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A COMPREHENSIVE COMMENTARY
COMPRISING SALE'S TRANSLATION
WITH ADDITIONAL NOTES AND EMENDATIONS.
A Complete Index to the Text, Preliminary Discourse,
BY THE REV. E. M. WHERRY, M.A.
XVI.—ENTITLED SURAT AL Naul (THE BEE) . .
ENTITLED SURAT AL IBRAHÍM (ABRAHAM).
Revealed at Makkah.
ACCORDING to the commentators, the title of this chapter is due to the mention of the Patriarch Abraham in ver. 38. Like most of the Makkan chapters, this one relates entirely to the controversy between Muhammad and the unbelieving Quraish. In it the infidels are warned by the example of those who rejected the former prophets, and they are threatened with the direst punishment of hell, where they shall be ever dying without being permitted to die.
The purpose of Muhammad in relating the stories of the former prophets and of the destruction of their enemies is to impress the Quraish with the dreadful consequences of their rejection of him.
Probable Date of the Revelations. All authorities agree that this chapter belongs to Makkah. The commentators, however, would make vers. 33 and 34 refer to the Quraish, who were disgraced at Badr, and thus relegate this passage to Madina. There is, however, no good reason for such an interpretation of this passage. See notes there.
Aside from the general spirit of the revelations in this chapter, we have as data for fixing their date the statements of vers. 16 and