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Colonial Expenditure

Abstract of Revenue and Ex-

penditure of Ceylon, Mauri-

tius, Malta, and Gozo, Cape

of Good Hope

Army Expenses for Guernsey,

and Jersey

Gold imported into the Mint,

and Monies coined, from

1815 to 1822 .....

Weekly Amount of Bank Notes

and Bills in circulation from

Jan. to Dec. 1822
London Newspapers

321

350

322

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High Court of Admiralty-Ship on 1st December, 1822, and

Juliana

418

el

Reply of the President 561

Prerogative Court-In the goods Dispatch of Count de Nessel-
of his late Majesty, king

rode to the Russian Chargé

George III. .

421 d'Affaires at Madrid

565

Metropolitan Court of Armagh

Dispatch of Prince de Metter-
- The Office of his grace the

nich to the Austrian Chargé

lord Arch-bishop of Armagh

d'Affaires at Madrid

569

v. lord bishop of Clogher 425

Dispatch of Count de Bernstoff

Coroner's Inquest on the mar-

to the Prussian Chargé

quis of Londonderry

432 d'Affaires at Madrid

572

Dispatch of the President of

the Council of Ministers to

PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.

the Count de la Garde at

Madrid

574

I. Domestic-First Report on

Official Documents laid before

Agricultu

438

Congress, relative to Russian

Second on Ditto

444 Claims

576

Report of Foreign Trade

446 Convention of Navigation and

Commerce

466

between the

Ramsgate Harbour

United States of America and

Dover Harbour

471

the king of France

584

Second Report on Public Re- Report of the Commissioners

474 under the Treaty

of Ghent to

Report on the Number of

determine the British and

Offices held by Members of

American Boundary

587

the House of Commons 506 Abstract of a Proclamation by

Report from the National Vac-

the President of the United

cine Establishment ..

513

States

590

Substance of 16th Report of

President's Message

591

the African Institution 515 Manifesto of the Prince Regent

II. Foreign-Speech of the king

of Brazil to the People of

of France, at the opening of

that Kingdom

599

the Session, 5th Nov. 1821.. 525 Manifesto of the Prince Re-

Speech on opening the Session

gent of Brazil to Friendly

of the Chambers, on 4th June 527

Governments and Nations.: 607

Royal Ordinance concerning

HISTORY AND BIO-

the Duties on American
Shipping and Produce ....

GRAPHY

528

Russian Finances

529 Memoir of the marquis of Lon.

Abstract of Russian Tariff.... 534

donderry

618

Speech of the king of Spain at

Anecdotes of Bonaparte's early

Years

629

the opening of the Session of

the Extraordinary Cortes,

Defeat of the Sections of Paris 636

7th October, 1822

538 Anecdotes of the Conferences at

Report on the Military State of

Tilsit

641

Spain

540

Report of Spanish Finance

TRAVELS, MANNERS, &c.

554

Speech of the king of Portugal, Account of Ethiopia

646

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THE

ANNUAL REGISTER, ,

For the Year 1822.

THE

HISTORY OF EUROPE.

CHAP. I.

Complaints of the Agricultural InterestRemedies proposed, and

Language held at their Meetings-Conduct of the Nobility-Nature and extent of the Agricultural DistressUnion of the Grenvilles with the Ministry-Clamours on that Subject

- Resignation of Lord Sidmouth, who is succeeded by Mr. Peel Administration of IrelandEffect of placing the Government of Ireland in the hands of the friends of the Catholics-Proceedings in DublinState of Munster-Various outrages in the County of Cork-Engagements between the Insurgents and the Military in the month of January-State of Kerry, Tipperary, Limerick, Kilkenny, fc.Symptoms of disturbance in Leinster and Ulster-Fundamental causes of the evils existing in Ireland. T NHE beginning of the present occur to them, that there would

year was marked chiefly by be much difficulty in finding a rethe clamours of the farmers and medy; each orator had a variety land-owners. Numerous meetings of prescriptions, which, when prewere held in the agricultural pared and administered by the counties and districts, for the pur- hand of law, could not fail to cure pose of deploring the distress of all our evils. The usual nostrums this part of the community, and

were lauded.

Foreign corn was of voting addresses to the legisla- to be excluded, and that exclusion ture, calling upon it to apply a was to work miracles; for these remedy. It did not in general politicians were ignorant, that, if Vol. LXIV.

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there is any truth in official docu- that we may live more at our ease.” ments, it was long, since any thing If they were insensible to the ini. but the produce of our own soil had quity of such a project, they ought been sold in our markets. The re- not to have been blind to its danduction of taxes of those, morees- ger; for if unfortunately the difpecially, which affected agrieulture ferent classes of society were to be directly—was every where pro- arrayed against each other, the nounced to be an infallible panacea; triumph of the land-owners was though there is certainly no smalí surely far from being a certainty. difficulty in perceiving, how the re- Was it to be supposed, that the moval of taxes on agriculture can monied interest, so numerous, so acraise the price of agricultural pro- tive, so accustomed to act in conduce. These measures, however, cert, so conversant with the affairs were paltry and insignificant, when of the world, would tamely subcompared with three topics, which mit to be plundered? If, on the formed the darling themes of the one side, the appeal to the people meetings which arrogantly pre- was to be "deprive the fund. sumed to speak the sense of the holder of his property, and you will people of England. These three be freed from more than half your topics were, parliamentary reform taxes;" was there no danger that -the abolition of tithes-and a the language on the other side forcible reduction of the interest of might be “strip the landholders the national debt. The last of of the estates which they have in these was spoken of with a com- truth mortgaged to us, and you placency, and listened to with a shall have, not only fewer taxes toleration, which a few years ago to pay, but farms of your own to would have been incredible. Coun- live upon.” Then, on which side try gentlemen of moderate politics would the bribe have been most and of consequence in their own effectual? On which would the districts, were not ashamed to al- greatest mass of force have been lude to this wild and wicked dream assembled ? Justice, essentially of rapine, as a measure which and in the abstract adverse to both, might soon turn out to be most would have been relatively with necessary and most prudent, and those, who, being originally the asto hear with approving silence, or sailed and not the assailants, were at the most with faint

and hesitat- driven to violate her rules only as a ing dissent, the virulent rhapsodies defence against aggression. of political bigots or incendiaries, It was most fortunate for the who recommended its immediate country, and most creditable to

It was a melancholy our nobility, that, although many thing, to see how effectual pecu- of our country gentlemen (more niary embarrassments had been, to especially of the secondary class) delude many of that class, in whose were seduced by circumstances soundness of principle and under- into notions quite irreconcileable standing England had long reposed with justice, our high aristocracy confidence, into a forgetfulness of remained true to old English justice and policy. Beginning to maxims. The representatives of feel the temporary pressure of dis- all our great families, whether mitress, they dared to raise or foster nisterial or anti-ministerial, with the cry,“ Plunder all, in order scarcely a single exception, opposed

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