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CAMBRIDGE ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY.
Dec. 13. The terminal meeting was held in Clare Hall combination-room, the Rev. the President in the chair. Mr. Woodham gave a short account of the different bequests which formed the original library of Jesus' college. He shewed to the society the following books belonging to that library :-A Sermon of John Alcock, Bishop of Ely, preached at St. Mary's, printed by Wynkyn de Worde; the Legend of the Life of St. Rhadegund, presented to the society by Dr. Farmer; a MS. of Fuller, being a sort of calendar, containing in parallel columns the events relating to the different colleges from the Conquest-Mr. Woodham suggested that this might probably be found useful for inquiries into academical history; a MS. book, containing the general Orders of the Duke of Marlborough in the Campaign 1705-6. Of this he promised to furnish a further account at the next meeting.
Mr. Smith gave an account of a barrow that was opened at Fulbourn, at which he was present in September. He found several fragments of vessels and bones, and one very perfect vessel containing ashes. These he laid on the table. He mentioned also that there were several other barrows in the same neighbourhood, which had not as yet been opened. He also shewed a stone celt, and some flint arrow-heads found in Ireland.
Mr. C. W. Goodwin exhibited two drawings of stone coffins found in Anglesey.
Professor Corrie then gave an account of the early libraries of England, beginning with the list of books sent by Pope Gregory through Augustine. He shewed what were the common studies in the earlier ages by the uniform nature of the books contained in the different libraries.
A very beautiful Roman vase, of purple glass, was exhibited by Mr. Inskip, of Shefford, Beds, which, with various other highly interesting articles, forming that gentleman's collection, were purchased by the society. The meeting adjourned to Friday, Feb. 21.
a few other miscellaneous articles; the whole forming the most valuable addition to the Museum that has been contributed for many years past.
The Marbles consist of commemorative tablets, with various subjects sculptured upon them, illustrative of their fabulous history or their modes of worship. On some of them are inscriptions in an early Greek character. The figures are mostly carved in that primeval style of art, in which a succession of ridges and furrows in the garments made up for those bold and massive shadows which distinguish a later and better period of the art. It was customary for the convalescent to offer gifts, which remained in the temple, for any disease from which they had been ridded; thus, portions of the body, as hands and feet, were often presented in marble or in metal; four of these, either broken from large subjects, or that had been votive offerings, are amongst the collection.
THE CANTERBURY MUSEUM.
The Canterbury Museum has recently been enriched by a collection of Greek and Egyptian antiquities. It consists of sculptured marbles, terra-cotta figures, lamps, vessels used in the interment of the dead, as well as others for every-day .4 purposes, a metal mirror, parts of a sandal, all of which are relics of Greek or Egyptian art; a Mexican figure used as a water cooler; a rude Swedish copper coin a two-crown piece), a mask of Charles
I. of Sweden, taken after death, with
There are six small heads of various and interesting character, and the lower parts of the figure of a fawn of exquisite workmanship. One of the most attractive of the marbles is a full-length of a draped figure, in a good style of art, and perfect in all save the head and arms. In another, which appears to have been part of the frieze of a building, the artist has shown perfect skill in the manner of tooling, so as to give the effect of shadow from above to the spectator below. It is a figure floating through the air surrounded by fillets and flowers, resembling those on the Temple of the Winds. There are 70 specimens of painted vases, and some of great beauty, and thirty specimens of terra-cottas, of various degrees of excel lence; but one, probably the head of a Greek poetess, it being crowned with a garland of berried ivy, is of exquisite beauty; the lips, the nostril, the eye, beam with inspiration. Two tiles also deserve minute inspection-the one a mask, found at Rhodes; the other, a spirited sketch of chariot-racing. There are several small heads, some with much grace of expression, and one of considerable interest, it clearly being a representation of one of the Hebrew nation. Another a female figure with Pan-pipes-is mirthful and peculiar in expression of countenance. Amongst the terra-cottas are many of the Egyptian deities, somewhat rudely executed; but there are some of a Bacchanalian character of great merit. Among animals, a dog's head, with a wolfish expression, and a pig, are the most remarkable.
The cleft pomegranite, showing its grains, is here, and very similar to the same fruit introduced in modern festoons
of fruit and flowers, both in wood and
There is a collection of sixteen lamps, and not two of them are similar. On one is the representation of an old man feeding the flame with oil; on another is shown the manner in which burdens were carried. But the most interesting of all is a square one, on which, in low relief, is represented the scene in the Odyssey, where Ulysses, sailing off the coast of Ithaca, is delayed by the Syrens.
There are several other things equally curious in themselves, that cannot so readily be classed, such as a metal mirror, evidently of the same shape as that depicted upon one of the vases (No. 7); it is now in a very corroded state. A small scarabæus, formed of jade stone, and covered with hieroglyphics. A crucible dug up at Naxos, of the same form as that in present use, and, what is no less singular, of the same material, namely, plumbago. Not the least interesting of these miscellaneous articles are the casts from a plate of copper engraved on both sides, found in Sweden, covered with an inscription in what is called in the north of Europe, the Nagry character, but which appears to be a mixture of Egyptian and Runic.
found, lying nearly north and south the head southward, the left arm crossing the back, the right hand by its side holding a knife, the blade partaking the shape of a pruning knife; it was much corroded; the legs of the skeleton were crossed; at the feet of this skeleton the head of another came in close contact, the legs bending towards the west. Several other skeletons were found lying in different directions, one of remarkably large size, having at his feet an urn of the common black clay, but from its perishable condition too far gone to be preserved; some of the skeletons were observed lying across each other, and in some instances only portions of skeletons were met with. Numerous pieces of pottery, evidently of broken urns, a great quantity of stones and remains of pitching, with scattered parcels of ashes, indicative of the action of fire, with jaw-bones of sheep, teeth of an ox and boar, and a few shells of the common cockle, were found mixed among the earth. It is worthy of remark that these remains were found near a Roman causeway, and it is evident the soil is artificial, being very different from that a few yards distant: this made soil is within an area of about 150 yards. As this land was inclosed about 60 years ago, the line of the road from Weymouth to the village of Radipole passing over it, unquestionably caused the removal of a portion of the soil, when the skeletons, &c. might have been disturbed to a certain extent, as the broken pottery and irregular position of some of the skeletons plainly indicates such an occurrence, no caution being used in examining or taking care of such remains by the parties engaged in the work at that time. The knife found with the female skeleton was given to W. Eliot, esq. the proprietor of the land where the remains were met with; the other articles preserved are in the possession of Mr. Medhurst, who is indefatigable in his pursuit and search for Roman remains in this neighbourhood, and by whose discrimination and perseverance the late interesting relics have been brought into public notice.
The finding of skeletons in this locality is by no means unusual; several have been lately met with on Buckland Ripers farm, in ploughing the ground, and also on Tatton farm, in the same parish; several have been found in stone coffins, but, as no search has been particularly made for coins, they have been seldom discovered. A denarius of Constantine was a little while ago taken up with the soil at the Back Water, Weymouth, in indifferent preservation.
ANTIQUITIES AT RADIPOLE, DORSET.
Mr. Medhurst has been lately prosecuting his researches in the neighbourhood of Radipole. On removing the soil of a bank adjoining the public road leading to Radipole, on the brow of the rising ground a little westward of the Spa, he found a skeleton lying nearly east and west; an urn was found in the right hand, and preserved quite perfect; it was of the common black clay. He also found two other skeletons and two more urns, one of the black clay, the other the red or Samian; he also found one near of a different shape of yellow clay, with signs of a handle on the side. A few days afterwards he made further search a little eastward, but still on the brow of the hill, and within two feet of the surface he found a skeleton lying east and west on its face, the left arm crossing the back, and within the bend of the arm, against its side, an urn of the common black clay, which fell to pieces in spite of every endeavour to preserve it; the soil being damp, the urn was in a state of decomposition. Close to this skeleton another was found in a reverse position, the head lying towards the east. Neither of these skeletons was perfectly straight, the second was rather crossing the former. A few feet distant a female skeleton was
On the 12th Nov. a serious insurrection broke out at Logrono, in Old Castile, at the head of which Martin Zurbano placed himself, advancing towards Burgos. To the cry of "Live the Constitution of 1837," was added "Live Isabella II., and death to the tyrants." This insurrection was soon quelled, and the brother-in-law and one of the sons of Zurbano were arrested. The mother and mother-in-law of young Zurbano set off for Madrid, and petitioned the Queen to spare his life, but without effect, as it appears he was executed, together with Capt. Ballanos and Francisco Hervias. The house of Zurbano was razed to the ground, his furniture burned, and his horses and cattle destroyed; but he is at Ten of his solpresent undiscovered. diers, who voluntarily surrendered, have been sentenced to ten years' confinement. General Prim has also been sentenced to six years' imprisonment, and Col. Ortega, his aide-de-camp, to be transported to the Havannah. A council of war has been instituted for the trial of insurgents in other districts.
The Montreal papers state the total returns in favour of the Governor-General to be 42 against 27 Radicals, with four doubtful, making a total of decided elections of 73, and the whole number is 84. This appears to be decisive.
The Republics of South America are nearly all in a state of anarchy and revolution.
On the 20th of June a body of natives having assembled at Point Venus, and their proximity being considered too near for safety, Governor Bruat marched against them at the head of 400 French. The natives having received intelligence of their approach, placed themselves in ambush, and allowed the main body to pass; but, as the rear-guard were passing in front of the English mission-house, they opened their fire upon them in a direct line with the house, and Mr. M'Kean, one of the missionaries, who was walking on his verandah, was struck He was by a ball, and instantly killed. one of those who had lately arrived from England. The action was upon the north side of the Bay of Papeite. The native loss is unknown. The French loss amounted to three killed, and five wounded. At the same time, on the south side, another action took place, in In this which the natives were routed. action five French were killed, and seven wounded. The native loss on this occasion is also unknown; but the day following the natives again advanced upon the town, and succeeded in burning the French mission-house, chapel, &c. The natives seized three Frenchmen, whom they put to death with great torture. The Richmond, which left Tabiti on the 15th of July, reported, that a few days previous to sailing another action took place between the French troops and natives, in which a large number of lives were lost, principally on the part of the natives. The French were strongly fortifying the island, the English missionaries were leaving, and confusion reigned among the inhabitants. There were at Tahiti one English steamer, one French steamer, and one French frigate. The Fishguard English frigate has conveyed Queen Pomare to the island of Bolabola.
Intelligence has been received of the storming and capture of Samunghur, in the Mahratta country, on the 13th of October. The Rajah of Kholapore being a minor, his government had been administered by agents, whose oppressive conduct appears to have provoked a revolt; and the Rajah having been permitted by treaties to maintain 1,000 men, they were
sent into the provinces to put down the insurrection. The insurgents, however, soon routed them, and then retired within the hill-forts in the neighbourhood. The British troops, bound by treaty to assist the Rajah in coercing his refractory subjects, marched against one of these forts, Samungbur,which they took by storm after a sharp conflict, putting many of the garrison, who continued their resistance, to the sword. The enemy endeavoured in the first instance to escape, but were effectually intercepted by the British cavalry. Between five and six hundred of the enemy were killed, and as many more wounded, or taken prisoners. After the capture of the place, five hundred infantry, under Colonel Outram, the present political agent for the Southern Mahratta country, were despatched to Kholapore, whither the main body of the army, under General Delamotte, would proceed.
The French ambassador arrived at Macao on the 15th of August. The American ambassador has negociated a treaty similar to the one entered into by the British authorities, but with additional explanatory clauses. A British expedition has been sent from Singapore,
to root out the piratical tribes on the north-west coast of Borneo. It was composed of her Majesty's ship Dido, Capt. Keppell, and the East India Company's steamer Phlegethon. This expedition proceeded up the river Sukarran. The boats were at first repulsed, but having been reinforced, the seamen and marines landed, destroyed the fortifications, and took 60 guns. Mr. Wade, first lieutenant of the Dido, Mr. Steward, and several men, were killed in the affair. The capital of the King of Kole, by whom the Hon. F. Murray was murdered, has been destroyed.
Nov. 12. Her Majesty, accompanied by Prince Albert, went by the Birmingham Railway to visit the Marquess of Exeter at Burghley near Stamford. She left the railroad at the Weedon station, and on passing through Northampton received an address from the Corporation. The following day the infant daughter of the Marquess was christened by the Bishop of Peterborough, and received the name of Victoria. Prince Albert was the godfather; Lady Sophia Cecil and Lady Middleton the godmothers. On Thursday her Majesty visited Stamford, and on her return planted an oak near the great ime which was planted by Queen Elizabeth on her visit to Burghley. Prince Albert also planted a lime. Her Majesty returned to London on Friday Nov. 15.
An inquiry has recently been instituted by the Bishop of Exeter, into certain allegations made against the Rev. Walter Blunt, licensed curate of Helston, Cornwall, by Mr. Hill, one of the churchwardens. The case was heard on the 4th of October before the Commissioners appointed by his Lordship, namely, the Rev. Edward Bridge, Dean Rural, GENT MAG. VOL. XXIII.
The conquest of Algeria by the French arms, according to a despatch of Marshal Bugeaud, is now terminated. Peace reigns everywhere from the frontiers of Tunis to those of Morocco, the entire population having made its submission, save only a few Kabyles, in the provinces of Bugia and Giegelli. The revenues of the colony, which in 1840 produced only 4,000,000f., now amount to 20,000,000f., which will lessen by so much the burthens of the mother country. The European population has risen in the same interval from 25,000 to 75,000 souls.
the Rev. Edward Griffith, and the Rev Thomas Phillpotts. The evidence, with observations, having been reported to the Bishop, the Right Rev. Prelate drew up a most elaborate judgment. His final award amounts to this,-that both parties have been wrong, and that the course for a clergyman to pursue is to follow the directions of the Rubrics, which constitute the laws of the church, and which both bishops and clergy are bound to obey. The principal points established by the Bishop are
1. The lawfulness of preaching in the surplice; the sermon being a part of the communion service, and the surplice the proper garb for the service, the use of which the Bishop enjoins in his diocese. 2. The undesirableness of preaching extempore.
3. That if any prayer be introduced previous to the sermon, which is not enjoined by authority, the bidding prayer is alone the proper one.
4. That circumstances may admit of an instructive lecture being delivered after the second lesson at evening service, the u-ual sermon being subsequently omitted; but that this should not be done M.
chase, or 152,8147. and said that the noble owner would take 50,0001. in part payment, and the remainder from the estate at the rate of 34 per cent. The woods would not be taken at a higher valuation than 36,0007. The first bidding was 100,000.; the second 100,5007.; the third 102,000. The subsequent biddings were 1,000l. each up to 131,0007., at which sum the hammer fell, the estate being bought in. Lot 2 was, the next presentation and perpetual advowson to the vicarage of Luton, the tithes of which had been apportioned at 1,3501. The net value, after deductions for poor-rates, &c., was 1,1687. This was bought for 9,6561. the purchaser being the Rev. Mr. Sykes, curate of Luton. The mansion and estate of near 4,000 acres of land has since been purchased, by private contract, by Mr. Warde, of Clopton House, Warwickshire, for 160,0007.
Baron Rothschild has become the purchaser of the whole of the red deer belonging to the late Hon. Charles Stuart Wortley. The herd was last week removed to the noble baron's seat in Bedfordshire.
Nov. 29. A sale by public auction was proceeded with by Messrs. Hoggart and Norton, at the Auction Mart, Bartholomew-lane, of Luton Hoo, with the mansion (a portion of which was destroyed by fire about a year since), and other property in the immediate neighbourhood, belonging to the Marquess of Bute. The estate adjoins the town of Luton, about thirty miles distant from the metropolis, comprising about 3,600 acres of land, including the mansion, park, and grounds, the manor of Luton, co-extensive with it, several other manors, several farms, the village of New Mill-end, and the perpe tual advowson and next presentation to the vicarage of Luton and chapelry of New Mill-end. The mansion of Luton (as preserved from the recent fire) is built principally of Bath stone, and is situate in the centre of the park. In its present state it contains a suite of apart ments, viz. drawing-room, music-room, saloon 143 ft. long, an unfinished diningroom, 43 ft. by 21 ft., a library and billiardroom, &c. The mansion, park, and parkfarm extend over 1,300 acres. The great tithes of a chief part of the estate are the property of the Marquess of Bute, and last year realized the net sum of 4,1271. 178. 8d. The auctioneer having, at great length, stated the situation and the receipts for the different portions of the property, said that, upon the improved value of the rental, he was of opinion that the estate was worth 32 years' pur
G. Grote, esq. formerly M.P. for the city of London, has become the purchaser of the East Burnham Park estate from R. Gordon, esq. late M. P. for Windsor, and of the lease of the same from the executors of the late Mr. W. Dancer.
At a Congregation, held Nov. 15, a grace passed the University Senate, to allow the chapel of St. Mary, Sturbridge, to be placed at the disposal of the committee for providing religious instruction for the railway labourers for the celebration of Divine worship.
The ancient church of Keswick, in the churchyard of which lie the remains of the late Dr. Southey, poet laureate, is about to undergo a general alteration and repair, at the estimuted cost of upwards of 3,000l., which will be laid out for that purpose by a private gentleman. The liberal donor is J. Strange, esq. of the Dovecote, Keswick. The same gentleman some time ago built a new school for the benefit of the town, which cost upwards of 1,0001.
The Duke of Devonshire's princely seat at Chatsworth is at the present moment undergoing extensive alterations and embellishments. The two new fountains which have been set in action are truly magnificent-the one called "The Emperor" from a single jet throws a column