Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub

CHAPTER VI.
From the beginning of the commotions in Scotland, to the Long Parlia-

ment in the year 16-10.
Seots’ -liturgy; imposed by the prerogative; oecasions tumults.
Reasons against it Petitions against it, and a protestation. Tables
erected. The solemn league and covenant renewed. The band of de-
fence. The marquis of Hamilton sent high commissioner into Seot-
land. The king's concessions. A general assembly at Glasgow. 'The
bishop's declinator. It is rejected. The assembly dissolved: but con-
tinue sitting: their reasons for so doing. Preparations of the English
coart against them. Acts of the assembly. Bishops deposed. First
Scots war. Proceedings of the high commissions.' Settlement of the
colonies of Connecticut and New Hampshire. Puritan ministers re-
move to New England: viz. Mr. Rogers. Mr. Nuoman, and Mr. Chaun.
cey. Oliver Cromwell and other gentleman bound for New England.
Oihers remove to Holland, viz. Dr. Thomas Goodwin, Mr. Nye. Mr.
Burroughs, Mr. Bridge, and Mr. Sympson. Heylin's remarks. The
king marehes against the Scots. A pacific tion. A general assembly
at Edinburgh The king's instructions 10 his commissioner. The
parliament meets. The king refuses to confirm their acts. Bishop
Hall's divine right of episcopacy: revised by Laud. Bagshaw's read-
ings against the bishops. Earl of Strafford called out of Ireland, ad-
vises a second war. The Scots are encouraged by the English. The
short parliament. The king goes on to raise money by the prerogative.
Mutinous disposition of the people. Convocation opened. Proceed-
ings of the convocation : continued after the dissolution of the parlia-
ment. Opinion of the judges. Several of the members dissatisfied.
Their proceedings. Reinarks. Abstract of the canons; of the kingly
power: for observing the king's inauguration day; against popery;
against socinianism; against separatists; to prevent alterations in the
chureh government; the oath called Et Cætera; of rites and ceremo-
nies : preaening for conformity. They are unacceptable to the clergy.
The execution of them suspended. Second Scots war.

Sad condition
of the court at the calling of the long parliament. Death and char-
aeter of Mr. Ball, of Mr. Chadderton, of Dr. Neile archbishop of York,
and of Mr. Joseph Mede.
The Character of the Long Parliament. Their arguments against the

late convocation and canons. The impeachment of Dr. William Laud,
archbishop of Canterbury. Votes of the House of Commons against
the promoters of the late innovations.

Long parliament. Their religious character. Character of the lead-
ing members amongst the peers : earl of Essex, earl of Bedford, lore
Kimbolton, and earl of Warwick. Character of the leading members
in the house of commons; of Mr. Lenthal the speaker, Mr. Pym, Mr.
Hollis, sir Henry Vane, senior, sir John Hotham, and Mr. Hainpden.
of the earl of Essex's party, and others. Long parliament opened.
They appoint committees. Speeches against the late canons. Resulu-
hons against thein. Remarks. Proceedings of the convocation. Mr.
Warmistre's speech. They disperse. Objections of the commons against
the late convocation, and against the canons. Objections to the Et

VOLE IT.

CHAPTER VII.

Cætera oath. Remarks. Archbishop Laud impeached of high treason.

The Scots charge. His grace's reply. Sir H. Grimstone's speech a-

gainst him. He is impeached by the English parliament. He is com-

mitted to the usher of the blackrod. Heads of the impeachment of

the house of commons. The archbishop speaks for himself. He is

sent to the Tower. Prisoners of the prerogative released, viz. bishop

of Lincoln, Prynne, Burton, and Bastwick. Dr. Leighton's petition).

He is released. Dr. Osbaldeston, and others. Authors of the late in-

novations censured : bishop IFren, and several other clergymen. Mu-

tinous behavior of the people. Votes to prevent it. Service of the

church of England neglected. History of the independents continued:

of Mr. Lathorpe, Mr. Cann, Mr. Howe, and Mr. Moore. They ap-

pear in public. Votes of parliament against innovations.

Votes

against subscriptions of the university. Desigu of their votes.

The antiquity of Liturgies and of the Episcopal Order, debated between

bishop Hall and smecTTMNUUS. Petitions for and against the hie.

rarchy. Roor and BRANCH petition. The ministers' petition for

REFORMATION. Speeches upon the petitions. Proceedings against

papists.

Pamphlets for and against episcopacy. Bishop Hall's divine right
of episcopacy. Answered by SMECTYMNUUS. Abstract of the contro-
versy upon the antiquity of liturgies. Bishop Hall's argument.
Smectyinnuus for the liberty of prayer. Primitive manner of worship.
Bishop Hall's commendation of the English liturgy. Smectymnuus
reply. Bishop Hall's concessions about liberty of prayer; defence of
remonstrance. Of the distinction between bishop and presbyter. Of
the right of ordination by bishops or by presbyters. Whether presby-
ters may ordain without a bishop of the right of jurisdiction. Re-
marks. Judgment of foreign divines. Numbers of hands to petitions
for and against the hierarchy. The folly of it. Root and braneh pe-
tition for taking away the whole hierarchy. Counter petition for con-
tinuing the hierarehy. Ministers' petition for reformation of the hie-
rarehy. The king interposes. Speeches for root and branch. Sir. H.
Vane's speech, Serjeant Thomas's, Mr. Bagshaw's, and Mr. White's.
Speeches for the ministers' petition. Lord Falkland's speech for the
reformation of the hierarchy. Lord Digby's speech on the same side.
Remarks. Resolutions of the house of com:nons. Proceedings against
papists. The king favors them. Goodman, a priest, reprieved by the
king. Remonstrance of the parliament against it. The king's answer.
Remarks.

CHAPTER IX,

From the Impeachment of the Earl of Strafford, to the Recess of the Par-

liament upon the King's progress into Scotland.

Impeachment and trial of the earl of Strafford. Plot to bring the
army to London. Mischievous consequences of it. Character of the
earl of Strafford. The king's late ministers terrified. Reasons for not
dissolving the parliament. Remarks. A solemn vow and protestation
taken by both houses ; ordered to be taken all over England, but
prevented by the bishops. Remarks. Bill against the hishops' votes
in parliament. Arguments for the bill. Arguments in favor of the bish -

ops, with the replies. Whether bishops are one of the three estates in
parliament. A bill for the extirpation of bishops, deans and chapters,
and prebendaries, brought in by sir Edward Deering.

His speech
in the committee. Debates about deans and chapters. Dr. İlack-
ett's defence of deans and chapters. Dr. Burgess's speech against
them. Serjeant Thomas's speech against deans and chapters. O.
riginal of deaus, &c. Alderman Pury's speech against them. Reso-
lutions of the house, but the bill lost. Committee of accommodation,
The sub-committee. Their names. Their propositions and queries. Bp.
Williams's scheme of church discipline. Archbishop Usher's reduction
of episcopaey to synodical government. Other reconciling schemes. The
eommittee of accommodation breaks up. Remarks. Remarks on Mr.
Rapin. The king's conduet at passing the bills for abolishing the high
commission and star-chamber. Act for abolishing the court of high-
eommission. Remarks. Star-chamber abolished. Manifesto in favor
of the Palatine family. Further attacks upon the bishops. Thirteen
bishops impeached for compiling the canons. They fall into neglect.
'The kiog resolves upon a progress into Scotland to disunite that na-
tion from the parliament. Abstract of the pacification with Scotland.
The king's progress into Scotland: bis concessions. Upon his return
to England he repents of them. Thanksgiving for the pacification.
The Scots deelared to be the king's faithful subjects. Unsettled state
of religion. Votes of the house of commous concerning the commun:
ion table : for eneouragement of preaching Committee fer preaching
ministers, and for scandalous ministers. Votes for the observation of
the Lord's day. House of lords disagree with the commons. Their
voles put in execution. Remarks. Rioters punished. Sad represent-
ation of the state of religion by the royalists, and by the king. Reply
of the commons. Disadvantages of tlie parliament with respect to min.
isters. Archbishop Laud suspended from his jurisdiction. Bishop of
Lincoln's visitation. Distracted state of the nation. Remarks. Death
and eharacter of bishop Davenant, bishop Montague, and Mr. Eaton.

CHAPTER X.

From the re-issembling of the Parliament to the King's leaving his

Palace of Whitehall, January 10th, 1641-2.
Irish insurrection and massacre : spreads terror over England: au-
thors of it. Concern of the English court in it.

Earl of Essex's ac.
count; and the marquis of Antrim's. King Charles II.'s letter. Pro-
ceedings of the parliament upon the insurrection. The king's impru-
deat conduet. Remarks. The king's letter in favor of the hierarchy.
He fills up the vacant bishopries. Remonstrance of the house of com.
moas. Remarks. It is presented to the king. Grievances of religion.
Declaration of their intentions. Petition presented with the remon-
stranee. Tbe king's answer to the petition, and to the remonstrance.
Issue of the impeaehment of the thirteen bishops. The petition of the
lordmayor and aldermen against the bishops and popish lords : of the
London apprentices. Petitions for the bishops. A second petition of
the puritaii clergy for reformation. Tumults about the parliament
house. Skirmishes between the two parties, and in the city. Al-
lempts to soppress them. The bishops insulted going to the parlia-
meat house. Their protestation. They are impeached. The protes-

From the King's leaving Whitehall to the beginning of the Civil War.

State of the nation. Resolutions of the cabinet council at Windsor.

Debates about the militia. Petitions to the parliament to provide for

the safety of the nation Their proceedings. The crisis. "Votes and

resolutions of the commons. The king's reply: The parliament's

answer. Remarks. The Scots offer their mediation, which the king

refuses, but the parliament accepts. A declaration of the parliament

concerning a reformation. The negative oath. Numbers of libellous

pamphlets on both sides. The king's high language to the parliament,

He is denied entrance into Hull. The king's proceedings in the north.

Courts of justice to be removed. Proceedings of parliament. Abstract

of the parliament's memorial: and of the king's answer. The sum of

the parliament's desires in nineteen propositions. Propositions relat-

ing to religion. The king's answer. The king's preparations for the

war, and the parliament's. Money and plate borrowed of the citizens.

The king's proposals for borrowing of money The loyalty of the uni-

versity of Oxford. The vice-chancellor's letter on behalf of the uni-

versity. The chancellor's answer. Loyalty of the university at Cam-

bridge ; their plate delivered up; value of the whole. Parliament re-

sents it. The king applies to the papists. The parliament confeder-

ates with the Scots. A letter of the general assembly to the parliament.

The parliament's reply. The king's letter to Scotland. A bill to abol-

ish episcopacy. Remarks. The war opens. A vote of parliament for

raising an army. The king sets up his standard at Nottingham.

CHAPTER XII.

The State of the Church of England. The religious Character of both

Parties. With a Summary of the Ground of the Civil War.

The condition of the church : of the cathedrals. The strict obser-
yation of the sabbath.

Plays and other diversions put down. Thę
monthly fast.
Rise of the niorning lecture.

A reformation of man-
pers in the city and parts adjacent; in the camp of the earl of Esser.
Mr. Bacter's character of those who took part with the parliament.-
Of the puritan clergy ; Mr. Baxter's account of them. Their political
behavior; their vindication. Of the king's clergy. Of the king's
army. The king's proclamation for the better government of his army.
The authors of the civil war : the queen, evil counsellors, warm spirits
in the house of commons. The grounds and reasons on which it pros
ceeded. Jealousies on both sides,

CHAPTER II.

« PoprzedniaDalej »