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FOR THE YEAR 1824.
Published at the expense of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions,
VIEW OF THE MISSIONS UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE AMERICAN BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS FOR FOREIGN MISSIONS.
THE following survey is designed to give a brief view of the present state of the missions under the direction of the American Board of Foreign Missions. We designed to have introduced it by a general, though brief, account of the missions under the direction of other societies in this country and in Europe: but numerous avocations have withheld the requisite leisure. It forms, we conceive, a very proper introduction to a new volume and a new year, and will exhibit an extensive field occupied by the benevolence of the American churches.
CHESTER ADAMS, Esq. ́
The executive business of the Board is transacted at the MISSIONARY ROOMS, No. 69, Market Street, Boston, Mass., which are daily open during the regular hours of business.
The Board has established missions, in the order of time in which they will now be named, at Bombay-in Ceylon,-among || the Cherokees, Choctaws, and Cherokees of the Arkansaw-at the Sandwich Islands
The first missionaries to Bombay embarked nearly twelve years ago. Some time elapsed before they were fairly settled at Bombay, and some further time, before they acquired the language; so that, up to the date of their last communications, we have accounts of little more than eight years of effective service. But, during this time, they have translated most of the New Testament into the Mahratta language, spoken by at least 12,000,000 of people, and have printed a considerable part of it; have translated portions of the Old Testament, and printed the book of Genesis; and they will be able to print the whole Bible soon, if funds are
obtained. They have printed more than 30,000 books and tracts, most of which have been circulated among the natives, and have been read, probably, by several hundred thousands. They have under their care eighteen schools, containing about 900 pupils; and, not long since, they had twenty-five schools, containing 1,200 pupils, but were obliged to discontinue several, for want of pecuniary means to support them. In various ways, they are daily extending the circle of their acquaintance and influence among the natives.
For a long time, a Mission Chapel has been needed. More than a year ago, the foundations of one were laid, and, during the last summer, the building, which is 60 feet by 35, was probably completed.
Should it please God to give success to the plans of the missionaries, a Mission College will soon be very desirable.
On the 27th of September last, the Rev. Edmund Frost, Missionary, with his wife, and Mrs. Graves, the wife of the missionary at Mahim, embarked for Calcutta, whence, by leave of Providence, they will proceed immediately to Bombay.
very useful assistants, three of whom have been licensed to preach the Gospel. One of these licentiates possesses very superior talents. Others of the scholars, not belonging to the church, are hopefully pious; others are seriously disposed; and very many, not particularly serious, are of good promise.
It is quite indispensable to the ultimate success of the mission, that a Native College be soon established.
III. MISSION AMONG THE CHEROKEES.
On the 13th of January 1817, Mr. Kingsbury arrived at Chickamaugah, since called Brainerd, and commenced preparations for an establishment there. The mission among the Cherokees has, at the present time, six stations,-Brainerd, CreekPath, Carmel, Hightower, Willstown, and Haweis.
BRAINERD.-The oldest station of the Board among the Indians. It is situated within the chartered limits of Tennessee, on the Chickamaugah creek, 250 miles N. W. of Augusta; 150 S. E. of Nashville; and 110 S. W. of Knoxville.
Rev. Ard Hoyt, Missionary; Dr. Elizur Butler, Physician; Mr. Sylvester Ellis, Schoolmaster; Messrs. John Vail, Henry Parker, and Frederick Elsworth, Farmers; Messrs. Erastus Dean, and Ainsworth E. Blunt, Mechanics.
CARMEL.-Formerly called Taloney.
BATTICOTTA.—Six miles north-west of Sixty-two miles S. E. from Brainerd, on
PANDITERIPO.-Nine miles north-west of Jaffnapatam.
Rev. John Scudder, M. D. Missionary. George Koch, Native Medical Assistant.
MANEPY.-Four miles and a half northwest of Jaffnapatam.
Rev. Levi Spaulding, Missionary.
The original missionaries from this country to Ceylon, were four in number,-the Rev. Messrs. Warren, Richards, Meigs and Poor. The two first named have rested from their labors. At the date of the last intelligence, Messrs. Meigs and Poor had been laboring, with a competent knowledge of the language, but little more than five years; and the others above named, less than three years. Yet they have procured, to be boarded and educated in their families, and under their entire control 118 heathen youths, who are supported, and to whom names have been given, by individuals and societies in this country. They have also established thirty-two free-schools, containing more than 1,500 scholars; have admitted into their church seventeen converted natives; and, by means of their schools, and tracts, and conversations, and preaching, are constantly exerting a powerful influence on a considerable population, most of which is composed of the higher casts. Nine young men, members of the church, are
what is called the Federal Road. A school was established here in May 1820. Mr. Hall resided here six months before the opening of the school.
Rev. Daniel S. Butrick, Missionary, and Mr. Moody Hall, Schoolmaster.
CREEK-PATH.-One hundred miles W. S. W. of Brainerd. A school was established here in April 1820.
Rev. William Potter, Missionary.
tow-ee, but corrupted into Hightower; eighty miles S. S. E. of Brainerd, and thirty-five miles west of south from Carmel. A school commenced in April of the present year.
HIGHTOWER.-On a river named E
Mr. Isaac Procter, Schoolmaster.
WILLSTOWN.-About fifty miles S. W. of Brainerd. A school was established at this station, in May last.
Rev. William Chamberlain, Missionary.
HAWEIS. About sixty miles S. of Brainerd. Preparations are making for a school.
Mr. John C. Elsworth, Schoolmaster.
IV. MISSION AMONG THE CHOCTAWS.
The mission among the Cherokees being