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Pleas'd with this bauble still, as that before,
Till tir'd he sleeps, and Life's poor play is o'er.

Mean-while Opinion gilds with varying rays
Those painted clouds that beautify our days;
Each want of happiness by Hope supply'd, 285
And each vacuity of senfe by Pride:

These

NOTES.

is a description of the circle of human life returning into itself by a second childhood, the Poet has with great elegance concluded his description with the same image with which he set out-And Life's poor play is o'er.

WARBURTON. VER. 28o. The toys of age : ] Exactly what Fontenelle says,

« Il eft des hochets pour tout age.” And Prior,

“Give us play-things for old age.” Yet it is certain that Fontenelle could not have taken this verse from Prior, for he did not understand English, though Prior wrote it more than twenty years before Fontenelle.

De Life, whofe tranflation of Virgil's Georgics is so frequently and so unjustly praised by Voltaire, has also translated, but not publifhed, the Effay on Man. Millot has given another, published 1762.

WARTON. VER. 286. And each vacuity of sense by Pride :] An eminent Casuift, Father Francis Garasse, in his Somme Theologique, has drawn a very charitable conclufion from this principle ; which he hath well illustrated : “ Selon la Justice (says this equitable Divine), “ tout travail honnête doit être recompensé de louange ou de satisfaction. Quand les bons esprits font un ouvrage excellent, ils sont justement recompenfez par les suffrages du Public. Quand un pauvre esprit travaille beaucoup, pour fair un mauvais ouvrage, il n'est pas juste ni raisonable, qu'il attende des louanges publiques ; car elles ne lui font pas dues. Mais afin que

fes travaux ne demeurent pas fans recompense, Dieu lui donne une fatiffaction perfonelle, que personne ne lui peut envier fans une injuftice plus que barbare ; tout ainsi que Dieu, qui est juste, donne de la satisfaction aux Grenouilles de leur chant. Autrement la blâme public, joint à leur mécontentenzent, feroit fuffisant pour les réduire au de!espoir."

WARBURTON.

290

These build as fast as knowledge can destroy ;
In folly's cup still fughs the bubble, joy;
One prospect loft, another still we gain ;
And not a vanity is giv'n in vain ;
Er'n mean Self-love becomes, by force divine,
The scale to measure others' wants by thine.
See! and confess, one comfort still must rise;
'Tis this, Tho' Man's a fool, yet GOD IS WISE.

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ARGUMENT OF EPISTLE III.

Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to

Society

Ver. 27.

I. THE whole Universe one system of Society, Ver. 7, &c. Nothing made wholly for itself, nor yet wholly for another,

The happiness of Animals mutual, Ver. 49. II. Reason or Instinct operate alike to the good of each Individual, Ver. 79. Reason or Instinct operate also to Society, in all animals, Ver. 109. III. How far Society carried by Infinet, Ver. 115. How much farther by Reason, Ver. 128. IV. Of that which is called the State of Nature, Ver. 144. Reafon instructed by Instinct in the Invention of Arts, Ver. 166; and in the Forms of Society, Ver. 176. V. Origin of Political Societies, Ver. 196. Origin of Mom narchy, Ver. 207.

Patriarchal Government, Ver. 212. VI. Origin of true Religion and Government, from the same principle, of Love, Ver. 231, &c. Origin of Superstition and Tyranny, from the same principle, of Fear, Ver. 237, &c. The Influence of Self-love operating to the social and public Good, Ver. 266. Restoration of true Religion and Government on their firf principle, Ver 285. Mixed Gvernment, Ver. 288. Various Forms of each, and the true end of all, Ver. 300, &c.

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