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Rules for the Conduct of Satire.

Justice and Truth its
chief and essential Property, Ver. 169. Prudence in the
Application of Wit and Ridicule, whose Province is, not to
explore unknown, but to enforce known Truths, Ver. 191.
Proper Subjects of Satire are the Manners of present Times,
Ver. 239. Decency of Expression recommended, Ver. 255.
The different Methods in which Folly and Vice ought to be
chastised, Ver. 269. The Variety of Style and Manner
which these two Subjects require, Ver. 277. The Praise of
Virtue may be admitted with Propriety, Ver. 315. Caution
with regard to Panegyric, Ver. 329. The Dignity of true
Satire, Ver. 341.

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PART III.

The History of Satire. Roman Satirists, Lucilius, Horace,

Persius, Juvenal, Ver. 357, &c. Causes of the Decay of Literature, particularly of Satire, Ver. 389. Revival of Satire, Ver. 401. Erasmus one of its principal Restorers, Ver. 405. Donne, Ver. 411. The Abuse of Satire in England, during the licentious Reign of Charles II., Ver. 415. Dryden, 429. The true Ends of Satire pursued by Boileau in France, Ver. 439; and by Mr. Pope in England, Ver. 445.

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Fate gave the word; the cruel arrow sped;

And Pope lies number'd with the mighty Dead ! Resign'd he fell; superior to the dart, That quench'd its rage in Yours and BRITAIN'S Heart :

4 You mourn : but BRITAIN, lulld in rest profound, (Unconscious BRITAIN !) flumbers o'er her wound. Exulting Dulness ey'd the setting Light, And flapp'd her wing, impatient for the Night : Rous’d at the signal, Guilt collects her train, And counts the Triumphs of her growing Reign : 10 With inextinguishable rage they burn ; And snake-hung Envy hisses o'er his Urn: Th' envenom'd Monsters spit their deadly foam, To blast the Laurel that surrounds his Tomb.

But You, O WARBURTON! whose eye refin'd 15 Can see the greatness of an honest mind;. Can see each Virtue and each Grace unite, And taste the Raptures of a pure Delight; You visit oft his awful Page with Care, And view that bright Affemblage treasur'd there ; 20 You trace the Chain that links his deep design, And pour new Lustre on the glowing Line. в в 3

Yet

Yet deign to hear the efforts of a Muse,
Whose eye, not wing, his ardent flight pursues :
Intent from this great Archetype to draw

25 SATIRE's bright Form, and fix her equal law; Pleas'd if from hence th' unlearn'd may compre.

hend, And rev’rence His and SATIRE's gen'rous End.

In ev'ry Breast there burns an active flame, The Love of Glory, or the Dread of Shame:

30 The Passion One, tho' various it appear, As brighten’d into Hope, or dimm’d by Fear. The lisping Infant, and the hoary Sire, And Youth and Manhood feel the heart-born fire: The Charms of Praise the Coy, the Modest woo, 35 And only fly, that Glory may pursue : She, Pow'r resistless, rules the wise and great ; Bends ev'n reluctant Hermits at her feet; Haunts the proud City, and the lowly Shade, And fways alike the Sceptre and the Spade. 40

Thus Heav'n in Pity wakes the friendly Flame,
To
urge

Mankind on Deeds that merit Fame :
But Man, vain Man, in folly only wise,
Rejects the Manna sent him from the Skies :
With rapture hears corrupted Passion's call,

45
Still proudly prone to mingle with the stall.
As each deceitful shadow tempts his view,
He for the imag'd Substance quits the true ;
Eager to catch the visionary Prize,
In quest of Glory, plunges deep in Vice;

50 Till

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