Obrazy na stronie

ture, in the council of which the rev. deemed advisable to open the doors to all doctor was long an active member. A who take pleasure in observing the changes good historical article in the Edinburgh which are now going on in the East-to Review, last year, described the original establish lectures and conversazione, and endowment of the society by George IV. to admit ladies as well as gentlemen. The with the truly royal bounty of eleven Hon. Secretary, Dr. Holt Yates, then dehundred guineas a year (ten pensions to livered an introductory address. distinguished authors of one hundred Dr. Holt Yates, as hon. secretary, then guineas each, and a hundred guineas for communicated a detailed plan of the views two gold medals); and regretted that this and objects of the society, which proposed muniticent patronage had ceased with the to itself to encourage and advance literalife of the founder. The present accession ture, science, and the arts, throughout will in some measure repair the loss; for anterior Asia and Egypt, as well as to it will enable the council to print, annu. increase our knowledge in all matters really, perhaps, some valuable inedited lating to the antiquities, history, natural MŠ., agreeably to Dr. Richards' will. history, and present condition of those

countries. This was followed by an inaugu. SYRO-EGYPTIAN SOCIETY.

ral dissertation of considerable length, deDec. 3. The first meeting of a So. tailing the progress of discovery within the ciety bearing this designation, was held last half century in these very remarkable in Mortimer Street, Cavendish Square. countries, the cradle of the human race, The learned orientalist, Dr. John Lee, and the first home of the arts and sciences. delivered upon the occasion an introduc- He gave a summary account of the Eutory address, in which he particularly phrates Expedition, and pointed out the pointed out the advantages which might importance of promoting education among and have accrued to the progress of dis- the natives, and of establishing medical covery in regard to Egypto-Syrian anti- practitioners in Syria and Egypt. He quities and history, by the labours of per- mentioned that a hospital had lately been sons residing in this country, as well as by opened at Damascus, under British austravellers. Upwards of seventy members pices, and had received the sanction and had inrolled their names, including many co-operation of all the authorities ; that distinguished travellers and oriental 2,500 patients had been relieved there scholars, such as Profs. Grotefend, Las. during the last four months, and that a sen, Bournouf, Koeppen, Lepsius, the course of medical lectures (the first, Venerable Archdeacon Robinson, the Rev. perhaps, ever delivered in Syria) had been Samuel Lee, Professor of Hebrew, and commenced by Dr. Jas. B. Thompson, on the Rev. Thomas Jarrett, Professor of the 1st of October last. Arabic, at Cambridge, the Rev. Drs. Renouard and Hincks, and Messrs. Ains. MR. BRITTON has discovered the time worth, Floyd, and Campbell, late mem- and place of interment of John Aubrey, bers of the Euphrates Expedition. He which have long been sought, and restated that it was not contemplated ori. garded as desiderata relating to that dis. ginally that the Society should be more tinguished Antiquary. He has also met than a private association of those in. with many facts and letters concerning terested in Syro-Egyptian history and re- him, which will tend to give much interest mains: but that, in consequence of the fa- to the Memoir he is preparing for the cilities now afforded to travellers, so great Second Volume of the Wiltshire Topo. an interest had been evinced in the plans graphical Society's Transactions. and objects of the society, that it was


INSTITUTE OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS. the painted decorations in the church of

Dec. 2. J. B. Papworth, esq. V.P. in S. Francesco di Assisi, and a description the chair. This was the opening meeting was read, communicated by C. H. Wilson, of the session. B. Green, esq. of New- esq. with some observations on the polycastle upon Tyne, was elected a Fellow; chromatic decorations of the early Italian and prizes (books) were delivered to churches in general. The church at AsMessrs. Baker and Deane, students to the sisi was the work of Jacopo l'Alemanno, Institute, for the best architectural com. father of the more celebrated Arnolfo da position, and for the best series of sketches, Lupo, and is remarkable as one of the on subjects proposed by the Council. most perfect examples of an architectural

Drawings were exhibited illustrative of monument of that age, completed by the GENT. MAG, Vol. XXIII,


painter. The entire church, withinside, CAMBRIDGE CAMDEN SOCIETY. is covered with colour, the work partly of Nov. 28. The Committee called the Greek artists, and partly that of Cimabuë, particular attention of the meeting to some Giotto Giottino, and Guinta Pisano, and specimens of brasses lately executed by their assistants, constituting it a most the Messrs. Waller, of London. These precious monument of the art of those will show that the ancient sepulchral early times. The importance and merit brasses can be most successfully rivalled. of these works by Cimabuë, have been The Earl of Shrewsbury presented elarecognized by all the writers on art. The borate casts of a third high tomb and fervour of Italian art had given vitality weepers, which forms the last of the set to the inanimate forms of the Greeks, and given by his lordship. the figures introduced are greatly superior Some excellent specimens of woodin style, although the arabesque de- carving by Mr. Ringham of Ipswich were corations with which they are combined exhibited, and explained by the Rev. P. are altogether Byzantine in character, and Freeman, chairman of the Committee. decidedly inferior to those of earlier date He observed, that three out of the prize in St. Mark's, at Venice. In the orna

competitors at the exhibition of wood. ments of Giotto and his school in the carving in London, when Mr. Ringham Scovigni, and Chapel of St. George, at was one, had been brought up in a school Padua, in those of Spinello Aretino, in of ecclesiastical work. St. Miniato, at Florence, and elsewhere, A coloured drawing of a piece of old and in the works of Fra Beato Angelico, needlework, supposed to be part of a cope, we have indications of a more refined now used as an antependium, from H. L. taste and of progress.

Styleman Le Strange, esq. was submitted Dec. 16. Mr. Papworth in the chair. to the meeting. James Walker, esq. F.R.S. President of A paper was then read by the Rev. F. the Institute of Civil Engineers, was elected W. Collison, M.A. Fellow of St. John's an Honorary Member.

College, on the History of Altars. He A model and drawings were exhibited adduced them from ancient writers in of the mode adopted by Mr. Murray in chronological order, which mentioned the moving the lighthouse at Sunderland. material of the altar; showing that stone

A paper was read by Mr. J. J. Scoles, and wood had been simultaneously used “ On the Monuments existing in the in most ages of the Church ; and proving Valley of Jehosaphat, near Jerusalem." that Bingham is on more than one occaThese monuments might possess little in- sion wrong in inferring from particular terest if viewed merely with regard to passages that wood was the more common their dimensions or architectural merits, material. Examples were enumerated of but, as they are almost the only buildings altars in wood, stone, gold, silver, and of any antiquity remaining in or about even in earth ; and much interesting inJerusalem, and as tradition has invested formation about ancient churches was them with the names of Absalom and contained in the passages which were Zachariah, it becomes an object of some quoted. Mr. Collison next showed that interest to the archæologist to ascertain, Ridley's injunction for breaking down alif possible, the period at which they tars could not be binding upon other dio. were really executed. In style, they are

He sketched the history of the strangely mixed, the Greek orders being disputes respecting altars from that time blended with the Egyptian character and to the accession of William of Orange, form. The most remarkable, “the Pillar assigning each order or counter-order of Absalom," exbibits engaged columns bearing on the subject to its right place. of the Ionic order, Doric frieze, an Egyp- One point be satisfactorily established : tian cavetto cornice, and a high conical that stone altars were distinctly enjoined roof, the whole being excavated and de- by the last enactment of the Church, at tached from the solid rock. ** The Tomb the revision in 1662; at which the Ruof Zachariah" is of the same general brick enforcing the use of such ornaments character, but less decorated, and sur- of the Ministers as were in use in the mounted by a pyramid. There are several second year of King Edward VI, was other tombs, but their features are strengthened by the remarkable insertion peculiar. One excavation, however, ex- of the words “ ornaments of the Churcb." hibits a pediment decorated with foliage No one could deny that a stone altar was of Greek character. On reviewing the such an ornament in the year referred to ; architectural details, Mr. Scoles was of and this Rubrick of 1662 is the only auopinion that they are to be referred to the thoritative standard of the Church, reperiod of the Roman dominion in Syria pealing absolutely any intervening canons, and Egypt. The pyramidal form was very precedents, or injunctions. In the course frequently used by the Romans in monu- of some remarks on this paper, it was mental structures.

stated that stone tables are at this day


Low open

almost universally used by the Protesto gives a pleasing effect, and in a great meaants abroad (as was also argued by Durel sure compensates for the simplicity of the in his “Government of Foreign Re- details. The buttresses and other projecformed Churches," p. 30, ed. 1662), while tions are bold and massive, and throughthe altars of the Roman Catholics are out solidity of construction and boldness universally cased in wood.

of outline and proportion appear to have The President adverted to a report, been studied rather than highly ornaabout which questions had been asked, mented finish. The roof, which is of a concerning a legacy of 6,0001. which was high pitch, is covered with slab slates, said to have been left to the society ; which have the same general effect as lead. communications had been received which Though the details are in themselves authorised him to say that he believed it simple, they have considerable variety, to be true, though not of such a nature as and the windows to the east end of the to justify the committee in announcing it transepts are of large size and ornamental officially. Sixty members have been added character. The entrance through the to the society this term.

north porch is groined with stone, the

carved boss bearing the arms of Mr. Storie CAMBERWELL CHURCH.

the Vicar. The nave is supported on each The new parish church of Camberwell, side by five arches, resting on alternately dedicated to St. Giles, is the most magni. round and octagonal pillars, with carved ficent ecclesiastical structure recently capitals. The tower is supported by four completed in the neighbourhood of Lon- massive clustered columns of the hardest don. It is built on the site of the old and most solid stonework, and the space church, which was destroyed by fire early below the tower is groined with stone. in 1841. Shortly after that occurrence a The remainder is covered with highrate for 20,0001., in addition to the amount pitched open roofs, plain in their design, received from the insurance of the late but massive in construction. church, was voted for the work. It was seats or pews, chiefly of oak, fill the nave. then intended to accommodate 2000 per- The pulpit is of oak, and its panels consons, and an addition was to have been tain paintings, on porcelain slabs, of our made to the churchyard to render it capa. Saviour and the Four Evangelists, which, ble of receiving it. The spire would have with an encaustic floor in the chancel, been 225 feet high, and the whole struc- were presented by Mr. Thomas Garrett, ture carried out in a style of which mo. of Herne-bill. The chancel is fitted up dern funds rarely admit. Unfortunately, with oak stalls in the sides, for choristers. however, when every preliminary was The communion table is of stone, on pilcompleted, a protest was entered against lars of the same, behind which is a screen the rate by a malcontent parishioner, of stone, containing the Commandments founded on some alleged want of techni- in illuminated characters. The west wincality in taking the rates at the vestry; dow contains stained glass, chiefly antient, and the objection being confirmed, in and preserved from the old church. A some measure, by legal opinion, it was fine organ has been erected. thought most prudent to appeal again to the vestry, when, to avoid needless dis

NEW CHURCH AT MARKINGTON, putes, a compromise was agreed to, re. The new church of St. Michael, at ducing the rate to 12,0001., and the ac. Markington, in the parish of Ripon, which commodation to 1500 persons. The pre- was consecrated by the Bishop of Ripon sent design, by Messrs. Scott and Moffatt, on the 29th Oct. is a very beautiful little is in the style of the latter half of the thir- structure, erected from the design of Mr. teenth century, being the transition be. A. H. Cates, of York, in the early or tween the early-English and the Decorated geometrical Decorated style. It stands style. The plan is cruciform, having on a commodious and picturesque site, a central tower and spire. This plan has closely adjacent to the village, the gift of been adopted partly as the most suitable E. H. Reynard, esq. The plan consists of to the present site, in which a western chancel, with sacristy on the north, nave, tower would be much hidden by surround. and south porch. The western gable is ing buildings, and partly as being the surmounted by an open belfry with two usual form in ancient times for the mother bells. The chancel, elevated by one step, church of a large district containing other is of full size, with priest's door on the subordinate churches. The mass of the south, and is parted from the nave by a walls is built of rubble-work of Kentish good carved oak rood-screen. The altar rag stone, mixed with the materials from is of stone, raised on three steps, and the old church. The exterior is faced with having the five crosses patée incised on hammer-dressed stone from Yorkshire, the table. In the south wall are a piscina with dressings of Caen stone. The relief and two sedilia. On the south side of the produced by the two descriptions of stone chancel arch, within the nave, is a double stone reading-pew, where the prayers are and below, Christ bearing his Cross. In said towards the north, and the lessons the heads of these two side-lights are read to the people towards the west. On angels bearing scrolls, with the scripture, the other side of the chancel-arch a stone Non mea voluntas,"'--"sed tua fiat." pulpit projects from the wall, with access In the centre of the tracery, in the head of from the sacristy. On the left hand, en- the window, the

trefoiled has the tering the church from the porch, stands shield of the Trinity. The upper sphethe stone font, of good design. The porch rical triangle has the usual represenis fitted with stone seats on the sides. tation of the Trinity, surrounded by All the roofs are open, of admirable pitch, the sun, moon, and stars; and the two forming equilateral triangles. The trusses at the sides, angels bearing scrolls, with of the nave roof are of oak, resting on Scriptures. The side windows are lanstone corbels ; the other timbers are of cets, with cusped heads. The west deal stained. The roofs of the chancel and window, of two lights, is copied from the porch are boarded upon the spars, those of very elegant decorated windows at Great the nave and sacristy ceiled between the Haseley, Oxfordshire. The church has spars. The east window is a copy of the kneelings for more than 200 worshippers, well-known window at Dunchurch, in and has been erected for less than 9001. Gloucestershire. It is filled with stained including also the expense of the walls glass from the works of the Messrs. Wailes, round half an acre of burial ground, the of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and is worthy of communion plate, &c. &c. The family of the admiration it has received from all who the late Wm. Wilberforce, esq. give 10001. have beheld it. In the centre light is a towards the endowment. The Ven. R. J. figure of Christ on the cross, with the four Wilberforce, Archdeacon of the East Rid. Evangelistic symbols at the corners, and ing, said prayers on the day of dedication, surmounted by an Agnus Dei. In the and the Ven. S. Wilberforce, Archdeacon lower part is a figure of St. Michael and of Surrey, preached. The sermon, at the the Dragon. In the dexter light is a figure unanimous request of the Bishop, clergy, of the Blessed Virgin, above which is the and laity assembled, is to be pubiished. monogram of Maria ; and in the lower It is intended to proceed with the erection part the Agony in the Garden. In the

of a parsonage-house forthwith, for which sinister light, a figure of St. John the E. H. Reynard, esq. has also given a Evangelist, surmounted by his badge, a suitable site of two acres of land. winged serpent issuing from a chalice;



rose on the obverse, it bears on the ob. Dec. 19. Lord Albert Conyngham, verse, the head of the King in profile, K.C.H. President, in the chair.

looking to the right, and the legend A letter from the Rev. Henry Christmas E. D. G. ROSA . SINE . SPINA. On the to C. R. Smith, esq. was read, on three reverse, the cross and pellets, with the inedited coins. One, a blundered coin of legend CIVITAS LONDON, thus not only Eadgar, but which Mr. Christmas saw adding a coin never noticed before to the reason to believe was struck at Bury, and English series, but extending the series of if so, adds another to the list of mints em- London coins with the cross and pellets, ployed by that sovereign. Another, a and the name of the city, from the first to penny of Henry III. having the reverse the last Edward. retrograde HALLI ON. RVLA. In remark- Mr. C. R. Smith exhibited impressions ing on this coin Mr. Christmas gave se- of British silver coins found on the coast veral reasons for assigning the pennies of Sussex, near Alfriston, one of the with the short cross on the reverse to same series in brass found at Springhead, Henry III. instead of to his grandfather, near Gravesend, and a new variety (in and quoted several analogies of the silver) of the coins of Cunobelin. Mr. Scottish coinage to support his opinion. Smith observed that he had collected the He considered it possible that there would casts, (being unable to procure the actual one day be discovered specimens of two coips,) with a view to record the localities distinct English coinages of John, the in which these obscure and unappropriated latter closely resembling the first of his British coins were found, in order to asson. The third coin was the long looked sist, by a collection of specimens and facts, for halfpenny of Edward VI. and Mr. their proper classification. An almost Christmas observed that it differed con- total disregard of this essential precausiderably from what was expected; instead tion in the numismatists of past days, deof having the arms on the reverse, and a tracted considerably from the value of


the British coins preserved in our cabi. A plan of the chambers of the buildings nets, and those engraved in numismatic which have been laid open was exhibited. works. The Sussex coins have helmeted The coins range from the Tetrici to Al. heads (not unlike some of the Gaulish) on lectus, including most of the intervening one side, and grotesque horses and scrolls emperors, and are all in fine preservation; on the other; they weigh 20 grains and 10 of the first there are many hundreds, of the grains. The only coins of this peculiar last, only one specimen. This single coin type that have been brought before the of Allectus was, however, Mr. Smith ob. public are those of Dr. Mantell, figured served, a new variety. It reads, Obv. in the Numismatic Chronicle, and the

Rev. VICTORI specimens now produced; all were found GER. Victoria Germanica. This reverse in Sussex. The brass British coin found occurs on the coins of Carausius, but had at Springhead, Mr. Smith stated to be a never before been noticed on those of his new variety ; it bears on the obverse (in- successor. Mr. Akerman said, that he cuse) a borse, between the legs of which was reluctantly compelled to consider are the letters CAC; on the reverse, the many of the inscriptions upon coins of wheatear, and indications of the letters Allectus and Carausius to be borrowed CAN. The remaining coin is also a new at random by the artists from the coins addition to those of Cunobelin ; it has on of preceding reigns. Mr. Smith said that the obverse a well-executed horse with in some instances these coins might dehead turned back, beneath, ctno; on the serve to be regarded as mere copies, like reverse a flower, in which Mr. Birch particular types of most of the Roman traces a resemblance to the silphium upon emperors; but in other cases they bore the coins of Cyrene; across the field every sign of adaptation to the circumCAMV. Mr. Akerman remarked that the stances they referred to, and he thought Numismatic Society had certainly been might be relied on as affording historical the means of directing the energies of nu- evidence. Thus, the specimen exhibited mismatists in their investigation of the was probably struck to record an advantage British coins to a proper channel. A ge- gained over some of the German tribes peration since scarcely one British or which already infested the coasts of Gaulish coin was understood ; now a vast Britain, either by sea, in their own terri. number of the latter were appropriated to tories, or on occasion of their making a localities or chiefs, and many of the descent on Britain. Mr. Bergne reformer had been explained, including the marked, that it was singular how uniformly hitherto mysterious one with the word coins, when discovered in large quantities, TASCIOVAN, so happily read by Mr. were found to agree with the received Birch ; and he made no doubt but that scale of rarity. It was the case in the others would ere long be interpreted by present instance, and it was seldom or means of ascertaining correctly the locali- never that a rare coin was rendered ties in which they are discovered. He common by fresh discoveries.-Several (Mr. Akerman) had recently been closely new members were proposed, and the examining all the recorded varieties of meeting adjourned to Jan. 23. Gaulish and British coins, with a view to their publication, and he was convinced The Coin Forgers.-A notice has just that ere long many doubts and obscure been received from France, to put col. points would be cleared up or removed. lectors and antiquaries in England on In pointing out the distinctive characters their guard against a fresh issue from the of Gaulish and British coins, Mr. Aker Paris forgers' mint, of well-executed man stated that the label in which we imitations of rare Saxon and English coins. frequently found words or letters upon One of the gang who in the west of France British coins, he had never noticed upon recently bore the name of Noffman or a Gaulish specimen. Mr. Birch consi. Hoffman, is now on his road to this dered the coins exbibited valuable and country with a large quantity of these worthy of being engraved.

forgeries, mixed up, to lull suspicion, with Mr. Smith then stated that, by leave some genuine coins. It is supposed he is of the central committee of the British connected with a clever forger of ancient Archæological Association, he was enabled coins named Rosseau, a man who has not to lay before the meeting an account of a the excuse of poverty or want of educadiscovery of upwards of 1200 Roman tion to shield him from the dishonour coins near Gloucester, on the property of that attaches to such pursuits. By a Mr. Thomas Baker, of Watercombs House, recent law, the obtaining of money by Bisley. The coins were found in an passing forged coins is a serious offence, earthen jar or vase in one of the apart- and the injured party is empowered to ments of an extensive Roman building in obtain a magistrate's warrant for the approgress of excavation, under the superin- prehension of the swindler, who is liable endance and at the expense of Mr. Baker, to transportation upon conviction,

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