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Sepulture, effect which Christianity had upon the national
usages of, A. viii. 2; importance of the rites of, ib.; ix. 37;
and see Graves.

Sergius Paulus, his conversion, L. xxi. 13; account of him,
A. xiii. 7; his conduct contrasted with Gallio's, ib.
Sermon on the Mount, place of its delivery, M. v. 1.
Serpent, the brazen, in what respects exemplary to us, M. x. 16;
a type of Christ, J. iii. 14.

Serpent, the Python, observations on, A. xvi. 16.
Serpents and Scorpions, A. xxviii. 4; L. x. 19.

Servants, our Lord took the form of one, J. xiii. 4; in what sense
Christians are so called, xv. 15; latitude of the term in Hebrew,
M. xii. 17, 18; xiv. 2; two cases of unprofitable servants con-
trasted, L. xix. 20; see Slaves.

"Seven days, the," of the Nazarite's vow, A. xxi. 24. 26.
Seven, the number of completion and rest, 2 P. ii. 5; consecrated
by the Holy Ghost in Scripture, Jud. 14; Rev. i. 4; viii. 1;
on the symbolical significance of the number, and of its multiple
by ten, in Scripture, Pt. i. p. 56; M. xviii. 22; J. ii. 1; ex-
pressive of rest in Christ (see Eight), Introduction to the
A. 29; ii. 1; Rev. i. 11; x. 1; xi. 19; cp. M. xvii. 1; xxvii.
62; J. vii. 2.

Seventh Day, God rested on the, J. v. 9. 17.
Seventh Day in the Paschal week, how observed, M. xxvii. 62;
J. xix. 14.

Seventy Disciples, their ordination and mission, L. x. 1-9.
Severus, on the intimation which his particular gift of tongues
gave to each of the Apostles as to the nation to which his
ministrations were to be directed, A. ii. 8; on x. 41; "It
seemed good to the Holy Ghost and to us," xv. 28.
Sheaf, waving of; see Resurrection.

Shechinah, observations on the, M. xvii. 4, 5; Heb. iv. 16;
derivation of the term, M. xvii. 4; cp. J. i. 14.

Sheep and goats, contrasted as to their symbolical significance,

M. xx. 33.

Shekel, its value, M. xxvii. 3.

Shewbread, account of it, M. xii. 4.

Shiloh; see Siloam.

Ship, the, in which the disciples were tempest-tost, an emblem of
the Church, J. vi. 19; cp. M. viii. 23.

Ships, ancient, on the rate of sailing of, A. xxviii. 13.
Ships, metaphors from; see Metaphors.

Shoes and sandals distinguished, M. x. 10; loosing the shoe, L.

ii. 16.

Sickness and infirmities the effect of sin, J. v. 14; ix. 2.

Sign from heaven," full import of the expression, M. xvi. 1.
"Sign of the Son of man," M. xxiv. 30.



services and labours, P. i. 1; 1 Ti. i. 1; 1 P. v. 12; called
Silas in the Acts; called Silvanus by St. Paul in his Epistles,
see Introduction to the First Epistle of St. Peter.
Simeon, derivation and import of the name, L. ii. 25; his
the Temple, 32.

song in

Simon Magus, the first heretic, A. viii. 9; offers to purchase the
gift of the Holy Spirit with money, 18. 20. 22; the Father of
the Gnostics, 2 P. i. 16; his impious fables, ib.; his tenets
respecting angels, C. ii. 8; 2 P. ii. 10; encountered at Rome
by St. Peter, Introductions to the First and Second Epistles of
St. Peter, and to the First Epistle of St. John.
Simon Peter; see Peter.
Simon the Cyrenian, compelled to bear our Lord's cross, M. xxvii.
32; a type of the converted Gentiles, L. xxiii. 26.
Simon the leper, account of him, M. xxvi. 6.
Simon the Pharisee, his character, L. vii. 47.

Shunammite, apparent allusion to, Mk. iii. 21.
Sicarii, M. xxi. 13.

Sichem, its situation and history, Heb. vii. 1; J. iv. 5. 40;
A. viii. 5; the twelve patriarchs buried there, vii. 16;
force of this fact as stated by St. Stephen, ib.; Abraham pro-
bably purchased a plot of ground there for a burial-place, ib.;
anciently called Moreh, ib.; Jacob erects an altar there, ib.;
it was the national Sanctuary of Israel, ib.; recovered by Jacob,
and was the paternal allotment of Joseph, ib.
Sick, the, duty of visiting them, on the part of the Christian
priest, Jam. v. 14; duties prescribed by the Church of England
in this case, ib.

Signs," distinguished from "wonders," A. ii. 19.
Silas; see Silvanus.

Simon Zelotes, M. x. 4; A. i. 12.

Simony, perpetual warning against the sin of, J. ii. 16; Vol. ii. p.
12; A. viii. 18. 20. 22; and M. xxi. 12.

Sin against the Holy Ghost, its nature, M. xii. 31; and Mk.
iii. 29.

Sin, its heinousness shown by the suffering it caused our Lord,
M. xxvi. 38; typified by leprosy, L. xvii. 19; its nature, not
only as a debt, Heb. ix. 12; but as something more, 1 J.
iv. 10; and see Universal Redemption, and Absolution.
Sin, the punishment of the sinner, M. xiii. 14; Sin after baptism
remissible, xxvi. 75; Heb. vi. 6; the cause of physical evils,
J. ix. 2.

"Sin unto death," and "Sin not unto death," 1 J. v. 16.


Single eye," M. vi. 22.

Singular and plural, sometimes interchanged, M. xxvii. 44.
Sinners, St. Luke wrote specially for them, L. xv. 1; xxiii. 34.
Sin-offerings, their nature, I P. iii. 18.

Sins, forgiveness of; see Forgiveness.

Sins of ignorance and negligence, how differing from sins of pre-
sumption, 1 Ti. i. 12; A. iii. 17; xxiii. 5.

Silence of St. John; see John.

Silence of St. Luke, concerning the infirmities of the Apostles,
Introduction to his Gospel, p. 165; L. ix. 21; as to the name
of the woman in vii. 35.

Sit, force of the word, M. xxiii. 2.

Sites of the Holy Places, the precise ones providentially concealed,
M. v. 1; L. i. 39; ii. 8.

Six, the number, in the Apocalypse, represents a crisis of suffer-
ing, or a falling short of the truth, Rev. xi. 19; xiii. 18; and
see Seven.

Skirts of our Lord's clothing, used to convey miraculous strength,
M. xiv. 36; Mk. v. 30.

Slavery, 1 C. vii. 21; 1 Ti. i. 10; vi. 1, 2; and see the Introduc-
tions to the Epistle to Philemon, and to the Epistle to the
Ephesians, p. 277; and C. iv. 9; 1 P. ii. 18; see Liberty.
Slaying the paschal lamb, and eating it, the acts distinguished by
the Evangelists, Mk. xiv. 12.

Sleep, frequently put for death, in Scripture, M. xxv. 5; xxvii.
52; & divine protest against the notion of the sleep of the soul
after death, L. xii. 4; see Soul.

Sleep of Christ in the storm, its spiritual meaning, Mk. iv. 38.
Smyrna, its position, Rev. i. 11; the See of S. Polycarp, ib.
Socinians, their heretical notions refuted, L. iv. 8; J. i. 29; viii.
59; x. 30; xvii. 3. 21; resemble the Jews in their false allega-
tion, that the doctrine of the Atonement is irreconcileable with
Divine Love, G. i. 4; an objection of theirs obviated by anti-
cipation in C. i. 13. 30; arguments against their view of the
doctrine of the Atonement, E. i. 6; 1 J. iv. 10; perversion of
I P. ii. 23, 24; weakness of their exception to 2 C. v. 18; see
Atonement and Redemption.

Silence of our Lord, instructive, Mk. xiv. 32; cp. J. xix. 9.
Silence of Scripture, its inspiration, M. xvii. 27; cp. Mk. xiv. 10;
J. iv. 27; Introduction to the Acts, p. 6; A. ix. 23; xii. 2;
xvi. 3; concerning day of our Lord's birth, &c., L. i. 39; no
argument can be drawn from the silence of the Evangelists as
to their ignorance of any events, M. xxviii. 20; cp. Mk. viii.
29; L. i. 3. 26; ii. 5; ix. 7; xxiv. 50; J. xi. 1.
Siloam, water of, Introduction to the Gospel of St. John, p.
261; ceremony observed with respect to it at the Feast of
Tabernacles, J. vii. 37. 52; significance of the rite, ib.; de-
rivation and import of the name, ib.; ix. 7; derived, according
to Lightfoot, from the same spring that supplied the Pool of
Bethesda, 4.
Silvanus, or Silas, reference to him, A. xv. 22; xvii. 10; always
so called by St. Paul and St. Peter, but always called Silas by
St. Luke, 1 Th. i. 1; associated with Timotheus by St. Paul in
writing his two Epistles to the Thessalonians, ib.; why, ib.;
probably left at Beroa by St. Paul to watch over the converts
there, iii. 6; cp. A. xvii. 10; his name does not occur in the
Acts of the Apostles, P. i. 1; what became of him? ib.; bearer
of St. Peter's First Epistle, 1 P. v. 12; brief account of his

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Spain, probably visited by St. Paul in his missionary tour, R.
xv. 24; Introduction to the Epistles to Timothy and Titus.
Speech, its right use and high prerogatives, Jam. iii. 2. 6.
Speedily avenge them, explained, L. xviii. 8.

Spices, used at funerals; see Burial.

Spikenard, unguent made from it, Mk. xiv. 3.

Spinoza, his objections to the narrative of the raising of Lazarus,
J. xi. 1.

Spirit and Flesh, contrasted, E. iv. 23; 1 P. iii. 18.
Spirit, the evil, his ejection from the heart, and his fearful return
to it, L. xi. 24; see Devil, and Satan.

Spirit, the human, how distinguished from the Soul, 1 Th. v. 23;
the human, of Christ, 1 Ti. iii. 16; 1 P. iii. 18.
Spirits, evil, the present condition of, M. viii. 29; see Devils,
Angels, and Python.

"Spirits in prison," Christ went to them in spirit, and preached
to them, explained, 1 P. iii. 18-22; cp. L. xxiii. 56.
Spiritual authority, its independence in the exercise of Eccle-
siastical Discipline, 1 C. v. 3.

Spiritual gifts received on admission to Baptism, 1 Th. v. 20;
admonition respecting them, ib.

Spiritual Pastors, how far they are to be obeyed, J. ix. 35; xii.
4. 6.

Spiritual pride, resisted by Christ, M. iv. 3. 6.

Star, the, in the East, M. ii. 2, and note 7.
Stars, luminaries of Churches, Rev. viii. 10.
Stephen, St., his defence and martyrdom, Pt. ii. p. xix.; his mode
of interpreting the Old Testament, xxvi.; our Lord's words,
J. xii. 25, remarkably fulfilled in him, J. xii. 25; his apology,
A. vii. 1-60; general observations upon it, 1, 2; paraphrase,
ib.; language in which it was elivered, ib.; animadversions
upon certain modern objections to various statements in the
speech, 3. 16; objections stated, and answered, ib.; does not
mention Jesus of Nazareth, but Jesus (Joshua) the son of
Nun; reason of this, 45; prays for his murderers, 69; posi-
tion of his day in the Calendar, ib., note 1; probably martyred
at the Passover, ib.; and by Hellenists, xi. 20.
Stewards, Christians so called, M. xxiv. 45.

Him, as the disciples did, with gladness, ib.; and with purity
of heart, M. xxvii. 59; cp. J. xiii. 18; posture in receiving,
time of celebration, why at different time of day from that at
which Christ first celebrated it, J. xiii. 25; M. xxvi. 20; ad-
ministered daily in the Apostolic Church, A. vi. 2; and at the
common meal, ib.; time of receiving it, xx. 7; effect on the
body, 1 C. x. 16; its true nature, Heb. x. 12; 1 C. v. 7, 8; x.
16; a strong motive to love and unity, xii. 13; and holiness,
xvi. 22; Rev. xvi. 16; why obligatory on all? J. xiii. 14; con-
nected with doctrine of the Resurrection, see Resurrection;
and Mk. xiv. 13; cp. L. xxiv. 30; see Cup, Passover, Bread,
breaking of, Sacraments, Sacrifice, Means of Grace; the
teaching of St. Paul concerning it, Heb. x. 12; opinions of the
Greek and Latin Fathers, ib.; and of eminent Anglican Di
vines, ib.; importance of the word Kλwμevov as a warning
against the error which feigns a carnal presence, 1 C. xi. 24;
the declaratory nature of the rite, 26; what the wicked re-
ceive? 27; cp. J. vi. 50.
Supremacy, none assigned to any one of the Apostles over the
rest, M. x. 2; xvi. 18; Rev. xxi. 14.
Supremacy of God's will affirmed, R. ix. 11.
Sycamine-tree, the mulberry-tree, L. xvii. 6.
Sycamore-tree, description of, L. xix. 4; the case of Zacchæus
spiritualized, ib.

Sychar and Sichem, importance in the history of Old and New
Testaments, J. iv. 1, 2. 5. 40; Review of ch. iii.; iv. 1, 2; A.
vii. 16; viii. 5; see Sechem and Sichem.
Synagogue, rulers of the, Mk. v. 22; putting out of the, J. xvi.
2; "Ye shall be scourged in the synagogues," exact force of
this expression, Mk. xiii. 9; the Synagogue the vestibule of the
Church, Vol. ii. p. xvii.; A. xiii. 5; number of synagogues in
Jerusalem at the time of our Lord's ministry, vi. 9; provi
dential appointment of them, xiii. 5; and preparatory to Chris-
tianity; weekly Calendar of Lessons read in them, 15.
Synods, apostolically constituted ones, the appointed means of
determining controversies in the Church, Introduction to the

Syria, governed by Varus, L. ii. 2; and by Quirinus, ib.
Syro-Chaldee, use of, by our Lord, M. xvi. 18; xxvii. 46; Mk.
viii. 29.

Stoics, countenanced suicide, A. xvi. 27; their tenets, xvii. 18;
St. Paul's encounter with them at Athens, ib.; their system
opposed to that of Scripture, E. iv. 26.

Syro Chaldee, frequently used by St. Mark, Introduction to his
Gospel, pp. 112, 113; Mk. ii. 3; x. 51.

Stone, our Lord compares Himself to a, M. xxi. 42. 44.
Stoning, the punishment for blasphemy, A. vii. 59; cp. M. xxvi. Syrophoenician woman, why so called, Mk. vii. 26.
66; J. viii. 57. 59.
Swearing, voluntary, condemned, M. v. 34, and notes 6 and 7;
teaching of Scripture concerning, Heb. vi. 16; Jam. v. 12, 13
see Oaths.

"Strait is the gate," M. vii. 14; and see xxii. 14.

Strangled things, and blood, the eating of, forbidden at the
Council of Jerusalem, A. xv. 20.

Stumbling at Christ, danger of this, M. xxi. 44; see Scandals.
Style, of inspired Authors, Mk. xvi. 9; of St. Luke, Introduction
to his Gospel, p. 165; L. i. 4; of St. John, see John; see In-
Subjects, their duty to Rulers, R. xiii. 1-4; 1 P. ii. 13; Intro-
duction to the First Epistle to Timothy, p. 434; 2 P. ii. 10;
see Kings.

Submission and Obedience distinguished, R. xiii. 1. 5.
Sufferings of Christ, dwelt on by Him and the Apostles, M. xvi.
21; see Sin, and Atonement.

Sword, a mark of authority, M. xxvi. 42.
"Swords, here are two," perversion of these words by the Ro-
manists, L. xxii. 32. 38.

Tabernacle in the wilderness, a type of the Christian Church,
2 C. v. 16.
Tabernacles, the Feast of, its rites and meaning, M. xxi. 8, 9;
J. vii. 2. 37, and Review at end; xii. 13; Rev. vii. 13; a type
of our Lord's Incarnation, L. xxiv. 1; J. i. 14; vii. 2. 37;
xii. 13; Review of the Contents of chap. vii.; cp. Rev. vii. 13.
Tabitha, derivation and import of the name, A. ix. 36.
Talents, the parable of the, compared with that of the Pounds,
M. xxiv. 45; xxv. 14.
Talmud, M. xv. 1.

Tares and the Wheat, parable of the, M. xiii. 25; tares not to be
rooted up when discovered, 24-30; degenerate wheat so
called by the writers of the Talmud, 25.

Sufferings of the saints in this world a proof of a future state of
reward for them, 2 Ti. i. 5; sufferings of St. Paul, a temptation
to the Galatians, G. iv. 13; sufferings of the saints, true view
of them, in opposition to that of the Church of Rome, C. i. 24;
spiritual benefits arising from affliction, 2 C. viii. 2.
Sufficiency of Scripture; see Scripture.
Suicide, approved by the Stoics, A. xvi. 27; emphatically con-
demned in Scripture, ib.; solemn protest against it, P. i. 22.
Sun, moon, and stars, allusions explained, L. xxi. 25-27.
"Sun of Righteousness," M. xxvii. 33.
"Sun, the, shall be darkened," M. xxiv. 29.
Sunday, our Lord enters Jerusalem in triumph on a, M. xxi. 9;
its appointment as the Lord's Day, xxviii. 1; L. xxiv. 1; pro-
phetic intimation of it, Mk. i. 35; its sanctification intimated
in the Acts of the Apostles, Pt. ii. p. xxix.; see Lord's Day.
Supererogation, works of, the notion of considered, L. xvii. 10.
Superscription on the Cross, J. xix. 19.
Superstition, propagated by love of lucre, A. xvi. 19.
Supper, the holy Sacrament of the Lord's, its institution, M. xxvi.
17; its design, ib.; its prefiguration in Melchizedek's offering,
26; in the miracle, Mk. vi. 41; J. vi. 9. 23, and Review of
ch. vi.; why the words of the institution are variously reported,
M. xxvi. 28; typified, L. xv. 23; J. xix. 34; analogy between
its institution and that of Baptism, Review of the Contents of
J. vi.; the Sacrament, and the virtue of it distinguished, 50;
rebuke of those who seek a carnal presence in it, xvi. 7;
xx. 17; xxvi. 11; Mk. v. 30; Introduction to the Gospel of
St. John, p. 262; the mode of Christ's presence not to be
irreverently scrutinized, J. vi. 25; xx. 20; duty of receiving

Tarsus, its importance, A. ix. 1]; xxi. 39; coins of, ib.
Taxation, the true principle of, R. xiii. 5; our Lord's submission
to, M. xxii. 21.

"Taxing" of the Roman Empire, this was only an enrolment, or
registration, or census, L. ii. 1.

Teacher, his necessities designed to be the trial of the people's
love, L. viii. 3; his errors, how harmful, xiv. 34.
Teaching of Christ, prophetical; see Anticipation.

"Tell no man," our Lord's design in this inhibition, M. viii. 4;
xvi. 20.

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Temperance and Holiness, arguments for, from the consideration
of the Resurrection, 1 C. vi. 14.
Temperance pledges, considered, R. xiv. 20.
Temple at Jerusalem, on the expulsion of the buyers and sellers
from the, M. xxi. 12; Mk. xi. 15; J. ii. 13; called the "house
of prayer for all nations," Mk. xi. 17; supported by rates, M.
xvii. 24; its destruction foretold, xxiv.; adorned with "gifts,"
explained, L. xxi. 5; its profanation by the Jewish army, gives
power to the Roman army without the walls, 20; the building
of the Second Temple, J. ii. 20; cp. x. 22; a type of Christ's

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3: called the
pported by

rived with p
e Jewish aret,"

alls, 20; th
2; a type of s

body, Review of the Contents of ch. vii.; its Veil and Altars,
see Heb. ix. 1-6; x. 20; its demolition the building up of the
Church, see the Introduction to the Acts.


Temple-keeper (Acts xix. 35, margin), import of this term, A.
xix. 35; Captain of the Temple, L. xxii. 4.
"Temptation, lead us not into," explained, M. vi. 13.
Temptation of our Lord, the scene of it designedly left unde-
termined, M. iv. 1; conjectures of Michaelis and Webster re-
specting it, ib.; and Mk. i. 13; see Satan.
"Ten days" a few days, Rev. ii. 10.
Terms, unscriptural, of Communion, sin of enforcing them, Rev.
ii. 20.

Tertullus, his speech before Felix against Paul, in Latin, A. xxiv.
3; its servile sycophancy, ib.

"Testimony, a, to them," explained, L. xxi. 13.
Thaddeus, probably the same as Judas, M. x. 3; Mk. iii. 18;
derivation and import of the name, M. x. 3, and note 3.
Thamar, Rahab, and Ruth, observations on the occurrence of
their names in the genealogy of our Lord, M. i. 3, note 11.
Thanksgiving, the duty of, enforced, Introduction to the Gospel
of St. Luke, p. 160; L. xvii. 15; J. xvi. 2.
Theatre, in Greek cities, a common place for Kкλnolaι, A.

xix. 31.

Theft, prevalence of, among the Heathens in the time of the
Apostles, 1 Th. iv. 11.

"Throne of Grace, the," typified by the Mercy-seat of the Ark,
Heb. iv. 16.

Tiberias, its situation, J. vi. 1; why so called, ib.
Tiberias, the town and lake so called, J. vi. 1; see Galilee.
Tiberius, adopted by Augustus "in partem imperii," M. ii. 20,
note 7; similarity to Herod, L. xiii. 32.
"Till," force of the expression, M. i. 25; xvi. 28.

Testament, the Old; see Old Testament.
Testament, the New; see New and Scripture.

Testaments, the Two, symbolized by the two Witnesses, Rev. Time, difference between Divine and human modes of calculating

xi. 3, 4.

it, M. xxiv. 29; L. xviii. 8.

Theophilus, Bishop of Antioch, cites C. i. 15.
Theophilus, who is designated by this name by St. Luke? L.

i. 3.

Thucydides, specimen of Athenian detoidapovía in his character
of Nicias, A. xvii. 22.
Thunder, called in Scripture, ip, vox: i. e. the Voice of God,
Mk. iii. 17.

Thursday, and Monday, days of fasting with the Pharisees, L.
xviii. 12.

Thyatira, its position, Rev. i. 11; infested by the ravages of
Montanism, ii. 20.

Thyine wood, described, Rev. xviii. 12.

Time, mode of reckoning it among the Jews, M. xxvi. 34; xxviii.
1; Mk. xv. 25; see Watches and Hours.
Timothy, brief notice of his birth, education, and ministry, A.
xix. 22; 1 Ti. i. 1; though he is known to have been with
St. Paul when he wrote his Epistle to the Romans, is not
joined with the Apostle in the opening address, R. xvi. 21;
accompanied the Apostle from Corinth into Asia, along with
Sosipater, or Sopater, of Beroa, ib.; had not, as St. Paul
had, a divine commission to address the metropolis of the Gen-
tile world, ib.; was with the Apostle, at Rome, in his first, and
probably in his second, imprisonment there, ib.; why the
Apostle did not restore him to health, P. 26; was the
Apostle's fellow-labourer from the time of his second Mis-
sionary journey even to his death, Heb. xiii. 23; testimony to
his stedfastness, 2 Ti. iii. 10; first associated with St. Paul at
Lystra, 1 Ti. i. 1; his personal history, 2; joined with Silvanus
by St. Paul in writing the two Epistles to the Thessalonians,
1 Ti. i. 1; why circumcised, G. ii. 3; probably visited Colossæ,
with St. Paul, when the Apostle passed through Phrygia,
C. i. 1; was with him at the close of his first imprisonment at
Rome, P. i. 1.

Timothy, not of Derbe, but of Lystra, A. xvi. 1; why Paul cir-
cumcised him, 3.

Timothy and Titus, Epistles to, Introduction to them; S. Cle-
ment's testimony bearing upon St. Paul's release from im-
prisonment at Rome, ib.; and upon his visit to Spain, ib.;
testimony of Eusebius, Jerome, and Theodoret, to the same
effect, ib.; the appointment of Timothy to the Episcopate of
Ephesus, and St. Paul's First Epistle to him, were posterior
to the Apostle's release from confinement at Rome, ib.; date
of the First Epistle to Timothy, ib.; and of the Epistle to
Titus, ib.; why the Apostle wrote to both on Church regimen,
ib.; design of the Epistles, ib.; peculiar form of religious error
against which an antidote is there provided, ib.; Judaizing
Gnosticism, ib.; peculiar phraseology of the writer, ib.; the
genuineness of these Epistles recently impugned, and ably de-
fended, 2 Ti. iiì. 11.

Thessalonians, First Epistle to the, circumstances under which it
was written, 1; date, ib.; Introduction to the Gospel of St.
Luke, p. 169; the first written of all St. Paul's Epistles, 1;
its shortness, 2; character of the converts addressed in it, 3;
extraordinary success of the Apostle's ministry in Thessalonica,
4; design and contents of the Epistle, ib.; St. Paul's Epistles
not mere disjointed fragments, but form a harmonious whole,
5; does not, in either of his Epistles to the Church at Thessa-
lonica, annex to his name the title of Apostle, which, with
three exceptions, he adopts at the commencement of all his
other Epistles, 1; characteristics of the two Epistles to the
Thessalonians, 2; how the Thessalonians had been made ac-
quainted with the name and character of the Evil Spirit, ii. 18;
iii. 5; probably supplied with St. Luke's Gospel, i. 9; iii. 5;
v. 2. 21. 27; provision made by St. Paul for the organization
of a Christian ministry, v. 12.

Thessalonians, Second Epistle to the, design of it, Introduction;
contents, ib.; vindication of the Doctrine of the Second Ad-
vent, ib.; St. Paul did not change his mind, ib.; takes occasion
from the fabrication of an Epistle in his name, to furnish a
criterion by which all his Epistles are to be discerned, ib.;
literal Latin and English translation of i. 3-12; exposition
of this prophecy, ib.

Thessalonica, account of, A. xvii. 1; 1 Ti. i. 1; its political con-
dition very different from that of the neighbouring city of
Philippi, 6; 1 Ti. i. I; anciently called Therme, ib.; why and
by whom called Thessalonica, ib.; its fitness for the circula-
tion of a written Gospel, i. 9; rapid reception of the Gospel
there, ii. 13.
Theudas, two persons of this name, A. v. 34. 36; origin and im-
port of it, 36; account of the Theudas mentioned in 36.
Thief, the penitent, peculiar circumstances attending his case,
L. xxiii. 42, 43; prays to be remembered at a future time, ib.
Thieves, the two, crucified with our Lord, represented respectively
the Gentiles and the Jews, M. xxvii. 4.
"Third day," our Lord's resurrection on it, M. xii. 39; "After
three days," the expression illustrated, xvii. 1; cp. xxiv. 22.
"Third heaven," what, 2 C. xii. 2—4.
"Third hour, the," A. ii. 15.

Thomas, derivation and import of the name, M. x. 3; his timidity,
J. xi. 16; John alone translates his name, ib.; his case and
Mary Magdalene's contrasted, xx. 17. 29.
Thought, anxious, condemned, M. vi. 25.
Thoughts of men revealed to our Lord, M. ix. 4; xi. 7; xvii. 27;
and answered by Him, xxvi. 64; and see Mk. xii. 41; L. vii.
39; xiv. 25; xvi. 4; xviii. 4; xix. 5; J. i. 49; v. 37; xiii. 18.
Thousand, symbolical meaning of, Rev. xx. 2.
Three, an arithmetical symbol of what is Divine, M. x. 2; Rev.

xi. 19.

"Three Taverns," A. xxviii. 15.

Three and a half, symbolical meaning of, Rev. xi. 19.
Three and a half years; see Forty-two.

Three orders of Christian ministry, Introductory Note to 1 Ti. iii.

Three times, 2 C. xii. 8.

Tithe-System, the teaching and practice of St. Paul have been the
means of its establishment, 1 C. ix. 6; and see M. xxii. 21;
xvii. 24.

Tithes, paid by the Pharisees, M. xxiii. 23.

Titus, the Epistle to, its date and design, Introduction; personal
history of Titus, Tit. i. 4; why the Apostle styles himself
"servant of God," 1; his Episcopal Office in Crete, ib.; in-
vited by St. Paul to meet him at Nicopolis, iii. 12; meets the
Apostle in Macedonia at an earlier period, and accompanies
him on his missionary tour into Illyricum, ib.; went shortly
before St. Paul's death into Dalmatia, ib.

Titus, why not circumcised by Paul, A. xvi. 3; never mentioned
in the Acts of the Apostles, xviii. 7; 2 C. viii. 18; Tit. i. 4;
the earliest mention of him, G. ii. 1; his circumcision not
required, 3; St. Paul's mention of him to the Corinthians,
2 Č. vii. 13; visits Dalmatia, 2 Ti. iv. 10.
Titus, the emperor, singular circumstances attending his capture
of Jerusalem, L. xix. 43, 44; cp. M. xxiv. 3.
Tomb of our Lord, analogy between it and the Virgin's womb,
M. xxvii. 60; J. xvi. 21.
Tombs; see Graves and Sepulture.

Tongue, foreign or unknown, in Divine Service, 1 C. xiv. 6—39.
Tongue, right use of the, Jam. iii. 2—6.
Tongues of fire, what they typified, A. ii. 3.

Tongues, the gift of, design and use of it, A. ii. 4; 1 C. xii. 10;

R. i. 14.

Tophet; see Gehenna.

Torture, examination by, Roman citizens not exempt from after
the age of Tiberius, A. xxiv. 8.


Touch," full force of the original term, Mk. v. 30; L. viii. 45.

"Touch me not," explained, Mk. v. 30; J. xx. 17.

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"Touch not, taste not, handle not," explained, C. ii. 21.
Touch of faith, L. viii. 45.

Trades, every Jew learnt a trade, A. xviii. 3.

Tradition, merely human, condemned by our Lord, M. xv. 2.

Trajections, or Hyperbata, G. iv. 25; 2 C. ii. 1; Jam. ii. 1; E.
ii. 3; P. ii. 10.

Transfiguration of our Lord, and his Agony, considered in con-
nexion, M. xxvi. 37; the Transfiguration, a type and earnest of
the future glory of the risen bodies of Christ's members, M.
xvii. 1; see also 2 P. i. 18; scene of it, ib.; providentially
concealed, L. i. 39; peculiar manner in which this subject is
treated by St. Luke, ix. 29; probably took place at night, 32;
why it occurred on the eighth day, xxiv. 1.
"Transgressions" (жаρажтάμатα) and "Sins" (auapría), E.
ii. 1.

Transubstantiation, the Popish doctrine of, confuted by the words
of the institution of the Lord's Supper, M. xxvi. 26; not
known in the earlier ages of the Church, J. vi. 52. 63; con-
demned by the terms of the decree of the Council of Jerusalem,
A. xv. 20.

Unity of the Godhead, J. v. 44; viii. 19; x. 30; xvii. 3; 1 C.
viii. 6; and see Arians and Trinity.

Universal preaching of the Gospel, Mk. xvi. 15; Introduction to
the Gospel of St. Luke, p. 161; and Review of J. vii.; J. x. 16.
Universal Redemption, deduced from Universal Sinfulness, R. v.
13, 14; viii. 39; ix. 1; xiv. 14; proofs of it, xiv. 15; 2 P. ii. 1;
1 Ti. ii. 3, 4; iv. 2; 1 J. ii. 1, 2; 1 C. vi. 11; Introduction
to the Epistle to the Romans; the doctrine of, preached by St.
Paul, E. iii. 1; Heb. ii. 9; see Redemption and Justification.
Universality of Christ's love, L. ii. 2; iv. 38; J. iii. 16; xix. 23,
Universe, its dissolution by fire, 2 P. iii. 10, 11; the benefits of
the Incarnation extend to it, 13.
Unknown tongue, Divine Service in, 1 C. xiv. 6–39.
Unleavened bread, the day of, Mk. xiv. 12; A. i. 13, 14.
Unprofitable service, practical observation upon, L. xvii. 10;
doom of, xix. 20.

Treasure hid in a field, parable of the, M. xiii. 44.
Treasury in the Temple, description of it, J. viii. 20.
Trees; see Metaphors.

Trent, Council of, substitutes the Latin Vulgate for the Original
Scriptures, J. viii. 1-11, note 2; Rev. xiv. 7; its creed, Rev. xiii.
15; concluded its deliberations with Anathema, Anathema, ib.
Tribute, on the duty of rendering it to the civil power, M. xvii.
4-7; xxii. 21.

Trinity, the Ever Blessed, the mystery of the, shown in the bap-
tism of Christ, M. iii. 16; and see xxviii. 19; passages illus-
trative of the doctrine, Mk. xiv. 32; J. xii. 41; xiv. 16; xv.
26; xvi. 7; cp. v. 19; 1 C. viii. 8; xii. 4; 2 C. xiii. 13; Tit.
iii. 5; 1 P. i. 2; how the Three Persons co-operate in man's
justification and salvation, Introduction to the Epistle to the
Romans, pp. 201-203; R. v. 1; E. iv. 11; and see Sabel-

Unthankfulness, the sin of, L. xvii. 11. 15.
Until; see Till.

"Untutored in speech," explained, 2 C. xi. 6.

Upper-room, the large," Mk. xiv. 15; probably identical with
that in which the disciples used to assemble after the resurrec-
tion, and in which our Lord appeared to them, ib.; L. xxiv.
33; A. i. 13; continuous unity of the Church marked by the
celebration of the last Passover, and the administration of the
first Eucharist, in that room, as well as by the first appearance
of our Lord to his assembled disciples after his resurrection,
and by the descent of the Holy Ghost upon them there, 14, 15;
ii. 1.

Usury, on the lawfulness of, M. xxv. 27.


Valentinians, their heresy refuted, J. i. 3; their covetousness, 2
P. ii. 3; charged by Origen with those doctrines which have in
modern times been held by the adherents of Calvin, R. ix. 21
-23; perversion of, E. iii. 21.
Vandals, Rev. viii. 9.

Trophimus, account of him, A. xx. 4; 2 Ti. iv. 20.
Troy, its political condition in St. Paul's time, A. xvi. 8. 11; Various Readings of the Greek text, observations on, Pt. i. xxi.;
Luke first meets St. Paul there, ib.; xx. 5.
the verbal discrepancies of our MSS. of the New Testament
Trumpets, their religious significance, Rev. viii. 1.
slight and trivial in themselves, but of great importance to us,
Truth, all, proceeds from God, as its Source and Author, L. v. as evidences of the purity and integrity of the Sacred Text, xxi.
39; not to be propagated by violence, ix. 55; heathen estima- xxii.; and of the watchful care of Divine Providence over it,
tion of it, J. xviii. 38.
ib.; remarks of Dr. Bentley on this subject, xxii., note 1.
Veil of the Temple, description of, M. xxvii. 50, 51; typical of
that on the Jews' hearts, M. xxiii. 39.
Venomous reptiles, purpose for which they are probably designed
by Providence, L. x. 19.
"Verily I say unto you," M. xviii. 18; J. i. 52; vi. 53.
Vernacular Scriptures, argument for the use of, M. xxvii. 46; and
see Latin.

Twelve, in Scripture, the Apostolic number, M. xvii. 24-27; cp.
M. iii. 9; x. 2; xvi. 18; significant of perfection and univer-
sality, and of the blending and indwelling of what is Divine with
what is created, M. x. 2; Rev. vii. 2-4; xi. 3. 19; xii. 1.
"Two and two, and he sent them," divine wisdom of this, L.
x. 1; neglect of the precedent in modern Missions, ib.
Tychicus, why public mention is made of him in St. Paul's
Second Epistle to Timothy, as sent by the Apostle to Ephesus,
2 Ti. iv. 12; brief notice of his personal history, ib.; A. xx. 4;
E. vi. 21; C. iv. 7.
Types, principal ones in the Old Testament; see under David,
Elijah, Isaac, Jericho, Jonah, Joseph, Joshua, Law, Cere-
monial, Levitical Ordinances, Lot, Magi, Melchizedek, Moses,
Noah, Old Testament History, Paschal, Patriarchs, Rain-
bow, Red Sea, Resurrection, Rock, Sabbath, Scenopegia,
Serpent, Seven, Seventy, Siloam, Tabernacles, Twelve; dis-
turbed by the Romish doctrine of Papal Supremacy, M. xvi. 18.
Tyre, a Christian Church founded there in St. Paul's time, A.
xxi. 3; the mother-city of the Phoenicians, Mk. vii. 26.

Unbelief, its operation and danger, M. xxi. 44.

Uncial MSS., the best not always to be depended upon, Part i.
Preface, p. xii.; L. xxii. 43, 44; 1 C. xiii. 2; P. ii. 1.
Unction; see Extreme.

Versions of the New Testament, Tabular View of Ancient ones,
Pt. i. xxxvi.

Via Appia, by whom constructed, A. xvii. 1; reflections sug-
gested by the journey of St. Paul along it, to Rome, xxviii. 15.
Via Egnatia, its extent, A. xvii. 1; by whom constructed, ib.;
St. Paul travels along it, ib.; xxviii. 15.
Vials, Rev. xvi. 1-10.
Villages, our Lord preaches to the poor in them, as well as to the
rich in towns, Mk. i. 38.

Vine, the Visible Church compared to a, M. xx. 1; J. xv. 1;
Christ the true Vine, J. xv. 1.

Vinegar, mingled with Myrrh, why our Lord refused to drink it,

M. xxvii. 34.

Unitarians, solemn warning to, J. v. 44.

Unity, true, is not Unity in Error, but in Truth, Rev., Retro-
spect of Chapp. xi.--xvii.

Unity of the Church of Christ, J. xvii. 21; symbolized by his
seamless coat, xix. 23, 24; and by the net, xxi. 11; inestimable
blessing of unity, ii. 19.

Unity of the Faith, the end and purpose of the Christian Life,
E. iv. 13; see Faith, Schism, Heresy.

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Virgin; see Mary.

Virgins, the ten, the parable of, explained, M. xxv. 1-13.

Undesigned acknowledgment of our Lord's sovereignty by his Vocative, peculiar form of, M. xxvii. 46.
enemies, M. xxvii. 28; Mk. xv. 18.
Vow of Nazarite, A. xviii. 18; xxi. 24.
Unfruitfulness, M. xxv. 26. 33.
Vows, rash, A. xxiii. 12; see Oaths.
Unfulfilled prophecies, not to be curiously speculated on, J. xxi.
23; 1 J. ii. 18; Introduction to the Apocalypse,
Unguents, the use of, common at feasts in the East, L. vii.

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Vows, religious, of celibacy, &c., considered, 1 Ti. v. 12.
Vulgate, the Latin, supplants, by the Tridentine decree, the
Original Scriptures, J. viii. 1-11, note 2; influence of upon
our Translators, A. xiii. 48; and upon Augustine and his fol-
lowers, as well as upon some writers of the Reformed Churches,


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Walking on the sea, symbolical meaning of this action of our
Lord, M. xiv. 25.

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War, riding on a horse emblematical of, M. xxi. 5; and see
White Horse.

Washing the feet, a servile act, J. xiii. 4; literal observance of
the precept not now required, ib.; in Christ symbolical, ib.;
its figurative significance, 14.

Washing, mode of, among the Jews, Mk. vii. 3.
Watches of the night, M. xiv. 25; L. xii. 38.
Watchfulness inculcated, M. xxiv. 42; xxv. 13; Mk. xiv. 32.
Water, considered as instrumental in regeneration, J. iii. 5; 2 P.
iii. 5; special mention of in St. John's Gospel, J. iii. 4;
v. 4; vii. 37; see Siloam.


"Way of the Sea," M. iv. 15.

"Way of [to] the Gentiles," M. x. 5.

Wealth, a load, as well as poverty, G. iv. 5; see Riches.

Wedding garment, what it typified, M. xxii. 11.

Wells, J. iv. 6.

"Way, the "--the Gospel, A. ix. 2; Rev. xvi. 12.


'Way in the sea, who maketh a," Isa. xliii. 16; Rabbinical gloss "Word of the Lord, by the," 1 Th. iv. 15.
A. xxvii. 9.


"Word (written), L. viii. 1.

White horse, contrasted with the foal of an ass, M. xxi. 5; see
Rev. vi. 2.

Women not permitted to preach, 1 C. xiv. 34; 1 Ti. ii. 12; en-
listed by Heresiarchs in the propagation of their heresies, 2 Ti.
iii. 6; Rev. ii. 20.

"White raiment," Rev. iii. 5; and see Garment,
White stone, its typical significance, Rev. ii. 17.
Whitened sepulchres, M. xxiii. 27.

Whitsunday; see Pentecost.

Women's names in the genealogy of our Lord, M. i. 3.
"Wonders," contradistinguished from "signs," A. ii. 19.
"Word, the," Christ why so called, J. i. 1; the term applied both
to him and to the written word, 1 P. i. 23.

"Word, the," applied to him by other sacred writers, as well as
by St. John, Tit. i. 3; see Aóyos.

"Word of God, the," meaning of the expression, L. i. 1; how
the Hebrew Christians were made acquainted with it, Heb.
iv. 12.

Words, idle, forbidden, M. xii. 35, 36.

Words, their importance; see Tongue and Speech.
Works, dead, what, Heb. vi. 1.

Works, good, necessity of, M. vii. 22; xxv. 1; R. viii. 39; E.
ii. 8; P. ii. 13; Jam. i. 22-26; ii. 14; St. Paul's controversy
with the false teachers who disparage good works, Introduction
to the First Epistle to Timothy, pp. 433, 434; Tit. iii. 8; see
also Introduction to the Epistle of St. James; nothing strictly
due for them, M. xx. 3. 15; L. xv. 29; xvii. 7; xix. 16; some
only apparently so, J. vi. 29.

Works, the fruit of faith, R. v. 1; see Faith.
World, future destruction of by fire, 2 P. iii. 10.

"Whose fan is in his hand," M. iii. 12.

Widow, the importunate, a type of the Church, L. xviii. 1. 7; World, governed by Christ, M. xxviii. 18; J. ii. 11; xviii. 36.
World of Nature and of Grace, sympathy between them, J. x. 22;
R. viii. 22.

does not pray for revenge, 7.

Widows of the Church, 1 Ti. iv. 3—5. 9—13.
Wild beasts, on our Lord's undergoing his temptation with them,
Mk. i. 13; this circumstance inconsistent with the common
opinion respecting the scene of the temptation, ib.
Wilderness, journeyings of the Israelites in, their typical nature,
M. xiii. 35.

World, the whole, subjected to the sceptre of Augustus, L. ii. 1 ;
related to our Lord, who is enrolled in the same catalogue with
it, and not with the Jews alone, ib.; social and religious phe-
nomena of, at the time of Christ's ascension, Vol. ii. xv.
"World," used in Scripture in two senses, J. i. 10.
Worldly anxiety, rebuked, L. x. 40, 41.

Worldly substance, the proper use of, M. xxiv. 45; see Money.
Worldly wisdom, to be imitated, L. xvi. 8.
Wormwood, spiritual meaning of, Rev. viii. 11.
"Would that they were even cut off that trouble you," G. v. 12.
Writing materials, L. i. 63.

Wilderness of Arabia, probably the scene of our Lord's tempta-
tion, Mk. i. 13.

Wilderness of Judæa, where, M. iii. 1.
"Wilderness, the Church in the," A. vii. 38.
Wilderness, usual meaning of the term in the Gospels, L. xv. 4.
Will, a twofold in Christ, M. xxvi. 39; denied by the Monothe-
lites, ib.

Will-worship, Introduction to the Epistle to the Colossians, p.


Wine, the ancient practice of filtering, M. xxiii. 24.
Wing, emblematical, in Scripture, M. xxiii. 37; xxiv. 15.
"Wisdom of God, the" Christ himself, L. xi. 49.
"Wisdom of God, the manifold," M. xi. 19; E. iii. 10.
Witchcraft, the phenomena of, in the heathen world, A. xvi. 16;
a work of the devil, ib.; Rev. ix. 20.
Wives, duty of, E. v. 26; see Marriage.
Woman, formed out of the man, 1 ̊C. xi. 10; inference from
this, ib.
Woman, her relation to man, 1 C. vii. 39; her attire, xi. 4. 10;
1 Ti. ii. 9; her privilege and duties, 15.
Woman, not allowed by the Jews to put away her husband, Mk.

x. 11, 12.
"Woman," our Lord addresses his mother with this compellation,
J. ii. 4; xix. 26; "What have I to do with thee?" explained
and fulfilled, J. ii. 4; xix. 26, 27.
Woman, the, bowed by infirmity, L. xiii. 11.
Woman, the only intercessor at our Lord's trial, M. xxvii. 19;
reverence due to her, L. xvi. 18; the Church compared to a,
see Church.

Woman, the, that was a sinner, why she came to Christ, L. vii.
36--50; the only person who is said in the Gospels to have
come to him for remission of sin, ib.
Women at the Crucifixion, A. xii. 17; and Resurrection, M.
xxviii. 1. 5. 9; minister to Christ, L. viii. 3; part taken by
them in the Feast of Tabernacles, J. viii. 12.

Zacchæus, derivation and import of the name, L. xix. 2; chief of
the publicans, and rich, therefore hated by his countrymen, ib.;
said to have become first bishop of Cæsarea in Palestine, ib.; his
case spiritualized, 4; his confession, and vow of restitution, 8.
Zacharias, the father of John the Baptist, L. i. 5; etymology of
the name, M. xxiii. 35; L. i. 5. 72, 73; erroneously supposed
to have been the high priest, 9; his dumbness a symbol of the
Jewish nation, mute through unbelief, 22; not certain that he
was deaf, ib.; contrast between his faith and that of the Blessed
Virgin, 34; his hymn, 68; replete with Hebraisms, ib.; re-
ference in it to the providential Dispensation signified in the
names of the Baptist and his parents, 72, 73; his dumbness
and Paul's blindness compared, A. ix. 8.
Zacharias, the son of Barachias, who, M. xxiii. 35; xxiv. 15.
Zealots, and assassins, army of, by which the Temple of Jeru-
salem was defiled, M. xxiv. 15; reference to them in Daniel's
prophecy of the siege of the city, and in Josephus, ib.; on their
practices, A. xxiii. 12; and see Assassins.
Zebedee, sons of; see James and John.

Zechariah viii. 23, application of the prophecy, M. xiv. 36; never
quoted by name in the New Testament, xxvii. 9; ch. xi. 12,
13; reference to, ib.; xii. 10 fulfilled, J. xix. 37.
Zelotes, Simon, his character and designation, M. x. 4; Zelotes
means the same as Cananite, ib.

Zorobabel, meaning of his name, his genealogy, M. i. 12, 13.

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