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plane and maple trees, a large proportion of the seventy or eighty different species of the American oak, the Sassafras, the Hiccory, the Pride of India, the Catalpa, the Liquid Amber Styracifiua, the Liriodendron Tulipifera, above all, the Magnolia Grandiflora, one hundred feet high, with its deep green leaves and broad white flowers expanded like a full blown rose, remind us that we are far from home; while at night the brilliancy of the stars, the delicious fragrance of the surrounding woods, and especially the fire-flies which sparkle on every side, seem almost to transport us into the regions of eastern romance. We are also often gratified with the sight of many beautiful birds which are strangers to us, and sometimes catch a glimpse of the wild deer. pp. 167–169.
Churches are not religion; nor the ministrations of a pastor, an unerring criterion of the piety of his hearers. In a country, however, in which contributions to places of public worship are for the most part voluntary, a liberal dissemination of sacred edifices is a very favorable symptom; while the number of faithful ministers, and the frequent occurrence of large congregations listening attentively to unwelcome truths from pastors appointed by their own election, and dependent on them for support, afford something more than a vague presumption of the existence of no inconsiderable degree of vital piety in the community.
My favorable impressions were strengthened as I proceeded, by noticing the attention generally paid on the Atlantic coast to the external observance of the Sabbath; by meeting continually with Bibles, and other religious books, in the steam-boats and houses of entertainment; and by witnessing the efforts every where apparent for the extension of Christian piety. p. 49.
On my return from Canada through Vermont and New-Hampshire, I visited the Theological Institution at Andover; where the handsome collegiate edifice, the spacious grounds, the houses of the professors, and the excellent inn in some degree attached to the establishment, bore as ample testimony to the munificence, as the object of the institution to the piety, of its founders. It is from this establishment that the American Board of Missions has drawn nearly. all its laborers. After tea we adjourned to the college chapel, where religious intelligence from various parts of the United States was communicated by the students or professers. We had then prayers, after which we separated. It was a beautiful star-light night in autumn; and while looking out of my window, at midnight, on this quiet scene—where many who were then laboring in distant regions of the globe first felt those ardent aspirings after extensive future usefulness, which prompted them to encounter the trials of a missionary life, and where many were then preparing for the same honorable enterprise—I could not but contrast the privileges of a life thus early and eutirely dedicated to the noblest cause, with those of the most successful commercial or political career, where the flame of piety, if not extinguished by the very atmosphere
Indian Account of the Arrival of the Dutch.
which surrounds it, is exposed to a thousand blasts from which the religious zeal of the missionary is sheltered by his peculiar situation. pp. 51, 52.
Indian account of the first arrival of the Dutch at JWew York Island.
This and the succeeding notice of the traditions, manners and customs of the aborigines of this country, are from the interesting pen of the late Rev. Mr. Hechewelder, for a long time a Moravian missionary among them. It will appear from the first extract, that at least the Indians on the Hudson River did not conceive of God as a spirit. Indeed it does not appear, that the Indians had in their languages, at the time this country was settled by the whites, if they have now, any word corresponding with “Great Spirit.”
The Lenni Lenape claim the honor of having received and welcomed the Europeans on their first arrival in the country, situated between New England and Virginia. It is probable, however, that the Mahicani or Mohicans, who then inhabited the banks of the Hudson, concurred in the hospitable aet. The relation I am going to make was taken down many years since from the mouth of an intelligent Delaware Indian, and may be considered as a correct account of the tradition existing among them of this momentous event. I give it as much as possible in their own language.
A great many years ago, when men with a white skin had never yet been seen in this land, some Indians who were out a fishing at a place where the sea widens, espied at a great distance something remarkably large floating on the water, and such as they had never seen before. These Indians immediately returning to the shore, apprised their countrymen of what they had observed, and pressed them to go out with them and discover what it might be. They hurried out together, and saw with astonishment the phenomenon which now appeared to their sight; but could not agree upon what it was; some believed it to be an uncommonly large fish or animal, while others were of opinion it must be a very big house floating on the sea. At length the spectators concluded that this wonderful object was moving towards the land, and that it must be an animal or something else that had life in it; it would therefore be proper to inform all the Indians on the inhabited islands of what they had seen, and put them on their guard. Accordingly they sent offa number of runners and watermen to carry the news to their scattered chiefs, that they might send off in every direction for the warriors, with a message that they should eome on immediately. These arriving in numbers, and having themselves viewed the strange appearance, and observing that it was actually moving towards the entrance of the river or bay; concluded it to be a remarkably large house in which the
Mannitto (the Great or Supreme Being) himself was present, and that he probably was coming to visit them. By this time the chiefs were assembled at York Island and deliberating in what manner they should receive their Mannitto on his arrival. Every measure was taken to be well provided with plenty of meat for a sacrifice. The women were desired to prepare the best victuals. All the idols or images were examined and put in order, and a grand dance was supposed not only to be an agreeable entertainment for the Great Being, but it was believed that it might, with the addition of a sacrifice, contribute to appease him if he was angry with them. The conjurers were also set to work, to determine what this phenomenon portended, and what the possible result of it might be. To these and to the chiefs and wise men of the nations, men, women and children were looking up for advice and protection. Distracted between hope and fear, they were at a loss what to do; a dance, however, commenced in great confusion. While in this situation, fresh runners arrive declaring it to be alarge house of various colors, and crouded with living creatures. It appears now to be certain, that it is the great Mannitto, bringing them some kind of game, such as he had not given them before, but other runners soon arriving declare that it is positively a house full of human beings, of quite a different color from that of the Indians, and dressed differently from them; that in particular one of them was dressed entireo in red, who must be the Mannitto himself. They are hailed from the vessel in a language they do not understand, yet they shout or yell in return by way of answer, according to the custom of their country; many are for running off to the woods, but are pressed by others to stay, in order not to give offence to their visitor, who might find them out and destroy them. The house, some say, large canoe, at last stops, and a canoe of a smaller size comes on shore with the red man and some others in it; some stay with his canoe to guard it. The chiefs and wise men, assembled in council, form themselves into a large circle, towards which the man in red clothes approaches with two others. He salutes them with a friendly countenance, and they return the salute after their manner. They are lost in admiration; the dress, the manners, the whole appearance of the unknown strangers is to them a subject of wonder; but they are particularly struck with him who wore the red coat all glittering with gold lace, which they could in no manner account for. He, surely, must be the great Mannitto, but why should he have a white skin? Meanwhile, a large Hackhack" is brought by one of his ser. wants, from which an unknown substance is poured out into a small cup or glass and handed to the supposed Mannitto. He drinks—has the glass filled again, and hands it to the chief standing next to him. The chief receives it, but only smells the contents and passes it on to the next chief, who does the same. The glass or cup thus passes through the circle, without the liquor being tasted by any one, and is up
"Hackhack is properly a gourd, but since they have seen glass bottles and decanters, they call them by the sque name,
Indian Account of the Arrival of the Dutch.
on the point of being returned to the red clothed 'Mannitto, when one of the Indians, a brave man and a great warrior, suddenly jumps up and harangues the assembly on the impropriety of returning the cup with its contents. It was handed to them, says he, by the Mannitto, that they should drink out of it, as he himself had done. To follow his example would be pleasing to him; but to return what he had given them might provoke his wrath, and bring destruction on them. And since the orator believed it for the of the nation that the contents offered them should be drunk, and as no one else would do it, he would drink it himself, let the consequence be what it might; it was better for, one man to die, than that a whole nation should be destroyed. He then took the glass, and bidding the assembly a solemn farewell, at once drank up its whole contents. Every eye was fixed on the resolute chief, to see what effect the unknown liquor would produce. He soon began to stagger, and at last fell prostrate on the ground His companions, now bemoan his fate, he falls into a sound sleep, and they think he has expired. He wakes again, jumps up and declares, that he has enjoyed the most delicious sensations, and that he never before felt himself so happy as after he had drunk the cup. He asks for more, his wish is granted; the whole assembly then imitate him, and all become intoxicated. After this general intoxication had ceased, for they say that while it lasted the whites had confined themselves to their vessel, the man with the red clothes returned again, and distributed presents among them, consisting of beads, axes, hoes, and stockings such as the white people wear. They soon became familiar with each other, and began to converse by signs. The Dutch made them understand that they would not stay here, that they would return home again, but would pay them another visit the next year, when they would bring them more presents, and stay with them awhile; but as they could not live without eating, they should want a little land of them to sow seeds, in order to raise herbs and vegetables to put into their broth. They went away as they had said, and returned in the following season, when both parties were much rejoiced to see each other; but the whites laughed at the Indians, seeing that they knew not the use of the axes and hoes they had given them the year before; for they had these hanging to their breasts as ornaments, and the stockings were made use of as tobacco pouches. The whites now put hantlles to the former for them, and cut trees down before their eyes, hoed up the ground, and put the stockings on their legs. Here, they say, a general laughter ensued among the Indians, that they had remained ignorant of the use of such valuable implements, and had borne the weight of such heavy metal hanging to their necks, for such a length of time. They took every white man they saw for an inferior Mannitto, attendant on the supreme Deity who shone superior in the red and laced clothes. As the whites became daily more familiar with the Indians, they at last proposed to stay with them, and asked only for so much ground for a garden spot as, they
said, the hide of a bullock would cover or eneompass, which hide was spread before them. The Indians readily granted this apparently reasonable request; but the whites then took a knife and beginning at one end of the hide, cut it up to a long rope, not thicker than a child's finger, so that by the time the whole was cut up, it made a great heap; they then took the rope at one end, and drew it gently along, carefully avoiding its breaking. It was drawn out into a circular form, and being closed at its ends, encompassed a large piece of ground. The Indians were surprised at the superior wit of the whites,” but did not wish to contend with them about a little land, as they had still enough themselves. The white and red men lived contentedly together for a long time, though the former from time to time asked for more land, which was readily obtained, and thus they gradually proceeded higher up the Mahicanttuck, until the Indians began to believe that they would soon want all their country, which in the end proved true.
Politeness and Hospitality of the Indians.
I do not believe that there exists a people, more attentive to paying common civilities to each other, than the lndians are; but this, from a want of understanding their language, as well as their customs and manners, generally escapes the notice of travellers, although some of them, better observers than the rest, have touched upon this subject. In more than one hundred instances, I have with astonishment and delight witnessed the attention paid to a person entering the house of another, where, in the first instance, he is desired to seat himself, with the words, “sit down my friend!” if he is a stranger, or no relation, but if a relation, the proper title is added. A person is never left standing, there are seats for all; and if a dozen should follow each other in succession, all are provided with seats, and the stranger,if a white person, with the best. The tobacco puuch next is handed round; it is the first treat, as with us a glass of wine or brandy. Without a single word passing between the man and his wife, she will go about preparing some victuals for the company, and having served the visiters, will retire to a neighbor's house, to inform the family of the visit with which her husband is honored, never grumbling on account of their eating up the provisions, even if it were what she had cooked for her own family, considering the friendly visit well worth this small trouble and expense. It is true, that annong themselves, they expect the same attention and hospitality paid to them in return; yet that is not their main object, for I have seen a number of instances
in which a return was out of the question,
where poverty would not admit of it, or distance of abode put it out of the power of the visiter to return the same civilities to his host: when white people are treated in this way, with the best entertainment the house affords, they may be sure it is nothing else than a
"These,Dutchmen were probably acquainted with Yohat is related of Queen pido in ancient history, and thus turned their classical knowledgetoa good account
Literary Notice.......Ahhrentices' Library......Palestine Mission.
mark of respect paid to them, and that the attentiohs they receive do not proceed from any interested view.
LITEtt. Attor Notice. MR. Edward Robinson, Assistant Instructor in the department of Sacred Literature in the Theological Seminary at Andover, is now engaged in translating the Latin and German in Wahl's Lexicon of the New Testament, into English; so as to be able to publish, during the next autumn, a Greek and English Lexicon of the New Testament, which shall be a suitable companion for the Hebrew Lexicon of Gesenius, translated by Mr. Willard Gibbs, and about to be issued from the press at Andover. The Lexicon translated and edited by Mr. Robinson, is expected to contain not more than 800 pages, while the Leipsic edi. tion of Schleusner's Lexicon comprises more than 2700 pages. Professor Stuart recommends this work as a higher specimen of acute and distinguishing lexicography, than any of the same class, with which he is acquainted.
| we have endeavored to push forward the busi
ness of the Press as fast as possible; and all ! the information that has come to us from dif
serent quarters, has contributed to augment our hopes concerning the extensive and permanent utility of this printing establishment. Among Roman Catholics, our tracts are not likely, at present, to find a very extensive circulation; but even here, the field is not so limited as it once was: but among the Greeks, the field is as wide as their nation, and we are not aware that any obstacle of magnitude lies in the way of circulating among them as many tracts as we please. It will probably be interesting to you to know what tracts we have printed, and sor your information we send the following list.
Tracts. Edition. Lang. Pages. Dairyman's Daughter, 2d ed. 2000 Greek. 119 Negro Servant, - 500 do. 32 Payson's Address to Mariners, 1000 22 Short Prayers for every day in the wee 500 do. 70 A Traeton Redemption, by Dr. Naudi, 500 do. 72 Sixteen Short Sermons, looo do. 48 Progress of Sin, 1000 do. 20 The Traveller and Yourself, 1000 do. 14 Life and Martyrdom of John Baptist, 1000 do. 28 On Eternity. 2d ed. 1000 do. 16 The Young Cottager, an ed. of 1000 pages do. 87 The Shepherd of Salisbury - 1000 do. do. 73 William Kelly. 500 do. do. 45 Dairyman’s Daughter, 1000 do. Italian. 78 William Kelly, 500 do. do. 32 Progress of Sun, 500 do. do. 16 Traveller and Yourself, 500 do. do. 12 Payson’s Address to Mariners, 2d ed. 500 do... do. 16
We have now in the Press a Spelling-Book in Greek, which will make a volume of about 160 pages of the same size as the tracts we have sent you. This Spelling-Book we are printing for the Rev. S. S. Wilson, of the London Missionary Society, for which he is to pay us the prime cost. The edition is 1000, of which we take 200. The work was compiled by Mr. W., and in our opinion is well adapted to promote the interests of the Greeks. We hope the Board will approve of this step.
From the following paragraph it appears, that two of the brethren expected soon to leave Malta for Palestine. come to the knowledge of the Committee,
From all that has
Letters from Malta and Palestine.
Letters from Palestine.
We have already mentioned the arrival of Messrs. Fisk and King at Jerusalem, near the last of April. They continued in that city and its vicinity till the 27th of June, when they left the city for a temporary residence on Mount Lebanon. Mr. Wolff remained at Jerusalem. At Saide [Zidon] they had the happiness of meeting with the Rev. Mr. Lewis, a missionary from the London Jews' Society. He came out with the Rev. Lewis Way, whose kindness our missionaries gratefully acknowledge. On the 10th of July, they arrived at Beirout, at the foot of Mount Lebanon. Mr. Fisk resided at the latest date, (Aug. 21,) at Antoora, on Mount Lebanon, in a house, which was formerly a college for Jesuits, but was hired by Mr. Way for a .Mission House, and devoted to the use of such missionaries as might come to Palestine. Mr. King was in a family at Der el Kamer.
The following are brief notices from two letters of Mr. King, one to S. V. S. Wilder, Esq., the other to Mrs. W., who, it will be remembered, were generous patrons of Mr. King, while he was at Paris. The letter to Mr. W. is dated, JMount Calvary, Jiay 7, 1823.
How shall I express to you the emotions I now feel within my bosom! The hour is come, about which we so often conversed in the garden of Nauterre, and in the little consecrated room at Paris. My feet now stand on that awful hill, where our dear Lord and Savior poured out his soul unto death, and finished the work of man's redemption! Here the arms of everlasting love were extended on the cross, and here the meek and tender heart of the Son of God was pierced with a spear! Here flowed that precious blood in which our polluted souls must be cleansed, or be lost forever! I suffered much in the wilderness from scorching winds, which were sometimes indeed dreadful to bear; and also from want of pure water. All this, however, I, as it were, forgot, the moment my feet entered within the limits of Canaan. Thus will the soul redeemed from sin, forget all the trials of its earthly pilgrimage, as soon as it enters the heavenly Canaan. I arrived here with my dear brethren, Messrs. Fisk and Wolff, just one week before the passover, which we celebrated together on the anniversary of that sorrowful night, when our Lord was betrayed into the hands of sinners, and when he agonized in the garden of Gethsemane. We partook of the sacrament, in a little upper room, on Mount Calvary, where I lodge. Some of the bread and wine, which you presented me on partiug at Paris, and which I had preserved till my arrival here,
Of all the places I have visited, Gethsemane and the Mount of Olives, Bethlehem and the field of the Shepherds, Zion and the waters of Siloah, delight me most. I would, also, add Bethany, the town of Martha, Mary, and Lazarus, whom Jesus loved, and whom he used to visit. |
The sun shines brightly on the Mount of Olives, which lies before me, and the swallows are flitting along by my windows; but alas! the beautiful place where they used to build their nests is now destroyed—“Even thine altars, O Lord of hosts, my King and my God.”
OUR readers are aware, that, early in the last spring, two Greek youths arrived in this oountry, sent out by their friends, at the recommendation of Mr. Fisk, to the care and patronage of the American Board of Foreign Missions. The names of these youths were Photius Kavasales and Jonastasius Karavelles.—We inadvertently omitted to state in | our last numbers, that, near the close of October, two other Greek youths, of promising appearance, arrived at Boston, consigned, by the missionaries at Malta, to the same care and patronage. Mr. Temple speaks thus in regard to them:
The names of these youths are Stephano and Pandoleon Galati; the former in his sixteenth and the latter in his twelfth year. They have both attended our Sabbath-school for four or five months, and have conducted themselves in all respects very much to our satisfaction. They belong to a very respectable family, which, like almost ever other family of Scio, had the misfortune to lose all its possessions on that beautiful island, when the Turks made it a desolation. These lads, with a younger brother, their mother, and a few of their neighbors, fled from the city of Scio, when the Turks came, and hid themselves, for several days in an old monastery in the moun
tains, where with scarcely food enough for their subsistence, they remained until they found means of getting on board a small Greek vessel, which accidentally touched at that part of the island, and carried them to the Morea. Thence, not without much difficulty, they succeeded in reaching Malta. The father of the lads is now in the Morea. They are much more favored than many others of their countrymen, as their maternal uncle is a merchant of considerable wealth, and had none of
Greek Youths.....Journey of the Correshonding Secretary.
his property on the island of Scio. He has a handsome establishment in Malta, but has several sisters who are dependent on him for a support. He defrays the expense of the outfit and passage of these his nephews. We think these lads of much promise, and earnestly desire that they may enjoy all the best means our country affords, for securing a thorough education.
These youths left Boston, in company with the Corresponding Secretary, on the 11th ult, and will probably take up their residence, for the present, at New-Haven, Con., where they have been joined by their two young countrymen first named.
At the present time, when through our community so much sympathy is manifested for the Greeks; when, in their behalf, meetings are held, addresses made, resolutions passed, and funds procured; it is confidently expected, that these young sons of Greece, who have been sent to our shores for qual. ifications to exert, in future years, a strong regenerating influence upon the civil, literary and moral character of the interesting people to which they belong, will not fail of receiving the most efficient support. It is pleasing to think of the mutual acquaintance and free intercourse, which may arise between this country, Palestine, and Greece.
Jourtner or The CoRRESPONDING seeneraar.
It has, for several months, been the determination of the Prudential Committee to send one of their number, if practicable, to visit the missionary stations in the Indian country, during the present winter and the ensuing spring. They have supposed, that experience indicates some change to be expedient, in the present mode of conducting these missions; and that, as one improvement, it will be best to reduce the larger establishments, and multiply the smaller ones. To execute this design, and to confer with the missionaries and the natives on various subjects relating to the success of missions, the Committee have deputed the Corresponding Secretary. On the 11th ult, he commenced a journey to discharge this important agency, which will probably occupy at least six months. In the course of his journey, he will endeavor to promote the interests of the Board, especially in the principal cities in the United States.
Communications designed for the Prudential Committee, should be directed as heretofore, -