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46 92 48
2 Meteorological Diaries for December, 1794, and January, 1795.
State of Weather in December, 1794. IS calm 29,48 46 14 1.8 blue sky, fine day as brins
42 47 :3 black sky, rain at night 3 SW moderate
.8 black sky, rain at night 4S calm
o' dark sky, rain P.M. SiS calm
-3 blue sky, pleasant day GSE calm
49 .I blue sky, and pleasant 7.SE, moderate 60
48 4 dark.Ay, raia P.M. 8 SE moderate
0.9'dark sky, sun, rain at night 9 SE moulerate
25 49 1.3 dark sky, showers 10 SW calm
631 46 .6 blue sky, sun, showers P.M. is gentle
. dark sky, rain at night 125 gentle
0.9 dark sky, rain at night, very night showers 13 SE moderate
.8 blue sky, rain at night 14 NW calm
1.2 blue sky, delightful day USE calm
45 5 dark 1ky, Night showers is calm
30 42 .6 blue sky, but little sun 1: S gentle
.5 dark sky, no sun s brick
29,89 43 .5 black clouds, sun and pleasant ro Se calm
70 42 :7 blue sky, busty cold day 20 SE brisk
.6 dark sky, cold day, snow and fleet at night 21 SE briik
701 38 .8 fpeckled sky, bright day 22 SE calm
54 39 .7 clouds, thaw, hạt fair 27 SE gentle
63 38 .6. obscure sky, mift SE gentle
.6 clear sky; keen air 2 NW moderate
771 42 :3 clear sky, boisterous night 26 N calm
56! 40 . 'overcaft, thaws a little 2; N calm
87 36 .8 overcast, mild thaw, frost at night 28 N calm
.. bhe clouds, mild and pleasant
- 1441 .g overcalt, mild and pleasant 30 NE calm
19 Tome blue, mild and pleasant 31/N calm
37 I some hlue, a little sun g. Flocks of fit ldfares on the wing.--10. Hoar frot.- 14. Gossamer floats. Luíces fporting in the air. A very mild conclusion of the year. Calmness and serenity has been prevalent. The frott has hean remarkably mild, and lias affurleil an opportunity for sevesal agricultural operations heretofore impracticable, the lands being so soaked with conti. mual rains. Different works have heen prosecuted with great ardour.
Fall of rain this month, 1 inch 7-soths. Evaporation, i inch 9-soths.
Barom Weatbar in. pes in Jan. 1795.
:n pis in Jan. 1794.
ir o'cl. Night.
26 | 29
o 37 34 37 35 29,89 cloudy
22 30 23
30 30,45 foggy 37 37 36 30 621 cloudy
,36 fair 29 35 38 34 130 Cloudy
14 23 32
28 23 nowy 30 | 33 37 34 ,26 cloudy
19 29 15 774 cloudy
15 30,02 cloudy 33 38 33
20 ,18 fair 10 30
35 29,77 now 146 fair W. CARY, Optician, No. 282, acar Norfolk-Street, Strand.
Τ Η Ε.
Gentleman's Magazine :
For JANUARY, 1795.
BEING THE FIRST NUMBER OF VOL. LXV. PART 1.
Jan. 2. Having entertained the highest senti. CANNOT express the ments of etteem and respect for the truly pleasure I experienced worthy Bishop of Landafl, ever since his
in reading the very li- kind endeavours to better the situation I
beral and excelleat let- of the inferior clergy, I was surprized ter of your worthy cor to find from Caledonienfis that his lord. respondent, Caledonien. Thip refused to intereft himself in the fafis, in your truly valua. vour of those gentlemen who met fonie
ble Magazine (LXIV. years ago at Presion, in Lanca dhire, to 987). Surely the poor ciergy mult be perition for relief. As I am unacquainmuch obliged to you, fir, for your rea. ied with what passed on the occasion, diness to insert in ic whatever may tend I should be much obliged to any of your to meliorate their Situation. They are correspondents, Mr. Urban, to inform very much to be pitied indeed. Pitied, me of the particulars, and what realops indeed, they are, but not relieved. If his lord ship affigned, if any, for his re"every clergyman in Scotland, of the fulal.** The good bishop, if I mistake Ettablished Church," by a late regula- pot, once wilhed every clergyman to tion, will have a clear annual income have tool., a year.' This would cerof 100l. or guineas, independent of his tainly make them very comfortable, and, house, garden, and glebe," why should eren in these days, refpe&led, as well as not the poor curates in England be irn- respectable. They might then be able proved ? a country, where there is such to save fomething for the day of sicka wide difference in the manner 'of li• ness, and consequent incapacity for disviog, and the price of every necessary charging their duty. The fituarion of of life! Surely fomerhing ought to be the poor clergy, under these diftrefling dove for them: for fuch, I mean, as circumstances, is peculiarly wretched. I bave no fellowship, nor private furtune, could say much on this subject; but will nothing but a poor curacy to'lublift, or no longer deraio Mr. Urban at present, sather fiarve, upon ; for here, I think, as A. B. has anticipated me in a letter, a diftinction ought to be made.
which appeared in your Magazinc With regard to their petitioning par: (LXIV: 233.), and which I am sorry liament for relief, it may be objecled, to fuc so long unnoticed, as every one perhaps, that this is not a proper me, must will something to be done for the when jonovation of every kind is' fo inferior clergy in this kingdom, who is, much and truly to be dreaded. ' It like your prelent correlpondent, would, however, be some alleviation of
A FRIEND TO THE CHURCH. their diftress, to be assured that their P.S. A. B. lamenisthal, while such grievances thould be redrefled at the re. liberal provision is made in many parts turn of peace. In the mean time, it of the kingdom for clergymen's widows, would be no bad policy to consider how there is none, at least that he knows of, much influence they have on the peo for poor clergymen themle!ves, and ple, and whether the doing of some particu arly thole who are unable, thing for them immediately inay not at Phrough ill health, to discharge their tach them more firmly to Government functions.. 'I will I could inform bim than some of them appear to be, and of a suitable provision made for those of prevent the prevalence of leveling the clergy, who are so peculiarly unfura principles in the Church, which mult tunate. Mr. Urban, however, will have certainly endanger it, and, considering the goodness to inform him, that there is the very close alliance between Cliuick an annual donacija of 10l, cach iv luna aad Scale, the latter loo perhaps.
poor curates, left by a Mr. Stock, and
fore long, Rould see my name among g ven fomewhere in London. I find that those who are ricorded in the list of proo this year it has been betowed on ten
motions to the rectory of clergymen, not one of whole falaries a. já the presentation of --; so you mounts to more than 301. a year, and msy Dow perceive, My Uiban, that one to only 131.! 'Add to this, that your correlpondent is a clergyman they have all large and young fam:lies !! However, thouid luch an event ever In thort, the total amount of their lala take place, I mean to adopt the follow. rics is 221'. and the number of their pe plan į but; s I see nolikelihood of children 69!!! Are uncle thing. 10, iis being fuor, and as many good ichemes Mr. Urban? or, rather, pould by be di ve been rendered abortive by the info! I must leave it to fume orher of tervention of dathI thall not wait for your correspondenis, who are better ac the actual accompanhuset of my dehgo, quainted with such matters, io mior.nl but he as well coniented wish the murit A. B. who Mr. Stock was ; and will of having a fi luggeiled it, as if I had only add, that I have heard, or read, buen the hili to put it in practice. 16 of a Mr. Brats's charity for poor 'need not be laid by me, for it is felf. clergymer, Dr. Bubby's, and Bishop evideat to all reo, that it is ope clienCrew's. The last is, I uchieve, confi tia! of
minifter's duty 10 rnned to the hundred of Sparkenhoe, in deurv ur to be upon good terms with his Leicellershire; but some one will be lo parishioner, and it pollible (tor in lume good, perhaps, through the medium of indiances it may not) to live peaccably your very valuable Miscellany, to give
with al med.
He should ftudy, every him a full aod accuratt account of thefe bonourable method to conciliare the al. excellent charities.
fections of his people towards him, that
they may boil relped the office and Mr. URBAN,
love the man; aoil costainly there are ROM your valuable Migazine I miny ways of effecting to difirabie an
objc, which will be aisended with very pleasure and ioQruction, and in my turn Muele inconvenience, and not mucin exhave occafionally contributed to the a
Pence. musement and information of some of Now, fuppofing that I was the rector your numerous readers. Froin your of a country parith, the majority of my Dane alone (letting aside former ex. flock would probably be in the arricul, 'perience) I need not doubt your ur. Tural line. Some upon a larger Icale, banity to spare a column for the fo low. and others in gradition, down to the ing letter, which has certainly something cottager. The plan I thould have reof the ullie, in it if nor of the dulce; but courle to would be to publish on the I hope that it will prove to leveral as church-door,' that to the farmers who well dele&ardo as monendo.
produced the bell ico acres of wbeat, I am one of those unfortunate beings, berley, or ools, I would relinquith rewho, from some peculiarities of senti. speclively the tithes of thole acies for ment, am no: a pleasing companion to ibal year, and either give u them in the world in general, aid, being thus current cath, or in au honorary filver a good deal secluded from fuciety with cup or medal of equal value, as thould tlic living, of course I allociate not a best suit their own willes. Tiie award little with the dead, by reading and re. should be by proper judges, viz skilful fieding upon their liver foripla, and and impartial; and on Michaeimas day fumcrimes have recourse to the same would request ihc ubole of them (if my means of perpetuaring such thoughts as houle could contain them) to take their occur io myself. Now, the same cause goole, plum-pudding, and home-brewed which so much debars me of society will Odober, at the reciory, and then receive probably debar me from ever attaining at least the award, if not the seward, of 19 the honours and advantages of the their indoflry. Now, Mr. Urban, can world; for I cannot flatter, nor say yes! you discover any thing in this plan that when I think no! but always speak with is objetiooable. In my opinion, this that upright and downright sincerity would be a much better method of which I with others to 'ipeak to me. dwelling amongst my parılhioners, than If I could play ibi sycophant a little behaving with a supercilious reserve, as better, perhaps I might fucceed as well though they were a race of beings un. 'as lume viher of my brethren have done worthy of ny company; (supposing the ju different ages, and now do; and, bce farmers in general cot to be as karned
as their priefts, yet they may be of as agricultural society. Now, whoever gened principles, and as found natural un- obtains the honorary mark of skill, derflending, as he is!) and by associat- fhould not be allowed again to strive ing with them in this friendly manner, for the same prize till seven years had it 'I a&ted with a dignity becoming my citpled, by which means there would profeffion (such asebecking their riba dry be a greater chance for every one to obo and blusphemy), they would insensibiy tain it in their rurn, as the foil of one acquire a polift of manners very different farm may be, with very little culture, to that boon hnefs md obscenity, which, fo far lupe ior to the others as to .pro
(I am forry to say it!) tuo generally duce confantly better grain than the prevail among them nov, because they rett can, notwithstanding the urmet affociare chiefly amongit themselves, or efforts of industry to exceed it.with men of prodigale morals.
Der this plan would be much more beThe clergy shemtelves would, in the neficial to the country at large if there course of a few years, find the good ef were more farms and more farmers; fects of a&ing in this manner. They that is to say, if some of our overgrown would not have so much grumbling as fams were divided and occupied by they now are obliged to hear, about three or four independent families in. payment of their riches.
Murmurs Atead of one purse-proud Sir Ignoramus there would certainly be from those Dives, affifted by his menial hirelings whose--leading chnderistic is avarice; and indigent labourers. The time will but they would be much less frequent come when the necessity of thele things than they are at present. As to an will be evident, and when the wisdom abolition of cithes, which seems pow to of our forefathers, in having tmall be lo ardently wished for by many, it farms, will be acknowledged by our would then (I think ) scarce ever be de- praćiice. The principle of this inftitu. fired by any but such as chofe 1 juft tion may be extended to our manufac. mentioned. For my part, Sir, I am so tories as well as to our bulbandmer. thoroughly convinced of the jure divino For example; if I lived at Nortingham right to lisbus, and that it is the moji (where, I believe, is a large Itocking equitable and faireft mode of payment, manufaciory), I would give three thar if ever the fare concedes for far to prizes, a guinca, 158. and 10s. 6d. popular clamour (clamour raisia tyfar to the three per!ons ilio thould produce tion, and supporned by ignorance and the belt ipecimens of their skill so that avarice) as to decree a commuta:ion for branch. Tois i would cootine to the ritbes, the fare fhall have a formal re. journey men only; and the first sbirty figoation of my letters of orders, nor who gave in their names to be appoiniwill I ever exercise the pastoral obice to ed for that year to try their skill.' Each long as fuch a decree continues in forcs: candidate ihould bring his pair fome but I trust that our legislators have too tige about Christmas, and every man moch wisdom evet to be the dupes of have his pint or quart of ale, nuis, and fuch iniquitous artifice as to introduce biscuits, at my house. The refpe&tive such an innovation in our laivs : which merits to be determined by a master or would jo all probability produce fumitar .mallers in the trade. And, in order to troubles in this country to those which make this indufry as couducive to vir. France has woefuliy experienc:d, origi- tue as I could, it should be a necessary nating from a finar caute. The shoo. condition that every candidate should Tition that I should vote for is the abo. (bona fide) have manufactured the ar. lition of avance both in the ciergy and cicle at a time when he would not be ac laity; and then eithes will not fetin work for his masters such as, between such a burthen to the one, por be too
the hours of 7 and 8, or 8 and 9; auxioufly fought after by the o:her. or in the feftival week of Christmas, by But I have nere briefly touched upon a
which means they would, in some mea. fubje&t which I did not design when' ( jure, be kept from getting drunk in those fat dowu to write; therefore, to return haunts of intemperance and vice, the to the object I had primarily in view, do taverns and pet-houses. The restricyou not think Sir, that such annual tion in this cale lould be for life; lo parin prizes from the reEtor (ishether that he, who had obtained one prize, clergy or laynsan) would be productive thould never be permitted on the lift of great pational benefit. Such an in. any more in my parish. Yours, &c. flitution would be a ftimulus to industry,
SUGGESTOR. and make almof every parih a little