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his Holy Spirit, come to be deprived of fome measure of their graces and comforts'; have their hearts hardened ", and their confciences wounded; hurt and fcandalize others, and bring temporal judgments upon themselves P.

CHAP. XVIII. Of Afsurance of Grace and Salvation. LTHO' hypocrites, and other unregenerate men, may vainly deceive themselves with falfe hopes and carnal prefumptions of being in the favour of God and estate of falva

kEph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are fealed unto the day of redemption.

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Pfal. li. 8. Make me to hear joy and gladness: that the bones which thou haft broken may rejoice. V. 10. Create in me a clean beart, O God; and renew a right fpirit within me. V. 12. Reftore unto me the joy of thy falvation; and uphold me with thy free Spirit. Rev. ii. 4. Nevertheless I have fomewhat against thee, because thou haft left thy first love. Cant. v. 2. I fleep, but my heart waketh it is the voice of my beloved that knocketh, faying, Open to me, my fifter, my love, my dove, my undefiled! for my head is filled with dew, and my locks with the drops of the night. V. 3. I have put off my coat; how fhall I put it on? I have washed my feet; how fhall I defile them? V. 4. My beloved put in his hand by the hole of the door, and my bowels were moved for him. V. 6. I opened to my beloved; but my beloved had withdrawn himself, and was gone my foul failed when he fpake: I fought him, but I could not find him; I called him, but he gave me no anfwer.

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Ifa, Ixiii. 17. O Lord, why haft thou made us to err from thy

ways, and hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy fervants fake, the tribes of thine inheritance. Mark vi. 52. For they confidered not the miracle of the loaves, for their heart was hardened. Mark xvi. 14. Afterward he appeared unto the eleven, as they fat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, becaufe they believed not them which had feen him after he was rifen.

Pfal. xxxii. 3. When I kept filence my bones waxed old: through my roaring all the day long, V. 4. (For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me,) my moistureisturned into the drought of fummer. Pfal. li. 8. Make me to hear joy and gladnefs: that the bones which thou haft broken may rejoice.

2 Sam. xii. 14. Howbeit, becaufe by this deed thou haft given great occafion to the enemies of the Lord to blafpheme, the child alfo that is born unto thee fhall furely die.

P Pfal. lxxxix. 31. If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; V. 32. Then will I vifit their tranfgreffion with the rod, and their iniquity with ftripes. 1 Cor. xi. 32. But when we are judged we are chaftened of the

Lord,

falvation; which hope of theirs fhall perish: yet fuch as truly believe in the Lord Jefus, and love him in fincerity, endeavouring to walk in all good confcience before him, may in this life be certainly affured that they are in the ftate of grace, and may rejoice in the hope of the glory of God; which hope fhall never make them ashamed 4.

II. This certainty is not a bare conjectural and probable perfuafion, grounded upon a fallible hope; but an infallible affurance

Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world..

1. a Job viii. 13. So are the paths of all that forget God, and the hypocrite's hope fhall perish: V. 14. Whose hope shall be cut off, and whofe truft fhall be a fpider's web. Micah iii. 11. The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money yet will they lean upon the Lord, and fay, Is not the Lord among us? none evil can comeupon us. Deut. xxix. 19. And it come to pafs, when he heareth the words of this curfe, that he bless himself in his heart, faying, I fhall have peace, though I walk in the imagination of mine heart, toadd drunkennefs to thirft. John viii. 41. Ye do the deeds of your father. Then faid they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.

b Mat. vii.. 22. Many fhall fay to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophetied in thy name? and in thy name have caft out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? V. 23. And then will Iprofess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me ye that work iniquity.

i John ii. 3. And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. John

iii. 14. We know that we have paffed from death unto life, becaufe we love the brethren: he that loveth not his brother abideth. in death. V. 18. My little children, let us not love in word,: neither in tongue, but in deed, and in truth. V. 19. And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and fhall affure our hearts before him.. V. 21. Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence towards God: V. 24.And he that keepeth his com-mandments dwelleth in him, and he in him and hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit that he hath given us. 1 John v. 13. The things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.

d Rom. v. 2. By whom alfo we have accefs by faith into this grace wherein we ftand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. V. 5. And hope maketh not afhamed, because the love of God is fhed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghoft, which is given unto us.

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II. Heb. vi. 11. And we defire. that every one of you do fhew the fame diligence, to the full affurance of hope unto the end. V.19.. Whichhope we have as an anchor Es

of

affurance of faith, founded upon the divine truth of the promifes of falvation, the inward evidence of thofe graces unto which these promifes are made, the 'teftimony of the Spirit of adoption witneffing with our fpirits that we are the children of God: which Spirit is the earnest of our inheritance, whereby we are fealed to the day of redemption.

III. This infallible affurance doth not fo belong to the effence of faith, but that a true believer may wait long, and conflict with many difficulties, before he be partaker of it*:

of the foul, both fure and ftedfaft, and which entereth into that within the vail.

f Heb. vi. 17. Wherein God, willing more abundantly to fhew unto the heirs of promife the immutability of his counfel, confirmed it by an oath V. 18. That by two immutable things, in which it was impoffible for God to lie, we might have a ftrong confolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope fet before us.

& 2 Pet. i. 4. Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promifes; that by thefe ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having efcaped the corruption that is in the world through luft. V. 5. And befides this, giving diligence, add to your faith, virtue; and to virtue, knowledge. V. 10. Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election fure; for if ye do thefe things ye fhall never fall: V. 11. For fo an entrance fhall be miniftered unto you abundantly into the everlafting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jefus Chrift. 1 John ii. 3. And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. 1 John iii. 14. We now that we have paffed from death unto life, because we love

brethren; he that loveth not

yet,

his brother abideth in death. 2 Cor. i. 12. For our rejoicing is this, the teftimony, of our confcience, that in fimplicity and godly fincerity, not with fleshly wifdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our converfation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.

h Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not received the Spirit of bondage again to fear: but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. V. 16. The Spirit itself beareth witnefs with our fpirit, that we are the children of God.

Eph. i. 13. In whom ye alfo trufted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gofpel of your falvation, in whom alfo, after that ye believed, ye were fealed with that holy Spirit of promife, V. 14. Which is the earneft of our inheritance, until the redemption of the purchafed poffeffion, unto the praife of his glory. Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are fealed unto the day of redemption. 2 Cor. i. 21. Now he which ftablisheth us with you in Chrift, and hath anointed us, is God; V. 22. Who hath alfo fealed us, and given the earneft of the Spirit in our hearts.

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III. 1 John v. 13. These things have I written unto you that be

yet, being enabled by the Spirit to know the things which are freely given him of God, he may, without extraordinary revelation, in the right ufe of ordinary means, attain thereunto. And therefore it is the duty of every one to give all diligence to make his calling and election fure; that thereby his heart may be enlarged in peace and joy in the Holy Ghoft, in love and thankfulness to God, and in ftrength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience, the proper

lieve on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God. Ifa. l. 10. Who is among you that feareth the Lord, that obeyeth the voice of his fervant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the Lord, and ftay upon his God. Mark ix. 24. And ftraightway the Father of the child cried out, and faid with mine Lord, I believe; help thou tears, unbelief. [See Pfal. lxxxviii. throughout. Pfal. lxxvii. to the 12th Verfe.

II Cor. ii. 12. Now we have received, not the fpirit of the world, but the Spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. 1 Johnvi.13.Hereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit. Heb. vi.11. And we defire that every one of you do fhew the fame diligence, to the full affurance of hope unto theend: V.12. That ye be not flothful, but followers of them, who, through faith and patience, inherit the promises. Eph. iii. 17.That Chrift may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, V. 18. May be able to comprehend with all faints, what is the breadth, and length, and

fruits depth, and height; V. 19. And to know the love of Chrift, which paffeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.

2 Pet. i. ro.Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election fure: for if ye do these things ye fhall never fall.

"Rom. v. 1. Therefore being juftified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jefus Chrift: V. 2. By whom alo we have accefs by faith into this grace wherein we ftand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. V. 5. And hope maketh not afhamed; because the love of God is fhed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghoft, which is given unto us. Rom. xiv. 17. For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteoufnefs, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghoft. Rom. xv. 13. Now, the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghoft. Eph.i. 3. Bleffed be the God and Father of our Lord Jefus Chrift, who hath bleffed us with all fpiritual bleflings in heavenly places in Chrift: V. 4. According as he hath chofen us in him be fore the foundation of the world, that we should be holy, and without blame before him in love. E6

Pfal

Chap. XVIII. fruits of this affurance: fo far is it from inclining men to looseness..

IV. True believers may have the affurance of their falvation diverse ways fhaken, diminished, and intermitted; as, by negligence in preferving of it; by falling into fome fpecial fin, which woundeth the confcience, and grieveth the Spirit; by fome fudden or vehement temptation; by God's withdrawing the light of his countenance, and fuffering even fuch as fear him to walk in darkness, and to have no light: yet are they

Pfal. iv. 6. There be many that fay, Who will fhew us any good? Lord, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us. V. 7. Thou haft put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their corn and their wine increased. Pfal. cxix. 32. I will run the way of thy commandments, when thou shalt enlarge my heart.

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1 John ii. 1. My little children, these things write Iunto you, that ye fin not. And if any man fin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jefus Chrift the righteous. V. 2. And he is the propitiation for our fins and not for ours only, but alfo for the fins ofthe whole world. Rom. vi. 1. What shall we say then? fhall we continue in fin that grace may abound? V. 2. God forbid: how fhall we that are dead to fin live any longer therein? Tit. ii. 11. For the grace of God that bringeth falvation hath appeared to all men; V. 12. Teaching us that, denying ungodlinefs and worldly lufts, we fhould live foberly, righteously, and godly, in this prefent world. V. 14. Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto him♫elf a peculiar people, zealous of good works. 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having, therefore, thefe promifes, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves

never

from all filthinefs of the flesh and
fpirit, perfecting holiness in the
fear of God. Rom. viii. 1. There
is, therefore, now no condemna-
tion to them which are in Christ
Jefus, who walk not after the
fleth, but after the Spirit. V. 12.
Therefore, brethren, we are debt-
ors, not to the flesh, to live after
the flesh. 1 John iii. 2. Beloved,
now are we the fons of God, and
it doth not yet appear what we
fhall be: but we know, that when
he shall appear we shall be like
hint: for we fhall fee him as he is.
V. 3. And every man that hath
this hope in him purifieth him-
felf, even as he is pure.
cxxx. 4. But there is forgiveness
with thee; that thou mayeft be
feared, 1 John i. 6. If we fay that
we have fellowship with him, and
walk in darkness, we lye, and do
not the truth: V. 7. But if we
walk in the light, as he is in the
light, we have fellowship one with
another; and the blood of Jefus
Chrift his Son cleanfeth us from
all fin.

Pfal.

IV. P Cant. v. 2. I fleep, but my heart waketh: it is the voice of my beloved that knocketh, saying, Open to me, my fifter, my love, my dove, my undefiled! for my head is filled with dew, and my locks with the drops of the night. V. 3. I have put off my

coat;

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