Obrazy na stronie

conversation, and to have you being Christians. Our number was more the last day, and we gave them free leave to go home, and only but a few handful to stay; for we design not to fall upon any party of the forces, except they be few in number, and oppose us in keeping up the gospel in the fields, for I am persuaded that one meeting in the fields has been more owned and countenanced by His presence with His people, than twenty house meetings, as they are now bought; and therefore make no strife among yourselves about officers, because they are but men; yea, I think there is not a man among you all meet for it; we are not meet to be a minister to you, only we are to wait till the Lord provide better; and ye that are not satisfied to stay in defence of the gospel, good-morrow to you, whatsoever ye be.' And so I thought it was rational and warrantable both from the word of God, and our solemn vows and covenants, which you and the whole land are engaged unto.-Now, ye see what was my motive to join with that handful, and in this I have peace, and on this ground I lay down my life. There is a second motive I had, for which I thought myself bound to own that persecuted cause and interest of my blessed Lord and Master, Jesus Christ: I being about two years ago in Carrick, and hearing the precious gospel of Jesus Christ; in these glorious days, the shining of the countenance of our Lord was discernibly seen there, both upon his ministers and people; I thought it my duty to mark it. The Lord did so soften and animate my heart at that time, that I made it my work how I might win to clearness how to state myself, being among the deceitful indulged ministers, and finding several places of scripture calling me out from them, as that known scripture, If the Lord be God, follow him; but if Baal, then follow him. Come out from among them, my people, and touch not the unclean thing,' &c. Touch not, taste not, handle not, which are all to perish with the using.' I thought it was dreadful to be halting between two opinions. On the other hand, I had some scriptures concerning the cross that attends pure religion and undefiled. The Lord who has called me here to-day, to seal these truths, wrought with an irresistible power on my heart, that good word of his in the xviii. Psal. 46, 47, 48. verses, The Lord liveth; and blessed be my Rock; and let the God of my salvation be exalted. It is God that avengeth me, and subdueth the people under me. He delivereth me from mine enemies: yea, thou liftest me up above those that rise up against me: thou hast delivered me from the violent man.' This makes me rejoice. The Lord of hosts is on my side.' 'The God

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of Jacob is my defence,' &c. O so strongly as this binds and obliges me to suffer, and count all joy now to go up this ladder! And I bad occasion to be at several other meetings, I bless the Lord for it: I bless the Lord that ever he made choice of me, who was a miserable sinner, to lay down my life for his cause: and so I die not by constraint or force, but willingly at his command.

"There is another clause in my indictment, and sentence of death. They say, that I walked up and down the country, murdering, destroying, and oppressing the subjects. But, I say, I did never mind the like. And so they have (as they have done to many a

one) assized and sentenced me wrongously; for I did never mind to murder or rob any man: therefore I am clear to charge them guilty of my blood, and to give my testimony against them, as murderers of the servants and people of God, in their being about the service and worship of God, as I was.

"In the next place, I believe that all the scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the word of the eternal and ever living God, given by Divine, inspiration; and that every duty commanded therein ought to be obeyed and performed upon the greatest peril and hazard, and that every crooked and false way should be avoided and guarded against, whatever be the seeming advantages which may accompany the embracing of it, under the pain of being led forth with the workers of iniquity, when he shall pronounce peace on his Israel. 2dly. I give my witness and join my adherence to the Confession of Faith, the Larger and Shorter Catechisms, National and Solemn League and Covenant, with our Solemn Acknowledgment of Sins, and Engagement to Duties. 3dly. I adhere to the Church-government by general assemblies, synods, presbyteries, and kirk-sessions, according as it was established in the year 1648. 4thly. I give my testimony to that faithful declaration at Rutherglen, the 29th of May, 1679. 5thly. I adhere, and give my testimony to the declaration at Sanquhar, June 22, 1680, together with the paper gotten at the Ferry upon Henry Hall, June 3, 1680. 6thly. I give my testimony and set to my seal to all the former testimonies sealed by the blood of them who have been murdered on scaffolds, in the fields, and in the sea, from the year 1660, to this day; and by all the imprisonments, and banishment of exiled and wandering ones, and by all the spoilings and robbings, oppression, stigmatizing, scourging, and booting, and other horrid cruelties, which have been committed by the enemies of our Lord Jesus Christ.

"On the other hand :-Ist. I enter my protestation before the Judge of all, both living and dead, before whom I am to appear within a little time, against all the encroachments made upon the prerogatives of our Lord Jesus Christ, particularly against Popery, Quakerism, and Frelacy, and all their underlings, and the joiners with them; and against all supremacy that is contrary to the word of God; and against all Erastianism; and against both the indulgences first and last, and all the joiners with, connivers at, and supporters of it; and against the silence in watchmen at this day, in not giving faithful warning, according to that in Isa. lviii. 1. Cry aloud, and spare not; lift up thy voice like a trumpet, show Israel their sins, and the house of Jacob their transgressions;'-and against her ambiguous and dark applications, so that the sin of the times is not touched, lest they irritate the magistrates, and bring themselves in hazard of our Lord's cross; which was an evil creeping in long ago, which the assembly condemned in the ministers; and ordered them to be suspended, if they did not amend; and seeing no humiliation for such a great sin, they were to be deposed. 2dly. I enter my protestation against all

Commonly called the Queensferry Paper, and drawn up by Mr. Cargill

those who have declared themselves opposite to our Lord Jesus Christ, and have displayed a banner for Satan; not only tolerating, but acting and committing all manner of abominations, and horrid cruelties in things civil and ecclesiastical. 3dly. I enter my protestation against all declarations, proclamations, bonds, cess, and militia money, for keeping standing forces with a displayed banner against our Lord; and against all profanity, looseness, and lukewarmness, and all the backslidings of the Church of Scotland, since our entering into covenant with God to this day.

"Now, Sirs, I have given you but a short hint of my faith and principles; and also of the motives which moved me to join with the serious seekers of God; and also the grounds of my indictment, and sentence of death: also some little glance at the corruptions of the times. I have here joined my testimony to the sufferings of the people of God, and I have entered my protestation against some open sins, which are obvious to all who have not willingly yielded themselves to work wickedness. O! it is but little that I can say! it would take a long summer day to rank them up, and not win at them all: for my part, I am but ignorant, my capacity can but reach to little things. It may be that ye will take but little notice to what the like of me says, but I cannot help it. Now, as a dying man, I leave all these things to your consideration, if this prelatic and indulged party be the party, to be meddled with, and owned, pleaded for and defended; what think ye of them that have gone before us? What think ye of Argyle, and Mr. Guthrie, that were men of understanding? What think ye of Mr. Kid, and Mr. King, and that gentleman that suffered last at the cross ?* Nay, what think ye of religion and the cost of it ? What think ye of heaven, and glory that is at the back of the cross? The hope of this makes me look upon pale death as a lovely messenger to me. I bless the Lord for my lot this day.

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I shall come shortly to a close, only I beg leave to speak a word to two or three sorts of folks; and I think, all may be comprehended under these three. I entreat you take heed; I wish I may not be a stumblingblock to any, that is looking on me this day. Blessed is he,' says Christ, that shall not be offended in me, and my followers.' The first sort is the seekers of God; I have a word to you: ye have kirk and state upon your top; ye get leave to weep a long night, and have none to comfort you: and if you cry, Watchman, what of the night?' the watchmen are drunk and fallen asleep, they cannot tell. Can these dry bones live? Lord, thou knowest.' Ye are seeing the godly cut off, one way and another; ye are hearing them that have the root of the matter in them crying up a sinful union; and ministers will not tell you what is your duty or danger. O my dear friends, cast not away your confidence; ye must come through many tribulations; but there is a begun heaven for you at night. 'Seek ye the Lord, ye meek of the earth: ye shall be hid in the day of the Lord's anger.' There is no persecution in heaven, where our Lord's enemies shall never come: I shall not take upon

i. e. Mr. Hackston of Rathillet.

me to say, who of them will not come to heaven; but this I may say, if they come, it will be more than ordinary humiliation they must have as it is said of Manasseh; that he humbled himself greatly before the Lord God of his fathers.' Friends, give our Lord credit; he is always good; but O he is good in a day of trial, and he will be sweet company through the ages of eternity. 'There is none like the God of Jeshurun, that rides upon the heaven in thy help, and in his excellency on the sky. And underneath are the everlasting arms, and he will save his people.' And secondly, I have a word to say to you that are godly; but alas, you have wronged the cause; for which, I fear, ye have lost the countenance of God, and will not get it again in haste; ye have waxed fat and kicked;' ye have flung at God (so to speak), ye have said a confederacy' with enemies, for a false peace; ye have been crying peace and union with the indulged, because they are godly men. I say before the Lord, that ye, and these godly men, have most basely betrayed the kirk of Scotland; ye shall go to heaven in a fiery chariot, ye shall hardly get leave to suffer but go away in a stink, for your complying and shunning the cross. Thirdly, a word to the ungodly. O ye atheists and ungodly magistrates, full of perjury and bloodshed, ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter. The blood of the Lord's martyrs, that has been shed these eighteen or nineteen years within this city, will be charged home upon you, as well as upon the assizers. Ye counsellors, your work will be rewarded. Ye criminal lords, remember, the saints shall judge the earth,' and shall shortly be in equal terms with you; and they shall stand upon mount Zion with the Lamb, and give their consents against you; and shall shortly cry, Hallelujah, hallelujah,' to your condemnation. And therefore I obtest you, in the bowels of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye will desist from your wicked courses, and lie in the dust, and mourn for all your abominations; Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.' Ye ignorant and profane drunkards, swearers, and sabbath breakers, repent, or else ye shall likewise perish. And now, I take my farewell of all the serious seekers of God for a short time: and you that are calm, prudent professors, I leave you under process till you repent, for casting off Christ and his cross, and for bringing up an evil report on the good land,' and for your wronging of the cause. And ye rulers, farewell for evermore, without repentance and deep humiliation for wronging of Christ and his people. Return my soul unto thy quiet rest! Farewell all created comforts in time: and welcome Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, into thy hands I commit my spirit.

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Cloud of Witnesses, pp. 78-84


[JOHN MALCOM, was the other of the Two, who, along with Mr. Hackston, were taken at Airsmoss. He was by trade a weaver, and belonged to the parish of Dalry, in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright. Along with his companion, he was charged with having been at Bothwell-bridge and Airsmoss, in arms, which they judicially confessed, and were sentenced accordingly. "They died," says Wodrow, "in great assurance, and with comfortable hopes of well being." He left a Testimony to the cause for which he suffered, and it is as follows:]

"I desire the audience of you, who are here spectators and auditors, to hear some words of a dying man, ready to offer up this tabernacle in your sight, who would have it among my last wishes, that you would consider your ways and your doings, that are not good, and not harden your hearts as in the provocation; for, ye have to do with a holy God, who is quickly about to come in flaming fire, to take vengeance on all the ungodly profane persons, who are living at ease in Zion, and rejoicing in the afflictions of the people of God. I would obtest you, in the bowels of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you would break off your pernicious ways, and make peace with God while he would make peace with you, lest ye be destroyed in the overflowing flood of his wrath. There has been flockings and gatherings to see others, who are gone before me, that have been wonderfully countenanced and owned with the evident presence of God, convincingly helping some to go through the jaws of death, rejoicing and looking profane on-lookers out of countenance,-and have given their testimonies against the abominations committed in the land. And I am come hither, who am the unworthiest of any that have gone before me. Now, before I come further, I would ask you, what you think of religion? What think you can it be, that makes men go to death with so great peace and sweetness? Ye have heard what malefactors have had to say. Think ye not it strange, that a rational man can enter upon eternity, leaving such a testimony as ye have heard? And, I hope the Lord will help me in less or more to be faithful and free in leaving my testimony in the sight and presence of him, who is the sovereign Judge of all the earth, before whom I must stand in a short time.

"The cause of my coming here this day is, because I was found with that poor persecuted handful, who are the people that were singly adhering to the honour and glory of God,-now when he is threatening to bring in his sore plagues upon this apostate church, that has played the harlot with many lovers;'-for which he will bring on indignation, wrath and pain, upon many. But this is ground of encouragement to the seekers of God, (1.) That he is keeping up party in the land, that see it their duty to contend for his cause and interest, and shall overcome through the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony, who are not loving their lives unto the death;' to contend for his cause and interest. For, be hath

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