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said they, “we approve of it.” Thus, from a situation close to that occupied by the idol, I preached to them the cross of Christ. ib.

Claims of the Jews.

Is not the Jew as far from God as the idolatrous Hindoo, or the stupified African, who worship the God of their own invention, and not the God of Nature—the God of the Bible! How largely is our gratitude taxed by the benefits which we owe to this people! Every blessing essential to us in time or eternity, we owe to them. They preserved for us the “lively oracles of God.” No Gentile dare add one word to that record of inspiration of which they were penmen. Retributive justice pleads for them—ages of scorn, derision, and persecution have rolled over their heads, and

we helped on their afflictions. Sir Thomas Baring.

Value of Preparatory Efforts.

In the commencement of any great and mportant undertaking, I have observed, that the universal removal of obstacles is of more consequence than individual instances of complete success. Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry. I have been asked at times, ‘How many converts have your . made?’ and I have answered, perhaps peevishly, “It matters not, whether any, or none at all! our work is going on slowly and securely; we are gradually undermining and sapping, the pharisaism and infidelity of that people.’ Suppose we were residents on the banks of the Susquehanna or the Orinoco, whose mighty waters, at their periodical overflowing, convert the adjoining land into morasses and fens, and where spring fevers and autumnalagues, desolate the habitations of men, of what avail, in such regions, were all the aid of medical or surgical skill?—Could the perriwigged shades of Radcliffe, and Sydenham, and Mead, revisit us there—could ship. loads of Cortex Peruvianus be conveyed to us —how vain the relief afforded, until by proper measures we had freed the marshes of their stagnant waters, and purified the atmosphere by cutting down the noxious vegetation; thus having created as it were a new climate, we might reship our physicians and their drugs, and repose in safety in the renovated country. Just so must we patiently but actively set to work to remove the causes of the Jewish unbelief.-In our pursuit of this, while we show the submissiveness and teachable spirit of children, let us not be children in impatient restlessness for the object of our desires. The jewel which we seek is deeply buried in the earth; and even when brought forth to light, may escape the unskilful mineralogist, but the experienced and scientific man will not judge hastily by external appearances, but he will cut and polish and set it off in its beauty. Such a gem is the soul of a converted Jew, and it will shine with a brighter radi. ance, and in a brighter coronet than encircled the brow of Solomon, even in the crown

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303 of the true David, and bright as the stars for ever and ever.” Sir George H. Rose.

Importance of a JMission to Palestine.

The Palestine mission is one of peculiar interest; there is a policy in the selection of that station, for every Jew converted at Palestine will tell a hundred-fold in the conversion of his brethren. It is like defeating an enemy in the very citadel. It is planting the standard of the cross where the cross itself once stood, and where the fountain of pardon to a guilty world was opened by the soldier’s spear, and from whence salvation to Israel and Judah shall again issue forth, to the glory of God in the highest. William Cunnighame, Esq. I was particularly struck by the reception which your missionary Wolff, has met in Palestine; nor can I avoid expressing my surprise and pleasure at the singular fact, that the first missionaries to the Holy Land should be sent thither by the American Board of Missions; and that ministers of every church should have met on that sacred soil, and within the very walls of Jerusalem, unitin in this common cause of Christ's people. congratulate my venerable friend near me, (Bishop Chase, from Ohio, North America) at this reciprocity of blessings; that the Occidental Sun of truth is now diffusing his beams over those regions of the East, from whence, centuries since, the first rays of divine light shone forth, whilst we were lying in the “darkness of the shadow of death.” That love of the land of their forefathers, which is a peculiar feature of the Jewish character, will, I think, give weight and efficacy to a mission in the very centre of their af. sections; nor can I conceive any human plan more likely to conciliate their prejudices. To this, and to the establishment of a mission college on Mount Lebanon, I look forward as the source of permanent blessing to the Christian, as well as to the Jewish world. Lord Bearley.

Restoration of the Jews.

Grudge not the expense of their restoration. It is the most economical course you can take. For when they are restored to their countr and their God, you will have missionary i. enough. A large part of the moveable wealth of Christendom and of the Turkish empire would accompany them home. Fast property, for the most part, they have none. They are strangers in every land. Their eyes are ever towards their own Canaan. They are always ready for their journey. Load your ships of Tarshish, spread your sails, and bear out-to sea a richer cargo than ever floated on the Atlantic. I hear a voice from heaven, saying, “Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring m sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the Lord thy God.” And as the sacred fleet comes in through the Mediterranean with the flight of a bird, an eye perched on Mount Zion descries the “sail-broad vans,” like a white cloud in the


horizon, and a voice inquires, “who are these that fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows?” Ay, as doves to their windows. When the poor feathered wanderers are overtaken by the tempest, or pursued by ravenous birds, how precious do these refuges appear; how earnestly do they long after the sheltering cabin. With far greater desire will this “nation scattered and peeled,” this nation “meted out and trodden down,” this nation which every hand has plucked and every foot has spurned, look forward to their own Jerusalem, and to the land of their rest.--When fleeing from a world in arms, from hard-hearted hate, from frowns, and injuries, and insults, how will they look forward to the valleys and glens of Canaan as so many windows of a dove, * home after all their wanderings, a rest after all their toils, a shelter from all their daugers.

And while they are waiting for the portals of Palestine to open, shall not this interesting people find an asylum with us? Let there be one spot where they shall receive the kindness due even to brutes. The injustice and cruelty which they have experienced from a baptized nation are an everlasting blot on the Christian world. Although in this unbroken course of persecution and scorn the nominal followers of Christ have been executing the divine sentence, yet, like Nebuchadnezzar, their heart meant not so; and this abuse from the Christian world has served only to prejudice the Jews still more against Christianity, and with a thicker “drop serene” to “quench their orbs.” Proscribed and hunted in Europe, and Asia, and Africa, they want, in these ends of the earth, an asylum, where, under kind treatment, their hearts may be won to Christianity, and where, with an unruffled mind, they may examine its claims; where they may cultivate the sciences, and raise up able and learned missionaries to send to their brethren throughout the world. Without being brought together into one peaceful community to learn the arts of life, the science of legislation, and the maxims of political wisdom, how are that depressed people ever to become prepared to conduct their own civil and political concerns, and all the interests of a separate nation? And where in the world should this asylum be found? but in this land of freedom, this retreat of liberty, known throughout the earth as the asylum of the oppressed? We have given a refuge to the oppressed of all other nations, now at last let us open our doors to the most oppressed of all, to those from whom we received the records of salvation, who have the blood of Abraham and David in their veins, and who in all their wanderings occupy so much of the care of heaven. It will be an honor to our country to have it told through the world, that when no other region would receive the ancient people of God, they found a refuge in the tranquil shades of America. And of all

laces this is the most fitted. Take them

ome, imbue them with the spirit of your own institutions, and then send them back to kindle up the light of liberty in Asia, and to break the rayless night of despotism which now broods over one entire quarter of the globe. It is what we owe to the sacred cause of liberty by which we ourselves have been

A. B. C. F. M.–Formation of Associations.

lifted to heaven, for our birth-right. Doubtless the projected establishment ought to be regulated with extreme caution, and watched over with unceasing vigilance. It is not, as its enemies would represent, to pamper indolence and hypocrisy. It ought soon to be made to support itself, except so far as it respects the education of missionaries, and perhaps, while the colony is small, the partial maintenance of a minister. The expence of the passage from Europe should be provided for them. The establishment will not long be wanted for the Jews, but while it is wanted, it will probably do good enough to outweigh a million times the value of the property, and afterwards it may be sold to transport the colonists to Palestine, or be disposed of in aid of some other charity. In this artless manner I have spread the case before you. It is enough that it stands forth in its own native form. It needs not the aid of eloquence I will make but one appeal: if ever you heard of the self-denials and prayers of Abraham for you—if ever you were refreshed by the warblings of David's harp—if ever the labors of an Isaiah for the Gentile Church, came into mind—if ever the toils and sufferings of Peter, and Paul, and John, or the sorrows of Jesus of Nazareth; by the prayers of Abraham, by the melodies of David, by the toils of Apostles, and by the sufferings of Christ, 1 beseech you to have compassion on their brethren. Rev. Dr. Griffin.

It is only a reasonable tax

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Jouraxai, or MR. FISK. (continued from p.375.) THE following extracts contain an account

of Mr. Fisk’s journey from Beyrout to Jerusalem.

Oct. 28, 1823. Left Beyrout for Jerusalem in company with the Rev. Mr. Jowett. After riding about eight hours on asses, we stopped for the night at Nabi Yoanas, (the Prophet Jonah.) We were welcomed by Abdallah, a Turkish dervish, and conducted to a good room,that is to say, a room, in which, by putting stones against the wooden windows and door, we were able to exclude company, and in a great measure the outer air. The only article of furniture was a mat thrown on the floor. The house was built by the Emir Beshir for the accommodation of travellers. It is near the tomb of a Turkish saint, and at the head of a fine little bay; and the place is called Nabi Yoanas, because tradition says it was here that the fish “vomited out Jonah upon the dry land.” We talked with the Dervish about the Prophet. He told most of the story correctly, but added, that God prepared two trees to shelter him when he was thrown upon the dry land. We showed him the book of Jonah in the Arabic Bible. He read, kissed the book, read again, kissed the book again, and so on eight or ten times. Mussulmans often treat the Bible thus when we show it to them, thus acknowledging it as a sacred book. But they are, like the nominal Christians who live among them, more ready to acknowledge its authority by kissing it, and putting it to their forehead and their breast, than by reading it, and receiving its ‘doctrines, and obeying its precepts.

The next day Messrs. Fisk and Jowett rode to Sidon, which appears to have been the northern limit of the Holy Land, on the sea-shore. Josh. 15:28. On the following WOL. XX.

day they proceeded to Tyre, and took lodgings in the Greek Catholic convent.

30. The road from Sidon to Tyre is almost a perfect level. The soil seems excellent, but, as in many other parts of Turkey, it is good land lying waste. We saw a few villages east of us; but on the plain we saw no village, and I think only three or four little miserable habitations, for a distance of near thirty miles.

31. In the morning we sold a few Psalters. The Psalter is much more eagerly sought after, than any other part of the Scriptures, because among the Christians of Syria, it is the universal, and almost the ony school-book. The education acquired at school, generally amounts to me more than ability to read the Psalter.


South and west of the peninsula, on which Tyre stands, you see ledges of rocks near the shore, and ancient columns scattered on the rocks. The harbor is north of the town. A small harbor, in which boats lie, is surrounded by a wall. At a distance from the landing, there is a reef of rocks, which must make the entrance dangerous in bad weather, but which, by breaking the waves, forms the security of the harbor. We counted more than 100 columns lying in one place on the rocks. In that small harbor, we saw many at the bottom several feet under water.

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but is without seats or pews. The floor is covered with carpets, on which the worshippers sit, and kneel. In one corner is a reading desk, and in another part is a pulpit. Stairs at two corners lead up to a fine gallery, and thence to a second, which is very narrow. In front of each gallery are places for rows ef lamps. The apper gallery seems to be designed merely for the purpose of illuminating. There is a large chandelier suspended from the lofty dome, and a multitude of lamps hang about the mosque. The windows are also numerous, so that when lighted up in the evenings of the Bairam, the appearance must be splendid. The mosque, according to Mussulman taste, is ornamented by paintings, in which different colors are ouriously intermixed. The execution is far from being elegant. Yet the effect is on the whole agreeable. A few Turks were present reading from the Koran.

Before the mosque is a large court paved with marble of different colors, shaded by rows of palm trees, and containing two elegant domes with fountains under them. On three sides of this court, are rows of cloisters for the accommodation of students and travellers. In one of them is a library. The effects of a late siege were visible. In several places the walls of the mosque and of the cloister had been seriously injured by cannon balls. This court with its shades and fountains is quite in oriental taste, and certainly for a hot country it is a delightful spot. My imagination was filled with the idea of the learned Mussulmans, in the times of the Caliphs of Bagdad and Cairo, passing their time in such places. I was dressed after the oriental manner, and fancied that in such a place, surrounded by Mussulman doctors, I oould soon become familiar both with their manners and their language. Had I the faith, the wisdom, the learning, and the courage of Martyn, I might per. haps find access to such places, and tell these men, who are so wise in their own conceits, that truth which they are so unwilling to hear, namely, that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

On the Conversion of JMussulmen.

My mind dwells with deep interest on the question, “How is the Gospel to be reached to, the Mussulmans?” According to the established law, and a law which to the extent of my information is rigidly executed, it is immediate death for any Mussulman, of whatever rank, and in whatever circumstances, to renounce his religion. Undoubtedly God can so pour out his Spirit upon men, that they shall embrace his Gospel in multitudes, even

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with the certainty of immediate death. But has he ever done thus? Has the Gospel ever prevailed where this was the case? Under the Pagan emperors, fiery persecutions were endured, and the Gospel still prevailed. But in these persecutions, it usually was only some of the principal persons, or at least only a part of the Christians, that were put to death. Perhaps, if a few conversions should take place, and be followed by immediate martyrdom, the blood of the martyrs would again prove the seed of the church, and the persecutors cease from their opposition. Possibly the bloody and fiery scenes of the first centuries are to be acted over again. Possibly some great political revolution is to open the door for the free preaching of the Gospel to the followers of the false prophet. —Yesterday and to-day sold 45 copies of the Scriptures, and a number of tracts.

JMount Carmel, the River Kishon, &c.

JNov. 5. At half past nine we left Acre. Mount Carmel was distinctly in view on the south. See 1 Kings 19. It runs N. W. and S. E., and stretches out between the sea and the bay of Acre. “That ancient river, the river Kishon,” empties at the head of the bay. See Judges 5:21; and still nearer to Acre is the Betus. I am told that the Kishon is a considerable stream even in summer. At half past 12, having crossed the plain of Acre, we came among small hills. Our muletteer not being well acquainted with the way, we went out of the direct road, and ascended a hill on which stands the village of Abilene, containing, I conjecture, 500 inhabitants. About four o’clock, we entered a fine plain, which we were about an hour in crossing. Soon after this we passed Sephoora, a village about the same size as Abilene. _ Josephus says, “the greatest cities of Galilee were Sepphoris and Tiberias.” The habitations have a very mean and dirty appearance. We observed three arches together, which probably belonged to a church, or some other building, erected by the Crusaders. The village stands on the side of a hill. On its summit are the walls of an old castle. In going from Sephoora we met many women carrying pitchers of water on their heads. Others were riding, or driving asses, which carried some two and some four jars of water. We soon came to a plat of green-sward, and a fountain whence the women drew the water, and where large numbers of horses and cattle were assembled to quench their thirst. One sees green-sward in this country very seldom, and but little in a place.

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After a ride of nine hours we arrived at Nazareth. Had our guide known the road well, we should have accomplished the journey probably in six or seven hours. We sought lodgings in the Catholic convent, and were very civilly received, though we carried a letter to the Superior from a priest at Nazareth, which informed him that we were missionaries, and were going about preaching and distributing the Scriptures. 6. Looked at the 'church of the convent. It is large and splendid, hung with tapestry, and ornamented with paintings. One painting represents the marriage of Joseph and Mary. I asked the friar that explained it to us, who married them. He replied, “the Bishop of Jerusalem;” as if there had been bishops before the birth of Christ. In a grotto they show you the place of the Annunciation. They say that the house, in which Mary then ło, Was carried by angels to Loretto, in Italy. Pilgrimages are now made to Nazareth to see the place where the house was, and to Loretto to see the house itself. . . In a large room, adjoining the yard of the convent, is a school of 40 or 50 boys. Their principal school-book is the Arabic Psalter, printed at Mar Hannah Shooair, but I observed on the master's table two copies of the Arabic Bible, both printed at Rome, one in Arabic and Latin, the other merely in Arabic. On most of the doors in the oonvent is inscribed, “Ave Maria Purissima,” “Ave Maria Plenagratia;” sometimes with the addition in Spanish of, “sin pecado conoebida,” i.e. conceived without sin; in conformity with the doctrine of the Franciscans, that the Virgin Mary was never affected by original sin. In one place is a promise of 100 days indulgence to every one, who shall say, “Holy, holy, holy, Lord of hosts, the earth is full of thy glory. Glory to the Father. Glory to the Son. Glory to the Holy Spirit.” On the same paper is a promise of 300 days indulgence to every one, who says, with a humble and contrite heart, “Jesus, Joseph, and Mary, with my heart I give you idy soul. Jesus, Joseph, and Mary, assist me in my last agony. Jesus, Joseph, and Mary, let my soul depart in peace with you.” Then a form for blessing, “the adorable name of God, for the repairing of the abuses of blasphemy.” It is as follows, “Blessed be God.—Blessed be his name.—Blessed be Jesus true God, true man.—Blessed be the name of Jesus.-Blessed be Jesus in the most holy sacrament of the altar.—Blessed be the great mother of God, most holy Mary.—Blessed be the name of Mary, Virgin, Mother.—Blessed be God in his

Palestine Mission:—Journal of JMr. Fisk. 307

angels and saints.” A promise is made of one whole year's indulgence to every one, that recites the above. A Spanish priest with whom I conversed told me that he has now been 30 years a missionary in the East, and yet he has not learned the language of the people, and speaks only Spanish and Italian. He now knows scarcely a word of Arabic, though he has been so long in the country, where that is the prevailing language, and he told me that none of the friars in the convent could speak it. Many of the Catholic missionaries never learn the language of the people. Their business is to say mass in Latin, and take care of the convents. Are these the men who go forth in obedience to the command of Christ to preach the Gospel to every creature? A Greek priest gave me the following estimate of the population of Nazareth. Greeks 300 or 400 houses; Turks 200; Catholics 100; Greek Catholics 40, or 50; Maronites 20, or 30: In all about 700 houses. We had previously, from looking at the town, judged the number of houses to be about 500. The women in and around Nazareth go unveiled; and their principal ornaments are strings of money worn on their head dress. These coins differ in value from the para, which is worth only the fourth of a cent, to the Mahmoodia, which is worth more than three dollars. Paras are worn in great numbers, and a string of silver coins, worth about 10 or 20 cents each, is often passed over the forehead, and left to hang down on both sides of the face. Women, who wore money to considerable amount on their head dress, were seen barefoot with mean and often a ragged clothing, bringing pitchers of water to town on their heads. 8. Nazareth is situated on the side of a hill, and nearly at its foot. The hill faces E. and S. E. Before the town is a valley, about a mile long, and from 50 to 100 rods wide, running N. and S. and by being surrounded by hills, it is made a complete basin. It is a charming spot, and I love to reflect as I walk over the plain of Nazareth, and the hills around it, that our Lord and Savior used to walk over the same ground. From this valley, there is a passage out to the south into the great plain of Esdraelon. From the town you walk about 20 minutes over the plain, the hills on the right and left converging till there remains only a strong, narrow ravine, about a mile in length. On the right hand of this passage, as it opens into the plain of Esdraelon, is a precipice rough, and steep, and high. This is shown you as the brow of the hill, whence the Jews wished to precipitate our Lord. See Luke 4:29. It is indeed the brow of the hill, on which

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