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CHAP. XXVIII. Of Baptifm.

Belus Chrift, not only for the folem admiffion of the Aptifm is a facrament of the new teftament, ordained by party baptized into the vifible church, but alfo to be unto him a fign and feal of the covenant of grace, of his ingrafting into Chrift, of regeneration, of remiffion of fins, and of his giving up unto God through Jefus Chrift to walk in new. nefs of life: which facrament is, by Chrift's own appointment, to be continued in his church until the end of the world. II. The

fhould be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all paffed through the fea; V. 2. And were all baptized unto Mofes in the cloud, and in the fea; V. 3. And did all eat the fame fpiritual meat; V. 4. And did all drink the same spiritual drink: (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Chrift.)

a

I. Mat. xxviii. 19. [See letter of the foregoing Chapter.]

b 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.

C Rom. iv. 11. And he received the fign of circumcifion, a feal of the righteoufnefs of the faith which he had, yet being uncircumcifed; that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcifed; that righteoufnefs might be imputed unto them alfo. With Col. II. 11. In whom alfo ye are circumcifed with the circumcifion made without hands, in putting off the body of the fins of the fleth by the circumcifion of Christ: V. 12. Buried with him in baptifm, wherein alfo ye are rifen with him, through the faith of the operation

of God, who hath raised him from the dead.

d Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Chrift have put on Chrift. Rom. vi. 5. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be alfo in the likenefs of his refurrection.

e

Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteoufnefs which we have done, but according to his mercy he faved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghoft.

f Mark i. 4. John did baptize in the wildernefs, and preach the baptifm of repentance for the remiflion of fins.

8 Rom. vi.3. Know ye not, that fo many of us as were baptized into Jefus Chrift were baptized into his death? V. 4. Therefore we are buried with him by baptifm into death: that like as Chrift was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even fo we alfo fhould walk in newness of life.

h Mat. xxviii. 19. [See in letter foregoing Chapter.] V. 20. Teaching them to obferve all things whatfoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen."

II. ¡Mat.

II. The outward element to be ufed in this facrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoft, by a minifter of the gospel, lawfully called thereunto 1.

III. Dipping of the perfon into the water is not necef fary; but baptifm is rightly administered by pouring or fprinkling water upon the perfon*.

IV. Not only thofe that do actually profefs faith in and obedience unto Chrift, but also the infants of one or both believing parents are to be baptized ».

II. Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you with water unto repent ance; but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whofe fhoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghoft, and with fire. John i. 33. And I knew him not: but he that fent me to baptize with water, the fame faid unto me, Upon whom thou fhalt fee the Spirit defcending and remaining on him, the fame is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghoft. Mat. xxviii. 19. [See in letter foregoing Chapter.} V. 20. [See in letter ".]

III. Heb. ix. 10, 19, 20, 21, 22. Acts ii. 41. Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the fame day there were added unto them about three thoufand fouls. Acts xvi. 33. And he took them the fame hour of the night, and washed their ftripes; and was baptized, he and all his, ftraightway. Mark vii. 4. And when they come from the market, except they wash they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to held, as the washing of cups and pots, Brazen veffels, and of tables. IV. Mark xvi. 15. An he faid unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gofpel to

V. Akhough

every creature. V. 16. He that believeth and is baptized shall be faved; but he that believeth not fhall be damned. Acts viii. 37. And Philip faid, If thou believeft with all thine heart thou mayeft. And he anfwered and faid, I be lieve that Jefus Chrift is the Son of God. V. 38. And he commanded the chariot to ftand ftill: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him,

m Gen. xvii. 7. And I will eftablifh my covenant between me and thee, and thy feed after thee, in their generations, for an everlafting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy feed after thee. V. 9. And God faid unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy. feed after thee, in their generations. With Gal. iii. 9. So then, they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. V. 14. That the bleffing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles thro Jefus Chrift; that we might receive the promife of the Spirit through faith. And Col. ii. 11. In whom alfo ye are circumcifed with the circumcifion made without hands, in putting off the body. of the fins of the flesh by the cir cumcifion

.

V. Although it be a great fin to contemn or neglect this ordinance", yet grace and falvation are not fo infeparably annexed unto it, as that no perfon can be regenerated or faved without it, or that all that are baptized are undoubtedly regenerated »

cumcifion of Chrift: V. 12. Buried with him in baptifm, wherein alfo ye are rifen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. And Acts ii. 38. Then Peter faid unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jefus Chrift, for the remiffion of fins, and ye fhall receive the gift of the Holy Gho. V. 39. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God fhall call. And Rom. iv. 11. And he received the, fign of circumcifion, a feal of the righteoufnefs of the faith which he had, yet being uncircumcifed; that he might be the father of all them that believe, tho' they be not circumcifed; thatrighteoufnefsmight be imputed unto them alfo: V. 12. And the father of circumcifion to them who are not of the circumcifion only, but alfo walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had, being yet uncircumcifed. 1 Cor. vii. 14. For the unbelieving hufband is fanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is fanctified by the hufband; elfe were your children unclean, but now are they holy. Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoft. Mark x. 13. And they brought young children to him that he fhould touch them; and his difciples rebuked thofe that

VI. The

brought them. V. 14. But when Jefus faw it he was much dif pleased, and faid unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of fuch is the kingdom of God. V. 15. Verily I lay unto you, Whofoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child,. he fhall not enter therein. V. 16. And he took them up in his arms, put his hands upon them, and bleffed them. Luke xviii. 15. And they brought unto him also infants, that he would touch them: but when his disciples faw it they rebuked them.

V." Luke vii. 30. But the Pharifees and lawyers rejected the counfel of God againft themselves, being not baptized of him. With Exod. iv. 24. And it came to pafs by the way in the inn, that the Lord met him, and fought to kill him. V. 25. Then Zipporah took a fharp ftone, and cut off the forefkin of her fon, and caft it at his feet, and faid, Surely a bloody husband art thou to me. V. 26. So he let him go: then the faid, A bloody hufband thou art, becaufe of the circumcifion.

Rom. iv. 11. [See in letter "] Acts x. 2, 4, 22, 31, 45, 47.

PActs viii. 13. Then Simon himfelf believed alfo: and, when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and figns which were done. V. 23. For I perceive that thou art in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity.

VI. 9 John

VI. The efficacy of baptifin is not tied to that moment of time wherein it is adminiftered; yet notwithstanding, by the right ufe of this ordinance, the grace promifed is not only offered, but really exhibited and conferred by the Holy Ghoft, to fuch (whether of age or infants) as that grace belongeth unto, according to the counfel of God's own will, in his appointed time.

VII. The facrament of baptifm is but once to be adminiftered to any perfon".

CHAP. XXIX. Of the Lord's Supper.

UR Lord Jefus, in the night wherein he was betrayed, inftituted the facrament of his body and blood, called the Lord's Supper, to be obferved in his church unto the end of the world, for the perpetual remembrance of the facrifice of himself in his death, the fealing all benefits thereof unto true believers, their fpiritual nourishment and growth in him, their further engagement in and to all duties which they owe unto him, and to be a bond and pledge of their communion with him; and with each other, as members of his mystical body'.'

VI. John iii. 5. Jefus anfwered, Verily, verily, I fay unto thee, Except a man be born of water, and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. V. 8. The wind bloweth where it lifteth, and thou heareft the found thereof, but cant not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: fo is every one that is born of the Spirit.

Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Chrift, have put on Chrift. Tit. ii. 5. Not by works of righteoufnefs which we have done, but according to his mercy he faved by the washing ofregeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghott. Eph. v. 25. Husbands, love your wives, even as Chrift alfo loved

II. In

the church, and gave himself for it: V. 26. That he might fanc tify and cleanfe it with the washing of water by the word. Acts ii. 38.Then Peter faid unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jefus Chrift, for the remiffion of lins, and ye fhall receive the gift of the Holy Ghoft, V. 41. Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the fame day there were added unto them about three thoufand fouls.

VII. Tit. iii. 5. [See in letter ".] I. Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord that which alfo I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jefus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread: V. 24. And, when he had given.

thanks,

II. In this facrament Chrift is not offered up to his Father, nor any real facrifice made at all for remiffion of fins of the quick or dead; but only a commemoration of that one offering up of himself, by himself, upon the cross, once for all, and a piritual oblation of all poffible praife unto God for the fame; fo that the Popish facrifice of the mafs, as they call it, is most abominably injurious to Chrift's one only facrifice, the alone propitiation for all the fins of the elect". III. The

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year with blood of others; V. 26. (For then muft he often have fuffered fince the foundation of the world) but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away fin by the facrifice of himself. V. 28. So Chrift was once offered to bear the fins of many; and unto those that look for him fhall he appear the fecond time without fin, unto falvation.

thanks, he brake it, and faid, Take, eat; this is my body which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. V. 25. After the fame manner alfo he took the cup, when he had fupped, faying, This cup is the new teftament in my blood: this do ye as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. V. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do thew the Lord's death till he come. I Cor. x. 16. The cup of bleffing which we blefs, is it not the communion of the blood of Chrift? the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Clirist? V. 17. For we, being many, are one bread and one body for we are all partakers of that one bread. V. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils; ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whe-man, because he continueth ever, ther we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.

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IIb Heb. ix. 22. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remiflion. V. 25. Nor yet that he fhould offer him felf often, as the high prieft en tereth into the holy place every

ci Cor. xi. 24, 25, 26. [Ste them in letter a.] Mat. xxvi. 26. And, as they were eating, Jefus took bread, and bleffed it, and brake it, and gave it to the difciples, and faid, Take, eat; this is my body. V. 27. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, faying, Drink ye all of it.

Heb. vii. 23. And they truly were many priests, because they were not fuffered to continue by reafon of death: V. 24. But this

hath an únchangeable priesthood. V. 27. Who needeth not daily, as thofe high priefts, to offer up facrifice, firft for his own fins, and then for the people's for this he did once, when he offered up himfelf. Heb. x. 11. And every prieft ftandeth daily miniftering and offering oftentimes the fame facrifices, which can never take away fins: V. 12. But this man, after

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