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All the works except one which belong to this part, and several of the most interesting among those which follow in the next, were published by Isaac Gruter in 1653; and since in explaining the arrangement which I have adopted I shall often have to refer to the volume in which they first appeared, it will be well to give a particular account of it at once.

Bacon, in his last will, - after bequeathing his collection of speeches and letters to Bishop Williams and Sir Humphrey May, as being privy councillors, — commended the rest of his papers to the care of Sir John Constable and Mr. Bosvile. “ Also I desire my executors, especially my brother Constable, and also Mr. Bosvile, presently after my decease, to take into their hands all my papers whatsoever, which are either in cabinets, boxes, or presses, and them to seal up till they may at their leisure peruse them.”

What care, or whether any, was presently taken of these papers, I cannot learn. But it is probable that for fourteen months after Bacon's death, they remained locked up;—for so long it was before any one had authority to act; the executors named in the will refusing or delaying to assume their office, and letters of administration being granted on the 13th of July, 1627, to Sir Robert Rich and Mr. Thomas Meautys, two of the creditors;-and that then, or not long after, they were placed in the hands of Mr. Bosvile. This Mr. Bosvile, better known as Sir William Boswell, was sent, soon after Bacon's death, to the Hague; where he resided for several years as agent with the States of the United Provinces. He was knighted on the 18th of May, 1633, and died I believe in 1647. Whether all Bacon's remaining manuscripts were sent to him, or only a portion of them, is not known. What we know is that, among those which were sent, there were many philosophical pieces written in Latin; that he consulted Isaac Gruter about them; and that the result was a 12mo volume printed by Elzevir at Amsterdam in the year 1653, entitled Francisci Baconi de Verulamio Scripta in Naturali et Universali Philosophiâ, and containing these pieces following: 1. A Prayer, headed Temporis Partus Masculus, sive Instauratio

magna imperii humani in universum. The same in substance, and almost the same in expression, as the prayer which is introduced towards the end of the Preface to the Instauratio (Vol. I. p. 131.): placed here by itself on the blank side of the title-leaf, as if it were a motto to the volume — an office for which the heading makes it alto

gether inappropriate. 2. Cogitata et Visa; to which is added a Latin translation of

Sir Thomas Bodley's letter to Bacon concerning that

work. (p. 62.) 3. Descriptio Globi Intellectualis. (p. 75.) 4. Thema Cæli. (p. 154.) 5. De Fluxu et Refluxu Maris. (p. 178.) 6. De Principiis atque Originibus secundum Fabulas Cupidinis

et Cæli, 8c. (p. 208.) These are all printed as separate pieces; each carrying its

own title along the top of its own pages. Then follow, under a general running title of Impetus Philo

sophici : 7. Indicia Vera de Interpretatione Nature. (p. 285.) Merely

the Præfatio to the Novum Organum, already printed in

the first volume of this edition, p. 151. 8. Partis Instaurationis Secundæ Delineatio et Argumentum.

(p. 293.) Printed as if it were a sequel to the last, the

two forming one piece ; which originally perhaps they did. 9. Phænomena Universi, sive Historia Naturalis ad condendam

Philosophiam. (p. 323.) A fragment, consisting of a preface intended for the third part of the Instauratio, and a rudiment of the Historia Densi et Rari, with which it seems that Bacon then intended to begin his collection of histories.

10. Scala Intellectus, sive Filum Labyrinthi. (p. 379.) A preface

intended for the fourth part of the Instauratio. Already

printed: Vol. II. p. 687. 11. Prodromi sive Anticipationes Philosophiæ Secunde. (p. 385.)

The preface intended for the fifth part of the Instauratio.
Already printed: Vol. II. p. 690.

. 12. Cogitationes de Naturâ Rerum. (p. 389.) The piece with

which in the present edition Part II. begins: infra p. 15. 13. A Preface, entitled Franciscus Bacon Lectori. (p. 431.) A

first draught probably of the preface to the fourth part of

the Instauratio. 14. Filum Labyrinthi, sive Inquisitio legitima de Motu. (p. 435.)

A skeleton of an enquiry conducted upon the true method; that is to say, a complete list of the titles of the several processes of an investigation into the Form of Motion ; followed by some general remarks, which may have been designed for the conclusion of the work which Bacon had in contemplation when he wrote the Cogitata et Visa, and

intended to set forth the new method in an example. 15. Franc. Baconi Aphorismi et Consilia, de auxiliis mentis et

accensione luminis naturalis. (p. 448.) 16. De Interpretatione Nature Sententiæ XII. (p. 451.) This

and the preceding are rudiments of the Novum Organum. 17. Tradendi Modus legitimus. (p. 458.) This consists of two

chapters; of which the first is the same as the first chapter of the Temporis Partus Masculus ; the second another form of the Redargutio Philosophiarum. They are printed here (probably by mistake) as if they were a sequel to the Sententiæ XII., with which they do not appear to be connected.

18. De Interpretatione Naturæ Procemium. (p. 479.) This has

been intended for a preface to the Instauratio, in some

of its forms ; probably to the Temporis Partus Masculus. 19. Francisci Baconi Topica Inquisitionis de Luce et Lumine. (p. 485.) Another copy, with a few slight variations, of

, the paper which has been already printed (Vol. II. p. 317.) from Dr. Rawley's copy.

Of these nineteen pieces, the last thirteen are (as I have said) distinguished from the others by a general running title of Impetus Philosophici; the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th carrying each its own title on the top of its own pages; and to the whole volume is prefixed an address from Gruter to the reader, which contains all the information that is to be had about it; and which I must transcribe at length, the meaning being in some places so obscure that I can only guess at it.


QUÆ tibi damus Amice Lector, ad Universalem et Naturalem Philosophiam spectantia, ex Manuscriptis Codicibus, quos accurate recensuerat et varie emendarat author, me amanuense apographa sunt. Sola Bodlei epistola, quæ ad examen vocat Cogitata et Visa, per me ex Anglico facta Latina est, atque ex opere epistolarum Baconi, quæ tali idiomate circumferuntur, huc translata ob materiæ cognationem. Titulus quem frons libri præfert et totum complectitur opusculi in varias dissertationes secti argumentum, ab ipsó Verulamio est; quem singulæ exhibent paginæ ex rerum tractatarum serie distinctum, a me, ut minus confunderet quærentem Lectorem indiculi defectus. Quicquid sequitur, ab eo loco cujus inscriptio est in ipso contextu Indicia vera de interpretatione naturæ usque ad finem, donavi eo nomine Impetus Philosophici, quod ex familiaribus Viri magni colloquiis notassem, cum de istis chartis mecum ageret. Non aliter enim appellare solebat quicquid prioribus per titulos suos separatis connecteretur; ne quis imperfectum statim suspicetur quod defervescente Impetu non videt trahere syrma prolixæ tractationis. Omnia autem hæc inedita (nisi quod in editis paucissimis rara exstent quarundam ex his meditationum vestigia) debes, Amice Lector, Nobilissimo Guil. Boswello, ad quem ex ipsius Baconi legato pervenerant, cum aliis in politico et morali genere elaboratis, quæ nunc ex dono toū parapítov penes me servantur non diu premenda. Boswello inquam, viro nobilitate, prudentia insigni, varia eruditione, humanitate summa, et Oratori olim apud Batavos Anglo ; cujus sancta mihi memoria est. Vale et conatibus nostris fave, qui mox plura daturi sumus Baconiana latine versa, maximam partem inedita ; et oullóynv adornamus epistolarum quas vir eminentissimus Hugo Grotius scripsit ad Belgas, Germanos, Italos, Suecos, Danos, Gallis exceptis, quas Clarissimus Sarravius Senator Parisiensis edidit. Rogantur itaque in quorum manus hæc inciderint, ut, si quid ejus notæ habent, aut sciunt unde haberi queat, ad typographum transmittant, et significent, cæteris jam collectis aggregandum.

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