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Seven more kings are conquered. 28 And that day Joshua took 36 And Joshua went up from Makkedah, and smote it with the Eglon, and all Israel with him, edge of the sword, and the king unto Hebron; and they fought thereof he utterly destroyed, against it: them, and all the souls that were 37 And they took it, and smote therein; he let none remain: and it with the edge of the sword, he did to the king of Makkedah and the king thereof, and all the as he did unto the king of Jericho. cities thereof, and all the souls

29 Then Joshua passed from that were therein; he left none Makkedah, and all Israel with remaining, according to all that him, unto Libnah, and fought he had done to Eglon; but deagainst Libnah :

stroyed it utterly, and all the 30 And the Lord delivered it souls that were therein. also, and the king thereof, into 38 And Joshua returned, and the hand of Israel ; and he smote all Israel with him, to Debir; it with the edge of the sword, and and fought against it: all the souls that were therein ; 39 And he took it, and the he let none remain in it; but did king thereof, and all the cities unto the king thereof as he did thereof; and they smote them unto the king of Jericho. with the edge of the sword, and 31 And Joshua passed from utterly destroyed all the souls Libnah, and all Israel with him, that were therein; he left none unto Lachish, and encamped remaining: as he had done to against it, and fought against it: Hebron, so he did to Debir, and

32 And the LORD delivered to the king thereof; as he had Lachish into the hand of Israel, done also to Libnah, and to her which took it on the second day, king. and smote it with the edge of the 40 So Joshua smote all the sword, and all the souls that were country of the hills, and of the therein, according to all that he south, and of the vale, and of the had done to Libnah.

springs, and all their kings: he 33 Then Horam king of Gezer left none remaining, but utterly came up to help Lachish; and destroyed all that breathed, as Joshua smote him and his people, the LORD God of Israel comuntil he had left him none re- manded. maining:

41 And Joshua smote them 34 And from Lachish Joshua from Kadesh-barnea even unto passed unto Eglon, and all Israel Gaza, and all the country of with him; and they encamped Goshen, even unto Gibeon. against it, and fought against it: 42 And all these kings and

35 And they took it on that their land did Joshua take at one day, and smote it with the edge time, because the LORD God of of the sword, and all the souls Israel fought for Israel. that were therein he utterly de- 43 And Joshua returned, and stroyed that day, according to all all Israel with him, unto the that he had done to Lachish. camp to Gilgal.


Our danger of perishing everlastingly. The uniform success of Joshua, in these various battles, is no less remarkable, than his uniform severity towards his vanquished enemies. The secret of his uniform success is explained in these words: “all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the LORD

God of Israel fought for Israel.” The secret of his uniform severity is no less manifest; he was fighting against the enemies of the Lord, and the Lord had commanded him to leave none of them remaining. He “utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the LORD God of Israel commanded." “It is a fearful thing,” as we read in the Epistle to the Hebrews, “ to fall into the hands of the living God.” Heb. 10. 31. It is a fearful thing to read of city after city taken, king after king defeated, nation after nation conquered, and so many human beings utterly cut off. But it is a much more fearful thing to read of the sudden destruction, which will overtake the wicked unawares, when Christ shall come to judgment, of the agony which they then must undergo, to die for evermore. Yet such will be the commission of Jesus, when He comes, to be the Judge of quick and dead; such will be the dreadful consequence of sinning against God; such the terrible execution of his wrath. No wonder that the wicked do not like to think of it. No wonder that the mention of eternal torments is unwelcome to the ears of the worldly minded. No wonder that instances, like this before us, of God's severity in dealing with transgressors upon earth, are matters of grave doubt or irreverent reflexion, with many who feel that they have no ground for hoping, that they shall escape the wrath to come. They would gladly think that it is not yet coming. They would gladly think that it will never come. And the manifestation of God's vengeance against sinners upon the earth is for this reason especially unwelcome to their ears, that it is an earnest of the vengeance yet to be revealed. Let us learn to look upon it ever in this light. Let us tremble, whilst we read this history, let us tremble to think of the end of the ungodly. Let us search and examine our own lives and hearts, whether we are in any danger of that end ourselves. The heart is deceitful above measure.

There are many who say, Peace, when there is no peace. Our danger is great, as long as we are still liable to sin ; as long as we are still in the flesh, and in the world.

Our danger is great. Let our watchfulness, and diligence, and courage, be great also. God be praised that He is mighty to save, as well as to destroy! God grant that we may always be found on his side, and so always be made conquerors through Him !

Joshua taketh the whole land. 1 And it came to pass, when Ja- 10 And Joshua at that time bin king of Hazor had heard those turned back, and took Hazor, and things, that he sent to Jobab king smote the king thereof with the of Madon,and to the king of Shim- sword: for Hazor beforetime was ron, and to the king of Achshaph, the head of all those kingdoms.

2 And to the kings that were on 11 And they smote all the souls the north of the mountains, and that were therein with the edge of the plains south of Chinneroth, of the sword, utterly destroying and in the valley, and in the them: there was not any left to borders of Dor on the west, breathe: and he burnt Hazor

3 And to the Canaanite on the with fire. east and on the west, and to the 12 And all the cities of those Amorite, and the Hittite, and the kings, and all the kings of them, Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the did Joshua take, and smote them mountains, and to the Hivite un- with the edge of the sword, and der Hermon in the landof Mizpeh. he utterly destroyed them, as

4 And they went out, they and Moses the servant of the LORD all their hosts with them, much commanded. people,evenas the sand that is up- 13 But as for the cities that on the seashore in multitude, with stood still in their strength, Israel horses and chariots very many. burned none of them, save Ha

5 And when all these kings zor only; that did Joshua burn. were met together, they came and 14 And all the spoil of these pitched together at the waters of cities, and the cattle, the children Merom, to fight against Israel. of Israel took for a prey unto

6 And the LORD said unto themselves; but every man they Joshua, Be not afraid because of smote with the edge of the sword, them: for to morrow about this until they had destroyed them, time will I deliver them up all neither left they any to breathe. slain before Israel: thou shalt 15 As the LORD commanded hough their horses, and burn Moses his servant, so did Moses their chariots with fire.

command Joshua, and so did 7 So Joshua came, and all the Joshua; he left nothing undone people of war with him, against of all that the Lord commanded them by the waters of Merom sud- Moses. denly; and they fell upon them. . 16 So Joshua took all that land,

8 And the LORD delivered the hills, and all the south counthem into the hand of Israel, who try, and all the land of Goshen, smote them, and chased them and the valley, and the plain, and unto great Zidon, and unto Mis- the mountain of Israel, and the rephoth-maim, and unto the val- valley of the same; ley of Mizpeh eastward; and 17 Even from the mount Halak, they smote them, until they left that goeth up to Seir, even unto them none remaining.

Baal-gad in the valley of Leba9 And Joshua did unto them non under mount Hermon: and as the LORD bade him: he all their kings he took, and houghed their horses, and burnt smote them, and slew them. their chariots with fire.

18 Joshua made war a long

time with all those kings. bron, from Debir, from Anab,

19 There was not a city that and from all the mountains of made peace with the children of Judah, and from all the mounIsrael, save the Hivites the in- tains of Israel: Joshua destroyed habitants of Gibeon: all other them utterly with their cities. they took in battle.

22 There was none of the Ana20 For it was of the Lord to kims left in the land of the chilharden their hearts, that they dren of Israel: only in Gaza, in should come against Israel in Gath, and in Ashdod, there rebattle, that he might destroy mained. them utterly, and that they might 23 So Joshua took the whole have no favour, but that he might land, according to all that the destroy them, as the Lord com- LORD said unto Moses; and manded Moses.

Joshua gave it for an inherit21 And at that time came Jo- ance unto Israel according to shua, and cut off the Anakims their divisions by their tribes. from the mountains, from He- And the land rested from war.

LECTURE 383. Against questioning the dealings of God. Some have been surprised that the Lord should instruct Joshua to maim the horses, which the Canaanites employed in their battles; as if it were strange for God to inflict sufferings on brute creatures, they being not supposed capable of sin. But if the sin of our whole race has entailed suffering on all those animals, which here do us service, we need not be surprised to find, that a punishment inflicted on this particular portion of mankind, was attended with much of suffering inflicted on the animals, that ministered to their wants. It adds to the manifestation of God's wrath against sin, when we see every thing connected with sinners involved in the calamity which overtakes them. And if the warning which is afforded by these instances of wrath, should be the means of winning souls that never die, what are the sufferings of such as horses in comparison ? But this chapter contains another fearful warning. For it tells us how it came to pass, that these various nations, kings, and cities, ventured against Israel in battle, and so rushed upon their own destruction ; instead of suing, as we should have thought they would, for peace. " It was of the Lord to harden their hearts.” This also is thought strange by many. So apt is the weak mind of man to imagine itself qualified for scanning the ways of God! As if it were not obvious, that He can easily interfere, to influence our minds, as well as to affect our bodies! As if it were not as reasonable, and just, and good, for Him to harden the hearts of those, who persist in impenitence, as it is for Him to turn them and to soften them, whensoever they are willing to repent. Let us never venture to doubt of his goodness and truth, lest we provoke Him to harden us in unbelief. Let us never venture to question the justice of his dealings with any of his creatures, lest we be made for ever monuments of his justice ourselves.

The kings whom Moses and Joshua smote. Now these are the kings of tribes of Israel for a possession the land, which the children of according to their divisions ; Israel smote, and possessed their 8 In the mountains, and in land on the other side Jordan to- the valleys, and in the plains, ward the rising of the sun, from and in the springs, and in the the river Arnon unto mount Her- wilderness, and in the south mon, and all the plain on the east: country; the Hittites, the Amo

2 Sihon king of the Amorites, rites, and the Canaanites, the who dwelt in Heshbon, and ruled Perizzites, the Hivites, and the from Aroer, which is upon the Jebusites: bank of the river Arnon, and from 9 The king of Jericho, one; the the middle of the river, and from king of Ai, which is beside Bethhalf Gilead, even unto the river el, one; Jabbok, which is the border of 10 The king of Jerusalem, one; the children of Ammon; the king of Hebron, one ;

3 And from the plain to the sea 11 The king of Jarmuth, one; of Chinneroth on the east, and the king of Lachish, one; unto the sea of the plain, even the 12 The king of Eglon, one; salt sea on the east, the way to the king of Gezer, one; Beth-jeshimoth; and from the 13 The king of Debir, one; south, under Ashdoth-pisgah: the king of Geder, one;

4 And the coast of Og king of 14 The king of Hormalı, one; Bashan, which was of the rem- the king of Arad, one; nant of the giants, that dwelt at 15 The king of Libnah, one; Ashtaroth and at Edrei, the king of Adullam, one;

5 And reigned in mount Her- 16 The king of Makkedah, one; mon, and in Salcah, and in all the king of Beth-el, one; Bashan, unto the border of the 17 The king of Tappuah, one; Geshurites and the Maachath- the king of Hepher, one; ites, and half Gilead, the border 18 The king of Aphek, one: of Sihon king of Heshbon. the king of Lasharon, one;

6 Them did Moses the servant 19 The king of Madon, one; of the Lord and the children of the king of Hazor, one; Israel smite: and Moses the ser- 20 The king of Shimron-mevant of the Lord gave it for a ron, one; the king of Achshaph, possession unto the Reubenites, one; and the Gadites, and the half 21 The king of Taanach, one; tribe of Manasseh.

the king of Megiddo, one; 7 And these are the kings of 22 The king of Kedesh, one; the country which Joshua and the king of Jokneam of Carmel, the children of Israel smote on one; this side Jordan on the west, 23 The king of Dor in the coast from Baal-gad in the valley of of Dor, one; the king of the Lebanon even unto the mount nations of Gilgal, one; Halak, that goeth up to Seir; 24 The king of Tirzah, one: which Joshua gave unto the all the kings thirty and one.

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