Leviathan: Or the Matter, Forme, & Power of a Common-wealth Ecclesiastical and Civill

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CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 20 maj 2015 - 526
Leviathan is a seventeenth-century work on what the author felt was a good structure for society and legitimate government. The book was written during the English Civil War, and argues for a social contract between an absolute sovereign and the subjects of a commonwealth. While the work was written with the social structures of the time as influences, it also addresses many questions regarding the elements of the civil society that are still debated today. These include concepts of ex post facto law, fair tax structure, and the difference between natural law and civil law, among others. This book rightly ranks among the top treatises on government and statecraft in Western Civilization.

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Review: Leviathan: Or, the Matter, Forme, & Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiasticall and CIVILL

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Many people when talking about philosophy pose the question, who is the most misunderstood philosopher in history? The most often heard candidate I hear is "Nietzsche." Though since Bertrand Russell's ... Przeczytaj pełną recenzję

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Informacje o autorze (2015)

Thomas Hobbes was born in Malmesbury, the son of a wayward country vicar. He was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, and was supported during his long life by the wealthy Cavendish family, the Earls of Devonshire. Traveling widely, he met many of the leading intellectuals of the day, including Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, and Rene Descartes. As a philosopher and political theorist, Hobbes established---along with, but independently of, Descartes---early modern modes of thought in reaction to the scholasticism that characterized the seventeenth century. Because of his ideas, he was constantly in dispute with scientists and theologians, and many of his works were banned. His writings on psychology raised the possibility (later realized) that psychology could become a natural science, but his theory of politics is his most enduring achievement. In brief, his theory states that the problem of establishing order in society requires a sovereign to whom people owe loyalty and who in turn has duties toward his or her subjects. His prose masterpiece Leviathan (1651) is regarded as a major contribution to the theory of the state.

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