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P.S. An earnest anxiety to learn whatever yet may be accurately known about the Fons Bandusinus, maintained to be the old genuine and only fountain of that name, near to Venusia (or Venosa), induced me to consult Dr. George Errington, Pro-Rector of the English college at Rome. Accordingly I requested from him the advantage of any research which his command of the libraries there might give, into the subject proposed; he was particularly desired to examine every document which he could find, bearing on the question in the Abbé Chaupy's Decouverte de la Maison de Campagne d'Horace, Vol. 111. pp. 364. 538, &c.
In a long, curious, entertaining Letter lately received, my learned and accomplished correspondent assures me, that while the extract itself from the Bull of Pascal the 11d (about which I inquired) is indeed literally correct, he considers its application, however, as very suspicious; from the manner in which Chaupy "sees a little, presumes a great deal, and so jumps to the conclusion."
The passage quoted by Chaupy and more fully given by Mr. Hobhouse (vide the close of the Dissertation for particulars) contains, to be sure, various words-de Castello Bandusii-in Bandusino fonte apud Venusiam, &c., which seem full of excellent promise: but when rigidly examined, those words leave nothing essential, beyond the simple fact, that in the year A.D. 1103, at or near Venosa there was a Church called in Fonte Bandusino, for what cause so called cannot now be ascertained."
The fountain itself, somewhere in that neighbourhood beyond a doubt, existed apparently in Horace's day. But while the precise spot of the Poet's birth, on the banks of the Aufidus, and therefore if geography may be trusted, not immediately near to Venusia, has but little chance now of ever being exactly determined, the original Fons Bandusinus must without a sigh be resignedto its fate; perhaps that of an extinct fountain in a country more or less subject to volcanic
influence. And finally, in referring here to Mr. Cramer's Ancient Italy, Vol. 11. p. 290, I beg to be candidly understood as not at all impeaching his general accuracy: he does but exhibit, avowedly so, the specious result of Chaupy's discoveries, when he says of the Fons Bandusinus (in the Bull alluded to, APUD Venusiam), "that we ought to restore it to its true position, about six miles from Venosa, on the site named Palazzo." Let the right or the wrong of all this repose with Capmartin de Chaupy.
Habeat secum, servetque sepulchro.
THE PRESENT EDITION.
On a new edition of Horatius Restitutus appearing, some account may naturally be expected of what has been done, in the way of addition and improvement, to constitute an increased claim for its kind reception with the lovers of Roman literature.
In the first place, the Preliminary Dissertation remains in the arrangement of its principal parts the same as before; and though with great enlargement in the materials of new and interesting observation, yet not so far, it is hoped, as to render any one topic disproportionate or tedious. To preserve as much as possible something like unity in the composition, such new subjects as from their importance seemed to justify a larger discussion, it has been thought advisable to form into separate articles of Appendix, with the best arrangement which the diversity of nature in many of them would permit.
Amongst other additions, the Chronological Table now so much extended in its plan, pp. 90-94, may fairly be reckoned. I am indebted to Lord Holland's kindness, who has taken a most friendly interest in Horatius Restitutus, for the very just suggestion, that greater particularity and fulness of detail would give increased value to the Chronology, which beyond a doubt was too brief before. And Mr. H. Fynes Clinton, whose judgment I solicited on the MS. in its altered state, honoured me with the following reply:
that after a careful examination he thought it very much improved by the addition made of testimonies from the works of Horace in the fourth column, and that he perfectly understood the design in this Chronology, not to illustrate history from Horace, but rather Horace from history. "This design," he adds, "you have fulfilled in a very complete and satisfactory manner; and your tables, as now enlarged, will render great assistance to the future students of Horace."
It cannot be impertinent here, in allusion to P. D. 81, 2. to announce; that a Memoir of the Life and Times of Horace-with a regular parallel in the events of Roman history and in the biography of contemporary poets- has been sketched with great exactness by Mr. Charles Wordsworth, of Winchester, in a sheet privately printed and for limited circulation only. Professedly formed, as it is, on the basis of the Preliminary Dissertation and of the Fasti Hellenici, and already carried down to the publication of the third book of Odes, it has deserved and received my very hearty approbation. And I record with much pleasure Mr. Clinton's opinion, which on such a subject is quite decisive: "it will be a valuable guide and eminently useful to young men engaged in academical studies."
In the additional space which this volume has demanded, the largest share is claimed by the Dissertation on the METRES OF HORACE; which in its prefatory pages (159161) sufficiently enumerates the different authors to whom my obligations are due. Let me, however, in particular reference to Dr. Herbert, take this opportunity to premise that as far as he has clearly shown the way, in that curious line of the leading accents essential to the right constitution of verse, I have freely availed myself of his guidance; and that where I have felt less assurance on any points in
his doctrine, I have stated the facts without comment, and left the farther application for other scholars to demonstrate. Nor may the gratification be denied to me of stating, that in the month of January, 1836, the Dissertation itself was drawn up as it now stands, chiefly on existing materials, with the aid of my son and successor in the School of Richmond, Mr. James Tate, a sound and elegant scholar, as well as a faithful and diligent preceptor.
And here, if the overflowing matter may be excused for seeking admission into a place not properly its own, let the two following ADDENDA be accepted towards completing or extending the separate articles to which they belong.
I. In the Familiar Day of Horace, Appendix, pp. (100), (101), (102), I have shown in what style and on what conditions he professed to entertain his friends, and have exhibited another variety of good fellowship, which was partly managed at the common expense of the parties. Now a reader who is not sufficiently aware of the difference betwixt that age and our own, may naturally ask: "Had the gentlemen of Rome then no other plan for enjoying the social hour but those which you have here described?" None, that I am aware of, is apparent in the pages of Horace. For the scenes which you may perhaps imagine adapted to that purpose, were in our poet's time evidently unknown in any such use. With him, the caupona occurs only as an inn for the entertainment of travellers, 1 S. v. 51; 1 E. XI. 12; XVII. 8; the popina, as an eating-house (with its frequenter popino) dirty and discreditable, 2 S. IV. 62; VII. 39; 1 E. XIV. 21; and, finally, the taberna (in the only pertinent acceptation of the word) as nothing more or less than a mere wine-shop, and one to which very low persons resorted, 1 E. xv. 24. In short, any thing like our tavern, or