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Q. 40. What did God at first reveal to man for the rule of bis obedience?

A. The rule which God at firft revealed to man, for his obedience, was the moral law.

Q. 41. Where is the moral law fummarily comprehended? A. The moral law is fummarily comprehended in the ten commandments.

Q. 42. What is the fum of the ten commandments ?

A. The fum of the ten commandments is, To love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our foul, with all our ftrength, and with all our mind; and our neighbour as ourfelves a.

Q43. What is the preface to the ten commandments ?

A. The preface to the ten commandments is in these words, I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

Q44. What doth the preface to the ten commandments teach us?

A. The preface to the ten commandments teacheth us, That because God is the Lord, and our God, and Redeemer, therefore we are bound to keep all his commandments,

40. b Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, thefe, having not the law, are a law unto themfelves: V. 15. Which fhew the work of the law written in their hearts, their confcience also bearing witnefs, and their thoughts the mean while accufing or elfe exculing one another. Rom. x. 5. For Mofes defcribeth the righteoufnefs which is of the law, That the man which doeth these things fhall live by them.

41. © Deut. x. 4. And he wrote on the tables, according to the firft writing, the ten commandments, which the Lord fpake unto you in the mount, out of the midst of the fire, in the day of the affem

Q: 45. Which

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Q. 45. Which is the first commandment?

A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before me."

Q. 46. What is required in the first commandment?..

A. The firit commandment requireth us to know and ac knowledge God to be the only true God, and our God; and to worship and glorify him accordingly.

Q. 47. What is forbidden in the first commandment?

A. The first commandment forbiddeth the denying, or not worshipping and glorifying the true God as God', and our God; and the giving of that worship and glory to any other, which is due to him alone".

he which hath called you is holy, fo be ye holy in all manner of converfation: V. 16. Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy. V. 17. And if ye call on the Father, who without refpect of perfons judgeth according to every man's work, pats the time of your fojourning here in fear: V. 18. Forafmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things as filver and gold, from your vain converfa tion, received by tradition from your fathers: V. 19. But with the precious blood of Chrift, as of a lamb without blemish and without fpot.


8 Exod. xx. 3.

46. h Chron. xxviii. 9. And thou,Solomon my fon, know thou the God of thy father, and ferve him with a perfect heart, and with a willing mind: for the Lord fearcheth all hearts, and underftandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou feek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forfake him, he will caft thee off for ever. Deut. xxvi. 17. Thou haft avouched the Lord this day to be thy God, and to walk in his ways, and to keep his ftatutes,

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Q: 48. What and his commandments, and his judgments, and to hearken unto his voice.

i Mat. iv. ro. Then faith Jefus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt wor fhip the Lord thy God, and him only fhalt thou ferve. Pfal.xxix.2. Give unto the Lord the glory due unto his name worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness.


47. Pfal. xiv. 1. The fool hath faid in his heart, There is no God: they are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doeth good.

1 Rom. i. 21. Becaufe that when they knew God, they glorified hin not as God, neither were thankful, but became vain in their ima ginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

m Pfal. lxxxi. ro. I am the Lord thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt; open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it. V. 11. But my people would not hearken to my voice, and Ifrael would none of me.

"Rom. i. 25. Who changed the truth of God into a lye, and worfhipped and ferved the creature more than the Creator, who is


Q48. What are we specially taught by these words [before me] in the first commandment ?

A. Thele words [before me] in the firft commandment teach us,That God, who feeth all things, taketh notice of, and is much displeased with, the fin of having any other God. Q49. Which is the fecond commandment?

A. The fecond commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor ferve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, vifiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me and fbewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments P.

Q. 50. What is required in the fecond commandment?

A. The fecond commandment requireth the receiving, obferving, and keeping pure and entire, all fuch religious worship and ordinances as God hath appointed in his word 1.

Q. 51. What is forbidden in the second commandment?
A. The fecond commandment forbiddeth the worshipping

bleffed for ever. Amen. V: 26. For this caufe God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is againft nature.

48. Ezek. viii. 5. Then faid he unto me, Son of man, lift up thine eyes now the way towards the north fo I lifted up mine eyes the way toward the north; and, behold, northward, at the gate of the altar, this image of jealoufy in the entry, V. 6. He faid furthermore unto me, Son of man, feeft thou what they do? even the great abominations that the house of Ifrael committeth here, that I fhould go far off from my fanctuary? But turn thee yet


again, and thou shalt fee greater abominations, &c. to the end of the Chapter.

49. P Exod. xx. 4, 5, 6.

9 Deut. xxxii. 46. And he
faid unto them, Set your hearts
unto all the words which I teftify
among you this day; which ye
fhall command your children to
obferve to do all the words of this
law. Mat. xxviii. 20. Teaching
them to obferve all things what-
foever I have commanded you :
and, lo, I am with you alway,
even unto the end of the world..
Amen. Acts ii. 42. And they
continued ftedfaftly in the apo-
ftles' doctrine and fellowship, and
in breaking of bread, and in

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of God by images, or any other way not appointed in his words.

Q. 52. What are the reafons annexed to the fecond command


A. The reafons annexed to the second commandment are, God's fovereignty over, us, his propriety in us", and the zeal he hath to his own worship ".

Q. 53. Which is the third commandment?

A. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain *.


51. Deut. iv. 15. Take ye, therefore, good heed unto yourfelves, (for ye faw no manner of fimilitude on the day that the Lord fpake unto you in Horeb out of the midst of the fire,) V. 16. Left ye corrupt yourfelves, and make you a graven image, the fimilitude of any figure, the like nefs of male or female, V. 17. The likeness of any beaft that is on the earth, the likeness of any winged fowl that flieth in the air, V. 18. The likeness of any thing that creepeth on the ground, the likeness of any fish that is in the waters beneath the earth: V. 19. And left thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and, when thou feeft the fun, and the moon, and the ftars, even all the hoft of heaven, shouldeft be driven to worship them, and ferve them, which the Lord thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven. Exod. xxxii. 5. And when Aaron faw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To-morrow is a feaft to the Lord. V. 8. They have turned afide quickly out of the way which I commanded them they have made them a molten caif, and have worshipped


Q: 54. What

it, and have facrificed thereunto, and faid, Thefe be thy gods, O Ifrael, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

Deut. xii. 31. Thou shalt not do fo unto the Lord thy God: for every abomination to the Lord which he hateth have they done unto their gods: for even their fons and their daughters they have burned in the fire to their gods. V. 32. What thing foever I command you, obferve to do it: thou fhalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it.

52. Pfal. xcv. 2. Let us come before his prefence with thankgiving, and make a joyful noise unto him with pfalms. V. 3. For the Lord is a great God, and a great King above all gode. V.6. O come, let us worship and bow down; let us kneel before the Lord our Maker.

"Pfal. xlv.11. So fhall the King greatly defire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord, and worship thou him.

W Exod. xxxiv. 13. But ye fhall deftroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves. V. 14. For thou fhalt worship no other God: for the Lord, whole name is Jealous, is a jealous God, 53. * Exod. xx. 7. 54. Mat.


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Q. 54. What is required in the third commandment? A. The third commandment requireth the holy and reverend ufe of God's names v, titles, attributes, ordinances, word, and works .

Q.55. What is forbidden in the third commandment?

A. The third commandment forbiddeth all profaning or abufing of any thing whereby God maketh himself known. Q.56. What

54. Mat. vi. 9. After this manner, therefore, pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. -Deut. xxvii. 58. If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that thou mayeft fear this glorious and fearful name, THE LORD THY GOD;--

Pfal. Ixviii. 4. Sing unto God, fing praifes to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him.

Rev. xv. 3. And they fing the fong of Mofes the fervant of God, and the fong of the Lamb, faying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty: juft and true are thy ways, thou King of faints. V.4. Who fhall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations fhall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifeft.


b Mal. i. 11. For from the rifing of the fun, even unto the going down of the fame, my name fhall be great among the Gentiles, and every place incense shall be of fered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name thall be great among the Heathen, faith the Lord of hofts. V. 14. But curfed be the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth and facrificeth unto the Lord a

corrupt thing: for I am a great King, faith the Lord of hofts, and my name is dreadful among the Heathen.

Pfal. cxxxviii. 1. I will praife thee with my whole heart, before the gods will I fing praife unto thee. V. 2. I will worship towards thy holy temple, and praife thy name, forthy loving kindnefs, and for thy truth: for thou haft magnified thy word above all thy name.

d Job xxxvi. 24. Remember that thou magnify his work, which men behold.

55. Mal. i. 6. A fon honoureth his father, and a fervant his mafter: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a mafter, where is my fear? faith the Lord of hofts unto you, Opriefts, that defpife my name: and ye fay, Wherein have we defpifed thy name? V. 7. Ye offer polluted bread upon mine altar: and ye fay, Wherein have we polluted thee? In that ye fay, The table of the Lord is contemptible. V. 12. But ye have profaned it, in that ye fay, The table of the Lord is polluted, and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible. Mal. ii. 2. If ye will not hear, and. if ye will not lay it to heart, to give glory unto my name, faith the Lord of hofts, I will even fend a curfe upon you, and I will curfe your bleilings; yea, I have curfed

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