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SECOND PART OF

KING HENRY THE FOURTH.

PRELIMINARY REMARKS.

The transactions comprised in this play take up about nine years. The action commences with the account of Hotspur's being defeated and killed (1403], and closes with the death of king Henry IV. and the coronation of king Henry V. [1412–13]. “Upton thinks these two plays improperly called The First and Second Parts of Henry the Fourth. The first play ends (he says) with the peaceful settlement of Henry in the kingdom by the defeats of the rebels.' This is hardly true ; for the rebels are not yet finally suppressed. The second, he tells us, shows Henry the Fifth in the various lights of a good-natured rake, till, on his father's death, he assumes a more manly character. This is true; but this representation gives us no idea of a dramatic action. These two plays will appear to every reader, who shall peruse them without ambition of critical discoveries, to be so connected, that the second is merely a sequel to the first; to be two only to be one.”Johnson.

This play was entered at Stationers' Hall, August 23, 1600. There are two copies, in quarto, printed in that year; but it is doubtful whether they are different editions, or the one only a corrected impression of the other.

Malone supposes it to have been composed in 1598.

4

PERSONS REPRESENTED.

King Henry The Fourth :
Henry, Prince of Wales, afterwards

King Henry V.;
THOMAS, Duke of Clarence;
PRINCE John of Lancaster, afterwards his Sons.

(2 Henry V.) Duke of Bedford ; PRINCE HUMPHREY of Gloster, after

wards (2 Henry V.) Duke of Gloster;
Earl of Warwick;
Earl of Westmoreland ; of the King's Party.
Gower; HARCOURT;
Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench.
A Gentleman attending on the Chief Justice.
Earl of Northumberland;
SCROOP, Archbishop of York ;

Enemies to the LORD MOWBRAY ; LORD HASTINGS ;

King.
Lord BARDOLPH; Sir John COLEVILE ;)
Travers and Morton, Domestics of Northumberland.
Falstaff, BARDOLPH, Pistol, and Page.
Poins and Peto, Attendants on Prince Henry.
Shallow and SILENCE, Country Justices.
Davy, Servant to Shallow.
MOULDY, SHADOW, WART, FEEBLE, and BULLCALF,

Recruits.
Fang and SNARE, Sheriff's Officers.
Rumor. A Porter.
A Dancer, Speaker of the Epilogue.

Lady NORTHUMBERLAND. LADY PERCY.
Hostess QUICKLY. Doll TEAR-SHEET.

Lords, and other Attendants; Officers, Soldiers, Messen

ger, Drawers, Beadles, Grooms, fc.

SCENE. England.

SECOND PART OF

KING HENRY THE FOURTH.

INDUCTION.

Warkworth. Before Northumberland's Castle.

you will

Enter Rumor, painted full of tongues. Rumor. Open your ears; for which of

stop The vent of hearing, when loud Rumor speaks? I, from the orient to the drooping west, Making the wind my post-horse, still unfold The acts commenced on this ball of earth. Upon my tongues continual slanders ride ; The which in every language I pronounce, Stuffing the ears of men with false reports. I speak of peace, while covert enmity, Under the smile of safety, wounds the world ; And who but Rumor, who but only I, Make fearful musters, and prepared defence ; Whilst the big ear, swollen with some other grief, Is thought with child by the stern tyrant war, And no such matter? Rumor is a pipe Blown by surmises, jealousies, conjectures ; And of so easy and so plain a stop, That the blunt monster with uncounted heads, The still-discordant wavering multitude,

1 In a mask on St. Stephen's Night, 1614, by Thomas Campion, Rumor comes on in a skin coat full of winged tongues.

9 The stops are the holes in a flute or pipe.

Can play upon it. But what need I thus
My well-known body to anatomize
Among my household ? Why is rumor here?
I run before king Harry's victory;
Who, in a bloody field by Shrewsbury,
Hath beaten down young Hotspur, and his troops,
Quenching the flame of bold rebellion
Even with the rebels' blood. But what mean I
To speak so true at first? My office is
To noise abroad,—that Harry Monmouth fell
Under the wrath of noble Hotspur's sword;
And that the king before the Douglas' rage
Stooped his anointed head as low as death.
This have I rumored through the peasant towns
Between that royal field of Shrewsbury
And this worm-eaten hold of ragged stone,
Where Hotspur's father, old Northumberland,
Lies crafty-sick. The posts come tiring on,
And not a man of them brings other news
Than they have learned of me. From Rumor's tongues
They bring smooth comforts false, worse than true
wrongs.

[Exit.

ACT І.

SCENE I. The same. The Porter before the Gate.

Enter LORD BARDOLPH. Bardolph. Who keeps the gate here, ho ?—Where

is the earl? Port. What shall I say you are? Bard.

Tell thou the earl, That the lord Bardolph doth attend him here.

Port. His lordship is walked forth into the orchard.

1 Northumberland's castle.

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