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Col. i. 16.
Ps. Ixviii. 17.

civ. 4.
Rev. vii. 11.
Isa. vi. 1-3.
Rev. iv. 8.
Ps. xxxiv. 7.
Heb. i. 14.

SAINT MICHAEL AND ALL ANGELS. IN FESTO SANCTI MICHAELIS ARCH.

ANGELI,
The Collect.

Oratio.
, qui Salisbury Use.

Greg. Dedicatio

Basilicæ s. vices of Angels and men in a wonder- sas; concede propitius, ut quibus tibi lis.

Arch. Michae. ful order; Mercifully grant, that as ministrantibus in cælo semper assistithy holy Angels alway do thee service tur, ab his in terra vita nostra muniain heaven, so by thy appointment they tur. Per Dominum. may succour and defend us on earth; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

OD, that in a merueilous ordre XIVth Century

Prymer verordeynedist seruisys of aungels sion. and of men, graunte thou mercifulli that oure liif be defendid in erthe bi hem that stonden ny} euermore seruynge to thee in heuvene. Bi crist.]

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angels do always behold the face of My Father which is in MICHAELMAS DAY.

heaven,” as if indicating many ministrations to those who are [SEPTEMBER 29.]

Hisn-some known, and some that are not made evident to sight or

other sense. It has been a constant tradition of Christianity that There were anciently two days dedicated to St. Michael, May angels attend at the ministration of Holy Baptism, and at the 8th and September 29th : and in mediæval times a third, to St. celebration of the Holy Communion; and that as Lazarus was Michael in monte tumba!, on October 16th. But the day most the object of their tender care, so in sickness and death they are generally observed was that which we now keep, and which about the bed of the faithful, and carry their souls to the presence appears both in the Lectionary of St. Jerome and in the Sacra- of Christ in Paradise. mentary of St. Gregory, as the Dedication of the Church of St. Without taking into account, therefore, any of the many Michael. This basilica may have been that of Constantine near

unveilings to our sight of holy angels and their ministrations Constantinople, or that of Boniface at Rome, the latter being recorded in the Old Testament, we have ample ground for bededicated A.D. 606. In the Eastern Church St. Michael's day is lieving that they are joined in a very close communion with those November 8th, July 13th and March 26th being also observed in who have been redeemed by the blood of Christ. But whereas honour of the Archangel Gabriel. These two are the only the saints were once sinners, and yet God is pleased that we angels or archangels who are made known to us by name in the should honour Him through them, the angels have never inCanonical Scriptures, though Raphael and Uriel are named in herited unholiness or fallen from holiness, and still more shall we the book of Tobit and in Esdras.

honour Him by venerating these pure and spotless servants of The holy angels in general are commemorated by the Church

His who do His pleasure. And as our Lord has taught as to from a deeply rooted feeling of their communion with the saints,

pray that we may do the will of our Father on earth as it is and of their ministrations among mankind on earth.

done in heaven, so may we take their example as the highest, feeling is warranted by the words, “ Ye are come unto Mount next to His, of perfect submission to the will of God. While in Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jeru- respect to our worship on earth we may reckon it an exalted salem, and to an innumerable company of angels; to the general privilege to have such communion with them as to be able to say, assembly and Church of the Firstborn ...” (Heb. xii. 22]: and, “ Therefore with angels and archangels, and all the company of "are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for Heaven, we laud and magnify Thy glorious Name, evermore them who shall be heirs of salvation P” [Heb. i. 14.] The holy praising Thee, and saying, Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God of hosts, Son of God condescended to be ministered to by angels in His heaven and earth are full of Thy glory: Glory be to Thee, O Temptation and Agony; they waited upon Him at His Birth Lord most High.” and Resurrection; and at His Second Advent He will come with "all the holy angels.” St. Peter was set free from prison by an INTROIT.–O praise the Lord, ye angels of His, ye that excel angel, and one stood by St. Paul in the ship, thus illustrating in strength : ye that fulfil His commandment, and hearken unto their ministration to Christ's servants. Our Lord Himself spoke the voice of His words. Ps. Praise the Lord, O my soul : and of their rejoicing over penitent sinners; and said of the little ones all that is within me praise His holy Name. who had passed under His hand and benediction, that "their

Hym. Churches dedicated to St. Michael are often on elevated spots, as at St.

MATTINS AND EVENSONG.Tibi Christe, Splendor Patris. Michael's Mounts in Normandy and Cornwall.

H. N. 42. 94.

Such a

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Zelotes, both words signifying a zealot; but in what sense is Saints, in addition to special days of commemoration for the not apparent, unless the appellation is given him because he was more illustrious martyrs; and that the dedication of the Panone of a strict sect of Pharisees.

theon took place on a festival already familiar to the Church, St. Jude, Judas, Thaddæus, or Lebbæus, calls himself “the rather than as the foundation of a new one. In the Sacramentary brother of James," apparently to distinguish himself from Judas of St. Gregory both days have Collects, &c., provided for them, Iscariot; and it is probably for the same reason that these other that in May being entitled “Natale Sanctæ Mariæ ad Martyres,” names are put prominently forward, as on one occasion when and that in November, “Natale Omnium Sanctorum," the latter his name Judas is used, a parenthesis is added, “not Iscariot." having also a service provided for its vigil. He was a married Apostle, and Eusebius mentions two of his Whatever may have been the origin of the festival, it has grandsons who were brought before Domitian as confessors for becoine one very dear to the hearts of Christians, and is made, Christ's sake (iii. 20). St. Jude wrote the Epistle going under both by the character of the Service for the day, and by the his name, which is read on this day.

meaning of it, one of the most touching of all holy days; a day St. Simon Zelotes is supposed to have ministered chiefly in on which are gathered up the fragments of the “one bread" of Egypt and parts of Africa adjoining. Some early Greek writers Christ's mystical Body, that nothing be lost of the memory and state that he visited Britain, and suffered martyrdom there by example of His Saints. First among the “cloud of witnesses” crucifixion. But the more probable account is that he was sawn are they of the white-robed army of martyrs who are not otherwise asunder (a mode of martyrdom named in Heb. xi. 37, and that commemorated, whose names are not noted in the diptycbs of by which Isaiah is believed to have suffered) in Persia, at the same the Church, but are for ever written in the Lamb's book of life. time with St. Jude, who ministered chiefly in that country, and Next are a multitude of those who were called to wait with St. who was martyred by the Magi.

John, rather than to follow their Master with St. Peter, but who It may be in illustration of that unity of the faith for which are not less surely numbered among the children of God, and the Epistle of St. Jude so strongly contends, that these two have their lot among the saints. Among that holy company are Apostles, ministering and suffering, are also honoured together. some who are dear to the memory of a whole Church; good INTROIT.—Thy friends are exceeding honourable unto me, O

bishops and priests, whose flocks are around them in the book of God: greatly is their beginning strengthened. Ps. O Lord,

remembrance; saintly men and women, whose lives have been Thou hast searched me out and known me: Thou knowest my

devoted to works of love, although not ministering at the altar;

hidden saints of God, whose holiness was known within the downsitting and mine uprising. Glory be.

narrowest circle on earth, but who will shine like stars in the ALL SAINTS.

firmament before the throne.

When the Church thanks God on this day for All Saints, many [NOVEMBER 1.]

an one among them should be remembered by those who are left This festival is not of the highest antiquity. It appears to on earth. At the Holy Communion, and in private devotions, have originated in the Western Church at Rome in the seventh their names should be used in memorial before God; century, when the Pantheon was dedicated as a Christian church should be offered by those to whom they are still dear, and with under the name of the Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and whom they are still in one fellowship, that all loved ones departed all Martyrs. This is said to have taken place on November 1st, may have more and more of the Light, Peace, and Refreshment A.D. 608, and the festival to have been kept on that day ever which the Presence of Christ gives in Paradise. since. But in the Martyrology of the Venerable Bede (though not in his Calendar) there are two days dedicated to All Saints,

INTROIT. – Rejoice we all in the Lord while we celebrate this

day the honour of all the saints : for in them the angels have joy one on the 13th of May, Dedicatio Sanctæ Mariæ ad Mar.

and give glory to the Son of God. Ps. Rejoice in the Lord, O tyres,” and the other on the 1st of November. In the Eastern Church, the festival of All the Martyrs is observed on the octave

ye righteous : for it becometh well the just to be thankful. of Pentecost, our Trinity Sunday; and this, as it appears, since

Glory be. the time of St. Chrysostom, who has left a homily preached upon

Hymn. the day. It may well be concluded that when the number of EVENSONG.-Jesu Salvator sæculr. martyrs increased so rapidly as it did in the great persecutions, Martins.Christe, Redemptor omnium. H. N. 13. 33, H. Christian common sense suggested such a feast as that of All | A. M. 45, C. H. 21.

and prayers

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From the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same My Name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto My Name, and a Pure Offering : for My Name shall be great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts.”—MALACHI i. 11.

« This do in remernbrance of Me.”—Luke xxii. 19.

He that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me.”—John vi. 57.

" In the midst of the throne, and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb, as it had been slain.”-REVELATION V. 6.

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