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The learner, being supplied with a small blank book, about the size of this work, without ruling, should proceed to write the stenographic alphabet, as exhibited in the opposite plate, No. 2.
1st. Commence with the character standing for s, and write it across the page, from left to right, repeating the letter s s s—and in the same manner, write and repeat t, d, r, &c. to the end of the alphabet.
2nd. Proceed to write the whole over again, repeating not only the letters which the characters represent, but also the words standing at their right, till the whole are familiar, and well fixed in the memory-thus, b stands for be, by, been; d, stands for do, did, done; p, for peace, person, power, &c. During this exercise, the learner should endeavour to copy the characters in length, proportion, inclination, &c., beginning and ending, according to rules for making the characters, page 11; at the same time, striving to increase the facility of execution as far as practicable.
3rd. Without ruling, write from left to right the contents of the table of joining, as seen in plates 4 and 5; observing, that one letter at the top of the page, and another at the right or left, are properly joined in the angle of meeting—the top letter being always made first. The learner, when joining these characters, should repeat to himself the combination, thus, bb, db, vb, gb, &c. Example. Under m, and against ), ml are properly joined -under 1, and against m, Im are joined, and so of the other characters.
4th. After reading with attention the rules for spelling and writing, go on to copy the contents of the several plates in their regular order, carefully comparing every doubtful character, with the rules and explanations, till the whole system is familiar, which will probably be in the course of half a dozen lessons. From this time, the theory being familiar, short hand will be an amusement and convenience; and the learner may, without other instruction or study, obtain, by occasional practice, almost any degree of facility which he may desire.
Rules for making the Characters. 1st Class.—Make s to the right, t down, d downward, r upward, f v downward.
2d Class.- Make k q and n from left to right, ch and gj downward.
3d Class.-Make the circle first in all cases.
4th Class.- Make the hook or quadrant first in all cases, except ious, this always ends with the hook. For double letters make the line longer, or the circle larger.
Rules for joining Characters. Make one letter as if no other were to be made, and then without lifting the pen, make the next as if the first had not been made, observing to turn in that way which is most simple and easy, but let the line always take the same direction from the circle.
Rules for Spelling. 1. Use no vowels in spelling, except when distinctly sounded at the beginning and end of words. Example, entity ntt, chastity chstt, obey oba, away awa, pay pa, lay la, say-sa.
2. Omit all silent letters. Ex. Light lit, sight sit, night nit.
3. When two letters sound like any one, use that one in their stead. Ex. Laugh, lauf, physic, fysic, Utica Utk, empty mt,
4. The letter c must be supplied by k and s. Ex. Comply komply, celestial selestial, receiver reseiver.
5. H may frequently be omitted as follows. Ex. Behold beold, how ow, highway iway, heaven even, help elp.
6. Ph and gh are never written in short hand, as they are always sounded like f or v, (when not silent,) and therefore represented by these characters. Ex. Enough enuf, tough tuf, Philadelphia Filadelfia, philosophy filosofy, Stephen Steven.
7. When double consonants occur, use only one; but if a vowel intervene, use both. Ex. Restlessness restlesnes, commendation comendation, memory mmory, people pple.
8. B and w may be omitted, as follows. Ex. Number numer, encumber encumer, slumber slumer, answer anser.
9. The ch character is only used where it has its natural sound, as in charm, church, chapter, choice. Where ch have the sound of k or sh, let these signs be used.
10. Let z be represented by s in all cases; but to distinguish it, let the mark be made thicker than for s.
REMARKS.–Although this method of spelling may appear difficult to the beginner, he is assured, that it may be made quite familiar in a few hours, and that without injuring his common spelling. To do this pronounc? words distinctly and rapidly, retaining for short hand nothing but the most prominent sounds; as nv, for envy; ntt, for entity ; Idr, for elder; fisfr, for philosopher, &c.
Rules for Writing.
2. When a vowel is to be written make a small dot, and it it belong to a particular word, let it stand near that word, at the right or left.
3. Do not lift the pen in a word, except to write a prefix, termination, or vowel.
4. Make the character y, for the words you, your, year; and at the begin ning of words, but never at the last end, as it is there a vowel and représented by a dot.
5. At the beginning of words use r for recon, recom; m for multi, magni k for contra, contri, counter; n for inter, intro, enter; s for satis, supe? circum; t for trans, It must be remembered, that all these signs should be made small, and placed just before the word, but not joined to it. For under, beneath, below, make a small circle, below the line of writing for on, upon, over, and above, make it ° over the line; for before make it i the line for
ар and down make a small dot or touch above or below as the case requires.
6. At the end of words, a scratch through the last letter is tive; a dot below is ly; a dot' above is tion, sion, cian; a touch' above is tions, sions. cians ; at the right it is ing, ong, ung; if below, it is ings, ongs, ungs ; i thus 'it is ity, ality, elity, ility; a horizontal touch“ above is al, ial, tia! cial; and the same touch - below is less, fess, ress; and without lifting the pen, the following letters may be used for some of the frequent ending of words ; viz. n for ness, b for ble or bles, m for ment or ments, s for self er selves, f for full, ference, w for ward, sh for ship, and for ious, eous, uous, ius.
7. Use common figures to represent numbers, but make them larger than the other characters, that they may be readily distinguished.
8. The common marks for punctuation may all be used in short hand, except the period, which would be taken for a vowel. But the following distinction is all that is necessary in following a speaker-when a sen tence is complete, leave a blank of half an inch, and let each paragraph begin a line.
9. Long words may often be represented by two or three of their leading consonants, or by their initials, when the sense is clear; and in most long sentences a number of small words may be dropped, without impairing the perspicuity of the sentence.
10. When a word or sentence is immediately repeated, write it once, and draw a line under it for the repetition. If it be a sentence, and not repeated till something else occur, write a word or two and make the for &c.
Rule for Reading: When a word is not known at sight, proceed to speak each letter of which it is composed, separately and distinctly, and then pronounce the whole together, as rapidly as possible—thus; n, v, when pronounced nv, would give the word envy-n, t, t, pronounced ntt, would give the word entity-l, d, r, would be elder-f, 1, s, f, r, or flsfr, would be readily recog. nized as philosopher; and the same of all other words.
REMARK.-The characters of this system are simple and few, and may soon be known at sight, like the letters of our common Alphabet, and when this is the case, the sense of the subject will render the reading sure and easy