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A REPRINT OF THE TEXTS, EITHER ORIGINAL OR TRANSLATED,
OF THE MOST REPRESENTATIVE LITURGIES
OF THE CHURCH,
FROM VARIOUS SOURCES
WITH INTRODUCTION, NOTES, AND A LITURGICAL GLOSSARY
C. E. HAMMOND, M. A.
LECTURER (LATE FELLOW AND TUTOR) OF EXETER COLLEGE, OXFORD
C TEXTUAL CRITICISM APPLIED TO THE NEW TESTAMENT
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS
M DCCC LXXVIII
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'Inde elucet magnopere ea, quae antiquam de Eucharistia totius Ecclesiae doctrinam confirmat, orationum rituumque similitudo inter Graecas Orientales Occidentalesque Liturgias, quae ex linguarum diversitate regionumque longinquitate, immo ab ipsis haeresibus, detrimentum nullum accepit.' Renaudot, tom. ii. p. xviii.
THERE are a great many questions concerning the development of Liturgies in various localities, and the relation to one another of the different Families, or Groups, of Liturgies which at present are waiting for a satisfactory answer. The field of work which Liturgiology presents is enormous. There are the Western Liturgies, written in Latin, derived from various sources, and modified in various ways by mutual contact, the genealogies of which cannot yet be said to be conclusively settled. There are Greek Liturgies in two families, the texts of two of the most important forms of which are in an exceedingly unsatisfactory state. There are Liturgies in Syriac belonging to two families; besides others in Coptic, Ethiopic, and Armenian. It is true that there is but little MS. authority for any of these known to exist of earlier date than the thirteenth century. The few earlier ones will be noticed in their places in the Introduction. But it is not impossible that other older MSS. might be brought to light by careful searching in Eastern libraries. Hitherto little attention has been paid to relics of this sort by travellers on the look out for MS. treasures. Copies of the Scriptures and of the Fathers have been their chief attraction: and it has hardly been realised what a treasure an early copy of S. James' or S. Mark's Liturgy would be: or even another eighth century copy of S. Basil's