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8 Cherokee JMission:—Tour of Rev. Mr. Butrick.
and as bestowing his grace according to the decisions of unerring wisdom, does not imply, however, that Christians should look with the same emotions upon a moral desert, and upon a field which the Lord hath blessed. When tokens of the divine favor are withheld, and nothing but a vast region of spiritual death is spread before the eye, there is peculiar occasion for mourning and humiliation before God;—for a strict examination, whether the message of salvation is delivered in the manner adopted by our Lord and the apostles; and for importunate prayer, that those who act as ambassadors of Christ to a guilty world may be under the special guidance of the Holy Ghost; and that those who hear may have their hearts opened; by the same divine influence, to receive the truth in love. It should not be felt, that the conversion of the heathen is to rest, so far as human instrumentality is concerned, upon missionaries alone. Every friend of Christ should take a share, not only in furnishing the resources by which the work is carried on externally, but in bearing upon his heart the burden of a world sinking under the weight of sin,-a world exposed to perdition, even now experiencing God's displeasure, and yet madly rejecting the salvation of the Gospel, which is so freely and invitingly proposed to all.
MISSION AMONG THE CHEROKEES.
TOUR OF REV. M.R. BUTRICH. DURING the last winter, Mr. Butrick penetrated further into the northeast parts of the Cherokee nation, than he had ever been before. We shall now give several extracts from the journal, which he kept during this tour, and in which there are some interesting descriptions of the country and its inhabitants.
Tuesday, Feb. 4, 1823. Left Taloney in company with brother Thomas Bassel, interpreter, and brother David Sanders, who is our guide to JMountain Town, where we have an appointment for meeting. Rode over a mountainous region fifteen or twenty miles, and called at the Rabbit's. He is the head chief of Mountain Town and brother to the Creek interpreter. He received us with peculiar kindness and attention. Spent the evening in singing Cherokee hymns, conversing on the great concerns of religion, &c. Brother Thomas prayed in his own language. A
number of the neighbors came, 'and spent the evening with us. The chief thinks they should all believe, is they could have the Gospel explained to their understand
At Ta-go-i, where Thomas had many relatives, they spent two or three days. During this time they had much pleasing intercourse with the people. The following incident is related.
Sabbath 9. The chiefs desired me to read a letter from Mr. Hicks relative to their land. I took the opportunity of explaining the mature and design of the Holy Sabbath, and requested them to wait till evening, which they agreed to do. Brother Thomas, when speaking of the Sabbath, told them, that Christians dressed in clean clothes, on that day. The old chief, (he is probably eighty or ninety years old) replied that he would dress himself. He accordingly went out and soon returned with a clean white hunting frock, a hat with a large silver band round it, wide silver bands round his arms, a large silver crescent in his bosom, and below it a silver medal, given him by the President, &c. saluting us as a chief from a great distance.
Monday, 10. The Rising Fawn and our guide from Board Town came. The Rising Fawn is a principal chief in this part of the country, and a distinguished speaker in the national council. He seems determined to follow the directions of the Bible. He wished me to state some time when we would come again, promising to accompamy us from Turnip Town. In this place are many inhabitants, full Cherokees; and none, that I know of, able to speak or understand English. O will the Lord remember them and by some means bring them to a knowledge of his great salvation. After breakfast, in company with brother Thomas's uncle, and our friend from Board Town, we set out for the mission station in the Valley Towns, where we arrived a little after dark, having passed through a most mountainous region. A little before sunset, being on high land, we had a clear view of the surrounding country; but the sublimity, the grandeur, the beauty of the scene I can never express. Before, behind, and on either side, were mountains above mountains, peak above peak, rising almost to the clouds.
The mission here mentioned is under the care of the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions; and by the members of it Mr. B. was received with great kindness and cordiality. At their request he visited the schools and 1824.
both he and Thomas Bassel addressed the pupils. Messrs. Roberts and Jones are the missionaries They advised Mr. Butrick to proceed still further toward the northeast, for the purpose of visiting some secluded villages, and requested one of their pupils to go as a companion and guide. The youth cheerfully consented. - His name was Soti. The first day, the travellers went about twenty miles to Long Town, where they staid over night. The following is an account of their next day's journey.
Tuesday, 18. Soon in the morning we set off for Otter Town where Soti's father lives. We left an appointment, however, to be here again on Thursday. We soon began to ascend a most difficult mountain. We were about two hours ascending it, and much of the time were climbing a very steep ascent. Sometimes to get round a peak on the ridge, we were obliged to go on the side, where it seemed impossible for a horse to stand. I found it enough for me to take care of myself, and committed the little poney to the care of Soti. I went forward with trembling steps, sometimes crawling on my hands and feet, afraid to look to the right hand or to the left, or think much of our situation. When I looked forward I was alaruned again and again, by mountains above mountains rising to an astonishing height, which we had still to pass over. I thought of going back, but the teact for the day came to my mind, viz.: “Thou shalt go to all that I shall send thee; and whatsoever I command thee, thou shalt speak.” And further I thought it impossible for the horses to turn about where we then were. At last the Lord brought us in safety, and with joy, to the top of the mountain. Here I had anticipated the pleasure of finding a little resting place, to view the surrounding region, which I had not ventured to do by the way, lest the extraordinary height, and the dismal steeps, frequently on both sides, should render me incapable of ascending the peaks still before me; but on the top, I found no rest for the soles of my feet. I durst not stop to take a fair survey of the country.
e therefore hastened our way down
through the snow perhaps a foot deep, though at the bottom on the south side the ground was warm and dry; and, in about three hours from the time we first came to the mountain, through the kindness of God we found ourselves safe at the bottom, in a region where the Gospel had doubtless been forever unknown.
We called on the chief and proposed a meeting. He appointed it to-morrow about noon at the council house. We then rode about six miles to Soti's father's, having travelled about twenty miles. Some of
the neighbors came and spent the evening with us. We improved the time in singing. prayer, and conversation on the great doc| trines of religion. Wednesday, 19. Spent the morning in conversation with Soti’s father, a very old man. After breakfast we all kneeled before our common Lord, to implore his blessing, and then set off for the council house about six miles distant. The road | being bad, and our horses fatigued, we concluded to walk, being accompanied by our dear Cherokee friends. About fifty men besides some women and children assembled. After prayer and singing, brother Thomas gave them a short account of Christians at the north, their method of raising unoney, making clothes, &c. for the support of schools, &c. He also stated the contents of a letter from Mr. Hicks. After this I spoke of the Bible, as being the only light to guide us in safety through this world. I dwelt particularly on the way of salvation, pointed out in the Bible, through our divine Lord and Savior. I told them of his coming into the world, his character, miracles, sufferings, death, resurrection, ascension, invitation to sinners, &c. and of his ability and willingness to save all who come to him. After this we sung, and payed, and took our leave of the assembly. Before we left them, however, they wished to know when we would come agrin, stating that they needed some one to tell them often of these great truths, and expressed much gratitude for our present visit. We returned to Soti’s father's and spent the evening in conversation, singing, &c. We attended prayer as usual, but Soti, who appears really serious, and inquiring after God, wished us to pray again. O how dear these poor people seemed to me. I often wept at the thought of leaving them exposed to all the wiles of Satan with no one to guide them to the fold of Jesus. This town lies near the line of North Carolina; is almost entirely surrounded by mountains; contains from one to two hundred families, and but one individual, that I know of, able to speak English. After breakfast, and after commending this dear family and people to God by prayer, we set off for Long Town. We returned a disferent way from that we came, in order to visit J. Arch's friends, and also to cross the mountain at a place where it is not so high, though steeper for a short distance. About 10 o’clock we arrived at brother J. Arch’s mother's, where we found his brother, uncles, sisters, &c. assembled to meet us according to previous arrangement. Here we had a precious interview with these dear people; and after dinner, having spent about two hours with them, we set out for Long Town. The mountain, and the path
generally, were very bad, so that we did not arrive at the place where we had appointed a meeting, until near sun set. Many of the people had returned home. The chiefs and a few others were yet waiting. I told the chiefs I would meet them the next morning. Some of the people, however, thought the meeting was to be that night; and a numerous assembly met at the council house, and about 9 o'clock sent for me. I told them, that by an arrangement with the chiefs, I was to meet them the next morning. Brother Thomas and Soti went with them, and spent a good part of the night in talking, &c. In the morning before sunrise, they sent again for me to come. I accordingly went, and found perhaps 200 people assembled, and fifteen or twenty young women or girls engaged in a dance. Their appearance was neat, their dress good; but what a difference would religion make, in all their feelings and behavior. Soon their music ceased, and all was still. After singing and prayer, I spoke to them in substance, nearly as yesterday, at Otter Town. They heard with the utmost attention; and were endeared to me more and more. After an address of perhaps an hour and a half, and commending thein again to God, we took an affectionate leave. The men and boys, and many of the women and girls, came and shook hands with us; after which the old chief, with a distinguishing dress and appearance, arose and spoke at some length, thanking us for our kindness in visiting them, &c. He then shook hands, and thus we took our leave of this dear people. I saw none in the assembly who were not full Cherokees, and none were able to understand English. This town is near the head of the valley river. Friday, 21. Rode down the river ten or twelve miles to Tellico; called on the chief and proposed a meeting. He appointed this evening at the council house, and immediately sent messengers to give information. About dark we went to the place appointed. The people continued coining, till aster 9 o'clock. We then com
Cherokee Mission:-Tour of Rev. Mr. Butrick."
menced meeting, having, I should judge, near 200 hearers. As they were ignorant of the first principles of religion, I thought | best to go over nearly the same ground as in Otter and Long Towns. They seemed attentive to all I said. Our meeting continued about an hour and a half. We then took leave of these dear people, a little before 11 o'ckock, and returned to the chief's. O may the Lord be with them, and fix his | word in their hearts, as a nail in a sure i. and may their souls be saved in the ast great day. Saturday, 22. Soon in the morning returned to our dear brethren in the mission. During this touri have seen hundreds of
Indians, and but two who could talk English; and those were partly educated in white families. Spent the afternoon and evening with our dear Christian friends and the children of the schools. On the following Tuesday, Mr. Butrick, in company with the Baptist missionaries, visited another Indian village, ten or twelve miles from the station; and soon afterwards returned to Brainerd, through a part of Tennessee. The valley towns ale situated on the head waters of the Hiwassee, near the dividing line between North Carolina and Georgia, and not far from the upper corner of South Carolina. The Baptist mission has been established there for several years. The following description of eligible places for the establishment of local schools was drawn by Mr. Butrick, in the course of the year past, after a better acquaintance with all parts of the Cherokee country, than any other of the missionaries has been able to gain. As I was riding from High tower to Taloney, I reflected on the most suitable places for local schools. My feelings would lead me to place Tsiyo-he, or Outer Town, first. This town is
| about 100 miles N. E. from Taloney; joining
North Carolina. It is fenced in by almost impassable mountains; but contains a beautiful tract of land, sufficient to support a great number of inhabitants. It contains, I think, between one and two hundred families. These dear people, in general su!! Cherokees, and ignorant of the English. language, are in a very destitute and affecting situation. Their white neighbors, in North-Carolina, are hostile to them. And further, the old chief expressed a public and earnest desire to have some one teach them constantly the great things of religion. This town is thirty or forty miles N. E. from the Baptist mission. Almost all the relatives of our dear brother John Arch live in that place. One or two large towns over the mountain might also be benefitted by the instruction. 2. Ta-go-e, twenty-five or thirty miles this side of the Baptist Mission and about forty miles N. E. from Taloney. Here are two large towns, 'i'a-go-e and Hemp-town, so situated that both might be accommodated by one school. These poor people are in a miserable situation. They have no blacksmith nearer, I believe, than Taloney or the Baptist Mission; unless the settlements in Georgia may be a little nearer. A poor man, while we were there, broke his axe, and went with us on foot to the Baptist mission to get it in ended. This town lies on a nost beautiful river of the same name; but called .4m 0-yi after it passes
river; or Cedar Creek town, twelve miles This last mention
south of Beaver-dam. ed town lies near a settlement of Creek Indians, who would doubtless be benefitted by their proximity to a school. 6. Turkey-Town, bounded on one side by Alabama and on another by the Creek line, about twenty or twenty-five miles from the Creek settlements, containing many inhabitants, and a most beautiful tract of land. Here the Path-killer, the Boot, who is Creek interpreter, and many other chiefs, live. Here we could have frequent intercourse with the Creeks, and, by means of the Boot, give them much religious instruction. The Boot, though a Cherokee, is yet one of the Chiefs of the Creek nation; attends their councils; and has great influence with the people. He is frequently visited by the chiefs and hunters of that nation, with whom we could converse and thus spread the knowledge of divine things through that dark land. 7. Frog-town, or, as generally called, Brooms-town. 8. Aumuchee, fifteen miles west of south from Mr. Hick’s, on the path leading to Turnip Mountain. I mention this place, on account of the great anxiety of the people last spring to have a school. There are ten or twelve families, and a beautiful tract of land. 9. JMouse-Town, or Bushey-head's settlement. This is a very important place, though not in as entire darkness as the others. 10. Spring Town, on the north side of the Hiwassee river, fifteen or twenty miles above Columbus.
From a summary of Mr. Butrick’s labors, during a part of the year past, it appears, that he travelled about 2000 miles in the Cherokee country, and held about one hundred and fifty meetings with the people. At these meetings he either preached or expounded some portion of Scripture; or stated and explained some of the leading doctrines of the Bible; or repeated the history of our Lord's sufferings and resurrection. He found the natives peculiarly at
Description of Watural Curiosities.
tentive, and in no case was he interrupted by improper conduct. He visited eight large villages, where the Gospel had never been heard before. In his opinion, two evangelists might be well employed in that part of the nation' which extends from Otter Town to Hightower, one hundred and thirty-five miles, in a southwesterly direction, and from the Cherokee eastern line to Coosawaytee, about sixty miles. This territory contains more than half the Cherokee population.
JMr. Butrick's description of .Natural Curtosilies on the Lookout Mountain.
WE place the following extracts from Mr. Butrick’s journal by themselves, for the sake of a connected view of the curiosities, which he has described.
Saturday, Aug. 28. In company with Mr. Chamberlain, I ascended the Lookout Mountain, to visit a citadel of rocks. This is just at the top of the mountain, and is composed of rocks as high as houses of one, two, or three stories. It is so situated as to afford streets and lanes, and to form many convenient shelters from the heat, rain, and wind. Especially we noticed one apartment, twelve feet by fifteen, and six feet high in the highest place, arched over head, and walled on each side, by solid rock; except an opening for a door, and one or two places in the corners, which would serve for chimneys. This natural fortress was formerly inhabited by the Creeks. We saw where they hung their meat, and where they prepared their lodgings. Here, after viewing for a moment the wonders of Omnipotence, being retired from all the world, we bowed with adoration before Him, whose favor is compared to the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.
In the afternoon we explored a number of caves. The first we entered by a steep descent of eight or ten feet, through a small aperture. We then came to a large cavity,
whish extended to the right and left. – We
first examined the cavern on the left hand, which extended a number of rods. This was beautifully ornamented with petrisactions. Here were shelves, benches, &c. supported, apparently, by studs and braces above and below, and some richly ornamented with various articles of furniture. Here, also, our attention was caught by curious petrisactions, which we could almost imagine to be a diminutive race of people standing around us in profound silence, as if struck dumb by the rash intrusion of strangers.
Aster gratifying our curiosity in this secret abode of wonders, we returned and pursued our subterranean course to the right. Here we had a more beautiful and grand prospect than before. We found ourselves, not in a dark and dreary cavern, but in a richly ornamented mansion, adorned as by the cunning hands of the artist. Tables, settees, shelves, and a dwarfish race, with various ornaments hanging from the roof, continually excited new admiration.
After proceeding a few rods, we came to a small passage leading to another apartment, of which I will not attempt a description. “Great and marvellous are thy works, O Lord, and that Iny soul knoweth right well.”
In company with several friends, Mr. Butrick on the 25th, rode to visit what he terms “an ancient fortification,” on the Lookout
After riding about eight miles, we came
the mountain, and empties into Coosa, a few miles below Chattoogy. Our attention
was first arrested by the falls, a few rods
above, on our left. The perpendicular fall is, I should judge, thirty feet, and the whole fall forty or fifty. At the bottom is a large reservoir of water, walled on both sides by rocks of immense height. Turning our course a few rods down the river, we came to the outer wall of the fortification. The stones were partly fallen down, and earth had been in part formed about them. This wall is semicircular, enclosing one or two acres of land, and terminated at each end by a precipice. Within this wall is another, enclosing less ground, but made apparently stronger. The precipice between the two ends of the wall is, we judged, about 200 feet high, and is nearly perpendicular. In the side of this precipice, about fifty feet from the top, the openings of caverns appear. We descended the rocks at a place where the descent is not difficult, twenty or thirty feet. We then turned to the left, gradually descending by the side of the precipice a short distance, and soon came to the first fortress. Just before coming to this, our passage was rather frightful. On our left, was a lofty perpendicular rock extending upwards, and on our right a precipice nearly perpendicular extending downward, leaving a passage for us of only two or three feet wide. We did not stop to examine the prospect, but contented ourselves with passing silently along to a place of greater safety. :
| to a branch of Little River, which rises on | |
Description of Watural Curiosities.
Here, in the side of this tremendous precipice, are four apartments of sufficient size and height for the comfortable accommodation of a large number of people. They are arched over head, and walled on all sides but one, by the solid rock. From the first room we pass through a door in the partition to the second. From the second we go round the partition, near the edge of the precipice, to the third; from the third, we crawl under the rock, through a small hole, to the fourth. Between the third and fourth is a cavity in the rock, sufficiently large for a number of person: to sit. Back of the fourth room, is a small chamber, into which a person may pass through a crevice in the rock. ... A single step from the front door of this room, would precipitate a person 150 feet. After examining these secure retreats, wer-traced our steps to the place where we first descended the rocks. We then turned to the right, and found three other fortresses, distinguished from the four by a more safe approach, and a situation more retired from a view of the tremendous precipice below. In the afternoon of Wednesday, we explored another cave. This cave, at the mouth, is about one rod wide, but so low, that we were obliged to stoop as we entered. Soon it became more spacious, adorned with beautiful petrifactions of various shapes and sizes. We had not proceeded far, before the passage became twenty feet high; when the cavern divided, forming upper and lower apartments. We first examined the upper room. Ascending about ten feet, a most striking prospect was presented to our view; a spacious room most beautifully ornamented on all sides. Here were pillars extending to the lofty arch above; beautiful hangings of various shapes and sizes; and alcoves adorned with the richest furniture. In this subterranean chamber, we discovered a vase four or five feet in diameter, containing a quantity of cold fresh water. On one side of this, was a beautiful scallop six or eight inches high. After going some distance in this upper apartment we returned, and pursued our researches below; but our progress was soon arrested by deep water. The next day we discovered a room which escaped our notice yesterday, and which far surpassed every thing of the kind, which I had seen before. It was as if nature, impatient and weary of our curiosity, had thrown open her most secret recesses, and exposed to our view the delights of her heart. Crawling along under a low place in the cavern I saw by the glimmering of the torch, a room, about ten feet square, and three or sour high, completely arched, and