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day for the House resolving itself into the rope; he praised the generous sympathy which said Committee, observed, that he intended bound all classes of society together in this to propose only such votes as would go to happy land, and those spontaneous efforts the renewal of certain usual annual taxes, made to lighten the burdens of the destiand a grant of Exchequer Bills to replace tute, by sharing them. In the highest quar. those which were now out. The several ter, in the head of the government of this dudies on malt, sugar, &c. were then mov. country, the same feelings and sympathies ed pias also that £24,000,000 be raised by were shared that actuated his people. He Exchequer Bills for the service of the year not only sympathized with their distress, but 1817.9.

was prepared to share their privations; and, s-After some observations by Sir C. Monck from the spontaneous movement of his own and M. Calcraft, the resolutions were agreed mind, had expressed his determination to

abstain from receiving, in the present state U PINANCES AND REDUCTIONS. . of distress, so much of the civil list as he

Pebo 7. LORD CASTLEREAGH (the could refuse, consistently with maintaining House being in a Committee on that part the dignity of his station, without doing of the Regent's Speech which related to the what Parliament would disapprove of inFinanoes, in an elaborate speech of great curring.-| General cheering:) His Royal langth, and embracing a variety of views of Highness had given his commands to inform the state of the country, past, present, and the House, that he meant to give up for the prospective, did not disguise or extenuate public service a fifth part of the fourth class the present distress, but still maintained, of the civil list, which it ought to be obthat with the characterstic vigour and served was the only branch connected with energy of the British character, and an the personal expenses, or the royal state of economy pervading every department of the the Sovereign; for all the other heads of public service, we should soon be restored charge included in the civil list, except the to our high situation among the nations, privy purse, were as much for paying pubHe then entered into a detail of the reduc. lic services as the sums included in the estions of the national expenditure which were timates he had this night mentioned. contemplated, making a total annual dimi. (Hear, hear!) That branch of the civil nution, in all the different branches, of six list amounted to £209,000; and his Royal millions and a half, and thereby reduc- Highness offered, out of this and the privy ing the current expences of this year to purse, £50,000—(Hear, hear ! )--for the £18,373,000; and that there might be a fur- public service. His Royal Highness had ther saving of above a million anticipated in directed and applauded the exertions of his the next year, which would bring the expendi- people, he had shared in their glories, and ture down to £17,300,000 ; and that of this now generously sympathized in their suffersum there was not more than £13,000,000 ings, and determined to share their privaapplicable to current services, for there were tions. Hear!) The servants of the Crown dow paid in pensions, and half pay to the had resolved to follow the example of their officers and men in the army, navy, and Royal Master, and to surrender that part of ordnance departments, who had contributed their salaries which had accrued to them to bring the war to so glorious a termina since the abolition of the property tax. tion, upwards of four millions. A certain ( Hear, hear!) His Lordship came then to proportion of the pensions would annually the last branch of the subject, the forma. be available for the public service by the tion of a Committee, for the purpose of indecease of those who enjoyed them. A quiring into the income and ex venditure of hundred thousand men were now in the re the country, on the mode of choosing which, ceipt of pensions and half-pay. He had and on the duties they were to perform, his made inquiries as to what, upon ordinary Lordship expatiated for some time, and then calculations, might be expected to accrue concluded with proposing the appointment annually from the falling in of their allow- of a Committee, to consist of 21 members, ances.' By assuming the medium age of " for the purpose of inquiring into the reve40, one half of the whole would cease to me and expenditure of the country for the exist in the course of 20 years, making 2,500 years ending the 5th January 1815, the 5th annually ; and, as the allowances are four January 1816 and 1817, and also for the millions, the sum becoming available every years ending the 5th January 1818 and year for the public service, in the reduction 1819, with a view to the investigation of of the public burdens, would be £100,000., measures for affording relief to the country, In making up the estimates, a sketch of without detriment to the public service; and which he (Lord C.) had submitted to the to report thereon, from time to time, their House, Ministers were actuated by the opinions to the House." Before he sat most anxious desire to effect every possible down, it would be right to mention, that he reduction ; to carry into effect every plan of proposed the Comınittee should be invested economy that was consistent with our situa with full powers to send for persons, papers, tion and security ; and to bring the expendi and records, (Hear, hear!) that they should ture of the nation as much as possible within possess all the means of pursuing their inits means. His Lordship took a review of the quiries to the bottom. general distress that prevailed all over Eu. The Noble Lord concluded with reading

Vol. I.

the following list :- Lord Castlereagh, Chan which have lately been presented to this cellor of the Exchequer, Mr Ponsonby, Mr House. (Hear, hear, hear! Sir, I would Bankes, Mr Long, Mr Tierney, Lord Bin not be a party in telling the people (monning, Sir J. Newport, Mr Peel, Mr C. W. strous assertion!) that twelve hundred years Wynne, MrArbuthnot, Mr Frankland Lewis, ago this country enjoyed a free and perfect Mr Huskisson, Mr N. Calvert, Mr Davies constitution. (Hear, hear, hear!) This, Gilbert, Mr Cartwright, Mr Holford, Mr Sir, is a specimen of the historical know. Edward Littleton, Lord Clive, Mr Gooch, ledge, of the antiquarian research, of the and Sir T. Ackland.

acquaintance with constitutional law of these Mr TIERNEY, and many other members, wiseacres out of doors, who, after poring delivered their sentiments at great length, for days and nights, and brooding over their both against and for this nomination, after wild and mischievous schemes, rise up with which the House divided. For the Com- their little nostrums and big blunders to amittee 210; against it 117.

mend the British Constitution ! (Laughter Two other divisions took place, on a mo- and loud cheers.) And then, Sir, we are tion to substitute other names in the room pronounced ignorant and daring who refuse of Lord Binning and Mr Huskisson, but to subscribe to the creed of these true rethe majority decided that they were to stand formers, who know accurately what hapas part of the Committee.

pened in this country five hundred years beSINECURES.

fore authenticated history begins! (Hear!) Tuesday, Feb. 11.-Lord CASTLEREAGH, and we are told, that he who will not believe in reply to General Ferguson, stated that the self-evident propositions of these genthe Noble Marquis (Cambden) alluded to tlemen, which it is said are so reasonable as had resigned all the emoluments and pro- not to admit of the least controversy, are dis. fits of the office he held, (Tellership of the honest as well as ignorant and daring. The Exchequer) and only retained the regulated people of England have presented hundreds salary of £2500. (Cheering.) The Noble of petitions to this House. I believe above a Marquis had been for some time desirous million of people have declared to this House of making this sacrifice, but as his office was some opinion or other on the question of in the nature of a vested right, and as he reform. These persons have been collected did not know what effect this surrender together at meetings, to which they flocked might have on others in a similar situation, simply because they felt severe distress. he delayed till the meeting of Parliament. See- They knew from their own experience, and ing, however, the example of retrenchment from the nature of their sufferings, that they and sacrifice set in the highest quarter, he in a great measure originated in the mal. no longer hesitated, and offered now all the administration of public affairs. There is emoluments of his appointment. (Hear, one conclusion, Sir, which we ought to draw hear.)

from all these considerations; namely, that PARLIAMENTARY REFORM. severe distress is the real cause of this popFeb. 14-A great many petitions hav. ular agitation; and that as far as the people ing been presented praying for a Reform call upon us for great retrenchments and in Parliament, most of them claiming some reforn, the call is well founded, and universal suffrage and annual elections, as must be heard. I heartly hope that it may the ancient constitution of the kingdom, Mr be heard before it is too late, and that the BROUGHAM spoke to the following effect : people may by that means be taken and “ Sir, I have in all cases gone as far as it kept out of the hands of those who would was possible for me to go, to assist in opening betray them into misery a hundred fold the door of this House to the people's com- greater than that which they at present enplaints; and I have done all that I could- dure." (Hear, hear!) and not less than the Noble Lord (Cochrane)

COMMITTEE OF SECRECY. -to discountenance, as far as my little influ Wednesday, Feb. 19.-Mr B. BATHURST ence would allow me, any proposition which appeared at the bar with the report of the appeared to me to be calculated to impede, Committee of Secrecy, to whom certain cramp, and hamper the exercise of popular papers, laid before the House by command rights. (Hear, hear, hear!) I therefore of his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, put myself on my country, in competition had been referred. --Ordered to be printed, with the Noble Lord, as to which of us has and taken into consideration on Monday shewn himself to be the greater friend of next. the people of England. (Hear, hcar, hear!)

Som abraia

POOR LAWS. But, Sir, I will not shew my friendship for Feb. 21. Mr CURWEN, in a clear and the people, by telling them falsehoods. argumentative speech, took a wide and com(Hear, hear, hear!) I will not be a party prehensive view of the Poor Laws in their in practising delusion on the people. (Hear, origin, progress, and present oppressive hear, hear!) I will not take advantage of magnitude. We can only give a few the warmth of popular meetings,ma great detached passages. The great evils were proportion of the individuals constituting increasing still, and would increase much which are necessarily ignorant of the nicer more, unless some remedy were applied points of history and antiquity,to induce to bring things back to their original the people to sign such petitions as those state. We had, it was to be recollected, become, from an agricultural, a commercial prevent premature and imprudent marcountry. In 1776 the poor rates were stat- riages ; but it must be their object to inspire ed at a million and a half ; now, in the the poor with some forethought of the ini. course of forty years, they might be taken series that might come upon an unprovided altogether at eight millions and a half. offspring. The great object of a proper This monstrous sum must excite the deep- Committee would be, to find means of shew. est regret : but it was not merely the 2- ing to the people their own interest and admount that was to be deplored, for the sum vantage, in taking their hapniness into their of happiness and consolation was not in- own hands. He gave a melancholy picture creased by it; but, on the contrary, there of the demands in the shape of Poor Rates, was an augmentation of human misery. in the West Riding of Yorkshire, where one Something must now be applied. He was farmer occupying 210 acres of land was well aware that the amount was so great, called upon to pay a guinea a day ; and in that it was impossible to cut it down at once. Sussex, Shropshire, and other counties, he We bad, in the course of years, in fact tak- mentioned assessments at 18s. 208. 2 ts. and en away the care of the people from them. 26s. ; and even higher. After stating a selves; and the result of this conduct un- number of laborious calculations, to entorce fortunately was, that they regarded the pre- or elucidate his arguments, he said it was sent time as every thing, and the future as his intention to call on the fund-holder, the nothing. It was now our interest and our money-lender, and the trade of the country, duty, to endeavour to rescue them from this to bear their proportion of the burthen: but condition, and to revive and elevate their it was his great aim to lessen the number of minds by the operation of some other prin- claimants, to reduce pauperism within narciple. If we did not, we should lend our rower limits, and to restore to the mass of selves to the destruction of their industry, population that independent spirit, which their virtue, and their happiness. A for- would teach them to trust to themselves eigner must look with astonishment at the and their own exertions for support. Arter enormous sum of nine millions raised for developing his plans and intentios, be the relief of the poor. Few foreign Sove moved for a Committee to be appointed, to reigns had so great a revenue for all the consider the state of the Poor Laws and the purposes of their governments. He could Labouring Poor. make his appeal to those gentlemen who were Lord CAST LEREAGH complimented the Magistrates, to say, whether the poor were Hon. Member on the calm, deliberate, and at present happy, contented, and grateful! judicious manner in wluich he had introduced No! they must answer, that they were un- this important subject; and admitted, that happy, dissatisfied, ungrateful to those who his claim on him for his general view of the afforded them temporary relief, and without subject was fair. He was anxious to supreal comfort. (Hear!) They looked on port inquiry, as were all around him. Min. every thing with a jaundiced eye, and dis. isters would dedicate their time to it most content of mind. He had visited Ireland, cheerfully, as far as was consistent with their and when he first saw the wretched Irish other avocations. His Lordship then en. cabins, with the smoke issuing through the tered into a most explicit statement of his door, his feelings of disgust were so strong, view of the subject, which we regret exthat he turned away, desirous of not enter- ceedingly that we cannot give. ing: but when he did go in, he found a A Committee was then appointed, and surprising revolution, and the least looked. ordered to report from time to time to the for that he could have imagined. He saw House. within the place the exercise of all the affec- REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF SEtions of the heart, while potatoes were the

CRECY. food, and butter-milk the only luxury. He Monday, Feb. 24.-Lord CASTLEREAGH thought the Irish peasant happier than an prefaced the measures he had to subirit to English pauper. He saw a proof that hap- the House with expressions of exire ne repiness was chiefly seated in the mind. The gret at the necessity which compelled him, poor Irishman did not appear broken in in the discharge of his public duty, to bring spirit or degraded. He travelled a thou- them forward; he then entered into a very sand miles in that country, making obser- copious analysis and illustration of the re. vations on the state of the poorer classes port, but without adding any thing material wherever he went. Nothing, he was con- to the statements thereof, or disclosing the vinced, was so dangerous to the poor as facts and evidence on which it was founded, pauperism : yet there were not less than assigning the same reasons that Lord Sid. two millions of British subjects in that de mouth used in the other House. In order grading condition. Could the House re- to counteract and repress the treasonous quire a stronger stimulus than this afflicting practices now afloat in the country, the Mi. consideration, to impel them to the appli nisters of the Crown deemed it ne sary, cation of an instant remedy ? After ages of Ist, That a bill should be passed, u ndinconveniences had passed, the remedy coulding the Habeas Corpus Act: 2d, of the operate only by slow degrees; but still he more effectually preventing serlinious meet. must assume the possibility of its efficacy. ings and assemblies: 3d, For extending the It was not possible for the Legislature to same legal protection to the person of the

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Prince Regent as to the King : 4th, For the formed that a secret conspiracy was organ. better prevention and punishment of persons ized in Glasgow, which had communicaattempting to seduce the military from their tions with societies in England. That conduty and allegiance. The last two he would spiracy was held together by means of a propose to make perpetual ; the first two secret oath, which he read to the House : only temporary, perhaps to the close of the “ In the presence of Almighty God, I present session, or the commencement of the A. B. do voluntarily swear, that I will pernext. He concluded with moving for leave severe in my endeavouring to form a broto bring in a bill for the more effectually therhood of affection amongst Britons of preventing of seditious meetings.

every description who are considered worthy The debate was long and animated ; and of confidence; and that I will persevere in on a division, the numbers were, ayes 190; my endeavours to obtain for all the people noes 14; majority 176. The bill was read in Great Britain and Ireland, not disquali. a first time, and ordered to be read a second fied by crimes or insanity, the elective fran-' time on Wednesday.

chise at the age of twenty-one, with free Lord CASTLEREAGH then presented a and equal representation, and annual par." bill to extend to the person of the Prince liaments; and that I will support the same Regent the statute of 36 George III. for the to the utmost of my power, either by moral better preservation of his Majesty's person; or physical strength, as the case may require. and a bill to extend the 37th of his Majesty, (Loud eries of hear.) And I do further for rendering more penal the seduction of swear, that neither hopes, fears, rewards, or the soldiery. They were both read a first punishments, shall induce me to inform or time, and ordered to be read a second time give evidence against any member or memon Wednesday.

bers, collectively or individually, for any act LORDS OF THE ADMIRALTY. or expression done or made, or to be done. Feb. 25.—A very long debate ensued on or made, in or out, in this or similar sociea motion of Sir M. W. RIDLEY, the pur- ties, under the punishment of death, to be port of which was to diminish the number inflicted on me by any member or members of the Lords of the Admiralty, which was of such society. So help me God, and keep lost on a division ; there being for the ori- me stedfast !” (Hear, from all sides of ginal motion 152; for the previous question the House.) moved by Lord Castlercagh, 208; majo Feb. 28. On the motion of the Chanrity 86.

CELLOR of the ExcHEQUER, the bill was THE HABEAS CORPUS SUSPENSION BILL. read a third time and passed. Ayes 265;

Feb. 26.On the first reading of this bill Noes 103; majority 162. Another division being moved by Lord CASTLEREAGH, it took place on a motion of Mr PonsonBY, was warmly opposed by Mr BENNETT and that the act should expire on the 29th May,' other members. On a division the numbers instead of the 1st July. Against the motion were, ayes 273 ; noes 98; majority 175. 239; for it 97 ; majority 142. In the course of the debate, the LORD AD

(To be continued.) VOCATE of Scotland said, that he was in

BRITISH CHRONICLE.

JANUARY

were placed three butts of beer. The The Prince Regent has been pleased to expense does not exceed 30s. From a grant out of the funds at the disposal of conviction of its great utility, the Lord bis Majesty, £1000, in aid of the sub. Mayor has caused one to be placed in scription for relief of the labouring the care of each of the watchhouse-keenclasses within the city of Edinburgh and ers in the six principal districts of the suburbs.

city, viz. Giltspur Street, Fleet Market, A useful discovery..A machine has Mansion House, London Bridge, Bishops : been constructed under the immediate gate, and Aldgate. auspices of the Lord Mayor of London, 2.-A flat, yet lively contradiction. calculated to render the most essential (To the Proprietor of the Dublin Even-, i services. Its object is to act in case of ing Post. “ Sir, Having seen an ac... the overturning of carts, waggons, &c. count of my death in your paper, I re.,1" heavily laden, when by its use an iin me quest you will contradict it. if t he diate remedy is produced, and danger ob

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RichD KYFFIN." ; viated, in cases where horses become en 6.-This being the Princess Charlotte's 1 tangled, and their lives endangered. birth-day, when her Royal Highness com ! The application of the machine has been pleted her 21st year, the day was celei already proved to be instantaneous in its brated at Claremont, and in London, by offects. The experiment was made at her Royal Highness's tradesmen illumia.' the brewhouse of Calvert & Company a nating their houses, and by other rejoic.few days since, with a dray, on which ings.'. '.

1.-The gazette of last night contains that the great likeness there was between an address from the corporation of the living woman and the deceased might Dublin to the Prince Regent, thanking, have deceived better judges, particularly in the warmesť terms, his Royal High. as both the women bad similar private ness for his inunificent contribution of marks on their arms. £2000, in aid of the fund for the relief Hawkers.--Yesterday John Barlow of the labouring classes of that city. was examined under the hawker's act,

8.-The committee for distributing charged with going from house to house, relief to the labouring classes in the city and offering for sale Cobbett's Politicat: of Edinburgh have now on their list Register, price twopence, the same being above 1600 persons. The men are em- unstainped, and he not having a hawker's ployed in working on Leith Walk, at the license. He was convicted in the penalty head of the Links, on the ground on the of £10, and, in default, to be committed east side of the Mound, and on the Cal. for three months to the house of correction. ton Hill. The subscription amounts to 9.-Inverness. Died at Ardersier, in upwards of £6000.

this vicinity, a gander, well known to * East India House. A special meet. have been full grown when the foundaing of proprietors of East India stock tion of Fort George was laid, in the year was held in Leadenball Street, to take 1748. His helpmate died only two years into further consideration the question ago. .. of appointing an additional European Ireland.–The Marquis of Londonderprofessor of the oriental languages in ry, in addition to his liberal donation to their college at Hertford, at a salary of the poor on his lordship's Derry estate, £100, and a further allowance of £100 has advanced £1000 for the purpose of per annum; when, after a long and ani. purchasing fuel and provisions, which mated discussion respecting the character are to be delivered out to them at very of this establishment, the resolution was low prices. put to the vote, and carried in the affir. 10.-Shocking Story. A melancholy mative.

catastrophe took place at Bolsover, in 8.--For several hours this morning, the county of Derby, a few days ago. It the fog throughout the whole of the me. appears that a poor woman of the name tropolis was so intense, that candles were of Wylde, took the horrid resolution of used in every shop and counting-house destroying herself and her four children About twelve o'clock, however, the sun by poison. The deadly preparation was burst out again in all his glory, and a fine procured, and the children called up at summer-like day succeeded.'

an early hour in the morning, under the 8.-The body of William Pinkerton, pretence of giving them a medicine for smuggler, was found in the Great Canal, at the worms. She administered it to them, the Plash, near Rockvilla distillery. This and also a considerable quantity to her. man has been missing since the begin self, in the presence of her husband. Its ning of last month, and when found, had deadly effects were soon visible, and ter. a flask of whisky tied to his back. minated in their death, leaving the ago

Singular Occurrence.On Thursday nized husband in a state of mind which the 2d instant, the body of a woman was it would be vain to attempt to describe. found tied to a boat, near the landing. 13. Ely. It is with extremne regret place of the Royal Hospital at Green. we state, that a tremendous breach has wich, on which an inquest was held be taken place in the Burnt Fen Bank, near fore one of the coroners of Kent, when Mr Seaber's, on the river Lark, by which an old man came forward, and swore that near 15,000 acres of land are inundated. the deceased was his daughter, and that Melancholy Accident.--A letter from she was the wife of Israel Friday, an Lochgoilhead, dated the 30 January 1817, out-pensioner or Greenwich College. He to a gentleman in Glasgow, says" On then went into a long account of a quar. Monday last a boat left this, in order to rel which took place between Friday and go to Greenock; when sailing down his wife the day before the body was Lochgoil, they were hailed by a person found. Other witnesses also swore to that wanted to cross; they condescended, the deceased being the daughter of the and, being upon the lee shore, gave the old man. The coroner thereupon directed boat the two sails, which before had but diligent search to be made after Friday, one. Half way over, opposite the Wainthe husband. The jury met again on the inan, came on a squall, and run the boat Joth instant, when the constables reported down, by not relieving the sheets.--Fight, that they had not been able to find Fri. persons were on board, at which tive were day, but tha they had found his wife drowned, and a sixth died after being got alive and hearty. The coroner repri. on shore," h

e manded the witnesses severely for want Chirr Pock." We are sorry," says of discrimination ; but every one allowed an Edinburgh paper, “in the space of a

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