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A COPIOUS AND ORIGINAL SELECTION OF REFERENCES TO
PARALLEL AND ILLUSTRATIVE PASSAGES,
ILLUSTRATED WITH MAPS AND ENGRAVINGS,
Stereotyped by J. C. D. Christman & Co.
PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH VERSION
appears, is altogether different from any ble, of convenient size for the Pocket, oriPuing which has brfore been given to the Pub- ginil in its plan, purpose, and execution, tic, but its originally will be found pre-emi- should be published; in which a MORE AP. Dently to consist in a laborious and entirely PROPRIATE and ACCURATE selection, adapKU Selection and Arrangement of Rele- tation, and Arrangement of References might **uces, in which it has been endeavoured he introduced; both for the Assistance of faithfully to exhibit the Scripture as its Private Readers, and to facilitate the ready own Expositor.
examination and quotation of passages, The greatness of the advantages that which the Preacher, or the Biblical Stumust accrue to a sincere and diligent rea- dent, may have an immediate occasion to der of the Sacred Pages, from having con- cite, or to consult. stantly before him a reference to similar Convenience and utility were, however, and illustrative passages, carefully investi- to be equally consulted in all the parts of gated, and suitably applied, must be obvi- the undertaking. If the size of the hook ous to every one; and has been well under- were too large, or the page too crowded, stood by many pious and able men, to so as to be made wearisome to the eye, its whose diligent and useful labours the convenience would be lessened; and if, in Public is unspeakably indebted.
the limits which these considerations imReferences, however, have hitherto posed, great care were not employed in been printed, almost exclusively, in the examining and applying the References, ils margins of Bibles of a large size; and utility would in a great degree, be destroy. the benefit resulting from them has, in ed. On mature deliberation, therefore, it consequence, been very inuch restrict- appeared best to adopt the plan here preed ;---the only small Bible with Refe- sented to the notice of the Public; in rences, in the English language, being which the Marginal Readings and Refethat published by Mr. Canne. The defects rences are all contained in a MIDDLE CO. of which are many; for though he was a LUMN, between two of text; and the numdiligent student of the Scriptures, and his ber introduced is sufficient, except in a few work was at that time eminently service- pages only,completely to fill that column. able, yet, as he was not in possession The Chronology is always placed at the of those helps, for the accomplishment of top of this middle column, where it dethe task which he had undertaken, that notes the Date of the writing or transacare now afforded by many valuable tion contained in the text, at the begineditions and comments, which have been ning of the page. printed in different languages since The Marginal Readings contained in the liis time; and being, therefore, under the folio and quarto Bibles are all introduced ; necessity of relying chiefly on his own the idioms of the original languages which industry; it is not surprising that he should are preserved in many of them, and also
have been less successful than he would the various senses of particular words or otherwise have been. His references are phrases, being in most instances instruc
often only remotely applicable: he seems tive, and in all worthy to be known. But frequently to have been guided more by it has not been thought necessary, in givsimilarity of expression than by illustra-ing these readings, to insert such words as 1100 : the errors in the letter-press are are repeated in the text, and which would
numerous : many of the Marginal Readings therefore have fruitlessly occupied a porare omitted: the Chronology is altogether tion of the space allotted to references. left out: and all the References in this, as The Various Readings are referred to by in the larger Bibles, are placed in the mar- small figures placed immediately before the gin of the text; by which they are render- words for which they are to be substituted; ed liable to be cut in binding, or worn and the References by Italic letters, which
away by use, or bound so into the back of are generally placed after the first or second the book as not to be easily read.
word of a verse, or clause of a verse, On all these accounts, it has long appear-) when they are intended to illustrate the
PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH VERSION whole of that verse or clause: but when MAY BE PERFECT, THOROUGHLY FURNISTED the principal force of the illustration UNTO ALL GOOD WORKS. But it must be rests on a single word, the letter reference evident, that the Scripture could not be * W2 is placed immediately after that word. effectually protitable for these great ends 24 This has been the general rule ; and the nor make the man of God PERFECT, * iit exceptions have either been unavoidable, were not periect itself; if its ditierent parts story Ol' are quite immaterial.
were at variance with each other: if, not: In referring to several relations of the withstanding all the variety of an atter, an same fac's, by different Writers in the Sa- multiplicity of detail, which such a book! cred Volume, as in the histories recorded required, the doctrines revealed, and th Ly the Four Evangelists, and in those con- moral duties enjoined, were not substa itined in the Books of Kings and Chroni- tially and essentially the same throne 1 ces, the corresponding chapters, or parts out, and if all the parts did not conç of chapters in each, having been once the lar of the whole To exhibit noted at the begimng of the history or the harmou of the Sacred Wriers subject, it has not been thought necessary subjects of which they treat, hasil to repeai those references in the subse- primary design of this selection. quent verses, except where something there are some subjects of leading to material is to be 10 iced. That also in tance, in which all the rest are incliyi the prophecy of Obauliah, which relates and by means of which the harmony chietly to the destruction of the Edomites, perfection of the Inspired Pilges are wr the prophecies of Isaiah, Jeremah, Eze: ien, as with the beanis of the sun; to kiel, and Amos, on the same subject, lav- these, especial care and attention have ing been ouce pointed out at the com- been devoted. mencement, are not agam referred to. I. It has appeared an object of the first And so in the lustory of our Lord's templa- magnu ude, that the reader of the Holy t10n, given in the fourih chapter of the Scriptures should be assisted by refeGospel by St. Matthew, reference being rences from text to text, to have constantly made froin the first verse to the fourth in view the counexion of all the divine ait chapter of that by St. Luke, where the tributes, and the holy uniformity of God in same history is recorded, no further rele- lis, government, both of his Church, and i rence is made to that capler m the subse- of the world. A display of the true charac-2013 quent verses; the connexion of the whole ter and perfections of God is, without disbeing obvious, and the compulson easy. pute, one chief design of the Inspired VoMore space has been thus reiained for the lume. llere, as in Isaiali's miraculous viillustration or contirmation of the subjects sion, inay Jehovah he seen, sitting upon a time or sentences individually, which are com- throne, high and lifted up; his train fills prised in the particular parts of the history the temple, and the Sacred Writers, like mye or discourse.
the Seraphim, cover themselves, and cry celles For a similar reason, where the same one to another, and say, HOLY, HOLY, HOLI H identical words, or nearly so, might be is THE LORD OF HOSTS, THE WHOLE EARTA U found in a great number of texts, a few of IS FULL OF HIS GLORY.
It is this which an tiese only have been selected ;---illustra- gives to the Scripture its superlative granin view.
promulgated; his purposes are revealed : The references, therefore, which fill the his mercy is announced; and he is every Considered and applied with a particular adoration, love, service, and praise, of all attention to this specific end, that none his intelligent creatures. Little do those which were supertuous might be intro- who ileglect their Bibles think what reduced, while the most material purposes fined delight they lose, by thus turning tu be answered by References might away their eyes from the most sublime, nevertheless be ellectually secured.
the inost glorious, and the most beatifying WHETER the latitude or the limits of object of contemplation, that the whole such an undertaking be considered, it is universe allords. proper that the principles on which it has II. But this inanifestation of the Divine been conducted shund be so far explain character and government is not presented ed, as that the Reader may be apprised of to us as a matter of mere speculation, in what he is to expect from it, and in what which we have no immediate and personal branches of religious inquiry it may most interest. The Holy Scriptures are designinaterially assist him.
ed to promote the Glory of God BY TILE In that grand enunciat on of the dignity SALVATION OF MAN. The peculiar purpose and design of the Sacred Volume, which of the whole is, to turn men from darkis given by the Apostle Paul, (2 Tim. iii. 16. ness to light, and from the power of Satan 17,) we are tolu, that " ALL' SCRIPTURE IS to God; to raise them from the ruins of GIVEN BY INSPIRATION OF GOD, AND IS PROSITABLE FOR DOCTRINE, FOR REPROOF, *'APTIO, perfectus, integer, sanus, incoFOR CORRETIOX. POR INSTRUCTION IN limis, consentaneus, consummatus. RIGHTSOUNXESS; THAT THE MAN OF GOD!
OF THE POLYGLOTT BIBLE. the Fall, and to put them in possession of PHETS WITNESS. Acts x. 43. The things the blessings of Redemption; to lead them which were written in the law of Moses, from sin to holiness; to conduct them and in all the Prophets, and in the Psalms, through a state of conflict and trial on concern HIM; (Luke xxiv. 27, 41;) and earth, to a state of rest and felicity in hea- would come to nothing if he were separatven; and so to assist and direct them in all ed from them. He is the bright and mornpossible conditions in life, that they may ing star; the true light that must lighten po fail of these great ends, except by their every man who comes to see the glory of own wilful rejection of the counsel of God Divine Revelation. Rev. xxi. 16. John i. ganst themselves. The salvation of his 9. It has therefore been a chief design of
soul should therefore be the grand this Work to connect and to exhibit the incern of every reader of the Scripture. testimony which all the Sacred Penmen the immortality of the soul is brought bear to the adorable Immanuel ; to the t, and placed in unquestionable evi- proper and unequivocal Divinity of his na
Here, its defection from original ture, the necessity of his mediation, the i clearly demonstrated; the means reality and design of his incarnation. his
storation are set forth, and its fu- spolless and exemplary life, his unparallelstiny is declared. It is an awful re-ed sufferings, his vicarious death,the verity iwility which they incur who wilfully of lus resurrection and ascension into hea
.ect this holy book, and devote all their ven, the sufficiency of his righteousness, sue, and the powers of their minds, to the prevalence of his intercession, the
rrestrial, and subordinate objects. They spirituality of his kingdom, his sovereignty slight the pearl of greatest price, which is in the Church, his constant care and love no where else to be found ; and seem as if of his people, and the certainty of his sethey were determined to frustrate, as far cond coming to raise the dead and judge as respects themselves, all that Divine wis- the world in righteousness ;---grand and dom and goodness have done to rescue the sublime truths, in which every individual immortal mind of man trom spiritual igno- of the human race is deeply and eternally rance, error, vanity, vice, and ium. Those, interested. however, who are seeking to enjoy the IV. The chief purpose of Christ's mission blessings which the Gospel reveals, will, as being that such as believe on him might they are able, search the Scriptures; and be saved from sin, which is the transsuch persons will receive great help from gression of the Divine law, and from the having references at hand to assist their punishment due toit; it has been thought inquiries. "It were to be wished,” says important frequently to connect those Bishop Horsely, “that no Bibles were texts which speak of transgressions, with printed without References. Particular those in which the law concerning them diligence should be used in comparing the is to be found, and in which punishment parallel texts of the Old and New Testa- is threatened, and sometimes with those ments. . . . It is incredible," he adds, "to in which the atonement is set forth, and any one who has not made the experiment, pardon is proclaimed; or in which sanctiwhat a proficiency may be malle in that fication is promised, or entorced ; and knowledge which makcth wise unto salva- these again with such as relate to the fution, by studying the Scriptures in this ture happiness and glory which is promismanner,WITHOUT ANY OTHER COMMENTA.ed to the faithful, or punishment and niiseRY, OR EXPOSITION, THAN WHAT THE DIF- ry denounced against the impenitent. A FERENT PARTS OF THE SACRED VOLUME small body of divinity is sometimes comMUTUALLY FURNISH FOR EACH OTHER. Let prised in a few texts connected together the inost illiterate Christian study them in in this way. Thus, from those words in this manner, and let him never cease to Ezek. xxiii. 49. Ye shall bear the sins of pray for the illumination of that Spirit by your idols, the Reader is referred first to which these books were dictated: and the Numb. xiv. 31, as a parallel passage, I whole compass of abstruse philosophy, showing God visiting sin upon the iransrecondite history, shall furnish no argu-gressors themselves; then to Numub. xvili. nient with which the perverse will of man 23. to show the typical visitation of it shall be able to shake this learned Chris- upon the Levitical priesthood; then to tan's faith."* So great and perfect is the Isaiah liii. 11. to show the prophetic decoincidence of every part of the Word of claration of its bemg laid on Christ; and, God in the grand and merciful design of lastly, 10 1 Pet. ii. 21. to show the actual the whole!
fultilment of that prophecy, and the end !!l. This is more apparent, and the har- to be answered by it: for there we are mony and perfection of the Holy Scrip- told, that He that judgeth righteously, "his tures are rendered more peculiarly evident own self, bare our suns in his own body on and distinct, by the constant reference of the tree, that we, being dead to sin, should all its writers to our Lord and Saviour Je- tive to righteousness." sus Christ. TO HIS GIVE ALL THE PRO- V. The concurrence of the Old and
New Testament with each other, and the
relation of the types before and under the * Horsely's Nine Sermons, p. 224-238. Mosaic law, to their completion under the