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FOR THE YEAR 1824.
Published at the expense of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions,
VIEW OF THE MISSIONS UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE AMERICAN BoARD OF commissionERS For Fort EIGN MISSIONS.
The following survey is designed to give a brief view of the present state of the missions under the direction of the American Board of Foreign Missions. We designed to have introduced it by a general, though brief, account of the missions under the direction of other societies in this country and in Europe: but numerous avocations have withheld the requisite leisure. It forms, we conceive, a very proper introduction to a new volume and a new year, and will exhibit an ex
tensive field occupied by the benevolence of the American churches.
—and in Western Asia. It has, also, taken measures to ascertain the religious and moral state of the southern and western countries of South America, with a view to missionary labors in that interesting part of the world.
I. Mission AT BoMBAY.
Commenced in 1813. This mission has three stations.—Bombay, Mahim, and Tannah.
BoMBAY.—A large city on an island of the same name. It is the capital of all the British possessions on the western side of the peninsula, and is the primary seat of the mission.
Rev. Gordon Hall, JMissionary; Mr. James Garrett, Printer.
MAhim.—Six miles from Bombay, on the north part of the island. Rev. Allen Graves, JMissionary.
TANNAH.-The principal town on the island of Salsette, twenty-five miles from Bombay.
Rev. John Nichols, Missionary.
The first missionaries to Bombay embarked nearly twelve years ago. Some time elapsed before they were fairly settled at Bombay, and some further time, before they acquired the language; so that, up to the date of their last communications, we have accounts of little more than eight years of effective service. But, during this time, they have translated most of the New Testament into the Mahratta language, spoken by at least 12,000,000 of people, and have printed a considerable part of it; have translated portions of the Old Testament, and printed the book of Genesis; and they will be able to print the whole Bible soon, if funds are
2 Survey of JMissionary Stations.
obtained. They have printed more than 30,000 books and tracts, most of which have been circulated among the natives, and have been read, probably, by several hundred thousands. They have under their care eighteen schools, containing about 900 pupils; and, not long since, they had twenty-five schools, containing 1,200 pupils, but were obliged to discontinue several, for want of pecuniary means to support them. In various ways, they are daily extending the circle of their acquaintance and influence among the natives.
For a long time, a Mission Chapel has been needed. More than a year ago, the foundations of one were laid, and, during the last summer, the building, which is 60 feet by 35, was probably completed.
Should it please God to give success to the plans of the missionaries, a Mission College will soon be very desirable.
The original missionaries from this country to Ceylon, were four in number, the Rev. Messrs. Warren, Richards, Meigs and Poor. The two first named have rested from their labors. At the date of the last intelligence, Messrs. Meigs and Poor had been laboring, with a competent knowledge of the language, but little more than five years; and the others above named, less than three years. Yet they have procured, to be boarded and educated in their families, and under their entire control 118 heathen youths, who are supported, and to whom names have been given, by individuals and societies in this country. They have also established thirty-two free-schools, containing more than 1,500 scholars; have admitted into their church seventeen converted natives; and, by means of their schools, and tracts, and conversations, and preaching, are constantly exerting a powerful influence on a considerable population, most of which is composed of the higher casts. Nine young men, members of the church, are
very useful assistants, three of whom have been licensed to preach the Gospel. One of these licentiates possesses very superior talents. Others of the scholars, not | belonging to the church, are hopefully pious; others are seriously disposed; and very many, not particularly serious, are of good promise.
. It is quite indispensable to the ultimate success of the mission, that a Native College be soon established.
III. Mission AMong THE CHERoKEES.
On the 13th of January 1817, Mr. Kingsbury arrived at Chickamaugah, since called Brainerd, and commenced preparations for an establishment there. The mission among the Cherokees bas, at the present | time, six stations,—Brainerd, CreekPath, Carmel, Hightower, Willstown, and Haweis.
BRAINERD.—The oldest station of the Board among the Indians. It is situated within the chartered limits of Tennessee, on the Chickamaugah creek, 250 miles N. W. of Augusta; 150 S. E. of Nashville; and 110 S. W. of Knoxville. Rev. Ard Hoyt, JMissionary; Dr. Elizur Butler, Physician; Mr. Sylvester Ellis, Schoolmaster; Messrs. John Vail, Henry Parker, and Frederick Elsworth, Farmers; Messrs. Erastus Dean, and Ainsworth E. Blunt, JMechanics. CARMEL.-Formerly called Taloney. Sixty-two miles S. E. from Brainerd, on what is called the Federal Road. A school was established here in May 1820. Mr. Hall resided here six months before the opening of the school. Rev. Daniel S. Butrick, JMissionary, and Mr. Moody Hall, Schoolmaster.
CREEK-PATH.—One hundred miles W. S. W. of Brainerd. A school was established here in April 1820.
Rev. William Potter, JMissionary.
HIGHToweR.—On a river named Etow-ee, but corrupted into Hightower; eighty miles S. S. E. of Brainerd, and thirty-five miles west of south from Carmel. A school commenced in April of the present year.
Mr. Isaac Procter, Schoolmaster.
WILLstown.—About fifty miles S. W. of Brainerd. A school was established at this station, in May last.
Rev. William Chamberlain, JMissionary.
HAw EIS.-About sixty miles S. of Brainerd. Preparations are making for a school.
Mr. John C. Elsworth, Schoolmaster.
IV. MISSION AMong THE CHocTAws.
The mission among the Cherokees being