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pels, I acknowledge my obligations for the data of the “Synopsis of the Life of Jesus,” following this preface, and for the headings of the subjects interspersed through the Notes, which were taken by permission, with hardly any alteration, from that valuable work.

But with all these helps, and others which might be named, I feel it due to myself to state, that my main dependence, under God, has been upon the familiarity, which the critical study of the Greek for nearly a quarter of a century has given me, with the original language of the New Testament. Principles of interpretation, established and tested in the preparation of my editions of the Greek classics, have been rigidly and faithfully applied to the elucidation of the sacred pages, and as I hope not without practical utility. Much attention has been given to the precise shades of thought, imparted by particular words and idiomatic phrases, which the definitions of the Lexicon often fail to reach in all their beauty and significancy. Apparent discrepancies between the statements of the Evangelists have been harmonized, not by claiming for them exact verbal resemblances, but by showing their essential unity. The labors and journeys of our Lord in the prosecution of his ministry, I have aimed so to present, that the reader may apprehend them, in the chronological order in which they actually took place. The Synopsis of the events in his ministry will, it is hoped, prove a valuable aid, in the way of reference, to the general reader. In giving my own views of obscure and difficult

passages,

I have adverted, as far as was consistent with brevity, to the opinions of others, in order that the reader may have before him the various interpretations, and judge for himself which is worthy of adoption. All technicalities have been generally avoided, in order to render the comments easy of comprehension to all. The Commentary is designed for general use, and to this my attention has been uniformly directed in its preparation. The wants of Bible classes and Sabbath schools have not been overlooked, and it is hoped that teachers and scholars, who aim at a thorough knowledge of the Scriptures, will find in this volume a valuable aid to their investigations of God's Word. Although it has been my principal object to evolve the meaning of the text, yet many prac

tical observations, and applications of truth to the common duties of life, will be found interspersed in the Commentary.

The mechanical portion of the work leaves nothing further to be desired. The pages have been electrotyped by Mr. John F. Trow, and the beauty and clearness of the letter show how faithfully he has applied this new and valuable improvement to the present volume. The Map has been engraved expressly for this work by Mr. Geo. E. Sherman, and is essentially that of Kiepert, Bib. Atlas, Berlin, 1854.

With these remarks I commit my work to the Christian public, hoping that it may assist those who love to resort to the “law and testimony,” in rightly understanding and applying the truth, “ which is able to make them wise unto salvation through faith which is in Jesus Christ.”

JOHN J. OWEN. NEW YORK, March 28th, 1857.

SYNOPSIS OF THE LIFE OF JESUS.

I.
HIS BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD.

TIXE: About thirteen and a half years. An angel appears to Mary, Luke 1: 26-38; also to Joseph, Matt. 1: 18–25; Jesus born at Bethlehem, Luke 2: 1-7; his circumcision and presentation in the temple, Luke 2: 21-38; the visit of the Magi, Matt. 2:1-12; flight into Egypt, Matt. 2: 13–23; at twelve years of age Jesus goes to the Passover, Luke 2: 41–52; his genealogy on the side of Joseph, Matt. 1:1-17; on that of his mother, Luke 3: 22-38.

II. ANNOUNCEMENT AND INTRODUCTION OF OUR LORD'S PUBLIC MINISTRY.

TIME: About one year. Jesus comes to John to be baptized, Matt. 3: 13–17; Mark 1: 9–11; Luke 3: 21-23 ; is tempted of the devil, Matt. 4: 1-11; Mark 1: 12–13; Luke 4:1-13; is testified to by John, John 1: 19-34; gains disciples, John 1: 35–51; attends a marriage at Cana, where he performs his first miracle, John 2:1-11; goes down to Capernaum, John 2: 12.

III. OUR LORD'S FIRST PASSOVER, AND THE EVENTS OF HIS MINISTRY

UNTIL THE SECOND.

TIME: One year. Jesus attends the Passover, and drives the traders out of the temple, John 2: 13-25; discourses with Nicodemus, John 3: 1-21; remains in Judea and baptizes, John 3: 22-24; is further testified to by John the Baptist, John 3 : 25–36; departs into Galilee, Matt. 4:12; Mark 1: 14; Luke 4: 14; John 4: 1-3; discourses with the woman of Samaria, John 4:442; teac Galilee, Matt. 4: 17; Mark 1: 14, 15; Luke 4: 14, 15; John 4: 43-45; heals the son of a nobleman at Cana, John 4: 46-54; is rejected by his fellow townsmen of Nazareth, Luke 4: 16-29; takes up his abode at Capernaum, Matt. 4: 13–16; Luke 4: 30, 31; calls Peter, Andrew, James and John, at the time of the miraculous draught of fishes, Matt. 4: 18–22; Mark 1: 16-20; Luke 5: 1-11; heals a demoniac in the synagogue at Capernaum, Mark 1: 21-28: Luke 4: 31-37; heals Peter's wife's mother and many others, Matt. 8: 14–17; Mark 1: 29–34; Luke 4: 38-41; goes with his disciples throughout Galilee, Matt. 4: 23–25; Mark 1: 35–39; Luke 4: 42-44; heals a leper, Matt. 8: 2-4; Mark 1: 40-45; Luke 5: 12-16; returns to Capernaum, where he heals a paralytic, Matt. 9; 2-8; Mark 2: 1-12; Luke 5: 17-26; calls Matthew, Matt. 9: 9; Mark 2: 13, 14; Luke 5: 27, 28.

IV.
FROM OUR LORD'S SECOND PASSOVER UNTIL THE THIRD.

TIME: One year. Jesus goes up to Jerusalem to the feast of the passover, John 5:1; heals an infirm man at the pool of Bethesda, John 5:2-9; his discourse with the Jews consequent thereon, John 5: 10-47; on his way back to Galilee, his disciples pluck ears of grain on the sabbath, for which act he justifies them against the charge of the Pharisees, Matt 12:1-8; Mark 2: 23–28; Luke 6:1-5; heals a man with a withered hand on the sabbath, Matt. 12: 9–14; Mark 3: 1-6; Luke 6: 6-11: withdraws to the sea of Tiberias, whither he is followed by multitudes, Matt. 12: 15–21; Mark 3: 7-12; ascends a mountain and spends the whole night in prayer, Luke 6:12; chooses and ordains the twelve, Matt. 10:2-4; Mark 3: 13-19; Luke 6: 13–19; delivers the Sermon on the Mount, Matt. ch. v-vir. ; Luke 6: 20-49; heals the centurion's servant at Capernaum, Matt. 8: 5–13; Luke 6:1-10; raises the widow's son at Nain, Luke 7:11-17; receives a message from John the Baptist, Matt. 11:2-6; Luke 7: 18–23; discourses with the multitude respecting John, Matt. 11:7-19; Luke 7: 24–35; upbraids Chorazin, Bethsaida and Capernaum, Matt. 11:20–30; sits at meat with a Pharisee, when his feet are anointed by a woman who had been a sinner, Luke 7:36-50; makes with the Twelve a second circuit in Galilee, Luke 8:1-3; beals a demoniac, at which the scribes and Pharisees blaspheme, Matt. 12: 22–37; Mark 3: 19–30; Luke 11: 14, 15, 17-23; refuses a sign to the scribes and Pharisees, and reproves them for their unbelief, Matt. 12: 38-45; Luke 11: 16, 24–36; is sought by his mother and brethren, Matt. 12: 46–50; Mark 3: 31-35; Luke 8 : 19-21; dines with a Pharisee, Luke 11: 37; and reproves the scribes and Pharisees for their hypocrisy, Luke 11; 38-54; warns his disciples and the multitude against the leaven of the Pharisees, Luke 12: 1-12; refuses to act as umpire in secular disputes, Luke 12: 13–15; pronounces the parable of the rich fool, Luke 12: 16–21; exhorts to reliance upon God, and to watchfulness, Luke 12: 22–53; reproves the people for their unbelief, Luke 12: 54–59; pronounces the parable of the barren fig tree, Luke 13: 6-9; and of the sower, Matt. 13:1-23; Mark 4: 1–25; Luke 8:4–18; and of the tares, Matt. 13: 24–30; and other parables, Matt. 13: 31-53; Mark 4: 26–34; crosses the lake and stills the tempest, Matt. 8: 18–27; Mark 4: 35-41; Luke 8: 22–25; 9: 57-61; heals the two demoniacs of Gadara, Matt. 8: 28–34; 9:1; Mark 5: 1-21; Luke 8: 26-40; is entertained by Levi, Matt. 9: 10–17; Mark 2: 15-22; Luke 5 : 29–39; raises Jairus' daughter and heals the woman with a bloody flux, Matt. 9: 18–26; Mark 5: 22–43; Luke 8: 41-56; heals two blind men and casts out a dumb spirit, Matt. 9 : 27–34; is again rejected at Nazareth, Matt. 13: 54–58; Mark 6: 1-6; makes a third circuit in Galilee and commissions and sends forth the Twelve, Matt. 9: 35-38; 10: 1,5–42; 11:1; Mark 6:6-13; Luke 9:1-6; retires with the Twelve across the lake, and feeds five thousand, Matt. 14: 13-21; Mark 6: 30–44; Luke 9:10-17; John 6:1-14; walks upon the water, Matt. 14: 22-36 ; Mark 6 : 45–56, John 6:15-21; discourses with the multitude on the true bread of life, John 6: 22-71; 7:1.

V.

FROM OUR LORD'S THIRD PASSOVER UNTIL HIS FINAL DEPARTURE FROM GALILEE AT THE FESTIVAL OF TABERNACLES.

TIME: Six Months. Jesus justifies his disciples for eating with unwashen hands, Matt. 15: 1-20; Mark 7:1-23; goes into th coasts of Tyre and Sidon, wh he heals the daughter of the Syrophenician woman, Matt. 15: 21-28; Mark 7: 24-30; returns to Decapolis and heals a deaf and dumb man, and feeds four thousand, Matt. 15: 29–38; Mark 7: 31-37; 8:1-9; refuses a sign to the Pharisees and Sadducees, Matt. 15: 39; 16:1-4; Mark' 8: 10-12; cautions the disciples against the leaven of the Pharisees, Matt. 16:4–12; Mark 8: 13-21; heals a blind man at Bethsaida, Mark 8: 22-26; de. parts to the region of Cæsarea Philippi, and receives from Peter and the disciples the profession of their faith, Matt. 16: 13-20; Mark 8: 27-30; Luke 9: 18-21; foretells his own death and resurrection, Matt. 16: 21-28; Mark 8:31-38; 9:1; Luke 9: 22-27; is transfigured, Matt. 17: 1-13; Mark 9: 2–13; Luke 9: 28–36; heals a demoniac whom his disciples could not cure, Matt. 17: 14-21; Mark 9: 14-29; Luke 9: 37-43;

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