Dismantlement and Destruction of Chemical, Nuclear and Conventional Weapons

Przednia okładka
N. Schulte
Springer Science & Business Media, 28 lut 1997 - 246
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The end ofthe Cold War opened unprecedented opportunities for reductions in weapons of mass destruction. With these opportunities came new challenges, both scientific and political. Traditionally approached by different groups, the scientific, technical and political challenges are inextricably intertwined. Agreements to dismantle and destroy chemical, nuclear and conventional weapons, after having been negotiated via diplomatic channels, require the expertise of scientists associated with their development to determine the safest and most environmentally sound methods of destruction. It is in this context that representatives from sixteen countries and five international organizations were convened jointly by NATO, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Germany and the State Government of North Rhine Westphalia 19-21 May, 1996 in a meeting near Bonn to take stock of worldwide efforts to destroy and dismantle chemical, nuclear and conventional weapons remaining after the end ofthe Cold War. NATO support was provided under the auspices of the NATO Science Committee's Panel on Disarmament Technologies. The conference brought together the major actors involved in the dismantlement and destruction of chemical, nuclear and conventional weapons, highlighted the substantial accomplishments achieved in this area and pinpointed the remaining technical obstacles still to be overcome. It also underlined the critical importance of transparency, data exchange and verification as indispensable preconditions for disarmament and cooperative security.
 

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Spis treści

COOPERATION AS A COMMON STRATEGIC INTEREST
1
TOWARD PEACE WITH EVERFEWER WEAPONS
5
DISMANTLEMENT AND DESTRUCTION OF CHEMICAL NUCLEAR AND CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS
9
DISARMAMENT AND CONVERSION
11
CHALLENGES IN REDUCING THE LEGACY OF THE COLD WAR
13
FRENCH POLICY ON ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT
19
PARTICIPATION IN CHEMICAL WEAPONS DESTRUCTION
23
NORWEGIAN PERSPECTIVES AND PARTICIPATION IN NUCLEAR AND CHEMICAL WEAPONS DISARMAMENT
25
PLANS PROGRAMMES AND CHALLENGES IN THE DESTRUCTION OF CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS
119
RUSSIAS PARTICIPATION AND PERSPECTIVES
121
DISMANTLEMENT AND DESTRUCTION OF CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS
125
AN INTRODUCTION
131
CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS AND WEAPONS DISPOSAL EXPERIENCE IN THE UNITED STATES
135
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY IUPAC WORKING PARTY ON CHEMICAL WEAPONS DESTRUCTION TE...
151
DESTRUCTION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS
153
DO WE NEED ALTERNATIVE DESTRUCTION TECHNOLOGIES?
159

THE COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION PROGRAM
29
PROBLEMS OF DISARMAMENT AND ARMS CONTROL
33
THE AIDA PLAN
37
GERMAN PERSPECTIVES ON COOPERATION IN DISARMAMENT
39
JAPANESE PERSPECTIVES ON THE DESTRUCTION OF NUCLEAR AND CHEMICAL WEAPONS
41
A UK PERSPECTIVE
43
THE DESTRUCTION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS UNDER THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION
45
OVERVIEW OF THE UNITED STATES CHEMICAL DEMILITARIZATION PROGRAM
53
DESTRUCTION OF GERMAN OLD CHEMICAL WEAPONS IN MUNSTER
65
UNITED STATES SUPPORT TO THE RUSSIAN CHEMICAL WEAPONS DESTRUCTION PROGRAM
69
GERMANRUSSIAN COOPERATION IN THE DESTRUCTION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS
77
SWEDISHRUSSIAN COOPERATION PROJECT CONCERNING THE LEWISITE STORAGE FACILITY IN KAMBARKA
79
US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
85
THE VIEW FROM RUSSIA
89
A FRENCH PERSPECTIVE
93
GERMAN BILATERAL COOPERATIVE PROGRAMMES IN THE NUCLEAR FIELD
97
COOPERATIVE APPROACHES TO DISARMAMENT AND NONPROLIFERATION
99
JAPANS TECHNICAL SECRETARIAT ON COOPERATION FOR THE ELIMINATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS
101
COOPERATION PROJECTS FINANCED BY THE EUROPEAN UNION WITH NON MEMBER COUNTRIES
105
DEACTIVATION DISMANTLEMENT AND DESTRUCTION OF DELIVERY SYSTEMS AND INFRASTRUCTURE
161
PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS
163
STORAGE AND SAFEGUARDING OF FISSILE MATERIALS
169
EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT OPTIONS
171
STORAGE SAFEGUARDING AND DISPOSITION OF FISSILE MATERIALS
181
PLANS PROGRAMMES AND CHALLENGES IN THE DESTRUCTION OF CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS
183
CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES AND THE CIVILIAN USE OF DEMILITARISED MATERIAL
185
THE NATO SCIENCE COMMITTEE DISARMAMENT TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAMME
189
REDIRECTION OF RESEARCH FACILITIES AND SCIENTIFIC PERSONNEL
203
THE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CENTER OF UKRAINE
207
EXPERIENCE AND PROSPECTS
211
ASPECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN THE DESTRUCTION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS
215
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY CHALLENGES IN CONNECTION WITH DISARMAMENT AND CONTAMINATED MILITARY SITES
217
THE FINNISH RESPONSE
223
DISARMAMENT AND ENVIRONMENT
227
ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND CHALLENGES OF DISARMAMENT
231
PARTICIPANTS
237
Index
243
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