The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

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Oxford University Press, 12 paź 2000 - 368
This intellectual biography of Immanuel Kant's early years-- from 1746 when he wrote his first book, to 1766 when he lost his faith in metaphysics --makes an outstanding contribution to Kant scholarship. Schönfeld meticulously examines most of Kant's early works, summarizes their content, and exhibits their shortcomings and strengths. He places the early theories in their historical context and describes the scientific discoveries and philosophical innovations that distinguish Kant's pre-critical works. Schönfeld argues that these works were all aspects of a single project carried out by Kant to reconcile metaphysical and scientific perspectives and combine them into a coherent model of nature.

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the 1740s Kants Starting Point 1 The Vis Viva Debate Kants Starting Point
17
The True Estimation of Living Forces Kants Theory of Dynamics
36
On the Way toward the Precritical Project
56
The 1750s The Precritical Project 4 The Conversion to Newton
73
The Universal Natural History The Purposiveness of Nature
96
The New Elucidation The Struggle for Freedom
128
The Physical Monadology and the Elements of Nature
161
The 1760s Climax and Crisis 8 The Only Possible Argument The Culmination of the Precritical Project
183
The Newtonian Program of the Prize Essay and Kants Crisis
209
The Reductio and Collapse of the Precritical Project
229
Conclusion
245
Notes
247
Bibliography
309
Index
333
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Strona 13 - If we take in our hand any volume; of divinity or school metaphysics, for instance; let us ask, Does it contain any abstract reasoning concerning quantity or number'} No. Does it contain any experimental reasoning concerning matter of fact and existence? No. Commit it then to the flames: for it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion.
Strona 15 - It is written in the language of mathematics, and its characters are triangles, circles, and other geometrical figures, without which it is humanly impossible to understand a single word of it; without these, one is wandering about in a dark labyrinth.
Strona 149 - Every body continues in its state of rest, or of uniform motion in a right line, unless it is compelled to change that state by forces impressed upon it.
Strona 71 - Superior beings, when of late they saw A mortal man unfold all nature's law, Admir'd such wisdom in an earthly shape, And shew'da Newton as we shew an ape.
Strona 67 - But hitherto I have not been able to discover the cause of those properties of gravity from phenomena, and I frame no hypotheses...
Strona 149 - To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction: or, the mutual actions of two bodies upon each other are always equal, and directed to contrary parts.
Strona 149 - The change of motion is proportional to the motive force impressed ; and is made in the direction of the right line in which that force is impressed.
Strona 21 - Every body perseveres in its state of rest, or of uniform motion in a right line, unless it is compelled to change that state by forces impressed thereon.

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