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1824.

the Board, and to satisfy the Christian public, that their labors and sacrifices are not in vain in the Lord. Such a view is furnished in the Report before us. Regard to the feelings of those, who have contributed to the funds, leads us to wish that it may have an extensive circulation; and regard to the interests of the missionary cause inspires us with the hope, that it will be read with attention, and with a spirit of piety. The body of the Report contains somewhat less than 150 pages, and the Appendix about 50 pages more.

At present, we can do no more than subjoin the concluding remarks of the Prudential Committee.

After this survey of the plans and operations, in which a kind Providence has permitted the American churches to be engaged, is there not occasion for gratitude, that our feeble instrumentality has been thus employed? Who does not rejoice, that missions are planted in Asia, in the islands of the sea, in the wilderness of our own continent; that schools are established, in which multitudes of children are taught the way to heaven; that the Word of God is distributed, and the Gospel of the kingdom preached, in different o: that churches are formed in pagan lands, divine institutions enjoyed, and converted heathens evidently prepared to unite in the song of Moses and the Lamb? Who does not rejoice, that so many openings are discovered, into which evangelical laborers may enter, and proclaim the message of everlasting love?

Let us proceed, then, with courage, in this highest and holiest undertaking, that ever admitted the agency of mortals. Let us look at the immense field, which remains to be subdued and cultivated; let us make a faithful and sober estimate of the means, which are placed at the disposal of the people of God; and let no despondence, or want of faith, quench the ardor of our hopes, or cramp our plans and exertions. Why should there be any hesitation, in presenting the claims of a world lying in wickedness, or in describing the responsibility of men as stewards of their Master’s property? What is to be gained by tempering and accommodating the commands of Christ, in such a manner as to suit the views of the selfish and unbelieving? Is it not rather the duty of every Christian to keep before the mind the miserable condition of the nations still remaining without hope, and without God in the world? $hould not these perishing millions lie, as a heavy burden, upon the soul, till all is done, which men can do, for their salvation? It is the gracious ordinance of heaven, that men can do much, and are required to do much, in this amazing work.

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American Board of Foreign Missions:-.Anniversaries. 63

spreading, universal eagerness to throw some weight into the right scale, in the contest which exists between Christ and his enemies; to compare, without any danger of blushing at the comparison, the sacrifices which men will make for Christ, with those, which they will make to support a popular war against a rival nation, or to carry on a system of domestic improvements, or to obtain the reputation of power and public spirit and magnificence. How glorious a triumph it will be, when the Gospel prevails over selfish and sordid feelings at home, while its conquests are rapidly succeeding each other abroad; when the news of

heathen tribes, brought within the pale of

Christianity, shall be received, by our whole population, with elevated joy and humble thanksgiving; and when wisdom, and learning, and talents, and wealth, and industry, shall bring their cheerful tribute, and lay it, with grateful adoration, at the feet of the Redeemer.

ANNIVERSARIES.

MAssachusetts.-Foreign JMission Society of Boston and the Vicinity.

This Society held its annual meeting in Boston on the 1st of January. A Sermon was delivered by the Rev. B. B. Wisner.

Hon. William Phillips, President.
Josiah Salisbury, Esq. Vice President.

Rev. William Jenks, Secretary.
Henry Hill, Esq. Treasurer.

Mr. Charles Stoddard, Auditor.

The receipts of the Society for the year 1823 amount to $1,951,61. -

Foreign Mission Society of JVorthampton and the neighboring Towns.

The annual meeting of this Auxiliary was held at Hatfield, Oct. 14, 1823. Sermon by Rev. John Woodbridge. Rev. Joseph Lyman, D. D. President. Rev. Solomon Williams, Vice President. Daniel Stebbins, Esq. Secretary. Dea. Ebenezer S. Phelps, Treasurer. Hon. Jonatfian H. Lyman, viuditor.

The receipts of the Society from Oct. 8, 1822 to Oct. 6, 1823, inclusive, were $520,29.

CoNNECTIcut.—Foreign Mission Society of Litchfield County.

This Auxiliary held its annual meeting at Litchfield on the 12th of February, and a Sermon was delivered by the Rev. Charles Prentice.

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PULMoNARY complaints of a threatening aspect have rendered it necessary for Mr. Anderson, the assistant Secretary of the Board, to suspend for a time his labors at the Missionary Rooms, and to spend the remaining part of the cold season in a warmer climate. He sailed on the 15th ult. for the port of Havanna, intending to spend some time in the interior of Cuba. The hope is indulged, that this measure will be the means of his restoration to confirmed health, and that he will be able, on his return, to resume and continue his useful labors. In the mean time, the Prudential Committee have made such arrangements for the supply of his place, and that of the Corresponding Secretary, that the objects of the Board will, it is hoped, continue to be accomplished. Letters for the department of the Corresponding Secretary may be addressed as usual.

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JA. B. C. F. J.M.:—JMiscellaneous Notices..........Poetry.

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Wake, O Christians! self-deluded,
Lovers still of worldly gain;

Wake! and, from the world secluded,
Urge the proud ship o'er the main.

Fill it with the light of glory
Beaming from the world above;

Send to otherlands the story -- ----
Ofa Savior's dying love. Die Eitelkeit.

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jourtNAL or MESSRS. FISK AND KING, AT JERUSALEMI.

oum last number contained an account of the journey of Messrs. Fisk and King through the Desert, and of their arrival at Jerusalem on the 25th of April, 1823. We now proceed with some extracts from their journal written after their arrival at the Holy City. With these we shall incorporate, in a few places, extracts from a private journal, written by Mr. King during the same period.

.April 26, 1823. Called on the Governor of Jerusalem with a letter of introduct tion from the Governor of Jaffa. He welcomed us to the city, with many compliments. J'oward evening we took a walk on mount Zion. A part of it is covered with the tombs of Greek and Armenian Christians. On the east and south sides, it is plowed and cultivated. Near the summit is a little walled village, containing a mosque and a few mussulman's houses. The Jews call this village the City of Zion, and it is generally believed to contain the tombs of David, and Solomon, and the other kings of Israel.

The following day being the Sabbath, Mr. Wolff and Abraham Shliffro, a Jew, who seems to have been convinced of the truth of Christianity, called at the rooms of Messrs. Fisk and King, to unite in the appropriate exercises of the day. A number of persons came in, in the morning, to purchase the Scriptures;–but were refused, beeause it was the Lord’s day. In the afternoon the Greek priests called to welcome the missionaries to the city, bringing with them various tokens of their friendship.

On the 28th, towards evening, they walked out from Jerusalem, and visited the garden of Gethsemane, the valley of Jehoshaphat, the pool of Siloah, and the valley of Hinnom,

Vol. xx,

MARCH, 1824.

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Garden of Gethsemane.

We went out at Stephen's gate, which is sometimes called the Sheep gate. We then descended the hill, passed the bed of the brook Cedron, which contains no water except in the rainy season, and then came to the Garden of Gethsemane, one of the most affecting and interesting spots on earth. It is a small plat of ground, with a low enclosure of stones. In it stand eight venerable looking olives, which seem as if they might have remained there from time immemorial. The side of the hill was covered with Turkish women, and the road was full of armed Turks of fierce appearance, occasionally firing off their muskets for amusement. It would have been unpleasant, and perhaps unsafe, to remain long in such a place. We could only walk over the field, and indulge a few transitory meditations.

Mr. King's first visit to the Garden of Gethsemane is thus described.

After waiting a little time for two men to accompany me, I went out of the city, passed over the brook Cedron, and entered the Garden of Sorrow. It lies at the foot of the Mount of Olives, and within a stone's cast of the brook Cedron. In it are eight large olive trees, whose trunks show that they are very ancient. They stand at a little distance from each other, and their verdant branches afford a refreshing shade. The land on which they stand, and around them, is sandy and stony, and it appears like a forsaken place. Around it is the appearance of a little wall, composed of small stones, and broken down. On entering this Garden, I requested the two men with me to sit down under one of the olives, which they did, and I went a little distance from them, to another olive, and read the 53d chapter of Isaiah, and also, in the four Gospels, the scenes of that sorrowful night,when the Son of Man was betrayed into the hands of sinners. During this, some dark, fierce looking Bedouins, armed with long spears and swords, advanced on horse"

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We then followed the bed of Cedron at the foot of Mount Moriah. The hill is high and steep, and the wall of the city stands on its brink. On our left was Mount Olivet, still covered with olive trees. Near the bed of the brook is a small monument, called Absalom's Pillar, and believed by the Jews, to be the one referred to, 2 Sam. 18:18. It is near the west end of the valley of Jehoshaphat, or the King's dale. Near this is another monument called the Sepulchre of Pharaoh, but why so called, nobody has been able to inform us. The valley of Jehoshaphat was deep, with steep sides. This valley, we are told, runs to the Dead Sea, but how far it bears the same name, we do not know.

Pool of Siloah.

On the east side of the valley is a small village called Siloah, and back of the village is a hill, distinct from Mount Olivet, which is called the Hill of Offence, be. cause supposed to be the hill, on which Solomon built the High places, mentioned 1 Kings 11:7. Near the south-east corner of the city, at the foot of Zion and Moriah, is the pool of Siloah, (See Neh. 3:15.) whose waters flow with gentle murmur from under the Holy mountain of Zion, or rather from under Ophel, having Zion on the west, and Moriah on the north. The very fountain issues from a rock, twenty or thirty feet below the surface of the ground, to which we descended by two flights of steps. Here it flows out without a single murmur, and appears clear as crystal. From this place it winds its way several rods under the mountain, then makes its appearance with gentle gurgling, and forming a beautiful rill, takes its way down into the valley, towards the south-east. We drank of the water, both at the fountain, and from the stream, and found it soft, of a sweetish taste, and pleasant. The fountain is called in Scripture the “Pool of Siloam.” It was to this, that the blind man went, and washed, and came seeing. John 9:7–11.

As I came up from this pool, (Mr. King writes,) a Mussulman Arab, that stood near, looked at me with all the wildness of a man possessed of the devil, and endeav

Palestine Mission:—Journal of JMessrs. Fisk and King.

MARCH,

ored, by the distortion of his countenance, and the rolling of his eyes, to express towards me the highest contempt and spite possible. I never saw a more frightful figure, except at the Insane Hospital in Paris.

Leaving this place, we pursued our way amidst the roaring of wild Arabs and insatuated Turks, who seemed to be prowling about, in vast numbers, in the valleys and over hills, which made us feel that it was quite unsafe to be without a Turkish guard. We had with us two men in the Arab dress, but they were Christians, and unarmed. At this time there are multitudes of Turks here, with their women, from Damascus, and other places, come, as they say, to visit the tomb of Moses, which they suppose to be two or three hours distant from Jerusalem, towards the Dead Sea. They lie round about Gethsemane and the valley of Jehoshaphat, and it is dangerous for us to go much among them.

The Potter's Field.

South of this valley, rises a mountain of huge ragged cliffs of rocks, between which are little spots of cultivated ground. One of the most rude and rugged spots, and which is close to the valley of Tophet, is pointed out as the field purchased with the money, for which Judas betrayed his Master, and which is called the Potter's field, or the field of blood. Here Judas is said to have been buried, and perhaps it was here he hanged himself. Aets 1:18. There are trees standing near the brink of huge cliffs and precipices, and if he hung himself on one of these trees and fell, it is very easy to see why he should have burst asunder, and all his bowels have gushed out. There are many tombs in it hewn out of the solid rock, and it looks desolate, and is uninhabited.

From the valley of Jehoshaphat we turned west into the valley of Hinnom, or “the valley of Slaughter,” called also Tophet, where the children of Israel caused their children to pass through the fire to Moloch. See Jer. 7:31,32. In this valley we pursued our way towards the west at the foot of Mount Zion, and returned through Jaffa gate, to our lodgings.

On the 29th they sold all their remaining copies of the Turkish Testament in the Armenian character, and many more were wanted. One man followed them half way to their lodgings, and begged them, for the love of God, to let him have one. He would not believe them, when they repeatedly assured him, that they had parted with the last copy.

1824. Wisit to Bethlehem.

The next day they visited Bethlehem. The journal continues;

We went out at Jaffa Gate, crossed the valley west of Mount Zion, ascended a steep rough hill, and then came to a tolerably level road, leading S. S. W. In an hour and a quarter, we came to the Greek convent of the prophet Elias. Thence the road to Bethlehem is a little nearer south. In half an hour from the convent we came to Rachel's tomb; or, at least, to the place which Jews, Mussulmans and Christians, all visit as such. Instead of a simple pillar, which Jacob erected, (See Gen. 55:20.) there is now a stone building, evidently of Turkish construction, which terminates at the top, in a dome. Within this edifice is the tomb. It is a pile of stones covered with white plaister, about 10 feet long, and nearly as high. The inner wall of the building, and the sides of the tomb, are sovered with Hebrew names, inscribed by Jews.

West of this place, at a little distance, is a village, now called Ephratah, which has been called by some, Rama. If this were one of the ancient Ramas; it would be easy to see the force of that glowing description of the scene which transpired at Bethlehem, when Herod sent, and destroyed the young children. The lamentations and wailings of bereaved mothers, were so great, that they were heard even in Rama, and Rachel sympathized with them, and wept in her grave.

In half an hour from this tomb, we came to the city, where was born, 1800 years ago, “a Savior who is Christ the Lord,” where “the day spring from on high” first visited our world, where the Savior incarmate was first adored by man. As we entered the city, a multitude of little children, dirty and ragged, came out to meet us, and, holding up their little hands to receive alms, they began to sing, “Pilgrims go in peace,” “Pilgrims go in peace.” The Greek, Catholic and Armenian convents are together, a little east of the village, and encloses the supposed place of our Savior's Nativity.

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Palestine Mission:—Journal of Messrs. Fisk and King.

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The field of the Shepherds.

From this place a Greek priest accompanied us to the Shepherd's field. It is twenty minutes ride from Bethlehem, a little south of east. The way to it is rough and stony. Bethlehem itself is on a hill, which seems like a pile of rocks, with here and there a patch of verdure. Between the rocks, however, where it is cultivated, vines, figs and olives appear to grow in luxuriance. On our right as we descended the hill, was a little mean looking village, in which it is believed that the Shepherds lived.

We rode along among the rocks and cliffs, reflecting how David here once tended his flocks, and learned to sing the praises of Jehovah; and how the Prophet Samuel came to anoint him king, and how the Son of David here made his appearance in our world;—when, all at once, a delightful valley, covered with green fields, opened to our view. Its beauty was heightened by the barren rocky hills all around it. As we entered it and rode along, it was delightful to imagine how a multitude of the Heavenly Host, came flying down from heaven upon the tops of the mountains, and, hovering over this verdant spot, where the flocks were resting, sung, “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will towards men.” Near one side of the plain is a field of olives, enclosed by a wall, with a subterranean Church in the centre of it. This is pointed out as the very spot where the Shepherds were, when the angel announced to them our Savior's birth. Our guide told us that the Greeks and Catholics had a long dispute about the possession of this place. The case was carried before the Grand Signore, and the Greeks, by dint of money, gained their cause. In this church the Christian Arabs now assemble for worship. Over this church, are the ruins of another church, and of a convent, which stood above ground. Under an olive tree near by, we sat down, and read Luke 2d: sung, “While Shepherds watched their flocks by night,” and Hymn 3d, book 1st, and then united in giving thanks to the God of heaven, for the glad tidings which were here announced, and which had come to our ears in a far distant land, and to the ears of our dear christian friends, who were also at this time remembered by us. After this season of devotion we gathered some flowers in the field, and returned to Bethlehem. Many maps and geographies place Bethlehem south-east of Jerusalem. It is in fact west of south.

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