed before him, and behind his chair stood a tall strapping the other, but not sooner. " I be. damsel, who scratched his bald head lieve that will do," said the minister, with a comb, and who stared at the for when certain characters understand bold mortal, as he approached, with each other, a bargain of one kind is as an impudent face of curiosity. Aris- soon struck as another. “ Come to tus deposited on the table before him court in the afternoon.” Deinus obeyed. a little casket of gold curiously wrought, and the whole matter was speedily adand filled with precious stones, and justed. was proceeding to make a speech, when « 'Tis what I deeply merited,” said he was interrupted with, “ Yes, yes, Aristus to a friend who condoled with sir, upon my honour you shall have him on his ill success," and may I reap it, your credentials are already made eternal disappointments when Í listen out, and shall be delivered to you this to any suggestions unsanctioned by the afternoon. Bring us back good news.” voice of honour and virtue.” So saying, he arose, with a paint brush T here resided at that time in Sidon, in one hand, and a sponge stained with a young lady of singular attractions. the purple juice of the murex in the She was reputed the richest heiress in other, and conducted the favoured that part of the world, and being lately candidate to the door, bowing at every declared marriageable, was, of course, step, and repeating, “ Yes sir, yes pursued in all public places, by an sir," till he was out of hearing. Aris- ocean of fops and fortune-hunters. tus departed not quite so happy as his Her mother having died a few months patron. In truth, he was confounded after her birth, and her father and at the meanness he had been guilty of, brothers having fallen before the town and internally blamed his over-zealous surrendered to the Greeks, she grew friends who had pushed him to this up under the protection of an aunt, who extremity. Their arguments, how- possessed the advantage of being able ever, respecting the king's safety and to enforce, by her own example, her the general good, recurred. « 'Tis lectures on severe virtue, and contempt what all men do,” said he,“ and being for the other sex. Aristus visiting one brought to a level by bribes, our afternoon at the house of an elderly merits determine the balance after all." female relation, with whom he was a With this opiate he quieted his scru- great favourite, was informed that she ples, and went home to prepare for his would have the pleasure of introducexpedition.
ing him to the orphan daughter of a Deinus, in the mean time, though very deserving man, who, having spent less known as a candidate, was not the whole of his life in promoting the less active. Foreseeing the wealth and best interests of the state, had in conimportance a dexterous man might sequence left his family in very narsqueeze out of such an appointment, he row circumstances. “Helen,” contibad set his heart upon it from the first, nued she,“ has retired wholly from and had from time to time made con- the gay world, and disdaining little siderable presents both to the mistress delicacies, lives happily with her aged and the minister, obtaining in return mother and two younger sisters, all of considerable promises. But the game, whom she supports by weaving purple; to use a huntsman's phrase, was still and you, my friend, will have the saon its feet, and he resolved on this tisfaction of seeing an accomplished very morning to give it the finishing young female, clothed in the works ot blow. He arrived a few minutes after her own hands." This description exAristus had withdrawn, and forced cited something stronger than mere admittance by the same means; but curiosity in the auditor, and his heart though he urged his claims with unu- leapt quicker than was to be accountsual earnestness, he could extracted for by the approach of an indiffernothing except general and evasive an- ent stranger, when the door opened, swers from the cautious statesman. and the most splendid phenomenon “ I shall see! I shall see! my whole he had ever beheld walked lightly influence shall be exerted in your fa- into the room. A mantle of bright vour. Believe me ! believe me!” Dei- Tyrian dye hung loosely from her nus thought reserve unnecessary, and shoulders, half shrouding a bosom of mentioned plainly an enormous sum exquisite delicacy, beneath which it which he would hold out in one hand, was fastened by a gold button. Her while he received his appointment with hair, which seemed to float at every