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refting on him and his righteoufnefs by faith; which faith they have not of themfelves; it is the gift of God.

II. Faith, thus receiving and refting on Chrift and his righteoufnefs, is the alone inftrument of justification; yet is it

redemption that is in Jefus Chrift; V. 25.Whom God hath fet forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blocd, to declare his righteoufnefs for the remiffion of fins that are paft, through the forbearance of God. V. 27. Where is boafting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay; but by the law of faith. V. 28.Therefore we conclude that a man is juftified by faith without the deeds of the law. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteoufnefs which we have done, ut according to his mercy he faved us, bythe washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Shoft: V. 7. That being juftified by his grace, we fhould be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of fins, according to the riches of his grace. Jer. xxiii. 6. In, his days Judah fhall be faved, and If rael shall dwell fately and this is his name whereby he shall be called. THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye in Chrift Jefus, who of God is made unto ys wifdom, and righteousness, and fanctification, and. redemption: V. 31. That, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord. Rom. v. 17. For if by one man's offence death reigned by one, much more they which receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteoufnefs, fhall reign in life by one, Jefus Christ. V. 18. Therefore as by


the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation : even fo by the righteouinels of one, the free gift came upon all men unto juftification of life. V. 19. For as by one man's difobedience many were made finners; fo by the obedience of one thall many be made righteous.


Adis x. 44. While Peter yet fpake thefe words the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word. Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not juftified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jefus Chrift; even we have believed in Jefus Chrift, that we might be juftified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be juftified. Phil. ii. 9. And be found in him, not having mine own righteoutnefs, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteoufnefs which is of God by faith. Acts xiii. 38. Be it known unto you, therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of fins: V. 39. And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be juftified by the law of Moses. Eph. ii. 7.That in the agesto come he might fhew the exceeding riches of his grace, in his kindnefs towards us through Chrift Jefus. V. 8. For by grace are ye faved through faith; and that not of yourfelves; it is the gift of God. II. d John i. 2. But as many as received him, to them gave he power

D 4

it not alone in the person juftified, but is ever accompanied with all other faving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love.

III. Chrift, by his obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all thofe that are thus juftified, and did make a proper, real, and full fatisfaction to his Father's juftice in their behalf. Yet, in as much as he was given by the Fa

power to become the fons of God, even to them that believe on his name. Rom. iii. 28.Therefore we conclude that a man is juftified by faith without the deeds of the law. Rom. v. 1. Therefore, being juftified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jefus Chrift.

e James ii. 17. Even fo faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. V. 22. Seeft thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect? V. 26. For as the body without the fpirit is dead, fo faith without works is dead alfo. Gal. v. 6. For in Jefus Chrift neither circumcifion availeth any thing, nor uncircumcifion, but faith which which worketh by love.

III. f Rom. v. 8. But God commendeth his love towards us, in that while we were yet finners Chrift died for us. V. 9. Much more then, being now juftified by his blood, we shall be faved from wrath through him. V. 1o. For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we fhall be faved by his life. V. 19. For as by one man's difobedience many were made finners; fo by the obedience of one fhall many be made rightecus. 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man


Chrift Jefus: V. 6. who gave himfelf a ransom for all, to be teftified in due time. Heb. x. 10. By the which will we are fanctified, through the offering of the body of Jefus Chrift once for all. V.14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are fanctified. Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people, and upon thy holy city, to finish the tranfgreffion, and to make an end of fins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlafting righteoufnefs, and to feal up the vifion and prophefy, and to anoint the most holy. V. 26. And after threefcore and two weeks fhall Meffiah be cut off, but not for himfelf: and the people of the prince that fhall come fhall deftroy the city, and the fanctuary, and the end thereof fhall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war defolations are determined. Ifaiah liii. 4. Surely he hath borne our griefs, and car. ried our forrows: yet we did efteem him ftricken, fmitten of God, and afflicted. V. 5. But he was wounded for our tranfgref fions, he was bruifed for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his tripes we are healed. V. 6. All we, like fheep, have gone aftray; we have turned every one to his own way, and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. V.10.


ther for them, and his obedience and fatisfaction accepted in their ftead, and both freely, not for any thing in them, their juftification is only of free grace; that both the exact juftice and rich grace of God might be glorified. in the juftification of finners *.

IV. God did, from all eternity,, decree to justify all the elec1; and Chrift did, in the fulness of time, die for their fins, iRom. iii. 24. Being juftified freely by his grace, through the "redemption that is in Jefus Chrift. Eph. f. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgivenefs of fins, according to the riches of his grace.

Yet it pleafed the Lord to bruife
he hath put him to grief:
when thou fhalt make his foul an
offering for fin, he fhall fee his
feed, he fhall prolong his days,
and the pleasure of the Lord fhall
profper in his hand. V. 11. He
Thall fee of the travail of his foul,
and fhall be fatisfied: by his know
ledge fhall my righteous fervant
juftify many; for he fhall bear
their iniquities. V. 12. There-
fore will I divide him a por-
tion with the great and he hall
divide the fpoil with the ftrong;
because he hath poured out his
foul unto death: and he was
numbered with the tranfgreffors;
and he bare the fin of many, and
made interceffion for the tranf-

Rom. viii. 32. He that fpared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how fhall he not with him alfo freely give us all things?

h 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to be fin for us who knew no fin; that we might be made the righteoufnefs of God in him. Mat. iii. 17. And, lo, a voice from heaven, faying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleafed. Eph. v. 2. And walk in love, as Chrift alfo hath loved us, and hath given himself for us, an offering and a facrifice to God for a fweet-fmelling fa

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kRom. iii. 26. To declare, I fay, at this time his righteoufnefs; that he might be juft, and the ju ftifier of him which believeth in Jefus. Eph. ii. 7. That in the ages to come he might fhew the exceeding riches of his grace, in his kindness towards us through. Chrift Jefus.

IV. Gal. iii. 8. And the fcripture, forefeeing that God would juftify the Heathen through faith, preached before the gofpel unto Abraham, faying, In thee fhall all nations be bleffed. 1 Pet. i. 2.. Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through fanctification of the Spirit unto obedience and fprinkling of the blood of Jefus Chrift. V. 19. But with the precious blood of Chrift, as of a lamb without blemish and without fpot: V. 20. Who verily was fore ordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifeft in thefe laft times for you, Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, « whom he did predeftinate, them he alfo called; and whom he called, them he alfo juftified; and whom he juftified, them he allo glorified.



fins, and rife again for their juftification: nevertheless they are not juftified, until the Holy Spirit doth in due time actually apply Chrift unto them.


V. God doth continue to forgive the fins of thofe that are juftified and although they can never fall from the state of juftification, yet they may by their fins fall under God's fatherly difpleasure, and rot have the light of his countenance reftored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their fins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance 1. VI. The

m Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God fent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law. 1 Tim. ii. 6. Who gave himself a ranfom for all, to be teftified in due time. Rom. iv. 25. Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our juftification.

"Col. i. 21. And you that were fome time alienated, and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled, V. 22. In the body of his flesh through death, to prefent you holy, and unblameable, and unres proveable in his fight. Gal. ii. 16. See letter immediately foregoing.] Titus iii. 4. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, V. 5. Not by works of righteouf nefs which we have done, but according to his mercy he faved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghoft; V. 6. Which he fhed on usabundantly through Jefus Chrift our Saviour; V. 7. That being juftified by his grace, we fhould be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

V. Mat. vi. 12. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. 1 John i. 7. But if we walk in the light, as he is in the ght, we have fellowship one with

another; and the blood of Jefus Chrift his Son cleanfeth us from all fin. V. 9. If we confefs our fins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our fins, and to cleanse as from all unrighteousness. 1 John i. 1. My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye fin not. And if any man fin, we have and Advocate with the Father, Jefus Chrift the righteous. V.2.And he is the propitiation for our fins and not for ours only, but also for the fins of the whole world.

P Luke xxii. 32. But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not; and when thou art converted ftrengthen thy brethren. John x. 28. And I give unto them eternal life, and they fhall never perifh, neither fhall any pluck them out of my hand. Heb. x. 14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are fanctified.

9 Pfal. Ixxxix. 31. If they break my ftatutes, and keep not my commandments, V. 32. Then will I vilit their tranfgreffion with the rod, and their iniquity with. ftripes. V. 33. Nevertheless my loving-kindness will I not utterly take from him, nor fuffer my faithfulnefs to fail. Pfal. li. 7. Purge me with hyffop, and I fhall be clean; wafh me, and I fhall be whiter than the fnow. V. 8.


VI. The juftification of believers under the old teftament was, in all these refpects, one and the fame with the juftification of believers under the new testament *.


CHAP. XII. Of Adoption.

LL thofe that are justified, God vouchfafeth, in and for his only Son Jefus Chrift, to make partakers of the grace of adoption: by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges, of the children of God;

Make me to hear joy and gladnefs, that the bones which thou haft broken may rejoice. V. 9. Hide thy face from my fins, and blot out all mine iniquities. V. 1o. Create in me a clean heart, OGod; and renew a right spirit within me. V. 11. Caft me not away from thy prefence; and take not thy Holy Spirit from me. V. 12. Reftore unto me the joy of thy falvation; and uphold me with thy free Spirit. Pf. xxxii. 5. I acknowledged my fin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid: I faid, I will confefs my tranfgreffiors unto the Lord; and thou forgaveft the iniquity of my fin. Mat. xxvi. 75. And Peter remembered the words of Jefus, which faid unto him, Before the cock crow thou shalt deny me thrice.. And he went out and wept bitterly. I Cor. xi. 30. For this cause many are weak and fickly among you, and many fleep. V.32. But when we are judged we are chaftened of the Lord, that we fhould not be condemned with the world. Luke i. 20. And, behold, thon fhalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that thefe things fhall be performed, becaufe thon believeft not my words, which fhall be fulfilled in their season.


VI. Gal. iii. 9. So then, they which be of faith are bleffed with faithful Abraham. V. 13. Christ hath redeemed us from the curfe of the law, being made a curfe for us: for it is written, Curfed. is every one that hangeth on atree: V. 14. That the bleffing of Abra ham might come on the Gentiles through Jefus Chrift; that we might receive the promife of the Spirit through faith. Rom. iv. 22. And therefore it was imputed to him for righteoufnefs. V. 23. Now, it was not written for his fake alone that it was imputed to him; V. 24. But for us alfo, to whom it fhall be imputed; if we believe on him that raised up.. Jefus our Lord from the dead. Heb. xiii. 8. Jefus Chrift the fame yesterday, and to day-day, and for ever.


I. Eph. i. 5. Having predeftinated us unto the adoption of children by Jefus Chrift to him-felf, according to the good pleafure of his will. Gal. iv. 4. But when the filnefs of the time was come, God fent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under. the law, V. 5. To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of fons..

bRom. viii. 17. And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and D.6. joint:

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