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The challenge of Goliath.

I. SAMUEL.

David cometh to the camp.

19.

of peace, as

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B.C. upon his head, and he was tarmed Jesse had commanded him ; and he B. C. about 1063. with a coat of mail; and the weight came to the il trench, as the host was about 1063.

of the coat was five thousand shekels going forth to the Il fight, and shouted + Heb. clothed. of brass. for the battle.

11 Or, place of

the carriage, 6 And he had greaves of brass upon 21 For Israel and the Philistines had ch. 26. 5. || Or, gorget.

l Or, battle his legs, and a Il target of brass be- put the battle in array, army against

array, or, tween his shoulders. army.

place of fight. e 2 Sam. 21. 7 And the estaff of his spear was 22 And David left this carriage in | Heb. the veslike a weaver's beam; and his spear's the hand of the keeper of the carriage,

sels from up

on him. head weighed six hundred shekels of and ran into the army, and came and iron: and one bearing a shield went + saluted his brethren.

+ Heb. asked before him.

23 And as he talked with them, be

his brethren 8 And he stood and cried unto the hold, there came up the champion, the Judg. 18. 15. armies of Israel, and said unto them, Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, Why are ye come out to set your out of the armies of the Philistines,

battle in array ? am not I a Philis- and spake Paccording to the same p ver. 8. ich. 8. 17. tine, and ye servants to Saul ? choose words: and David heard them.

you a man for you, and let him come 24 And all the men of Israel, when
down to me.
they saw the man, fled + from him, I + Heb. from

his face.
9 If he be able to fight with me, and were sore afraid.
and to kill me, then will we be your 25 And the men of Israel said,
servants : but if I prevail against Have ye seen this man that is come

him, and kill him, then shall ye be up? surely to defy Israel is he come £ch. 11. our servants, and serve us.

up: and it shall be, that the man h ver. 26. 10 And the Philistine said, I h defy who killeth him, the king will enrich 2 Sam. 21. 21.

| the armies of Israel this day; give him with great riches, and I will give 9 Josh. 15. 16.
me a man, that we may fight to him his daughter, and make his fa-
gether.

ther's house free in Israel.
11 When Saul and all Israel heard 26 And David spake to the men
those words of the Philistine, they that stood by him, saying, What shall

were dismayed, and greatly afraid. be done to the man that killeth this į ver. 58. | 12 | Now David was the son of Philistine, and taketh away 'the re- - ch. 11. 2. Ruth 4. 22. ch. 16. 1, 18. that k Ephrathite of Beth-lehem-ju- proach from Israel ? for who is this k Gen. 35. 19. dah, whose name was Jesse; and he suncircumcised Philistine, that he s ch. 14.6. I ch. 16. 10, 11. had leight sons: and the man went should defy the armies of u the liv- t ver. 10. See 1 Chr. 2. 13, 14, 15.

u Deut. 5. 26. among men for an old man in the ing God? days of Saul.

27 And the people answered him 13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse after this manner, saying, "So shall x ver. 25.

went and followed Saul to the battle: it be done to the man that killeth
mch. 16. 6, 8, and the m names of his three sons that him.
9. 1 Chri 2.

went to the battle were Eliab the 28 | And Eliab his eldest brother
firstborn, and next unto him Abina- | heard when he spake unto the men;
dab, and the third Shammah.
and Eliab's Yanger was kindled against | y Gen. 37. 4, 8,

11. Matt. 10.
14 And David was the youngest : David, and he said, Why camest thou 30.
and the three eldest followed Saul. l down hither? and with whom hast

15 But David went and returned thou left those few sheep in the wila ch. 16. 19. from Saul n to feed his father's sheep derness? I know thy pride, and the at Beth-lehem.

naughtiness of thine heart; for thou
16 And the Philistine drew near art come down that thou mightest
morning and evening, and presented see the battle.
himself forty days.

29 And David said, What have I
17 And Jesse said unto David his now done ? ? Is there not a cause? z ver. 17.
son, Take now for thy brethren an 30 | And he turned from him to-
ephah of this parched corn, and these ward another, and a spake after the a ver. 26, 27.
ten loaves, and run to the camp to same #manner: and the people an- | Heb. word.
thy brethren;

swered him again after the former + Heb. cheeses 18 And carry these ten cheeses manner. of milk.

unto the captain of their thousand, 31 And when the words were heard †Heb.captain

of a thou- and look how thy brethren fare, and which David spake, they rehearsed
o Gen. 37. 14.
take their pledge.

them before Saul: and he tsent for — Heb. took
19 Now Saul, and they, and all the him.
men of Israel, were in the valley of 32 | And David said to Saul, 6 Let b Deut20. 1,

3.
Elah, fighting with the Philistines. no man's heart fail because of him ;
20 | And David rose up early in thy servant will go and fight with

Icch. 16. 18. the morning, and left the sheep with this Philistine.

d See Num. 13. | a keeper, and took, and went, as 33 And Saul said to David, « Thou 31. Deut. 9.2.

13.

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18. 36.

B. C. art not able to go against this Phi- smite thee, and take thine head from B. C. about 1063 listine to fight with him : for thou thee; and I will give n the carcasses

about 1063 art but a youth, and he a man of war of the host of the Philistines this day

a Deut. 28. 26. from his youth.

unto the fowls of the air, and to the 34 And David said unto Saul, Thy | wild beasts of the earth ; • that all the o Josh. 4. 24.

1 Kings 8.43. servant kept his father's sheep, and earth may know that there is a God there came a lion, and a bear, and in Israel.

2 Kings 19.

19. Is. 52.10. 11 Or, kid. took a il lamb out of the flock:

47 And all this assembly shall know 35 And I went out after him, and that the LORD Psaveth not with sword p P3. 44. 6, 7.

Hos. 1.7.
smote him, and delivered it out of his and spear: for 9 the battle is the Zech. 4.6.
mouth: and when he arose against LORD's, and he will give you into our 92 Chr. 20. 15.
me, I caught him by his beard, and hands.
srnote him, and slew him.

48 And it came to pass, when the
36 Thy servant slew both the lion Philistine arose, and came and drew
and the bear: and this uncircumcised nigh to meet David, that David hasted,
Philistine shall be as one of them, see- and ran toward the army to meet the
ing he hath defied the armies of the Philistine.
living God.

49 And David put his hand in his
• P8.18.16, 17. | 37 David said moreover, e The Lord | bag, and took thence a stone, and
& 63.7.& 77.
11. 2 Cor. 1.

that delivered me out of the paw of slang it, and smote the Philistine in 10. 2 Tim. 4.

the lion, and out of the paw of the his forehead, that the stone sunk into 17, 18.

bear, he will deliver me out of the his forehead; and he fell upon his

hand of this Philistine. And Saul face to the earth. fch. 20. 13.,, said unto David, Go, and f the LORD 50 Sor David prevailed over the Phi-rch. 21. 9. 1 Chr. 22. 11, 16. be with thee.

listine with a sling and with a stone, i stengi † Heb. clothed | 38 | And Saul + armed David with and smote the Philistine, and slew 2 Sam. 23. 21. David with his clothes.

his armour, and he put a helmet of him ; but there was no sword in the
brass upon his head; also he armed hand of David.
him with a coat of mail.

51 Therefore David ran, and stood
39 And David girded his sword upon upon the Philistine, and took his
his armour, and he assayed to go; for sword, and drew it out of the sheath
he had not proved it. And David said thereof, and slew him, and cut off his
unto Saul, I cannot go with these ; | head therewith. And when the Phi-
for I have not proved them. And listines saw their champion was dead,
David put them off him.
8 they fled.

s Heb. 11.34. 40 And he took his staff in his hand, 52 And the men of Israel and of

and chose him five smooth stones out | Judah arose, and shouted, and pur11 Or, valley. of the Il brook, and put them in a sued the Philistines, until thou come † Heb. vessel. shepherd's t bag which he had, even to the valley, and to the gates of

in a scrip; and his sling was in his Ekron. And the wounded of the
hand : and he drew near to the Phi- | Philistines fell down by the way to
listine.

+ Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto t Josh. 15. 36.
41 And the Philistine came on and Ekron.
drew near unto David; and the man 53 And the children of Israel return-
that bare the shield went before him. ed from chasing after the Philistines,

42 And when the Philistine looked and they spoiled their tents. 8 P8. 123. 3, 4. about, and saw David, he disdained 54 And David took the head of the 1 Cor. 1.27,28.

him: for he was but a youth, and Philistine, and brought it to Jerusab ch. 16. 12. hruddy, and of a fair countenance. | lem; but he put his armour in his tent.

43 And the Philistine said unto Da- | 55 | And when Saul saw David go i ch. 24. 14. vid, i Am I a dog, that thou comest to forth against the Philistine, he said 2 Sam.3.8.& 9. 8. & 16. 9.

me with staves ? And the Philistine unto Abner, the captain of the host, 2 Kings 8.13. cursed David by his gods.

Abner, u whose son is this youth? u See ch. 16. k 1 Kings 20.

21, 22. 44 And the Philistine k said to David, And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, 10, ! 1.

Come to me, and I will give thy flesh | O king, I cannot tell.
unto the fowls of the air, and to the 56 And the king said, Inquire thou
beasts of the field.

whose son the stripling is.
45 Then said David to the Phi 57 And as David returned from the
listine, Thou comest to me with a slaughter of the Philistine, Abner

sword, and with a spear, and with took him, and brought him before
1 2 Sam. 22.33,
35. Ps. 124.

a shield : 'but I come to thee in the Saul 'with the head of the Philistine x ver. 54. 8. & 125. 1." name of the Lord of hosts, the God in his hand.

Cor: 10: l of the armies of Israel, whom thou 58 And Saul said to him, Whose son Heb. 11.33,34. m ver. 10. hast m defied.

| art thou, thou young man? And Da+ Heb. shut 46 This day will the LORD + deliver vid answered, I am the son of thy y ver. 12. thee up.

thee into mine hand; and I will servant Jesse the Beth-lehemite.

Jonathan loveth David.

I. SAMUEL

Saul's jealousy of him.

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20. 17. 2 Sam. | soul.

tines.

B. C.

14 And David Il behaved himself CHAPTER XVIII. about 1063.

B. C. wisely in all his ways; and "the about 1063. Jonathan's affection for David. 5 Saul at first promoteth him; 8 but afterwards envieth his praise, 10 and in his fury seeketh to kill him. 20 He offereth

Il Or, prosperhim his daughter as a snare; 25 but he escapeth the danger. 28° Saul's hatred and David's glory in- he behaved himself very wisely, hel ver. 5. crease. was afraid of him.

r Gen. 39, 2, 3,

23. Josh. 6. AND it came to pass, when he 16 But sall Israel and Judah loved 27

A had made an end of speaking David, because he went out and came s ver. 5. a Gen. 41. 30. unto Saul, that a the soul of Jonathan in before them.

was knit with the soul of David, 17 T And Saul said to David, Beb ch. 19. 2. & band Jonathan loved him as his own hold my elder daughter Merab, ther t ch. 17. 25. 1. 26. Deut.

will I give thee to wife : only be thou 13. 6.

2 And Saul took him that day, and + valiant for me, and fight u the Lord's + Heb, a son c ch. 17. 15.

of valour. would let him go no more home to battles. For Saul said, * Let not mine ,

u Num. 32. his father's house.

hand be upon him, but let the hand 29, 27, 29. 3 Then Jonathan and David made of the Philistines be upon him.

ch. 25, 28.

x ver. 21, 25. a covenant, because he loved him as 18 And David said unto Saul, y Who 2 Sam. 12. 9. his own soul. am I ? and what is my life, or my y See ver. 23.

ch. 9. 21. 4 And Jonathan stripped himself of father's family in Israel, that I should | 2 Sam. 7. 18. the robe that was upon him, and gave be son in law to the king ? it to David, and his garments, even 19 But it came to pass at the time to his sword, and to his bow, and to when Merab Saul's daughter should his girdle.

have been given to David, that she 5 † And David went out whither- was given unto a Adriel the a Mehol z 2 Sam. 21.8.

a Judg. 7. 22. soever Saul sent him, and Il behaved | athite to wife. 11 Or, prospered,

himself wisely: and Saul set him over ver. 14, 15,30.

b ver. 28.

20 b And Michal Saul's daughter the men of war, and he was accepted loved David : and they told Saul, and in the sight of all the people, and also the thing + pleased him.

+ Feb. was in the sight of Saul's servants. 21 And Saul said, I will give him

right in his

eyes. 6 And it came to pass as they came, her, that she may be a snare to him, c Ex. 10. 7.

when David was returned from the and that d the hand of the Philistines d ver. 17. Or, Philis slaughter of the Philistine, that d the may be against him. Wherefore Saul

women came out of all cities of Israel, said to David, Thou shalt e this day See ver. 26. d Ex. 15. 20. Judy. 11. 34. singing and dancing, to meet king be my son in law in the one of the

Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with twain. + Heb. three tinstruments of music.

22 | And Saul commanded his servstringed instruments.

7 And the women e answered one an- ants, saying, Commune with David e Ex. 15. 21. other as they played, and said, f Saul | secretly, and say, Behold, the king f ch. 21. 11. & hath slain his thousands, and David hath delight in thee, and all his serv29. 5. his ten thousands.

ants love thee: now therefore be the 8 And Saul was very wroth, and the king's son in law. + Heb. was saying + $displeased him; and he said, 23 And Saul's servants spake those cvil in his

They have ascribed unto David ten words in the ears of David. And eyes. & Ecc. 4. 4. thousands, and to me they have as David said, Seemeth it to you a light

cribed but thousands : and what can thing to be a king's son in law, seeing h ch. 15. 28. he have more but h the kingdom? that I am a poor man, and lightly

9 And Saul eyed David from that esteemed ? day and forward.

| 24 And the servants of Saul told 10 | And it came to pass on the him, saying, + On this manner spake + Heb. Accordi ch. 16. 14. morrow, that i the evil spirit from David.

ing to these

words. k ch. 19. 24. God came upon Saul, k and he proph- 25 And Saul said, Thus shall ye say 1 Kings 18.29. Acts 16. 16.

esied in the midst of the house: to David, The king desireth not any

and David played with his hand, as dowry, but a hundred foreskins of f Gen. 34. 12. I ch. 19. 9. at other times : land there was a jav- the Philistines, to be 5 avenged of the

Ex. 22. 17.

g ch. 14. 24. elin in Saul's hand.

king's enemies. But Saul h thought I h ver. 17. mch. 19. 10. 11 And Saul mcast the javelin ; for to make David fall by the hand of & 20.33. Prov. 27. 4.

he said, I will smite David even to the Philistines.
the wall with it. And David avoided 26 And when his servants told Da-
out of his presence twice.

vid these words, it pleased David well a ver. 15, 29. | 12 | And Saul was afraid of David, to be the king's son in law : and i the i See ver. 21. o ch. 16. 13, 18. because o the LORD was with him, and days were not texpired.

+ Heb. fulp ch. 16. 14. & was P departed from Saul.

27 Wherefore David arose and filled. 28. 15.

13 Therefore Saul removed him from went, he and k his men, and slew of k ver. 13.

him, and made him his captain over a the Philistines two hundred men ; q ver. 16.

2 thousand; and 9 he went out and came and David brought their foreskins, 12 Sam. 3. 14. Num. 27. 17. 2 Saml. 3. 2. in before the people.

| and they gave them in full tale to

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B. C. the king, that he might be the king's | LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his B. C. about 1063. son in law. And Saul gave him Mi- , house with his javelin in his hand : | about 1062. chal his daughter to wife.

and David played with his hand.
28 | And Saul saw and knew that 10 And Saul sought to smite David
the LORD was with David, and that even to the wall with the javelin ;
Michal Saul's daughter loved him. but he slipped away out of Saul's

29 And Saul was yet the more presence, and he smote the javelin
afraid of David; and Saul became into the wall: and David fled, and
David's enemy continually.

escaped that night. 30 Then the princes of the Philis- 11 Saul also sent messengers unto | 1 Ps. 59, title. m 2 Sam. 11.1. tines mwent forth : and it came to David's house, to watch him, and to

pass, after they went forth, that Da- slay him in the morning: and Mia ver. 5. vid behaved himself more wisely chal David's wife told him, saying,

than all the servants of Saul; so that If thou save not thy life to night, f Heb. pre his name was much tset by.

to morrow thou shalt be slain. cious, ch. 26. 21. 2 Kings 1.

12 [ So Michal mlet David down m So Josh. 2. 13. Ps.116.15. CHAPTER XIX. through a window : and he went, and 15. Acts 9.

24, 25. | fled, and escaped. Jonathan discloseth his father's purpose to kill David.

† Heb. tera4 He persuadeth his father to reconciliation. 8 By

the bed and put o millo phim, Gen. reason of David's success, Saul's rage breaketh out

31. 19. Judg. against him; 12 but he is rescued by Michal. 18

17. 5.
David cometh to Samuel in Naioth. 20 Saul send-
eth to take David. His messengers, 22 and Saul | CO
himself, prophesy.

14 And when Saul sent messengers
AND Saul spake to Jonathan his to take David, she said, He is sick.
A son, and to all his servants, that 15 And Saul sent the messengers
they should kill David.

| again to see David, saying, Bring a ch. 18. 1. 2 But Jonathan Saul's son a delight- him up to me in the bed, that I may

ed much in David : and Jonathan told slay him.
David, saying, Saul my father seek- 16 And when the messengers were
eth to kill thee : now therefore, I pray come in, behold, there was an image
thee, take heed to thyself until the in the bed, with a pillow of goats'
morning, and abide in a secret place, hair for his bolster.
and hide thyself:

17 And Saul said unto Michal, Why
3 And I will go out and stand be-hast thou deceived me so, and sent
side my father in the field where thou away mine enemy, that he is escaped ?
art, and I will commune with my fa- | And Michal answered Saul, He said
ther of thee; and what I see, that I unto me, Let me go; n why should n 2 Sam. 2. 22.
will tell thee.

I kill thee? b Prov. 31. 8, | 4 | And Jonathan bspake good of 18 | So David fled, and escaped, 9.

David unto Saul his father, and said and came to Samuel to Ramah, and c Gen. 42. 22. unto him, Let not the king 'sin told him all that Saul had done to Ps. 35. 12. &

against his servant, against David ; him. And he and Samuel went and
109. 5. Prov.
17. 13. Jer.18. because he hath not sinned against dwelt in Naioth.

thee, and because his works have been 19 And it was told Saul, saying,
to thee-ward very good :

Behold, David is at Naioth in Rad Judg. 9. 17. 5 For he did put his life in his | mah. de 13: 3. chhand, and e slew the Philistine, and 20 And Saul sent messengers to See John 7. 119. 109. f the Lord wrought a great salvation take David : Pand when they saw the

32, 45, &c. e ch. 17.49, 50.

p ch. 10.5, 6. for all Israel : thou sawest it, and company of the prophets prophesying, ' *1 Cor. 14. 3; f 1 Sam. 11. 13. 1 Chr. 11. 14.

24, 25. didst rejoice : & wherefore then wilt and Samuel standing as appointed over 8 ch. 20. 32. thou hsin against innocent blood, to them, the Spirit of God was upon the h Matt. 27. 4.

slay David without a cause? | messengers of Saul, and they also
6 And Saul hearkened unto the voice prophesied.

9 Num. 11. 25.

Joel 2. 28. of Jonathan : and Saul sware, As the 21 And when it was told Saul, he LORD liveth, he shall not be slain. sentother messengers, and they proph

And Jonathan called David, and esied likewise. And Saul sent mes

Jonathan shewed him all those things. sengers again the third time, and they i ch. 16. 21. & *18.:2, 13. • « | And Jonathan brought David to Saul, | prophesied also. + Heb. yester and he was in his presence, ias tin 22 Then went he also to Ramah, day third day. times past.

and came to a great well that is in Seabout 106

8 | And there was war again : and chu: and he asked and said, Where
David went out, and fought with the are Samuel and David ? And one said,

Philistines, and slew them with a Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah.
k ch. 16. 14. &
| 18. 10, 11.** * great slaughter; and they fled from 23 And he went thither to Naioth
† Heb. his thim.

in Ramah : and r the Spirit of God r ch. 10. 10. face.

| 9 And the evil spirit from the was upon him also, and he went on,

20.

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