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lence and Invasion. His proper Name was Joses, a softer Termination, familiar with the Greeks, for Foseph; given him at his Circumcision in honour of Joseph, one of the great Patriarchs of that Nation.

Q. Why was be by the Apostles surnamed Barnabas,

which fignifies the Son of Consolation ?

A. Some think for his eminent Prophetick

Gifts, and his Dexterity in managing troubled Acts 11. Minds ; for he was a good - Man, full of Faith 24• and of the Holy Ghost. Tho' if we consider the

Occasion of imposing this Name, it seems to

have been an honourable Acknowledgment of Acts 4.37. his Charity in selling his whole Estate for the

Relief of the poor Christians, and upon the account of the Consolation they received thereby.

Q. Where was he educated ?

À. His Parents being rich and pious, he was sent to Jerusalem to be trained up in the Knowledge of the Law, and was committed to the Care of that great Doctor Gamaliel ; which probably might lay the Foundation of that intimate Friendship which was afterwards contracted between this Apostle and St. Paul.

Q. When was he converted to Christianity ?

A. The particular Time is uncertain, though by the Ancients he is generally esteemed one of the Seventy Disciples chosen by our Saviour.

And he gave an early Proof of his Christian Euseb.lib. Zeal, in selling his Lands for the Support of his 1. C. 12. Christian Brethren. And though he was of the

Tribe of Levi, to whom the Mosaic Law allowed no particular Possessions ; yet we may reasonably suppose this Estate was his patrimonial Inheritance at Cyprus, where the Jewish Constitutions did not take place.

Q. What Q. What Amftance did St. Barnabas give' St, Paul after his Conversion ?

A. When the Christians at Jerusalem were not choroughly fatisfied with St. Paul's Change, apprehending it might be only a subtle Art

to ensnare them, St. Barnabas introduced him to A&s 9.27the Apostles, and declared to them the Manner of his Conversion, and what Evidence he had given of it at Damascus in his bold Disputations with the Jews.

Q. What was his first Employment in the Setvice of the Church?

A News from Antioch being brought to the Acts 11. Church at Jerusalem, that many in that City 22. had embraced Christianity, St. Barnabas was sent to settle this new Plantation. Upon his Arrival he rejoiced extremely to see what Progress the Gospel had made among them, and not only exhorted them with Purpose of Heart to ver. 23. cleave unto the Lord, but by his Labours added many to the Church ; and, the Work growing too great for a single Hand, he went to Tarsus, ver.25, 26 and engaged St. Paul to return with him to Antioch, where they both laboured together a whole Year in the Establishment of that Church.

Q. When were the Followers of Jesus called Christians ?

1. Abouť this Time at Antioch. They who Aası 1.26 first embraced the Faith were styled Disciples or Believers, the Brethren, or Men of the Church, or Callers upon the Name of Christ, or Men of that Way, or by their Enemies Nazarenes or Gulile- 19. 9. ans. But Christians was the Name they afterwards 24. gloried in so much, that before the Face of their

7. Enemies they would acknowledge no other Title, cho' hated, reviled, tormented and martyred for it.

Q. What

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upon us?

Q. Wbat Obligation doth that holy Name lay

A. To believe and practise what Christ taught,

to imitate his Example, who was made perfect, Heb.2,10 through Sufferings, to cleave with Purpose of

Heart to the Lord, and to avoid all Manner of Evil, which we folemnly renounced when we took upon us that Name.

Q. What was the next Piece of Service St. Bara nabas did the Church?

A. He, with St. Paul, carried a charitable SupAfts 11. ply from the Christians at Antioch, to relieve the 30. Brethren in Judea, who were reduced to great

Necessities by a severe Famine that afflicted the Provinces of the Roman Empire, and particularly Judæa.

Q. How was St. Barnabas called to the Converfion of the Gentile World ?

A. By the particular Designation of the Holy Acts 13.2.Ghost, who by Revelation made to the Prophets

and Teachers of the Church of Antioch, when they were engaged in Fasting and Prayer, and other publick Exercises of Religion, commanded that he should be set apart with St. Paul to that Purpose.

Q. In what Manner was this Designation to the Service of the Church performed?

A. Fasting and Prayer preceded, and then Imposition of Hands : An ancient Ceremony transferred from the Jews into the Christian Church, in ordaining Guides and Ministers of Religion, and which hath been so used through all Ages to this Day.

Q. Where did St. Barnabas, being joined with

St. Paul, preach the Gospel ? Yer. 4. A. At Cyprus his Native Country, where at

Papbos,

Ver. 3.

Paphos, a remarkable City of that Island for
the Worship of Venus, the Governor of Sergius
Paulus was converted. They failed from thence
to Perga in Pampbylia, where Mark, his Kinf-
man, and their Companion, left them, discou-
raged by the Dangers they met with. After
three Years Travel through the Lesler Afia,
with various Success, preaching the Gospel to
several Cities, they returned again to Antioch in
Syria.

Q. Why is it supposed that the Men of Lyftra Ads 142 compared St. Barnabas to Jupiter their Sovereigy 12. Deity ?

A. Either because of his Age, or for the
Gravity and Comeliness of his Person, being,
as Antiquity represents him, of a very venerable
Aspect.

Q. How did St. Barnabas carry himself in the
Controversy between the Jewish and Gentile Cona
verts?

A. He at first opposed the Judaizers with Acts 15.2.
great Vigour, and went with St. Paul to con-
fult the Church at Jerufalen, where that Mat-
ter was determined by a Synodical Decree of the
Apostles and Elders ; but afterwards being
drawn aside by the Conduct of St. Peter, he dif- Gal. 2.13*
fembled his Christian Liberty to please the Jewish
Converts; which his Companion St. Paul re-
proved in him.

Q. What was the Occasion of the Contest between
St. Paul and St. Barnabas ?

A. These two holy Men having agreed to Aas 15.
visit the Churches they had planted in Afia, 37, 6,
St. Barnabas proposed the taking his Kinsman
Mark along with them ; St. Paul refused to
consent to it, because in their former Travels
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Mark had consulted too much his own Ease and
Safety, and had left them at Pamphilia.

Q. What was the ilue of this Dispute ?

A. That after a joint Labour in their Mini

ftry, for several Years, the Contention was so Acts 15. sharp between them, that they parted. St. Paul 39, &c. with Silas went to the Churches of Syria and

Cilicia, and St. Barnabas with Mark to his own
Country, Cyprus.

Q. How did the Providence of God make the Separation of these Apostles turn to the Benefit of the Church?

A. By making Christianity thereby become more diffusive than if they had still continued together ; and that Mark, by St. Paul's Severity, was brought to a Sense of his former Indifferency in the Work of the Gospel, and became so useful a Minister of Christ, that he deserved not only to be Companion of St. Paul, but received

from him a high Testimony of his Zeal, that be 2 Tim. 4. was profitable to him for the Ministry.

Q. What became of St. Barnabas after this?

A. The Scriptures are silent concerning it. Some Writers say he went into Italy, and preached the Gospel at Rome, and founded a Church at Milan ; though it is most probable he spent the Remainder of his Life at Cyprus, in converting his own Countrymen the Jews; as may be guessed from the Epistle he writ, which seems manifestly designed for their Benefit.

Q. Where did be suffer Martyrdom ?

A. It is thought at Salamis a City in the Inand of Cyprus; whither some Jews, being come from Syria, set upon him as he was difputing in the Synagogue ; in a Corner whereof they Thut him up till Night, whence they

brought

II.

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