Obrazy na stronie

to all creatures; fo, after moft fpecial manner, it taketh care of his church, and difpofeth all things to the good. thereof c.

CHAP. VI. Of the fall of man, of fin, and of the punishment thereof.

UR first parents, being feduced by the fubtilty and temp


This their fin, God was pleafed, according to his wife and holy counfel, to permit, having purposed to order it to his own glory b.

II. By this fin they fell from their original righteousness and communion with God c, and fo became dead in

VII. c 1 Tim.4.10.For therefore weboth labour,and fufferreproach, because wetruft in the living God, whoistheSaviour of all men,efpeciallyof thofethatbelieve. Amosq. 8. Behold theeyes of the LordGod are upon the finful kingdom,and I will deftroy it from off the face of the earth; favingthat I willnotutterly destroy the houfe of Jacob, faith the Lord. v. 9. For lo, I will command, & will fift the houfe of Ifraelamongallnations,likeas corn is fifted in the five, yet fhallnotthe leaftgrainfallupon the earth. Rom. 8. 28. Andwe know that allthings work together for good, to them that love God,to them who are the called according to hispupofe.Ifa. 43.3. For I am the Lord thy God, the holy one of Ifrael thySaviour: IgaveEgypt for thy ranfom, Ethiopia and Sheba for thee. v. 4.Since thouwas precious inmyfight,thou haft been honourable, and I have loved thee; therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life. v. 5, Fear not, for I am with thee: I will bring thy feed from the caft, and gather thee from the welt. v. 14. Thus faith the Lord your redeemer, the holy one of


Ifrael, for your fake I have sent to Babylon, and have brought down all their nobles, and the Chaldeans whofe cry is in the fhips. I. a Gen. 3.13.And the Lord God faid unto the woman, What is this that thou haft done? And the woman faid, the ferpent beguiled me, andIdid eat.2 Cor, 11.3.But 1 fear leaft by any means, as the ferpent beguiled Eve through his fubtilty, fo yourminds fhould be corrupted fromthefimplicity that is inChrift. b Rom. 11. 32. ForGod had con cluded them all in unbelief,that he might have mercy upon all.

II. cGen.3.6. And when the woman faw that the tree was goodfor food,and that it waspleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be defired to makeonewife;fhe took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave allo unto her husband with her, and he did eat.v. 7. And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they fewed fig trees together and made themfelves aprons, v. 8. Andthey heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden, in the cool of theday:and Adam and his wife hidthemfelves fromtheprefence of


fin d, and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of foul and body e.

III. They being the root of all mankind the guilt of this fin was imputed f, and the fame death in fin and corrupted

the Lord God,amongst the treesof the garden. Eccl. 7. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have foughtout many inventions, Rom. 3.23. For all have finned and come Thort of the glory of God.

d Gen. 2. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of God and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou fhalt furely die. Eph. 2.1. Andyou hath he quick ned, who were dead in trelpalles and fins,

e Tit. 1. 15. Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled,and unbelieving,is nothing pure, but even their mind and confcience is defiled. Gen 6.5. And God faw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart, was only evil continually. Jer. 17. 9. The heart isdeceitfull above all things, and desperately wicked, who can know it? Rom. 3.10. As it iswrit ten, there is none righteous, no not one.. 11. There is none that understandeth, there is none that feeketh after God. v.12. They are all gone out of the way, they are togetherbecome unprofitable,there is nonethat doth good,no not one. v. 13. Their throat is an open fe. pulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poifon of alps is under their lips. v. 14. Whose mouth is full of curling and bitternels..15. Their feet are fwift to fhed blood. v. 16. Destruction and mifery are in their ways. v. 17. And the way of peace have they not known. 18,There is no fear of God before their eyes.

III. f Gen 1,27,So God created maninhisown image; in the image

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of God created he him: male and female created he them. 7.28. And God blefled them, and God faid unto them, be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth, and fubdueit: and have dominion over the fifhof the fea,and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing thatmoveth upon the earth And Gen. 2.16. And the LordGod commanded the man, taying, of everytree of thegarden thoumayeft freely eat. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou fhalt furely die. And Acts 17. 26. And hath made of one blood, all nations of men,for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determinedthetimesbe foreappointed, and the bounds of their habitation. With Rom. 5. 12.Wherefore, as by one man fin entred into the world, and death by fin; and fo death paffed upon all men,for that all have finned. v. 15. But not as the offence, fo alfo isthe free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead; much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Chrift, hath abounded unto many. v. 16. And notas it was by one that finned, fo is the gift for the judgment was by oneto condemnation; but the free gift is of many offences unto juftification. v. 17. For if byone man's offence,death reigned by one; much more they whichre- ceive abundance of grace, and of thegift of righteoufnefs, fhall reign in life by one, Jefus Chrift.. 18. Therefore as by the offence of one, judgment cameuponallmento con demnation: even fo by the righteoufness of one, the free gift came



Chap. 6. nature conveyed, to all their posterity, defcending from them by ordinary generation g.

IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indifpofed, difabled, and made oppofite to all good b, and wholly inclined to all evili, do proceed all actual tranfgref

fions k.

V. This corruption of nature, during this life, do remain

upon all men unto juftification of life. v. 19. For as by one man's difobedience,many were made finners: fo by the obedience of one, fhall manybe made righteous. And I Cor.15.21.For finceby man came death, by man came allo the refurrection of the dead. v. 22. For as in Adam all die, even fo in Chrift fhall all be made alive. . 45. And fo it is written, The firft man Adam was made a living foul, the laft Adam was made a quickning fpirit. v. 49. And as we have born the image of the earthly, we alfo fhall bear the image of the heavenly.

g Pfalm 51. 5. Behold, I was fhapen in iniquity and in fin did my mother conceive me. Gen.5.3. And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a fon in his own likenefs, after his image; and called his name Seth. Job 14 4. Who canbring a clean thing outof an unclean? not one. Job. 15. 14. What is manthathefhouldbeclean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?

IV. h Rom. 5. 6. For when we were yet without ftrength, in due time Chrift died for the ungodly. Rom 8. 7. Because the carnalmind is enmity against God: for it is not fubject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.Rom. 7. 18. For I know, that in me,(that is, in my flefh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is prefent with me,but how to perform that which is good, I find not. Col. 1. 21 And you that were fometimes alienated, and enemiesinyourmindbywickedworks, yet now hath he reconciled,

i Gen 6. 5. And God faw that the wickendefs of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart, was only evil continually. Gen. 8. 21. And the Lord finelled a sweet favour, and the Lord faid in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more formans fake;for the imagination of mans heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again fmite any more, every thing living, as I have done. Rom.3. 10. As it is written,there is none righteous, no not one: v. 11. There is none that understandeth, there is none that feeketh after God. v. 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable, there is none that doth good, no not one.

k James 1. 14. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own luft,and enticed. v. 15. Then when luft hath conceived, it bringeth forth fin: and fin when it is finished, bringeth forth death. Eph.2. 2. Wherein in time paft ye walked according to the courle of this word, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of difobedience.v.3. Among whom alfo we all had our converfation in times paft, in the lufts of our flesh, fulfilling the defires of the flesh, and of the mind: and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others Matth. 15. 16. For out ofthe heart proceed evil thoughts mur ders.adulteries, fornications, thefts, falfe-witnefs, blafphemies.

V.1 John

main in those that are regenerated 1: And although it be thro' Chrift pardoned and mortified, yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly fin m.

VI. Every fin, both originial and actual, being a tranf greffion of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto n, doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon the finner o, whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God p, and curfe of the law q, and fo made fubject to death,

V.II Johni. 8.If we fay that we have no fin, we deceive our felves, and the truth is not in us. v. 10. If we fay that we have not finned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us. Rom.7.14. For we know that the law is fpiritual: but I am carnal, fold under fin.. 17. Now then, it is no more I that do it, but fin that dwelleth in me. v. 18. For I know that in me, (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is prefent with me, but how to perform thatwhich is good,I find not.v.23. But I fee another law in my members, warring againft the lawof my mind,and bringingme into capti vity to the law of fin, which is in my members. James 3. 2. For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the fame is a perfect man, and able alfo to bridle the wholebody.Prov. 20. 9. Who can fay,I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my fin? Eccl.7. 20.For there is not a juft man upon the earth that doth good and finneth net.

v. 25. I thank God,through Jefus Christ our Lord.So then with the mind I myself ferve the law of God; but with the flesh, the law of fin, Gal. 5. 17. For the flesh lufteth against the fpirit, and the fpirit against the flesh and these are contrary the one to the other, fo thatyecannot do thethings that ye would,

VI, n 1 John 3. 4. Whofoever committeth fin, tranigreffeth allo the law, for fin is the tranfgreffion of the law.

o Rom. 2. 15. Which fhew the work of the law written in their hearts, theirconfcience alfobearing witness, & their thoughts the mean while accufing,or elfeexcufingone another. Rom. 3.9. What thenare we not better than they? No?inno wife: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles,that they are all under fin. v. 19. Now we know, that what things foever the law faith,it faith to them, who are under the law that every mouth may be ftopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.

P Eph. 2. 3. Among whom alfo weall hadour converfationin times past, in the lufts of our flesh, fulfilling the defires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

m Rom.7.5. For when we were in the flesh, the motions of fins which were by the law, did work inour members to bring forth fruit unto death... What hall we lay then? Is the law fin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known fin; but by q Gal.3.10.For as many as are the law: for I had not knownluft, of the works of the law,are under except the law had faid,Thouthalt the curfe for it is written, Curfed not covet..,But fin taking occa is every one that continueth notin lionbythecommandment,wrought all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

in me allmanner of concupifcence, For without thelaw fin was dead,



F Rom

death, with all miferies fpiritualf, temporalt, and eternal v.

CHAP. VII. Of God's covenant with man.



that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of him as their blessednefs and reward, but by fome voluntary condefcenfion on God's part, which he hath been pleased to exprefs by way of covenant a.

r Rom. 6. 23. For the wages of fin is death: but the gift of God is eternal life, through Jefus Chrift our Lord.

fEph. 4. 18. Having the underftanding darkned, being alienated from the life of God, through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindnefs of their heart.

t Rom. 8. 20. For the creature was made fubject to vanity, rot willingly, but by reafon of him who hath fubjected the fame in hope. Lam. 3.39. Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his fins?

v Mat. 25.41.Then thall he fay allo unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye curfed, into everlafting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. 2 Theff. 1. 9. Who fhall be punished with everJafling deftruction from the prefence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power.

I. a Ifa. 40. 13. Who hath directed the spirit of the Lord? or being his counfeller hath taught him? v. 14. With whom took he counfel, and who inftructed him, andtaught him inthe path of judgment, and taught him knowledge, and fhewed to him the way of underftanding?v. 15. Behold,the nations are as a drop of a bucket,and are counted as the fmall duft of the balance: Behold, he taketh up the


II. The

ifles as a very little thing. v. 16. And Lebanon is not fufficient to burn,nor the beafts thereof futficient for a burnt-offering. v. 17, All nations before him are as nothing, and they are counted to him lefs thannothing,andvanity.Job.9.32. For he is not a man,as I am, that I fhould answer him, and we fhould come together in judgment.v.33. Neither is there any days-man betwixt us, that might lay his hand upon us both. 1 Sam. 2, 25.If one man fin against another, the judge fhall judge him: but if a man fin against the Lord, who fhall intreat for him? Pfal. 103.5. Who is like unto the Lord our God, who dwelleth on high? v, 6. Who humbleth himself to behold the things that are in heaven, and in the earth. Pfal. 100. 2. Serve the Lord with gladnefs come before his prefence with finging. v. 3. Know ye that the Lord he isGod,it is he thathath made us,and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the theep of his palture. Job 22. 2. Can a man be profitable unto God, as he that is wife may be profitable unto himfelf? v. 3. Is it any pleasure to the Almighty that thou art righteous? or is it gain to him, that thou makeft thy ways perfect? Job 35.7; If thou be righteous, what giveft thou him?or what receiveth he of thine hand? v, S. Thy wickedness


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