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case of REV. MIt. SMIth.

Notices of the persecution and death of the Rev. Mr. Smith, a missionary, of the London Missionary Society, in Demerara, were given at pp. 158–160; also, 191, 192. The following is from the London Christian Observer.

A debate of two days’ continuance on the case of the Missionary Smith has taken place in the I louse of Commons. A motion was made by Mr. Brougham, to express the serious alarm and deep sorrow with which the house contemplated the violation of law and justice, manifested in the unexampled pro ce: slings against Mr. Smith in Dern, ara, and their sense of the necessity of adopting one asures to secure a jnst and humane adminis' ra

tion of law in that colony. and to protect the | voluntary instruction of the Negroes, as well ||

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| Lushington, Mr. J. Williams, Mr. Wilber| force, Vir. Denman, and Sir Joseph Yorke. | The motion was opposed by Mir. Horton, Mr. | Scarlett, Mr. Tindal, the Attorney-General, and Mr. Canning, on the ground, not of the legality of the proceedings, or of the justice of the sentence, but that the motion went to | condemn unheard the governor of Demerara, and the court that tried Mr. Smith. On this | ground the previous question was moved and carried by 193 to 146, the largest minority in the present session. The division, under all the circumstances of the cases, may be considered as a triumph. Not an individual at. tempted to defend the proceedings. In short, nothing could have been more decisive of the innocence of Mr. Smith, and the injustice of his condemnation.

At TENTION TO EDUCAtiox in colon[BIA.

as the Negroes thern selves, and the rest of | A GENTLEMAN recently from Caraccas, inhis majesty s subjects from oppression. This | forms, that Mr. Lancaster, the celebrated motion was supported by Mr. Brougham with !! founder of the system of school instruction a power of argument and cloquence which has h which bears his name. is now at that place,

seldom been equalied, and he was flowed on

!aloring to establish a school on the principles

the same site by Sir James Mackatosh, Dr." which have, elsewhere, proved so successful.

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He is paid by the Colombian government a thy of the benevolent and intelligent Christian,

salary of $2,000 per year. He is accompanied by his daughter, and her husband, Mr. Jones. . It was supposed that, atter accomplishing the object which he had in view at Caraccas, he would proceed to Bogota. He had been at the former place about three months. The present number of public schools at Caraccas is about a dozen. The average number of scholars attending them would not exceed 20.-The people are deplorably ignorant, and seem entirely indifferent to any improvement in the education of their children. Joel. Ch.


The following are extracts of a letter from a young clergy man, who spent the last winter as a missionary in New Orleans. The letter was first published in the American Tract Magazine.

Our western states present a great field for the distribution of tracts. The truth of this is very plain to any one, who has only descended the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. The inhabitants along the bottom or interval lands of these streams are but partially supplied with the Scriptures, see but few churches except in the larger towns, hear only occasional sermons and these at uncertain intervals; they receive few tracts, and scarcely any of the Religious Periodical Publications, which are doing so much in the eastern and middle parts of our country. The tracts, which I had the pleasure to distribute among them, were received with apparent avidity, and the Athanks which were in variably expressed, evidently came from the heart. Before 1 proceed to remark on the particular spot, which all allow to be the key to the western world, permit me to suggest the propriety of establishing, as soon as may be, a Depository at Wheeling, Va. My stay there the last autumn, though very short, was sufficiently long to convince me that it

- was among the most favorable unoccupied spots

on the “Beautiful River,” as the French called the Ohio. A great many families,



| “movers,” pass over the Cumberland road,

sphere of ordinary moral restraints.

and embark at Wheeling in flat boats, for Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, &c. They are for the most part destitute of money, books, and almost the necessaries of life; and are fast hastening beyond the present sphere of moral and religious instruction. At wheeling, a few active Christians might do much good by the judicious distribution of tracts among this class of persons, as also among the boatmen, waggoners, and permanent population of the town and vicinity. The Rev Mr. Armstrong, of the Episcopal church, was evidently desirous that something of this kind should be done, and I doubt not would cheerfully cooperate in any measures you might see fit to adopt. I pass to the consideration of that city, whose spiritual needs will awaken the sympa

as much as its commercial relations and prospects will raise his wonder. President Jefferson has truly said, that “the position of New Orleans certainly destines it to be the greatest city the world has ever seen. There is no spot on the globe to which the produce of so great an extent of fertile country must necessarily come. It is three times greater than that on the eastern side of the Alleghany, which is to be divided among all the seaport towns of the Atlantic States. The Mississippi, that Father of Waters, with his two thousand tributary Sons, drains more than 1,400,000 square miles; a portion of country nearly equal in extent to the whole Roman empire in the days of her proudest Consuls.” The American population of this tract already exceeds 2,500,000. Of the 350,000, annually added to our population, a very large proportion is settling in this Valley. Were the population of this expanse only as dense as that of Connecticut in 1810, or 60 persons to a square mile, the aggregate would be 84,000,000. Were it as dense as that of Italy, it would be 514,000,000. Mr. Darby, in his work on Louisiana, says, “It cannot be rashness to assert, that, if the present order of things continue to operate, at a period not more than two centuries distant, more than 100,000,000 of human, beings will send the surplus fruits of their labor to New Orleans.” The population of this city in 1803 was 8,000; it is now 40,000. In 1802, 20,000 bales of cotton were exported from Louisiana and Florida; this year intelligent merchants calculate on a crop of 200,000 bales from New Orleans alone. Already 1,200 vessels annually enter and depart from that port, freighted with the produce of all climates. The number of seamen there, every year, cannot be much less than 7,000, As far back as 1817, 1,500 flat boats and 500 barges came down the river, bringing every variety of produce. At the present time, there are 100 steam boats running from New Orleans in all directions over the western waters. In the barges, steam, keel and flat boats, there must be em. ployed from 6,000 to 10,000 men. These are from every state and town and almost every settlement west of , the Alleghany Ridge, Here are two large classes of men, who are, one of them for most of their lives, the other for a large portion of every year, entirely destitute of religious instruction, and beyond the Tracts appear to me not only the best, but almost

* There are said to be from 1,500 to 2,0oo streams sending their waters to the Mississippi, of these, 200 are larger and longer than the Connecticut, or the Hudson. Fourteen states contribute to swell the waters of one of these, the Ohio, among which are New-York, Maryland, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. Each of these fourteen states, excepting Maryland and South Carolina, is larger than the four states united, which feed the Connecticut. Twelye of the principal western rivets have an average length of nearly 3,600 miles. Of these, four have a longer course, from their sources to the gulf of Mexico, than the Mississippi: viz. the Missouri, from the head waters of Jefferson River in the Rocky Mountains, 4,500; Yellow Stone 3,900; Bighorn, S.soo; Kansas, 3,100; Mississippi. 3,300. After journeying three or four imonths, the rise of the Missouri had just reached New Orleans when I left, the first of July.



the only possible mode of conveying the truths of the Gospel to these wanderers. Many of them will not attend any religious meeting, will not read the Bible or a sermon, who may still read a short tract, if thrown in their way. Amother opening for tracts is in the Charity and Marine Hospitals, into the first of which in 1822, there were admitted 1,700 patients. The number annually in both is probably from 1,800 to 2,000. Among these classes of mariners, boatmen, and the sick, I can truly say, I have found only one feeling in regard to tracts, and that, a strong desire to receive them, and an evident regret, when told that there were no more to bestow. The call and occasion for tracts among the boatmen of the Mississippi and its tributaries are peculiar and urgent, and the facilities for their distribution are much greater at New Orleans than at any other spot. The boatmen go up the river as deck passengers, from 50 to 300 in a steam boat. They are on board from 14 to 20 days, as the passage may be, either to Nashville, Louisville, Cincinnati, or Pitts. burgh. They are idle, having nothing to do, nothing to read. “To kill time,” they resort to card-playing; the next step, (a step soon taken by too many of the western people,) is gambling. I will here state one fact which may show the usefulness of tracts among these men. Mr. B a pious young man was going to Louisville sometime in March last, in the steam boat Olive Branch. I gave him a parcel of tracts, requesting him to see them distributed. There were about 200 deck passengers. He received the tracts, and within a short time after leaving port took from the parcel one or two to read himself, and offered a few to others. They paid at first little attention to the offer, being engaged in gambling and various kinds of sport. After a day or two more, they grew tired of their folly, and were willing to receive the tracts. They became every day more and more desirous to obtain them, and of their own accord urgently pressed Mr. B. for “more tracts.” So that in about a week after leaving New Orleans, and a week before reaching Louisville, all his tracts were gone, and many more might have been most happily employed. For five or six months in the year, such opportunities are not only of weekly but almost of daily occurrence. As to a supply for New Orleans this season, I can only say, with the exception of some French and Span

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ish tracts, there are none. There is a Fe

male Missionary Society, which is also in part

a Tract Society, but small and feeble. The

few Christians in the city are either poor, or

but in moderate circumstances. The calls

upon their charity for the sick, the suffering,

the widow and the orphan are numerous, constant and pressing. In these various ways

their charities are called for, and cheerfully

bestowed to an extent that would astonish

even the more liberal and benevolent in our

highly favored New England. In the great

work of reforming their city, of giving religious

instruction to the various classes of men of business resorting thither from all quarters,

the clerks and youth generally, the mariners

and the boatmen; of founding institutions,

which shall affect the present and coming

generations, which shall affect millions of our

race in our own land, and in foreign lands,

and onward till the end of time, they look for

assistance to Christian benevolence in this

part of our country. Shall they look in vain?

Will not the American Tract Society, by an

appropriation of Tracts to the amount of at

least seventy-five dollars, give encourage

ment and vigor to their efforts; and thus send

the word of life to multitudes who are now

sitting in the region and shadow of death? Will

not the Christian community at the north, aid

the feeble band at New Orleans in the at

tempt soon to be made of erecting there a

.Mariner's and Bargeman's Church? Will

not Christian parents in Bath, Portland,

Portsmouth, Salem, Boston and Providence,

remember their children when away from

parental admonition, and exposed to a climate and temptations which sweep too many to an

early grave? Do they not wish them, having

been preserved from the perils of the sea, to

render up praises in the sanctuary of God?

When about to recommit themselves to its

dangers, would they not wish them to ask the

Divine protection and guidance, that they

may again meet their pot and friends in the land of the living? But I must close. I will only add, that l am thoroughly persuaded, were the wealthy, benevolent Christians at the north properly aware of the immense influence already possessed, and the inconceivable influence soon to be exerted, by that city, no efforts, no expense, would be spared, to plant the Gospel where now its sacred institutions are generally profaned, and to proclaim its truths to thousands, where now but hundreds hear them.

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Not long since, the Abbé Dubois, who had been, for many years, a Catholic missionary on the western side of lndia, published a number of letters on the state of Christianity in India, he endeavors to shew, that the preaching of the Gospel to the natives of India, not only never


This work was quoted with considerable exultation, by a certain class of men, as justifying an opposition to all missionary efforts among the heathen.—During the past year an answer to the Abbé has appeared in England, from the pen of the Rev. Henry Townley, who had been, for six years, laboring as a missionary in Bengal. ... This answer is conThe following extracts are from the last chapter of the book, and are given as the re aults of Mr. Townley's reasoning, and stateneuth,

has had any success, but never will have any. || clusive and satisfactory.

370 The Mbbé Dubois against Missions in India. Nov.

It has appeared, in the course of the investigation, that the author, as a “vinced by the É.". tenor of his book, law almost entirely ost night of the concurrence of divine and human agency in the work of evangelizing the heathem. The consequence of which has been, that by exclusively meditating on the inability of tle merely human agent, he has arrived at the exceedingly erroneous conclu: sion,that there is no possibility "of making real converts to Christianity among the natives in India '' The author has argued that the Hindoos will not embrace the Gospel, because of the Jersecutions to which a prose ion of Chris. tianity would expose them; which argument in contrary, both to scriptural views of God's all-supporting grace, and to fact; many lindoo, having been enablel actually to undergo the persecutions referred to lie has represented the Ilindoos as a peo. \le wui generis, and incapable of conversion, recause of their peculiarities; which is a virtual denial of the Musliciency of God's blessing to render the labours of his servants successful, and proved to be untrue by the several couversions which have actually taken place. He has ridiculed the proposed plan of the Rev. Mr. Ward, to impart instruction to Hindoo girls, comparing it to the follies of Don Quixote. This plan, we have seen, has actually succeeded, and there are already upwards of seven hundred Hindoo girls enrolled as hulvolura. Ile has gone the fearful length of o that there is hardly a chapter in the whole Iłible, which, if presented to an unconverted Hind, o, would not prove to be calculated to impede his reception of the Gospel; and, as it regards the Hindoos, virtually putting the Bible into the Inder Earpurgatorius, he has labored to his utmost to discourage the circulation of the Sacred Scriptures in India. He has couleumned a number of translations of the Sacred Scriptures, which he has never read, he has made no aliowances for the necessary impersections attending versions in their early stages; and has laid down the strange principle, that Indian versions of the Sacred Original ought to be written in “fine poetry, a flowery style, and a high stream of eloquenue.” lie has, in one part of his book, intimated that a missionary ought on no account to give up his professional undertaking, an account of any discouragement he might meet with, however formidable; notwithstanding which || he himself has actually abandoned the work in which he was engaged; and, in other parts of his book, suggests that all other missionaries ought to copy his example, ile has asserted, as one of his sundamental

positions, that there is no possibility of convert: ing the blindoos to any sect of Christianity, and then has pointed out, that above half a milliau of thudoos have professed the Roman Catholic form of Christianity, and several

thousands have professed the creed of Protestant Christians. He has represented the interests of the Roman Catholic religion as quite desperate; and at the same time has pointed out one station, in which alone between three and four hundred Hindoos are yearly baptized into the Catholic comununion; and stated that, with a suitable reinforcement of missionaries, this nunber might be increased. He has stated, that the Jesuit missionaries, his official predecessors, upon their first arrival in the country, announced themselves as European Brahmins, come for the do ble purpose of imparting and receiving knowledge from their brother Brahmins in India. This gross imposition and criminal violation of the truth, the Abbé likens to the conduct of St. Paul himself, quoting the well known text, “I became all things to all men,” as a proof in point. He has argued that the substantial, yea, extravagant idolatry of the Hindoos, ought not to be opposed, and needs only to be pruned of such excrescences as are monstrous! And, in harmony with this sentiment, he has returned unfeigned thanks to the Brahmins, for the honor they have done him by inviting him to go in and join them, during their acts of worship in the idols' temple! He has, in a word, avowed, that he himself became almost a Hindoo. He has, by his assertion, that all the labors of Protestant missionaries “have terminated in nothing,” virtually impugned the numerous printed reports and publications issued

| periodically by the Church Missionary Socie

ty, the Baptist Missionary Society, the Lonolon Missionary Society, and other respectable bodies of associated Christians; and virtually ascribed falsehood to the testimony of numerous devoted missionaries, and other individuals, of acknowledged probity, on whose communications these reports and publications are principally founded. The wisdom of the Royal Letter, and of the subsequent contributions from the various parishes of Great Britain, amounting to five and forty thousand pounds; the propriety of the operations of the British and Foreign Bible Society, with respect to India; the pro{. of the Mission College established in Salcutta, by the late bishop of that city; and of the efforts made for the evangelization of India, by the numerous missionary societies, of all denominations, in Europe and America; aud of the active efforts and liberal subscriptions of European residents in India: all these does the Abbe Dubois, with a boldness suited to a better cause, venture virtually to deny. He has asserted that the Hindoo children go to the schools opened by Europeans for their instruction, influenced by the sole object of obtaining a knowledge of the English language; when, in point of fact, in nine-tenths

of the schools in Bengal, the English language

has not been taught. The Abbe has, in one part of his book, represented the Moravian missionaries as so appalled by the difficulties which presented themselves, that they had not the heart even to make an effort for the conversion of the Hindoos; and iu another part of...his book, he

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